NO MEANS NO Understanding Rape and the consequences. Operation Diamond Is a specialist team of Detectives who are dedicated to dealing with sexual and violent offences, helping to bring the strongest possible case to court. Reporting Rape Victims of rape can report in the following ways In person at the local Police Station By phone either 999 or 101 the non emergency number Through SV2 a charity organisation which supports victims of sexual offences and raises awareness of this type of crime Once an offence is reported a specially trained SOLO (sexual offences liaison officer) will be appointed to support the victim and obtain their evidence. This will be undertaken at a specialist sexual assault referral centre away from the main Police station and a medical examination may be conducted. LEGAL DEFINITION The Sexual Offences Act 2003 (the Act) came into force on the 1 May 2004. It repealed almost all of the existing statute law in relation to sexual offences. The purpose of the Act is to strengthen and modernise the law on sexual offences, whilst improving preventative measures and the protection of individuals from sexual offenders. Under section 1(1) SOA 2003 a defendant, A, is guilty of rape if: _ A intentionally penetrates the vagina, anus or mouth of B (the complainant) with his penis; _ B does not consent to the penetration; and, _ A does not reasonably believe that B consents. What is Rape? Do you have to say No? How old can you be? Does it only happen to females? What if I'm drunk? Can only strangers rape somebody? Does it have to be by force? WHAT DO YOU THINK? Is it clear and easy to understand? WHAT IS CONSENT? The following scenarios on the handout depict issues of consent. Review each situation in groups of 3 or 4 and decide whether the people in each scenario consented or not. Scenarios Rape, booze and drugs…. From September 2011-12 there were 67 rape crimes recorded in the Derby area… …of these 9% were no crimed 15% were detected 27% are still under investigation 49% were filed with insufficient evidence Rape, booze and drugs…. Of the 67 reports alcohol and drugs were mentioned in 53 which is approximately 79% 57% both the offender and victim were under the influence 9% only the offender was intoxicated 13% only the victim was under the influence 21% neither party were under the influence Prevention Be drink aware, know your limits Plan and make sure someone knows who you are and where you’re going Avoid travelling alone Book your taxi in advance use a reputable firm Always carry a charged mobile phone Don’t be afraid to say NO Contact details Derbyshire Police 999 or 101 Operation Diamond 01332/613243 Rape Crisis 01332/372545 Victim support 0845 3030900 Domestic violence helpline 0808 2000247 Case Studies One Saturday evening, Sarah and her flatmate Hannah set off for a night out in Nottingham. Sarah meets up with her boyfriend Jack and together the three of them have a great night out in various bars and clubs. All of them get pretty hammered and Hannah starts flirting with Jack. Fed up, Sarah bursts into tears and leaves the club, ending up on the pavement. A car draws up and the driver asks, “Do you want a taxi, love?” Sarah is driven home, but when she gets home she finds she is a bit short for the fare, but the driver says he will take what she has and helps her up the path to her front door. On the doorstep she trips and they end up fooling around. Sarah pulls the driver in through the door and they end up in bed together and have sex. After the driver leaves, Hannah arrives home to find Sarah in tears saying she has been raped. Shocked, Hannah calls the police who arrive and take Sarah to the SARC (Sexual Assault Referral Centre). Sarah talks the female police officers there but refuses to have a medical examination. Frightened of the mess she is in, Sarah asks to go home. The next day she calls the police to say that she wasn’t raped and that the sex had been consensual. She says that once the police arrived she felt she had to go along with things and it all got a bit out of hand.