Presentation: Energy and Power

Report
ENERGY AND POWER
Bangladesh
Development Forum 2010
DHAKA
15
February, 2010
Ministry of Power, Energy & Mineral Resources
Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
 Electricity Growth
 Present Generation Capacity
: 7.0 % Av. since 1990
: 5250 MW
 Total Consumer
: 11.5 Million
 Transmission Line
: 8,300 km
 Distribution Line
: 2,60,000 km
 Distribution Loss
: 14.6 %
 Per Capita Generation
: 220 kWh / annum
 Access to Electricity
: 47 %
Current Avg. Daily Gas Prod.
: 1970 MMCF
Curr. Daily Actual Gas Demand
: 2200 MMCF
 Remaining Gas Reserve (P1+P2) : 12 tcf
Estimated Coal Reserve
: 3.3 billion tons
2
 To make electricity available for all by the year 2020
 To ensure reliable and quality supply of electricity
 To provide electricity at a reasonable and affordable
price
 Regional energy security through mutual
cooperation
 Diversification of energy source
 Accelerated adoption of an environment friendly
policy to harness coal resources
3
 National Energy Policy in 1996
 Private Sector Power Generation Policy in 1996
 Policy and Vision Statement in 2000
 Regulatory Commission Act in 2003
 Renewable Energy Policy in 2008
 Enhancement of Private Participation in Power Sector in
2008
 Updating of Energy Policy along with Coal Policy is being
finalized
 CNG opened to Private Sector
4
 Rationalize Tariff
 Strengthen BERC
 Strengthen BAPEX
 Strengthen Power Cell and Hydrocarbon Unit
 Make SEDA functional to facilitate investment in renewable energy
 Implement cross border power trading
 Implement Power Sector Financial Restructuring & Recovery Plan
 Introduce e-governance to ensure transparency and accountability
 Petroleum Import and Distribution
5
A. Energy:
Indicator
January 2009
December 2009
Gas production (MMCF)
1764
1945
Coal Production (ton)
677,000
858,000
B. Power:
Indicator
PRS Target Achievement
(2005-2007)
(2005-2007)
Achievement
(2009)
Distribution loss of BPDB 21
(%)
16.58
14.6
No. of consumers of REB 1.8
increased (million)
1.7 (total: 7.3)
7.9 (total)
Access to electricity (%)
47
45
47
Installed Capacity (MW)
7000
5269
5700
6
UNDER CONSTRUCTION


Public Sector
Private Sector
Subtotal
: 480 MW
: 272 MW
: 752 MW (Commissioning expected by March 2010)
UNDER PROCUREMENT PROCESS


Public Sector
Private Sector
Subtotal
: 1720 MW
: 980 MW
: 2250 MW (Commissioning expected by FY11-FY13)
COMMITTED


Public Sector
Private Sector
Subtotal
Total
: 995 MW
: 450 MW
: 1445 MW (Commissioning expected by FY13-FY14)
: 4897 MW
7
Year
FY-09
FY-10
FY-11
FY-12
FY-13
FY-14
Demand-Supply
Gap (MW)
1750
1400
1800
1850
1500
1750
9000
8000
7000
MW
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
June,09
FY 2010
Year
FY 2011
FY 2012
FY 2013
FY 2014
Max. Demand considering DSM
8
Depandable Capacity (with gas crisis)
Energy
Mid term: Additional 300 mmcfd by 2012
 Drilling of 7 appraisal/ development wells
 Work over of 8 existing gas wells
 Drilling of 4 exploration wells
 DSM measures
Long Term: Additional 300-500 mmcfd by 2017
 Drilling of 9 appraisal/ development wells
 Drilling of 4 exploration wells under offshore bidding 2008
 Steps taken to establish LNG terminal
9
Power
 Steps taken to add around 9000 MW to the grid
 Reached understanding with India for cross border trade
 Renewable energy development through strengthening
SEDA
 Development of new transmission facilities e.g. 400 KV
lines, NLDC, shunt compensation project etc.
 Development of distribution network
 DSM measures
10
 Short term: 6-12 Months
- Rental Plants (liquid fuel) : 530 MW
 Medium term: 18-24 Months
- Peaking Plants (liquid fuel): 820 MW
 Long term: 3-5 years
- Combined Cycle Plants: 1100 MW
- Peaking Plant (Gas or dual fuel): 200 MW
- Coal plants: 2000-2600 MW
11
12000
10000
MW
8000
6000
4000
2000
0
June,09
FY 2010
FY 2011
FY 2012
FY 2013
Year
Max.Demand considering DSM
Depandable Capacity( with gas crises)
FY 2014
FY 2015
 Shifting peak load by changing shop closer time
reduce 350 MW demand
 Staggering holiday: reduce 150 MW demand
 Replacing ‘incandescent lamp’ by CFL: reduce 200 MW demand
by June 2010
 Introduction of DST
 Steps to reduce ‘air-conditioning’ load
 Energy efficiency improvement program by enhancing ‘Energy
Auditing’
 Ensuring efficient use of gas in all sector
 Domestic use of gas would be gradually restricted and
ultimately phased out by replacing it with LPG
13
Installed Capacity: 5719
[FY 2009]
Diesel
Coal
3.34%
Hydro 4.37%
FO
4.90%
4.02%
Gas
83.37%
 Establish LNG terminal project to import LNG
 Installation of Mega Power Projects through imported
coal
 Ensure regional energy security through mutual
cooperation and import of energy
 Use of liquid fuel to mitigate demand within short period
 Nuclear power plants for future base load
 Renewable energy as alternative energy resources
15
 BERC is authorised to review and fix downstream
price of energy products.
 Refixation of gas price by BERC on 30 July 2009.
 Gas Price increment : 10 -1 5 %
 “Gas Development fund” created
 Unbundling the entities of the energy sector
 Energy entities are being operated on commercial
basis.
16
SL
Name of the Project
Fuel
Capacity (MW)
Gas
300-450
Gas and
HFO
300-450
Gas
150-225
1.
Bibiyana 2nd Unit
2.
Meghnaghat dual Fuel CC
3.
Bhola 2nd CC
4.
Savar Peaking
(near tannery industry)
Gas and
HFO
100
5.
Kaliakoir Peaking
(near IT park)
Gas and
HFO
100
6.
Imported Coal Based Steam
Plant
Imported
Coal
2000-2600
Total
3925 MW
17
Description
Total Investment
(Million US$)
Equity
(Million US$)
Debt
(Million US$)
New Initiative 530 MW
Rental Projects
424
106
318
( 25 % )
( 75 % )
New Initiative 820 MW
Public Sector Peaking
Plant
1000
400
600
( 40 % from GOB)
( 60 % )
Combined Cycle and
Peaking Plants in Private
Sector: 1325 MW
1500
375
1125
( 25 % )
( 75 % )
Solar and Wind Projects:
110 MW
200
50
150
( 25 % )
( 75 % )
1000
3000
( 25 % )
( 75 % )
1925
5175
2600 MW Coal PPP
Total
4000
7.1 billion US $
18
Description
Length
Estimated Cost
(Million Tk.)
400 KV Line from
Bahrampur, India to
Bheramara, Bangladesh
45 km (Bangladesh)
11,013
400 KV Line from Khulna
to Dhaka
200 km
9,960
400 KV Line from CTG to
Dhaka
260 km
16,870
400 KV Line from Sylhet
to Dhaka
226 km
20,102
19
 Generation
: 7,000 M US $
 Transmission
: 1,000 M US $
 Distribution
: 1,500 M US $
Total for Power
: 9,500 M US $
 LNG terminal
: 320 M US $
 20-26 tcf Gas by 2025
: 7,700 M US $
 Gas Transmission
: 1,500 M US $
Total for Gas
: 9,520 M US $
20
 Sustained primary fuel supply: gas, coal and
petroleum products
 Financing capital intensive projects
 Enhancing operational and financial efficiency
and transparency
 Improving sector efficiency by strengthening
regulation capacity and ensuring good
governance
21
 Establish LNG terminal to mitigate present gas crisis
 Strengthening of BAPEX
 Accelerate exploration and production drilling
 Develop cross border pipeline under PPP
 Coal fired power generation under PPP to reduce burden on natural gas
 Make SEDA functional to facilitate investment in renewable energy

Implement cross border power trading
 Strengthen Power Cell and Hydrocarbon Unit
 Implement Power Sector Financial Restructuring and Recovery Plan
 Reduce extreme dependence on natural gas through diversification of
energy
22
 Continued funding, including technical assistance for public
sector projects
 Assistance in capital mobilization for private sector projects,
particularly from IFIs
 Continued technical support for energy sector reforms and
restructuring
 Exchange of information and experience, technical
cooperation and human resource development
23
 Government is committed to realize it’s ‘Vision’
 Government is committed to ensure transparency in the
procurement process
 Private Sector will play a key role to meet the challenge of
huge amount of financing requirement
 Continuous efficiency improvement ensuring good
governance is key for sustainable development
 Concerted efforts from all quarters can ensure affordable
and quality power supply to the people of Bangladesh
 Role of DPs is important
24
25

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