Weather and Climate Test

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Weather and Climate Test
K.Duda 2010
Name________________ Date_______ Teacher________
1. Above a continent, a warm air mass
slowly passes over a cold air mass.
As the warm air begins to cool,
clouds form. What will most likely
happen next? (3.02)
A Rain will fall.
B Hurricanes will form.
C Lightning will strike.
D Hail will form.
2. Why is watering plants and grass in
the early morning a way to conserve
water? (3.01)
A There is always more water in the
morning.
B Smaller amounts of water evaporate in
the cool morning.
C Water used in the morning can be
recycled for afternoon use.
D Grass can absorb water only in the
morning.
3. Which location on Earth receives the most
direct sunlight? (3.06)
5. A beach is a place where air currents
will form due to the uneven heating of
Earth. In which direction will air currents
most likely move during the day? (3.04)
A straight down over the land
B from the land toward the sea
C straight up above the sea
D from the sea toward the land
6. On a mountain, where would the air
pressure be the greatest? (3.02)
A at the bottom of the mountain
B on top of the mountain
C at the bottom of the clouds
D above Earth’s atmosphere
7. How would a meteorologist best describe
an air mass that has developed over the Gulf
of Mexico? (3.06)
A Hot and dry
B Warm and moist
C Cold and wet
D Warm and dry
A North America
B the South Pole
C the equator
D the Western Hemisphere
8. Which of the following weather
instruments would be used in a weather
station at a school? (3.02)
4. Which of the following processes is
responsible for changing liquid water into
water vapor? (3.01)
A Barometer, wind vane, thermometer
B Spring scale, thermometer, anemometer
C Thermometer, anemometer, telescope
D Barometer, weather balloon, magnifying
lens
A photosynthesis
B condensation
C evaporation
D precipitation
9. North America’s weather is mostly
controlled by: (3.04)
A Winds off of the Atlantic Ocean
B The Jet Stream
C The polar easterly winds
D Winds off of the Gulf Coast
10. You hung a wet towel on the clothesline.
In the morning, it was dry. What happened?
(3.01)
A The water that was in the towel froze.
B The water changed to dew on the grass.
C The water that was in the towel
evaporated.
D The water that was in the towel
condensed.
11. You poured a cold glass of water and
brought it outside on a hot day. 10 minutes
later, you noticed that there was water
droplets on the outside of the cup. What
happened? (3.01)
A The water from the inside of the cup
transferred to the outside of the cup.
B The water vapor from the air was
attracted to the cold glass and condensed.
C The water vapor from the air evaporated
on the outside of the glass.
D The water vapor from the air evaporated.
12. Which type of cloud is thin, wispy, and
made of ice crystals? (3.03)
A cumulus clouds
B stratus clouds
C cirrus clouds
D nimbostratus clouds
13. What tool helps meteorologists determine
the air pressure? (3.02)
A anemometer
B thermometer
C barometer
D wind vane
14. Hurricanes that affect the weather in
North America almost always develop in which
ocean? (3.06)
A Pacific Ocean
B The Red Sea
C Arctic Ocean
D Atlantic Ocean
15. Which statement most accurately
describes a cumulonimbus cloud? (3.03)
A thin, wispy, and made of ice crystals
B very low to the ground, and brings a
steady light rain
C light and puffy, indicates fair weather
D tall anvil-shaped clouds that bring
thunderstorms
16. Write a short description of the water
cycle using the following vocabulary words:
precipitation, run-off, collection,
evaporation, and condensation. (3.01)
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17. How would you best describe a rain
shadow? (3.06)
A Water evaporates, rises and condenses
into clouds and rains on the front side of a
mountain. The other side of the mountain
is dry.
B Water evaporates, rises and condenses
into clouds and rains on both sides of the
mountain.
C Water evaporates, rises and condenses
into clouds, travels over the mountain and
rains on the back side of the mountain.
D Water rains near the coast and beach
area.
18. What type of weather would you
expect if a cold front was passing over
your city? (3.05)
A The air pressure drops and precipitation
occurs.
B The air pressure rises and there are
clear, sunny skies.
C The air pressure drops and the
temperature rises.
D The air pressure rises and the
temperature drops.
ANSWER KEY
Weather and Climate Test
1. A
2. B
3. C
4. C
5. D
6. A
7. B
8. A
9. B
10. C
11. B
12. C
13.C
14. D
15. D
16. Student needs to describe the 5
parts of the water cycle.
17. A
18. A

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