Air Law - Aerodromes - Winnipeg Ground School

Mr. Darcel
Tautology – A statement of the obvious
 Right of Way
 Required Documents
 Instruments Required for Day VFR
 Night
 A/C Lighting
 A/C Logs
 Technical v/ Journey
 Pilot’s License Validity
Right of Way
 Right of way does not remove collision avoidance
responsibility; as pilot, take whatever action you deem
 When approaching head-on, each pilot shall alter
heading to:
 Right
 When converging, the a/c with the other on its Right
shall give way
Right of Way
 E mergencies
 B alloons
 G liders
 A irships
 P owered aircraft with slung load
 P owered a/c
 Helicopters
Right of Way
 When overtaking, the a/c being overtaken has right of
Aircraft overtaking shall do so by passing on the Right
 When on ground, must give way to aircraft approaching
to land.
 When on final approach, the lower a/c has the right of
However, may NOT cut ahead of other a/c on final
 Tip: Always the PIC’s responsibility
Required Documents
 The documents below are required to be kept on board the
aircraft at all times in order to lawfully operate said a/c.
A – certificate of Airworthiness
R – certificate of Registration
O – Operator’s manual
W – Weight and Balance documents
J – Journey Logbook (Unless t/o and landing in same place)
I – proof of Insurance
L – Licenses (ie, Pilot’s License, Radio Operator’s, Medical)
Required Documents
 Certificate of Airworthiness
 Issued by TC
 States that under a certain set of conditions, a/c is fit for
Conditions may be met by a specified maintenance schedule
 Essentially, you are confirming this with your pre-flight
Required Instruments for Day VFR
 As per CARs 605.14:
 a) where the aircraft is operated in uncontrolled airspace, an altimeter;
 (b) in controlled airspace, a sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric
 (c) an airspeed indicator;
 (d) a magnetic compass or a magnetic direction indicator that operates
independently of the aircraft electrical generating system;
 (e) a tachometer for each engine and for each propeller or rotor that has
limiting speeds established by the manufacturer;
 (f) an oil pressure indicator for each engine employing an oil pressure system;
 (g) a coolant temperature indicator for each liquid-cooled engine;
 (h) an oil temperature indicator for each air-cooled engine having a separate oil
 (j) a means for the flight crew, when seated at the flight controls to determine
 (i) the fuel quantity in each main fuel tank, and
 (ii) if the aircraft employs retractable landing gear, the position of the landing
 NB – Also need radio equipment where required
Required Instruments
F uel indicator
O il pressure/temp
G ear indicator
C ompass
A ltimeter
T achometer
 NB: A glider gerenally does not require the:
Fuel Indicator
Oil Indicators
Gear Indicator (unless retractable)
 “The period of time between the end of evening civil
twilight and the beginning of morning civil twilight.”
 Slight difference from FTGU, which states that it is
“Anytime when the center of the sun’s disc is more than
6 degrees below the horizon.”
 A/C lighting:
 Right Wingtip – Green light, visible for 2 nm in 110ᵒ
 Left Wingtip – Red light, visible for 2 nm in 110ᵒ
 Tail – White light, visible for 2 nm in 140ᵒ
 “There is no red port left”
Aircraft Logs
 Journey Log
 A log detailing the total air time on the airframe, as well
as any snags encountered.
A snag is a technical difficulty. Once recorded in the journey
log, a/c becomes u/s until signed off by an AME (aircraft
maintenance engineer.
 All entries in log must be maintained for a period of no
less than one year.
Aircraft Logs
 Also, under CAR 605.92, “… a separate technical record
for the airframe, each installed engine and each
variable-pitch propeller”
This is the technical log; any idea why we have this?
 Pitch – the distance travelled forward by the propeller per
Pilot’s License Validity
 Medical
 License is only as valid if your medical is.
 Validity period begins on the day of the examination.
 Validity ends on the first day of the month following the
Eg, Medical performed July 5 – It will expire 60 months later
on August 1.
 As pilots under 40, your medicals would be valid for 60
months, assuming you have a Class 3 medical.
A Class 1 medical is valid for only a year, but reverts to a Class
3 after this; four years until next examination after that.
Pilot’s License Validity
 Medical (cont.)
 A medical may be voided at any time, if conditions occur
which may prevent the pilot from acting as PIC
 Eg, Stroke, medications, pregnancy, etc.
Pilot’s License Validity
 Currency (Need to meet both of these)
 5 Year Requirement: (Within last 60 months)
Must have acted as PIC within last 5 years, or;
Must have completed a review with an instructor, and written
and passed the PSTAR exam within the last 12 months.
 2 Year Requirement: (Within last 24 months)
A number of things satisfy this criterion; includes review with
an instructor, a self-paced recency questionnaire, attendance
at a safety seminar conducted by TC… (full list in CARS

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