THE FOUNDING OF GEORGIA 2nd grade Turboquest Created by: Lauren May Contessa Wnek Rebecca Rogers OVERVIEW: SOCIAL STUDIES SS2H1The student will read about and describe the lives of historical figures in Georgia history. Elements: a. Identify the contributions made by these historic figures: James Oglethorpe, Tomochichi, and Mary Musgrove (founding of Georgia); b. Describe how everyday life of these historical figures is similar to and different from everyday life in the present (food, clothing, homes, transportation, communication, recreation, rights, and freedoms). MATH M2N2. Students will build fluency with multi-digit addition and subtraction. • a. Correctly add and subtract two whole numbers up to three digits each with regrouping. READING ELA2W2 The student writes in a variety of genres, including narrative, informational, persuasive, and response to literature. Elements: • The student produces informational writing that: • a. Captures a reader’s interest. b. Begins to sustain a focused topic. c. Includes the appropriate purpose, expectations, and length for the audience and genre. d. Adds facts and details. INTRODUCTION: We at the Georgia Historical Foundation have lost important files on three local heroes; Mary Musgrove, James Oglethorpe and Tomochichi. You will be divided into three research teams. Each team will research one of the historical figures above. Once all of your data has been collected you will present your finding to the Georgia Historical Foundation. Click to View the video! PROCESS: Congratulations on being chosen for the important task of restoring our files. Your team will create and present a bulletin board containing your findings. Get with your assigned research team. Follow the directions and complete the tasks given. You will find the tasks on individual power points for the person you are researching. Once all your research is done you will then begin to assemble your bulletin board. After the bulletin board is complete, bring it to your teacher for approval. When your bulletin board is approved you may present it to the Georgia Historical Foundation. Good luck! Click the person you will be interviewing for more directions! MARY MUSGROVE You are going to be interviewing Mary Musgrove. You will learn about her early life and how she was able to be an interpreter for Oglethorpe and talk to Tomochichi about the settlement of Savannah and her role in the Founding of Georgia. You will learn so much about her so get excited!! Click the picture to begin! JAMES OGLETHORPE: Your job is to interview James Oglethorpe, the founder of Georgia! You will be asking him questions to learn about his childhood, how he founded Georgia, and his life after! Along the way you may also be asked to complete other tasks. Have fun on your journey in learning! Click the picture to begin! TOMOCHICHI: Tomochichi was a huge help to Oglethorpe in the founding of Georgia. If you are interviewing Tomochichi, you will learn all about his role in making our state what it is today! There are many exciting facts waiting to be learned! Click the picture to begin! CONCLUSION: Thank you for helping us get our information back! We hope you enjoyed meeting the three founders of Georgia! It is now time for you to present your findings to the foundation! Create a poster to present on the person that you interviewed. For more information you can visit this website: http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/stories/daily_life_in_georgia http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/stories/mary_musgrove Google Images EVALUATION/RUBRIC: CATEGORY Speaks Clearly 4 Speaks clearly and distinctly all (100-95%) the time, and mispronounces no words. 3 Speaks clearly and distinctly all (100-95%) the time, but mispronounces one word. Preparedness Student is completely Student seems pretty prepared and has obviously prepared but might have rehearsed. needed a couple more rehearsals. The student is somewhat Student does not seem at all prepared, but it is clear that prepared to present. rehearsal was lacking. Listens to Other Presentations Listens intently. Does not make distracting noises or movements. Sometimes does not appear Sometimes does not appear to be listening but is not to be listening and has distracting. distracting noises or movements. Collaboration with Peers Almost always listens to, Usually listens to, shares with, Often listens to, shares with, shares with, and supports the and supports the efforts of and supports the efforts of efforts of others in the group. others in the group. Does not others in the group but Tries to keep people cause "waves" in the group. sometimes is not a good working well together. team member. Listens intently but has one distracting noise or movement. 2 Speaks clearly and distinctly most ( 94-85%) of the time. Mispronounces no more than one word. 1 Often mumbles or can not be understood OR mispronounces more than one word. Rarely listens to, shares with, and supports the efforts of others in the group. Often is not a good team member. Created by: Lauren May Table of Contents: GPB Video Early Life English Settlement Differences in lifestyle with the Creeks & the English Pictures of differences in Creek houses Map of childhood homes Years spent in Creek villages and English settlements Bilingual Trading Post Becoming an Interpreter for Oglethorpe Savannah, Georgia Map of Colonial Georgia Convincing the Creek to join the English side Accomplishments Dependability Organizational Chart of Musgrove Timeline Key Words Keys Word continued Closing thoughts GBS Video: Click on the video camera below and a browser will open. Then I want you to click play and watch a quick video about my life before we start the interview! Enjoy Early Life: Hi! My name is Coosaponakeesa (KOO sah poe nah KEE sah) but everyone knows me as Mary Musgrove (I will explain this more in detail later in the interview). I was born in the Creek Village of Coweta, which is near present-day city of Macon, Georgia. My mother is Creek and my father is an English trader! English Settlement: When I was 10 years old, I moved to an English settlementwith my dad’s family which is present-day Charleston, South Carolina. I learned to speak English, & this is when I was given my other name, Mary. This is what a colonial Charleston home looked like! When I lived in Charleston, many things were different for me. Take a look at this chart to see the differences.. Creek Life English Life Lived in houses without walls in the summer to keep cool; Lived in another house during the winter with walls of clay and wood. * Click on the green star to see pictures of their houses Lived in the same house year-round that was made of brick or wood that were more than one story tall. The women were responsible for cooking, sewing, & farming; the men were responsible for hunting & fishing. Children played games and went to school . Clothing was made from deerskin that was soft, warm, and did not tear easily. Women wore long dresses made of velvet or silk & sometimes wore wigs; the men wore ruffled shirts & velvet jackets. **Click on the triangle when you are done reading this chart. Look at the differences in my summer and winter Creek houses…. Click on this green star to take you back to the chart to learn more about the differences in lifestyle Here is a map of my Childhood Homes: Years spent in Creek villages and English Settlements: 10 50 Creek English Creek 5 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Creek English Creek Bilingual: When I was 15 years old, I moved back to my Creek family. I was able to speak both English & Creek so I began to help English settlers & Creek traders speak to each other. Trading Post: In 1722, I opened my own Trading Post, which is a place for people to trade things they have for other things. Trade in the early 1700s Traded by the Creek Traded by the English Deerskin Metal Tools & Cloth Becoming an Interpreter for Oglethorpe: In 1733, James Oglethorpe wanted to start a new EnglishColonycalled Georgia. He asked me to help himcommunicateto the Creeks. I quickly became hisinterpreter. (Remember, I spoke both Creek and the English language). Savannah, Georgia: Oglethorpe had me talk to the Yamacraw Creek leader, Tomochichi. This is when he agreed to let Oglethorpe build the settlement of Savannah. The Creeks and English continued to trade with each other. The Creeks also showed The English how to grow crops. Savannah grew and became Georgia’s first city! This me, Oglethorpe & Tomochichi talking! Here is a map of Colonial Georgia: Convincing the Creek to join the English side: I continued to help Oglethorpe talk to the Creek leaders and worked to keep peace with the Creek and English settlers. But soon enough, the English and Spanish settlers in the area began to fight and I was able to convince the Creek to join the English side! Accomplishments: I also had a Trading Post in Savannah. In 1735, I was the richest woman in Georgia and I became the largest landowner in the colony! Although I was known for these great things, I was mainly remembered for helping the Founding of Georgia! Dependability: The Creek and English knew they could trust me. They relied on me to help speak with each other. The character trait they refer me to is dependable. In what ways do your friends, family, and classmates depend on you? Helped Oglethorpe talk to Tomochichi Spoke both Creek and English languages Mary Musgrove Largest landowner and richest women in her colony Opened a Trading Post in Savannah Here is a timeline of my life: 1700 1733 (0-10 yrs old) Lived in Creek Village of Coweta 1710 (10 yrs old) Moved to English settlement of Charleston, South Carolina. 1715 (15 yrs old) Moved back to Creek family 1722 (22 yrs old) Opened Trading Post (33 yrs old) Oglethorpe came to talk to the Creeks. This was my first time to as Oglethorpe’s interpreter. 1735 (35 yrs old) Named the richest woman in Georgia and the largest landowner in the colony! Key Words: Coosaponakeesa: Mary Musgrove’s Creek name Mary Musgrove: Coosaponakeesa’s English name; helped Creek Indians and English settlers talk to each other. She helped start the city of Savannah and was Oglethorpe’s interpreter Coweta: Creek Village that Mary Musgrove once lived in Settlement: People live in a settlement when they first arrive in a new land Bilingual: Being able to speak 2 languages Trading Post: People go to a trading post to trade things they have for other things Key words: James Oglethorpe: Started the colony of Georgia. Colony: A place that is ruled by another country Communicate: To share information Interpreter: Explains words from one language to another language Tomochichi: Helped with the founding of Georgia. He kept peace between the Yamacraw Indians and the English settlers Depend: A person who can be trusted is someone you depend on Closing Thoughts: Well, Thank you so much for showing such interest in my life! I thoroughly enjoyed sharing all these major events that played a big role in who I am today! Congratulations! You have just completed your interview with Mary Musgrove! Click the home button to find out what to do next! Founder of Georgia Created By: Rebecca Rogers Table of Contents Helpful Hints Introduction Video Meet James Oglethorpe! Early Life School Activity Before Coming to Georgia Creating the Colony Why? Where? Activity Friendships Formed with the Indians Tomochichi Mary Musgrove What Georgians Grew After Georgia Closure Worksheets/ Activities Hints to Help You Along Your Journey! Buttons that look like this will be seen on the bottom of some pages. These will bring you back to the page with the questions. Underlinedwords are vocabulary words. Clicking on these words will take you to a glossary where you can find out what that word means. These buttons take you back to the page you were previously on. You are about to meet and interview JAMES OGLETHORPE! Before beginning your journey view this video on how life was for the first colonists of Georgia! Click the video camera below to see the video! How was life different for the colonists from us today? Would you like to live as a colonist? James Oglethorpe DID live as a colonist! Let’s meet him! Hello boys and girls! Welcome to 1700s! Your job is to interview James Oglethorpe, the founder of Georgia, to regain the information that we have lost! Choose questions to ask Mr. Oglethorpe that will help us learn about how Georgia was made and the life of James Oglethorpe! •What was your childhood like? •What was your job before you came to Georgia? Hello! I’m James Oglethorpe! I’ll answer any questions you have! •Why did you decide to found Georgia? •Where did you decide to colonize Georgia? •Were there any people that helped you colonize Georgia? •What did you do after Georgia was colonized? •How did Georgians make money? Did you grow any specific crops? At the end of some slides there will be a question mark at the bottom. Click this button to get back to this slide! My childhood? Well let me tell you about it… I was born in 1696. That is over 300 years ago!! In my time, you could only go to school if your family was rich. My family was rich so I was able to attend school. My favorite subject is reading and I love to learn new languages! Some families couldn’t afford to send their children to school. Some children had to start working at the age of 5! In our time, all children are allowed to go to school. It does not matter how much money your family has! You are all very lucky! Using the chart below, write down 4 things that you enjoy about school! Seeing Friends Games in PE Favorite Things About School Science Experime nts Reading new books My job before colonizing Georgia… Before coming to Georgia, I worked for Parliament. I tried to make laws that helped out poorer people. I also had compassion for people who were in prison due to debt. I asked the King of Spain, King George II, for permission to bring some of the recently released prisoners to a new colony that I wanted to start. He agreed! That was the first step to founding Georgia ( which was named after King George II). I wanted to give these people land and tools to become great famers to be able to support their families! Why did I decide to found Georgia? Good Question! I chose land along the Savannah River to settle the colony on. I named the settlement Savannah. I divided the land into 4 sections and decided where buildings and streets would go . This is my sketch of what Savannah would look like. Click the drawing for a fun activity! Where did I chose to settle the colony of Georgia? Use a piece of construction paper, create your own colony! Draw and label sections of your colony! Savannah, GA 1733 BE CREATIVE!! Were there any people that helped me colonize Georgia? I am so glad you asked! These two people are Tomochichi and Mary Musgrove. They were the biggest help to me! Click on their picture and let them tell you how they helped out! I am Tomochichi, chief of the Creek Indians that live in Georgia. At the time, Creek Indians lived near Savannah. I was their chief. When James Oglethorpe first moved to Georgia I wanted to become friends so that the Indians and Georgians could be friends. Because of our friendship, we were able to live in peace with each other and work the land together. I am a very special Creek Indian. I can speak both the Creek language AND English. No one else can do this. My chief, Tomochichi can’t speak English. I helped Oglethorpe and Tomochichi talk to each other. My name is Mary Musgrove. I am a Creek Indian. How did we make money, you ask? What crops did we grow? I can’t wait to tell you about that! At first, it was very hard for us to farm the land. The weather was VERY different in Georgia. It was very hot and it rained a lot more. Click on the picture of the chart to compare the rainfall in Spain to that in Georgia. Georgians were able to successfully grow 2 main crops: Peaches and Cotton! Click on each crop for an activity. Rainfall: Spain Compared to Georgia Rainfall in Inches According to these charts, did it rain more in Georgia or in Spain? Inches List some foods or objects that can be made with either cotton or peaches. Things Made With Cotton Things Made With Peaches T-Shirts Ice Cream Blankets Milkshakes Socks Pie Pajamas Jam/Jelly What did I do after Georgia was colonized? I am very proud of my work in Georgia but there were bigger needs for me back in England… I went back to England to help people who could not help themselves. One of the areas I wanted to protect was the liberty of others. I spent most of the rest of my life working to end slavery. I wrote into newspapers and gave money to help this cause. On your own paper, pretend to write to your local newspaper and give 3 reasons why slavery is wrong. THANK YOU for listening to my story today! The next few pages are some questions that will help you understand the founding of Georgia better! When you have completed your quest back through time, you will print off this sheet and answer the questions! Name: ___________________________ Date: _____________________ 1.What were the names of the two people who helped James Oglethorpe? 1.What is the name of the first city colonized in Georgia? 1.What were the two main crops that Georgians grew? 1.Where did James Oglethorpe work before he colonized to Georgia? For those up for a challenge, try this Math problem! There were 115 original colonists that came to Georgia when it was first started. How many more colonists would have to come if James Oglethorpe had wanted 150 colonists to come? HINT: Here is a math sentence that might help you! 1 115 + ____ = 150 Match the events to their place on the timeline! 1743 1696 1733 Sentence Bank: 1.James Oglethorpe is born. 2.James Oglethorpe goes back to England. 3.Oglethorpe lands and begins GA in the city of Savannah. 4.Oglethorpe works for Parliament. 5.Tomochichi and Mary Musgrove become friends with and help Oglethorpe. 6.Georgians begin to successfully grow cotton and peaches. Match the events to their place on the timeline! Oglethorpe lands and begins GA in the city of Savannah. James Oglethorpe is born. 1696 Oglethorpe works for Parliament. Sentence Bank: Georgians begin to successfully grow cotton and peaches. 1733 Tomochichi and Mary Musgrove become friends with and help Oglethorpe. 1743 James Oglethorpe goes back to England. * Use this slide to check your answers! Vocabulary HINT: Click on the word to go back to the page you were on! Colony- a place ruled by people in another country Compassion- caring about and helping others Debt- money owed to other people Liberty- freedom from the control of others Parliament- England’s government in charge of creating and enforcing laws Settlement- a community started by people from another land Slavery- a system forcing people to work without pay Congratulations! You have just completed your interview with James Oglethorpe! Click the home button to start your interview of the next person! By: Contessa Wnek Let’s Go!! Tomochichi Quick Facts Introduction Interactive Timeline Important Dates Accomplishments Everyday Life Map from 1745 Map of Yamacraw Territory 2008 Population of Georgia Pie Chart 2008 Population of Georgia Bar Graph Vocabulary Think about it! Go to Quick Facts My friends Yamacraw Indian Chief Friend To James Oglethorpe Tomochichi Settled Along the Savannah River Mediator Click the teepee to start the journey Hi, my name is Tomochichi (TOHM oh chee chee). I am a native person from Georgia. This presentation will take you on a journey about my life. I always like to begin with a timeline. Click on the tomahawk to begin Click here to listen to the story Tomochichi Oglethorpe and the Yamacraw Map of Yamacraw Bluff James Oglethorpe Meeting with King George II in England Meeting between Tomochichi, Oglethorpe and Mary Musgrove Meeting with King George II in England Tomochichi’s grave marker Surveying Land Original Layout of Savannah Coweta E x i t I have accomplished many things in my long life. Click the picture below to read about some of my accomplishments. I was a skillful trader. We did not use money to get the things we needed. I traded goods with King George II. He gave me a gold watch and I gave him 3 eagle feathers. An eagle’s feather is a symbol of peace. I also gave one to my new friend James Oglethorpe. I assured other Creek chieftains of the honest intensions of the new settlers. I started Yamacraw Bluff a creek village along the Savannah River. People from Creek and Yamasee tribes joined together to become Yamacraw. Click the star to see the map. My good friend James Oglethorpe asked for my assistance in acting as a mediator between the English settlers and the Spanish. I Helped to create peaceful relationships between new settlers and nativepeople. Oglethorpe and I went on an expedition to surveythe southern boundariesof Georgia. In a Creek tribe the women usually tend to the crops. Foods like corn, beans, squash, sweet potatoes, and melons are a large part of our diet. To get around Yamacraw Bluff we would have to travel in a canoe. We built these ourselves. Click the arrow to continue. Go back to accomplishments The native population has changed since the 18th century. Click the heart to see a population map from 1790. Georgia Population Map of 1790 This map shows the approximate distribution of Georgia's white and Native American population in 1790. See how much of Georgia was Indian territory? Now click on the cross to see how the population has changed. Population of Georgia as of 2008 Asian/Pacific Islander Hispanic 3% 7% American Indian 4% Afr. American 27% As you can see not many Native Americans exist in Georgia today. This is very sad. White 59% Click here for another look Population in millions 7000000 6000000 5000000 4000000 3000000 2000000 Population in millions 1000000 0 Go to Think About It! Accomplishments Table of Contents Accomplishments To have been successful at something Ambassador An official messenger Bluff A high steep cliff Boundaries Dividing lines Chieftains A chief of a tribe or clan Expedition A trip with a specific goal in mind Mediate To help those arguing come to an agreement Native Born in a particular place Population The amount of people living in a certain area. Survey To study the size, shape and area of a piece of land Settlers The first people from a certain group to live in an area Accomplishments Table of Contents Maps IMPORTANT DATES 1650 1728 Tomochichi is born 1733 1734 Tomochichi befriends James Oglethorpe Tomochichi becomes chief of the Yamacraw Take a look at my accomplishments 1736 1739 Tomochichi and Oglethorpe go on an expedition to map the Southern boundaries Tomochichi goes to England with James Oglethorpe and acts as an ambassador for the Creek Indians. Tomochichi passes away at the age of 90 THINK ABOUT IT! Discuss the following with your group • Where is your native homeland? • Have you ever had to settle an argument between friends? • Have you ever offered your friends or family something special to show them your care about them? • What have you accomplished in your life? • Do you like to be a leader? MY FRIENDS Congratulations! You have just completed your interview with Tomochichi! Click the home button to find out what to do next!