Chapter 18 Section 4

Report
Chapter 18 Section 4
Suffrage at Last
Civil Disobedience
• A nonviolent refusal to
obey the law in order to
change it
National American Woman Suffrage
Association (NAWSA)
• Organization formed in
1890 to continue the
pursuit of women’s
rights, especially the
right to vote
Congressional Union
• Radical organization
formed in 1913 and led
by Alice Paul that
campaigned for a
constitutional
amendment
guaranteeing women’s
suffrage
How did the NAWSA and the Congressional
Union differ in their tactics?
• The CU was aggressive
and militant and
wanted new state
suffrage organizations
• The NAWSA opposed
the CU, fearing the CU
would alienate
moderate supporters
• The NAWSA worked
with old state
organizations toward a
federal suffrage
amendment
Describe how Anthony and Stanton worked
together to lead the suffrage movement.
• They founded the
American Equal Rights
Association; published
The Revolution; worked
for a voting rights
constitutional
amendment; formed
the NAWSA
Why was the suffrage movement in need
of new leadership after the turn of the
century?
• Suffrage efforts were
failing
• Stanton and Anthony
died
• New momentum had to
be created
How did the passage of the 19th
Amendment come about?
• Women in voluntary
organizations and
unions began to
demand the right to
vote
• They pressed for a
constitutional
amendment and for
individual states to
allow women to vote
• Ratification came in
1920
Why did the passage of the 19th
Amendment take so long?
• Widely help attitudes
about the role of
women
• Loss of momentum in
the suffrage movement
• The amendment bill
was stalled in Congress

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