3.3 - The ACP Sugar Research Programme

Report
Mid-Term Review
2 October 2012
MSIRI
Réduit
Mauritius
ACP Project 3.3
Technology development for
disposal of vinasse by incineration
Implementing Institution
MSIRI
Budget
EUR0 379, 330
More info on: http://www.acp-srp.eu/en
To benefit
All ACP Countries
Caribbean
Pacific
Africa
The Project
Enhance the competitiveness of
ACP sugar factories
Through sustainable disposal of
vinasse from ethanol plants
The initial project
 Initiated in 2005
 Vinasse incineration can provide a satisfactory
solution to the pollution problem
…... still holds
 Relevant with Policy of Zero Liquid Discharge
 India (ISSCT, 2009)
 Maurice île Durable?
ISSCT (2009) - Zero liquid discharge through spent wash incineration (R Rajesh, Thermax. Boilers, India).
The policy of zero liquid discharge being implemented in India at present requires that ethanol plants adopt new technologies for effluent discharge.
The initial project
 By 2011 when the project was ready to start
Technology has evolved .. . . .
The initial Research Targets
1. Laboratory Scale Incinerator
Industrial Boilers exist
2. Vinasse Product Drier
Vinasse evaporators exist…..
Alcodis
3. A test Heat Recovery Equipment
Industrial CMS boilers exist …..
India, china
The initial Research Targets
No more relevant
Turn Key plants in India, China….
Source:
www.thermaxindia.com/Fileuploader/Files/Spentwash.pdf
SAG recommendation
April 2011
In the light of technological evolution …..
A comprehensive “Desktop Study” to be carried out
to re-assess the R&D strategy on vinasse treatment
Desktop Study
Report updated in March 2012 and presented in Brussels
Scientific journals & web articles scanned - Discussions
Desktop Study
Conclusions
 Multiple vinasse treatment technologies exist all around the
world but need further optimization
 Vinasse is best treated by a combination of technologies
 It will differ in different ACP countries
Conceptual Framework
generated from the
Desktop study
Technical & economic
advantages & disadvantages
A little ….
Build Capacity
To be in a position to
recommend the best
combination of
technologies under
different situation in
ACP countries
Proposed Activities
Summary
Activities
On-site assessment of existing and promising
technologies
Period
Jan – Aug 2013
R & D activities at MSIRI
1. Demineralization & conditioning of vinasse
2. Extracting value-added products from vinasse
3. Innovative composting route for CMS
4. Fuel route for CMS
Reporting
Feb – Nov 2013
Early 2014
Activities & Justification
Vinasse
Bio-composting
Methanation
Investigate
what ?
Anaerobic: COD/BOD <90% Eff.
Aerobic
Demineralization
CMS
Value-added
products
D
F - Irrigation
P
Support Fuel
Gas
At very large scale, e.g.
India Incineration is an
option
Steam
Special
Boiler
TA
Electricity
Carbon Credit ?
These technologies work
To treat maximum possible
amount of vinasse
But not 100% pollution free
…. Seasonal
This project is meant to support
these existing vinasse treatment
solutions to drastically reduce
pollution threats
Demineralization
Value-added products & depotassified vinasse
Bonnet et al., (2002)
Vinasse
Bio-composting
Methanation
Anaerobic: COD/BOD <90% Eff.
Aerobic
1
Demineralization
CMS
Value-added
products
D
F - Irrigation
P
Support Fuel
Gas
Trash
2
Normal
Special
Boiler
3
Fuel
Steam
Demineralization
1. To extract value
added products
2. Produce CMS
that can be burnt
in any normal
boiler X-S CMS
can follow this
route
TA
Electricity
Carbon Credit ?
3. Identify support fuel, e.g.
 Trash + Demineralized CMS
to produce a fuel as
consistent as bagasse
 Or as a compost
Vinasse
Bio-composting
Methanation
Aerobic
4. Assess
technologies that
atomize low
calorific fuel in
boilers for
efficient
combustion
Demineralization
CMS
Support Fuel
Gas
Saacke
Atomizer
Trash
Normal
Special
Boiler
Steam
Fuel
TA
D
F - Irrigation
P
4
Value-added
products
Electricity
Carbon Credit ?
Atomizer for Vinasse – Status Experimental
Two case studies were presented for factories incinerating vinasse-like material (soy molasses) at Araucaria and Cambé, both in the Parana state of Brazil.
Vinasse
Bio-composting
Methanation
5
VSEP
Demineralization
CMS
Support Fuel
Gas
Trash
Normal
Special
Boiler
Fuel
TA
Value-added
products
D
F - Irrigation
P
Steam
5. Assess the VSEP
membrane
filtration
technology for
vinasse/effluents
Aerobic
Electricity
Carbon Credit ?
Vinasse
Concentrate
VSEP – Status Experimental
Vibrating Membrane Technology - Pilot scale testing completed in Brazil in 2010
Vinasse
Bio-composting
Methanation
5
VSEP
Aerobic
Demineralization
CMS
Value-added
products
D
F - Irrigation
P
Support Fuel
6
Gas
Spray Dry
Trash
Normal
Special
Boiler
Steam
Fuel or
Compost
TA
Electricity
Carbon Credit ?
5. To investigate the
impact of VSEP filtration
on steam demand in
evaporator station
6. To investigate whether
products from VSEP
filtration or CMS can be
spray dried ….. Storable
solid fertilizer
“Roxol” Spray Dryer – Status Experimental ?
Activities
VSEP
MSIRI labs
On-site or
MSIRI labs
Characterization
Demineralization
Conditioning
CMS
MSIRI labs
Spray Dry
On-site
Vinasse
Boiler
Trash
Fuel
Compost
On-site
On-site
This ACP project is meant to support typical vinasse treatment system
Vinasse
Bio-composting
Methanation
Aerobic
D
CMS
P
Fert - Irrigation
Local Partners contemplated
• OMNICANE & FUEL (Alteo)
• Existing distilleries – Médine, Beau Plan
• Fertilizer companies
• Other research organizations
Concluding Remarks
 This project is meant to benefit all ACP countries
 The MSIRI will be in a position to advise all ACP countries
• On the best combination of technologies to minimize pollution
in the most economic way - Different countries, different
solutions
Thank You
[email protected]

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