readiness preparation proposal for uganda*s redd+ strategy

Report
Uganda REDD-Plus Readiness
Preparation Proposal (R-PP)
Presented to the 8th Meeting of the
Participants Committee of the FCPF in Da Lat,
Vietnam
March 25, 2010
By Xavier Mugumya
GENERAL INFORMATION
R-PP Secretariat
Alex B. Muhweezi
Technical Coordinator, REDD Readiness Preparation Proposal
Sheila Kiconco
Programme Officer, REDD Readiness Preparation Proposal
Xavier Mugumya
National Coordinator Climate Change/REDD Focal Point (NFA)
REDD-Plus Working Group (30-60 members)
Sara Namirembe (PhD)
Katoomba Group
Robert Charles Aguma
ASRDEM Ltd
Timm Tennigkeit (PhD)
UNIQUE East Africa Ltd
Sean White
Independent Forestry Consultant
REDD -Plus Steering Committee (25-30 members)
IUCN, Environmental Alert, Care Uganda, Water Governance Institute, Eco-Trust, Tree Talk,
ACODE, Tobari/IPACC, NAPE, BUCODO and Uganda Media Trust
Financing: R-PP formulation Grant from FCPF US$ 200,000; Royal Norwegian
Embassy in Uganda US$ 183,500; GoU and other civil Society Organizations: in Kind
The Objectives of Uganda’s REDD-Plus
Readiness are:
Objective #1: Elaboration of actions for addressing the
drivers of deforestation and forest degradation;
Objective #2: Development of practices for sustainable
management of forests and conservation of forest
stocks;
Objective #3: Demonstrate implementation of
Uganda’s REDD-Plus Strategy;
Objective #4: Development of MRV for REDD-Plus
activities; and
Objective #5: To strengthen national and institutional
capacities for participation in REDD-Plus.
Priority Actions and Measures
for Uganda’s REDD-Plus Readiness will be:
• Defining institutional arrangements
• Developing operational procedures and
guidelines.
• Capacity building
• Defining strategies for addressing the drivers
• Establishing a forest reference emissions levels
and an MRV
• Developing framework for assessing likely
social and environment impacts of REDD-Plus.
Uganda’s REDD-Plus Readiness
will be have the following outputs:
• Institutional arrangements for implementing Uganda’s
REDD - Plus Strategy in place.
• Procedures and guidelines for conducive REDD- Plus
implementation in place.
• Capacity for REDD-Plus implementation .
• Strategies for addressing deforestation and forest
degradation, the role of conservation, sustainable
forest management and building Carbon Stock adopted
• Forest reference emissions levels published and an
MRV in place.
• Framework for assessing likely environment and social
impacts of REDD-Plus.
Uganda’s Political and Administrative Context
24,000,000 Ha
32.800.000 M
inhabitants
112 districts
22 Municipalities
174 Town Councils
1365 Sub-counties
Our neighbors are
DRC, Kenya, Rwanda,
Sudan, Tanzania
KOBOKO YUMBE
KOBOKO
KAABONG
WEST MOYO
MOYO
ARINGA
LAMWO
KITGUM
OBONGI
MARACHA
CHUA
MARACHA
EAST MOYO
TEREGO
AYIVU
ARUA MUNICIPALITY
ADJUMANI
ARUA
KILAK
ASWA
AMURU
MADI-OKOLLO
PADER
GULU
VURRA
KOTIDO JIE
ARUU
AGAGO
AGAGO
GULU MUNICIPALITY
PADYERE NEBBI
LIRA
KIRYANDONGO
KIBANDA
APAC
BULIISA
MARUZI
BURUULI
BUJENJE
BUGAHYA
NTOROKO
BUNDIBUGYO
KALAKI
BUDIOPE
LUUKA KIGULU WEST BUDAMA (KISOLO) TORORO
NTENJERU
TORORO MUNICIPALITY
BUGWERI
KAGOMA
BUWEKULA
KASSANDA
MUBENDE
GOMBA
KAMWENGE
GOMBA
NAKIFUMA
MITYANA
MITYANA
BUSUJJU
BUTAMBALA
BUTAMBALA
KYADONDO
KAMPALA CITY COUNCIL
KYADONDO
BUSIRO
LWEMIYAGA
KINKIIZI
RUHAAMA
NTUNGAMO
RUSHENYI
KISORO RUBANDARUKIGA
BUFUMBIRA
KABALE MUNICIPALITY
KABALENDORWA
BUKANGA
ISINGIRO
KAKUUTO
BUGIRI
BUIKWE
MAYUGE
TORORO
BUSIA
SAMIA-BUGWE
BUIKWO
KITAGWENDA
IBANDA
KAJARA
RUBABO
JINJABUTEMBE
JINJA MUNICIPALITY
KAMPALA
BUNYA
BUKOOLI
BUVUMA
BUVUMA
NAMAYINGO
POKOT
NAKAPIRIPIRIT
AMUDAT
CHEKWII
SERERE
BUYENDE
WAKISOMUKONO
KAZO
MAWOKOTA
SSEMBABULE KALUNGU MPIGI ENTEBBE MUNICIPALITY
MUKONO
BUKOMANSIMBI KALUNGU
IBANDA
BUKOMANSIMBI
KIRUHURA KABULA
BUNYARUGURU BUHWEJU
MAWOGOLA
LYANTONDE
RUBIRIZI BUHWEJU
MASAKA MUNICIPALITY
BUJJUMBA
NYABUSHOZI
LWENGO
KASHARI
BUKOTO
BUSHENYI IGARA
MBARARA
KALANGALA
MASAKA
BUJUMBURA RUHINDA SHEEMA
MBARARA
MUNICIPALITY
KYAMUSWA
MITOOMASHEEMA
KYOTERA
KOOKI
KANUNGURUKUNGIRI RWAMPARA ISINGIRO
RAKAI
KASESE
USUK
SOROTI
SERERE NGORA KUMI
KASILO
NAKASONGOLA
BURULI
KIBALE
BUSONGORA
PIAN
DOKOLO
KATAKWI
KABERAMAIDO
AMOLATARKABERAMAIDO SOROTI MUNICIPALITY
SOROTI
KIOGA
NGORA
MWENGE
KYENJOJO
KYEGEGWA
KABAROLE
KYAKA
BURAHYA
BUNYANGABU
BUKONJO
AMURIA
AMURIA
DOKOLO
KWANIA
BWAMBA FORT PORTAL MUNICIPALITY
BUGHENDERA
NAPAK BOKORA
KAPELEBYONG
KWEEN
BUKEDEA
KWEEN
KUMI BUKEDEA
TINGEY
KAPCHORWA
BUKWA
PALLISA
BULAMBULI KONGASIS
PALLISA
BUTEBO
NAKASEKE
KYANKWANZI
BUDADIRI BULAMBULI
KALIRO
MBALE MUNICIPALITY
NAKASEKE
BBAALE
BULAMOGI KIBUKU
BUDAKA
MANJIYA SIRONKO
KIBUKUBUDAKA
BUDUDA
BUYAGA
KIBOGA
BUNGOKHO
MBALE MANAFWA
BUGANGAIZI
KAYUNGABUGABULA
BUTALEJA
KIBAALE
BUBULO
BUNYOLE
LUWEROBAMUNANIKA KAMULI LUUKA
BUSIKI
NAMUTUMBA
KIBOGA
KATIKAMU
BUYANJA
BUZAAYA IGANGA
MASINDI
HOIMA
BUHAGUZI
NTOROKO
MATHENIKO
MOROTO MUNICIPALITY
OTUKE
KOLE
OYAM
ALEBTONG
KOLE
MOROTO
OYAM LIRA MUNICIPALITY
ERUTE
BULIISA
ABIM
OTUKE
NWOYA NWOYA
JONAM
MOROTO
LABWOR
OMORO
ZOMBO
OKORO
DODOTH
LAMWO
1a. National Readiness
Management
Arrangements
The Timeline for achieving Uganda Readiness for REDD-Plus
2008-2009
(Qualifying or FCPF
Support)
2010-2011
(Formulation and
Approval
of R-PP)
2012-2014
(Uganda REDD-Plus
Readiness Actions)
REDD Project Identification
Note (R-PIN)
Preparation of R-PP
(Consultations, Studies,
Proposal preparation, R-PP
Approvals).
Implementation of R-PP
resulting into REDD
Strategy for Uganda
(Capacity building,
Development of Strategies,
Development of systems
and tools, Piloting
activities, Completing
information).
1a. National Readiness (Continued):
R-PP Formulation actions
Uganda’s motivation to do R-PP: to have a credible roadmap for mobilizing
resources to tackle deforestation and degradation; and to meet global
obligations;
REDD – Plus Readiness Proposal preparation involved the following:
1. Information sharing and selected consultations with Stakeholders:
Nearly 2,500 people representing 7 different categories of stakeholders
were directly consulted between April 2010 to March 2011;
2. Studies on land use, policies and governance that helped identify
drivers; formulation of options for addressing the drivers including
potential social and environmental impacts; a plan for establishing a
forest scenario and MRV;
3. Actual drafting of the R-PP: done by the combined effort of the R-PP
Secretariat, the REDD-plus Working Group under the guidance of the
National Steering Committee
1a. National Readiness (Continued):
Stakeholders and their roles in R-PP
formulation and implementation 1
1.
During the preparation of the R-PP:




Ministry of Water and Environment chaired the REDD-plus Working Group and the
National Steering Committee; its agency the National Forestry Authority acted as
focal point and secretariat host;
Collaborating Government Ministries and Agencies: Government ministries and
agencies responsible for energy, agriculture, livestock, physical planning, land use
planning, land administration, environmental management, wildlife, trade,
development planning, economic management and local governments were actively
engaged;
Districts hosted the awareness and consultations meetings and served on the REDD
Working Group and on the Steering Committee;
The R-PP formulation process benefitted from a variety of non-government institutions
consisting of NGOs, Private Sector, Academia and Cultural Institutions through
provision of information, advice and service during public consultations;
2. During the implementation of the R-PP stakeholder participation will
continue but roles may change as shown in the next slide and Fig.2 as
well
1a. National Readiness (Continued):
Stakeholders and their roles in R-PP
formulation and implementation 2
INSTITUTION
SUMMARY OF THE MANDATE/ROLES
Stakeholders
Participating in implementation processes
The National Policy Committee on Environment
(Legal organ established in 1995 under the
Environment Act of Uganda (Cap 153))
Ministry of Water and Environment
Help to harmonize policies; provide functional
linkage with the executive and cause smooth
integration of REDD-plus in Development plan
Forestry Sector Support Department (FSSD)
serving as National REDD-Plus Focal Point
Implements mandate of the Lead
Ministry; hosts the focal point for REDD
National Technical Committee
Replaces the current REDD-plus Working Group
Implementing institutions
Task Forces (five theme based task forces)
Participate on Committee but also implement
as assigned
Provide in-house expertise
Coordination Coordination and supervisions
responsibility of the Lead Ministry
Policy level Coordination and supervision by
REDD-Plus Steering Committee
REDD-Plus Steering Committee
Executive functions (MoWE); within the
framework of multi-sector approach
 Will be done by the National Level Steering
committee
Provide strategic direction
Supervision, co-ordination and reporting
1 b. Stakeholder Consultation and
Participation during R-PP
formulation:
ASPECT OF CONSULTATION
REDD Working Group
REDD-Plus Steering Committee
Stakeholder consultations (Nearly
2,500 people representing 7
different categories of stakeholders
were directly consulted)
REMARKS
The RWG met more than 12 times from March 2010 to
February 2011
REDD-Plus Steering Committee met at least 3 times
Region and Area of Focus
a)
b)
c)
d)
National
Regional (Eastern, Northern , Western, Central)
Special Groups (Charcoal, firewood, pole, dealers, etc)
Forest Dependent People 1(Nakapiripirit, Moroto, Kotido
and Abim districts of Karamoja
e) Forest Dependent People 2(Abatwa) of South West and
Western Uganda
f) Forest Dependent People 3(Benet) Mt Elgon area
g) Community level Stakeholders (South-western, Central,
Eastern, Northern, North-west)
•National (Policy, Development Partners)
Media and Publicity
National Stakeholders meeting to
Validate the R-PP
One meeting national stakeholders to validate the draft R-PP
1 b. Consultation and Participation during R-PP
Implementation
ASPECT
REMARKS
Uganda shall develop a a)
Consultations and
Outreach Plan (REDD- b)
C&P).
c)
d)
We propose to develop a)
an Awareness and
b)
Communication
Strategy (RACS)
c)
The Consultations and 
Feedback
Conflict resolution and a.
grievances
management system
b.
during R-PP
implementation
c.
d.
e.
REDD+ Strategies and implementation framework informed by stakeholder’s views and
contributions.
REDD+ implementation progress known and monitored by stakeholders
REDD+ Plus benefits accessible by stakeholders across sectors and at all levels.
REDD+ Strategy contributes towards national development priorities and the MDGs.
To raise public and stakeholder awareness of REDD-Plus and R - PP Process.
To mobilize stakeholder’s involvement in the REDD-Plus Strategy development and
Implementation.
To communicate to the Stakeholders on Uganda’s preparations for “becoming” Ready for
REDD-Plus.
Views generated from consultations shall be analyzed and incorporated into the REDDPlus Strategies.
Ensuring that all factors that may hinder successful implementation of REDD-Plus in
Uganda are pointed out and remedies identified.
Measures for detecting and predicting, preventing emergence or minimizing escalation
of conflicts and grievances.
Capacity and systems for conflicts resolution and grievances management, including
strengthening the application of existing conflict resolutions and grievances
management systems.
Safeguarding REDD-Plus investments.
Establishing a multi-stakeholder neutral or independent conflict resolution mechanism.
Uganda R-PP
Implementation Coordination and Supervision
Structure
NATIONAL POLICY
COMMITTEE ON
ENVIRONMENT
Lead Institution
(Ministry responsible for Forestry)
REDD Steering
Committee
National Focal
Point/ Secretariat
National Technical
Committee
Thematic Taskforces
Implementing
Institutions
Implementing
Institutions
Implementing
Institutions
Implementing
Institutions
Implementing
Institutions
(to be selected when
(to be selected
(to be selected
(to be selected
REDD Strategy is
completed.)
when REDD Strategy
is completed.)
when REDD Strategy
is completed.)
when REDD Strategy
is completed.)
(to be selected
when REDD Strategy
is completed.)
2a. Assessment of land use,
forest policy and governance
Land Use/land cover in Uganda: Uganda’s Biomass Study categorises
different land uses in the country, into 13 land cover/land use classification types:
1. Broad leaved plantations
2. Coniferous plantations
3. Tropical High Forest well stocked
4. Tropical high forest low stocked
5. Woodland
6. Bush land
7. Grassland
8. Wetland
9. Small scale farmland
10.Commercial farmland
11.Built up area
12.Open Water
13.Impediments
2a. Assessment of land use,
forest policy and governance
Summary of the Assessment of Land use in Uganda
ASPECT
Land Tenure in Uganda
Forest resource rights and
implications for REDD-Plus
Forest resource rights and
implications for REDD-Plus
Forests and carbon tenure in
Protected Areas
Forests and carbon tenure in
privately owned forests
Implications on forest
dependent people
DETAILED REMARKS
Land tenure in Uganda is regulated under several legal frameworks such as: Constitution of
Uganda 1995 (amended 2005), he 1998 Land Act, The Registration of Titles Act and The
Customary Land law; The Forestry and Tree Planting act 2003; The Wildlife Act.
Article 237 of the 1995 constitution (amended 2005) provides for the following four forms of
land tenure in Uganda: Customary; Free hold; Mailo; and Leasehold.
The various categories of land tenure have implications for deforestation and forest degradation
(Table 15)
According to Article 43 of the 1998 Land Act,
• who owns or occupies land manages and utilize it in accordance with the existing laws;
•A landowner is the tree owner except in a leases and licenses arrangement;
The 2003 National Forestry and Tree Planting Act, classifies forests according to tenure as :e.g
CFR, LFR, Dual mgt areas, community forests
All these arrangements for forest management have direct implications on REDD-Plus (Table 16)
There are a number of current legal provisions in the arrangements for forest management that
have direct implications on REDD-Plus (Table 16)
Ugandan Law (e.g. The National Forestry and Tree Planting Act (2004) provides for protected
areas stewardship:
Provided that a forest is registered, the Act states that all produce in that forest belongs to the
forest owner and may be used in any manner the owner may determine provided it falls
within the management plan and regulations provided under the NFTP Act.

This R-PP does not exhaust the identification of the likely impacts,
2a. Assessment of land use,
forest policy and governance:
Location of Forests in Uganda
2a. Assessment of land use,
forest policy and governance:
Trends in Forests cover loss in Uganda
No.
Land cover type
1 Broad leaved
2 Conifer
3 Tropical High Forest (well
stocked)
4 Tropical High Forest (low
stocked)
5 Woodland
Area 1990 (ha)
Area 2005 (ha)
Change %
18,682
16,384
651,110
14,786
18,741
600,957
-21
-14
-8
273,062
191,694
-30
3,974,508
2,777,998
-30
6 Bush
1,422,193
2,968,675
109
7 Grassland
5,115,426
4,063,582
-21
484,030
753,041
56*
8,400,789
68,447
8,847,592
106,630
5
56
36,572
3741
3,689,603
24,155,246
97,270
7,804
3,706,489
24,155,347
166
109
0
-
8 Wetland
9 Small scale farmland
10 Large scale farmland
11 Built up area
12 Impediments
13 Open Water
2a. Continued: Trends in forest cover loss
• In 1890 forest cover in Uganda was about
10,800,000 Ha
• In 1990 forest cover in Uganda was 4,900,000 Ha
• In 2005 forest cover in Uganda was 3,600,000 Ha
• Between 1890 and 1990, average annual forest
loss was nearly at 60,000 ha/year
• Between 1990 and 2005, average annual forest
loss was estimated at 90,000 ha/year
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
2a. Continued: Main Direct Drivers of
Deforestation and forest Degradation in
Uganda
Agricultural expansion into forested land
Population growth
Unsustainable cutting of trees for charcoal
Unsustainable cutting of trees for firewood
Unsustainable harvesting of timber
Livestock grazing and bush burning
See large Table on Pg 36
2a. Continued: Analysis of Drivers of deforestation
and forest degradation in Uganda (see large table)
DRIVER
Underlying causes and Key Agents
Current interventions
Agricultural
expansion
into forested
land
Direct Causes for agricultural expansion:
•Commercialisation of agriculture:
•Poor agricultural practices
•Weak extension system
•Problem animal control
•Culture
•demand for more land to meet the
increasing demand for food for a growing
population
The key agents are
 small-scale farmers (88 % of the
population of Uganda),
 immigrants and
 Private large scale monoculture
farming (Palm Oil and Sugar Canes).
 In other instances agriculture follows
after forest disturbance.
Management of Forest Estates:
• eviction of encroachers has been
the most common method of
controlling agricultural
expansion into forests;
• But responsible institutions are
not able to do it. They give weak
institutional capacities and
political involvement as the
reasons for their failure
Developing Strategy and guidelines
for nationwide Tree planting and
forest land restoration and for
Plantation establishment in
forest reserves
Saw log Production Grant
Analysis of Drivers (cont.):
Previous efforts to address deforestation and forest
degradation in Uganda
•
Previous efforts to halt, reverse and avoid deforestation and forest degradation
have not been successful due to several factors including:
– Weaknesses in the enforcement of law and policy and regulation of use of
forest resources.
– Institutional reforms such as decentralized management of forest reserves
have not been effective in achieving their mandates.
– Poor standards of governance in public administration are recognised as a
major concern by the Government of Uganda across all sectors including
forestry (NDP 2010).
– Over-all, efforts to reduce deforestation and forest degradation in Uganda
should seek to address
• political interests, institutional capacities and credibility, population
pressures,
• benefits sharing, tenure of land and tree resources, alternatives to
forestry resources, and competitiveness of forestry resource and,
• Consistent and effective law enforcement.
2a. (Cont)Forest policy and governance
Forestry policy and governance is considered in the context :
• adequacy and/or inadequacy of
– policies, legislation and
– institutional arrangements for forestry management in Uganda,
• enforcement and compliance to these policy and legal provisions,
• the role of international policy regimes,
• the role of research,
• management of trans-boundary forestry resources and processes e.g. The Lusaka Agreement
Taskforce
• Rights to forestry resources (trees and carbon) in relation to REDD-Plus
The analysis of the above policy and legal frameworks reveals that the following policy areas
need to be addressed:
• Enforcement and compliance to policy and legal provisions
• Promotion of alternative energy sources
• Promotion of efficient wood energy production and use technologies
• Sustainable management of forests and forestry resources
• Strengthening stakeholder’s participation in development, management and conservation of
forests and forestry resources.
•
2b. REDD Strategy Options
Based on the analysis in 2a, the following approach was used to arrive at the possible strategy
options (See large Table 25)
Driver
Issues
Agricultural
 Largely
Encroachmen
subsistence and
t
practicing bush
clearing for
expansion of
agricultural land
 Agricultural
encroachment
into protected
areas
 Competition
between trees
and other crops
for available land
Potential Strategy Potential Areas of Intervention
Strategic Option
#1: Strategies for
addressing
deforestation and
forest degradation
caused by
agricultural
encroachment on
forested lands.
 Strengthening partnerships with
Communities as neighbours to
protected forest areas
 Clarification of property rights to
forests and trees
 Agricultural intensification to
minimize size of land under
agricultural use
 Increasing land productivity per
land unit
 Carry out cost-benefit analysis
for maintaining land under forest
management in reference to
conversion of such land to
agricultural use
2b. REDD Strategy Options
•
•
•
Process for developing and assessing the REDD-Plus Strategy options during
2011-2014
The process for developing, validating and finalizing the REDD-Plus Strategy will
involve
– assessment of the potential strategies outlined above,
– generating additional information as necessary to refine the strategies,
– prioritization and selection of strategies that are most likely to be successful
and most cost effective,
– selection of strategies and sites for pilot testing as necessary during the R-PP
period,
– consulting stakeholders on strategic choices,
– testing and evaluating results,
– evaluating social and environmental impacts of proposed strategies, and
– Finalization of the REDD-Plus strategy through a consultative process.
The process of developing the REDD Plus Strategy will be led by a task forces
under the direction of the REDD Focal Point as described in Component 1a and
apply the Consultations and Participation Strategies defined under Section 1.7.1
2b. REDD Strategy Options
The proposed steps to be undertaken during the R-PP implementation
phase leading to finalization of the REDD-Plus Strategy are described
below.
1. Assign the task of developing the REDD-Plus Strategy to the relevant task
forces
2. Initiate work of the task force
3. Hold first consultative workshops to ensure stakeholder involvement and
create the necessary linkages between the task force, National REDD-Plus
Steering Committee and key stakeholder groups.
4. Begin early implementation of pilot strategies.
5. Evaluate and monitor outcomes of early implementation activities.
6. Develop and finalise the National REDD-Plus Strategy, based on those
strategies that are deemed suitable for inclusion in national strategy.
7. Publicity and awareness activities to inform the public and stakeholders of
the approved REDD-Plus Strategy for Uganda.
2C. REDD IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK
Two types of implementation are envisaged:
1. Implementation if the R-PP measures and activities outlined;
• In order to ensure cost-effective implementation of R-PP, the following
strategies are proposed:
a. Institutional strengthening:.
b. Integration of REDD-Plus Strategy into national development and
sectoral plans and programmes:.
c. Collaboration and participation:
d. Monitoring and evaluation:
e. Ensuring REDD-Plus compliant investments:.
f. Integrating Cross cutting issues:
2. Concerning the implementation framework after the agreed REDD-plus
strategy: a ToR has been attached.
2 D. SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
• An Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) will
be prepared to guide the incorporation of social and
environmental safeguards in the course of preparing the Strategy.
Mandatory safeguards are:
• safeguards for policy approaches and positive incentives on issues
relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest
degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation,
sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest
carbon stocks in developing countries
• World Bank safeguard policies
• National appropriate safeguards
• Procedure for considering the safeguards and a work schedule has
been prepared
COMPONENT 3: DEVELOP A REFERENCE SCENARIO:
Uganda’s Approach and work flow for setting the reference scenario (Fig.6)
Data Availability and Gaps
• The main activity data set in Uganda on land use changes is the National Biomass Study (NFA,
2009). It is based on:
– the interpretation of two sets of satellite images (SPOT XS from 1990-1993 and Landsat TM
from 2004-2005) using the FAO Land Cover Classification System (LCCS) and
– a national grid based biomass field inventory with 2 to 4 data points per forested sampling
point from the period between 1990-2005.
• From this study the available data and some of the gaps are as follows:
– Historic deforestation and forest degradation activity data and emissions can be extracted.
This is the data that will be used to estimate the initial emissions.
– For some sample points additional remote sensing analysis is required and the NFA is currently
preparing to analyse Landsat data for 2010. This will help meet the minimum of three data
points in time as recommended (GOFC-GOLD Sourcebook, 2009)
– The accuracy level of the remote sensing and the biomass field inventory is unclear and needs
to be analysed.
– The reporting must be aligned with IPCC guidelines.
– Depending on the accuracy level historic information may not be suitable for developing
REDD+ scenarios and/or the inventory design needs to be modified.
– A number of sub-national data sets exist that needs to be assessed in terms of its quality and
integrated into a national database.
COMPONENT 3: DEVELOP A REFERENCE SCENARIO:
Uganda’s Approach and work flow for setting the reference scenario
Data Availability and Gaps (Table 32)
Carbon emission data and emission factors
• In the framework of a comprehensive study (National Biomass Study phase I)
– 3000 trees from 123 species were sampled destructively and for
– 4,500 trees green and dry weight were measured and single tree biomass
functions were developed.
– Almost 4,000 permanent sampling plots were established in Uganda to
estimate woody biomass for different forest types.
– 10 % of these sample plots have been revisited several times to gain
information on biomass dynamics, reflecting degradation and growth.
– However, the quality of the emission data is uncertain and needs to be
assessed before it can be used to develop the reference scenario.
• In the framework of the National Biomass Inventory only for the living above
ground carbon pool Tier 3 data is available.
• Historical emissions: we shall use the IPCC Guidance
• Consideration of influence of identified drivers
COMPONENT 3: DEVELOP A REFERENCE SCENARIO:
Uganda’s Approach and work flow for setting the reference scenario
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
This is the summary of proposed actions and measures:
Design and Coordination
Capacity building
Evaluate and modify the NBS for Accuracy assessment of NBS, and Methodology
modification to match REDD+ requirements
Acquisition to the remote sensing data, Acquisition of equipment (hardware &
software), Data processing, analysis & interpretation and Acquisition of remote
sensing data including the assessment of their accuracy
Field inventory (gather and evaluate emission data)
Historical emissions considerations especially Combination of activity and emission
data
Reference Scenario including peer review including a possible consideration of the
development of national reference scenarios
COMPONENT 4: DESIGNING A MONITORING SYSTEM
1.
2.
3.
Scope of MRV: we shall have a national approach with a possibility for sub-national possibilities;
Procedure for planning:
1. Setting the foundations : the country strives for Tier 3 but will begin with Tier 2 at the national
level and then for sub-national or projects level we shall work for the third tier.
2. Defining mandates: FSSD will coordinate all the REDD-plus actions but the appropriate agencies
will be assigned work on the MRV;
3. Planning a monitoring system: the current National Biomass Study will be adjusted to take care of
UNFCCC requirements
4. Design of sub-national monitoring systems: this will depend on the requirements of UNFCCC and
other competent bodies.
Data collection
1. Remote sensing and ground truthing shall be used to collect the data required. Social and other
qualitative data may need a special way of collection, collation and analysis
2. Data management and reporting will be in accordance with UNFCCC guidance. But specific
institutions shall take lead in areas of their competence.
3. Community involvement in forest monitoring: it is planned that appropriate MRVs will be designed
to take care of the unique circumstances of communities
4B. MONITORING OTHER BENEFITS AND IMPACTS
Monitoring of co-benefits of REDD-Plus implementation will be an integral
part of the monitoring system:
• Among others to meet the monitoring requirements of the UN Convention
on Biological Diversity.
• important forest and non-forest products,
• Socio-economic drivers of deforestation/forest degradation will be
incorporated in the system, including ecosystem services (such as soil and
water conservation) will be monitored either in the framework of the
national monitoring system, sub-national monitoring or dedicated
research projects.
• Of course this requires additional funding which needs to be secured.
4B. STEPS FOR MRV INCLUDING
MONITORING OTHER BENEFITS AND IMPACTS
The Measures and activities required for development of a credible MRV system that includes the monitoring
other benefits and impacts
•
Coordination activities
•
Objectives and standards of the monitoring system
•
Capacity building: Monitoring at district level; Training on evaluation of high resolution remote sensing
data; Pilot projects for community monitoring; Training on data management
•
Development of monitoring plan
– Develop set of indicators and measurement methodologies for monitoring of ecological and social
co-benefits
– Selection of methodology and tools
– Development of procedures and work plans
•
Development of reporting system:
– Design of data management system
– Integration of REDD+ projects
•
System review
•
MRV implementation: i.e. Acquiring remote sensing data; Acquiring field inventory data; Data processing
and analysis; QC and QA; Verification
COMPONENT 5:
DESIGN A PROGRAMME MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK FOR R-PP
The R-PP Monitoring and Evaluation Framework focuses on:
•
Promoting accountability
•
Promoting learning, feedback, and information sharing
M&E implementation modalities and responsibilities
•
The day to day responsibility for implementing the R-PP M&E Strategy will be undertaken by the REDD-Plus National Focal Point. This
task will be assisted by:
–
REDD-Plus Steering Committee which shall oversee the implementation of M&E Framework.
– Implementing Institutions who shall be responsible for monitoring the progress of R-PP component activities and giving feedback
to REDD-Plus National Focal Point.
– Beneficiary communities’ representatives who shall be responsible for supporting communities in implementing community
level monitoring indicators in collaboration with REDD-Plus National Focal Point
Information management system and procedures
•
Information and experiences on R-PP performance will be disseminated internally – among REDD-Plus Implementing Institutions – and
•
through additional dissemination workshops/meetings arranged as necessary and
•
Through relevant, media and publications.
•
R-PP partners, participating communities and donor(s) will receive summaries of reports to keep them abreast about work progress.
•
Wider audiences will be reached through additional dissemination achieved by posting of pertinent information on relevant websites.
Reporting and accountability
•
On a semi-annual basis, REDD-Plus National Focal Point, in collaboration with REDD- Plus Steering Committee, shall prepare and submit
to the Lead Ministry progress reports on activities and targets. The second semi-annual report will also comprise the annual status
report for the concluding year.
COMPONENT 6: SCHEDULE AND BUDGET
Summary of Activity Plan and Schedule for Developing REDD-plus
Consultation and Out-reach Plan and Budget
$338
Summary Activity Plan and Schedule for Developing Conflicts and Grievances
Management Strategy and Budget
$44
Summary Activity Plan and Schedule for Developing REDD-plus Awareness
and Communication Strategy (RACS) and Budget
$139
Summary of Activity Plans and Schedule for carrying out Assessment of
Land Use, Forest Policy and Governance Activities and Budget
$625
Summary Activity Plans and Schedule for Developing REDD-Plus Strategies
and Budget
Summary Activity Plan and Schedule for developing REDD Implementation
Framework and Budget
$7,605
Summary Activity Plans and Schedule for Developing the ESMF and budget
$305
Summary Activity Plan and Schedule for developing Reference Scenario and
Budget
Summary Activity Plan and Schedule for developing MRV and Budget
$640
$1,600
$1,230
12,526

similar documents