Passive Thermal Systems: Phoenix AZ

Report
Passive Thermal Systems:
Climatic Response
Phoenix, AZ
The glass box!
No protection from solar gain
Instantaneous thermal shift
Hermetically sealed…Does not breath
Extremely energy intensive for HVAC
http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/pm/2009/07/
Vernacular Precedents of the
American Southwest
San Esteban Del Rey Mission Church,
Sky City Pueblo, Acoma, NM
http://davidandrose.com/2010/10/26/views-of-history-from-sky-city-pueblo/
Taos Pueblo, NM
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/492/gallery/
Modern Icon
Taliesen West
Scottsdale, AZ
Frank Lloyd Wright, 1937
http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Taliesin_West.html
Dichotomy
Earthships (Corner Cottage)
Taos, NM
1970-80s
Biosphere 2
Oracle, AZ 1989
http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=67637808831
http://www.spatialagency.net/database/counter.communities
http://www.biospherics.org/experimentchrono1.html
AIA Climate Zones
CLIMATE REGION 11
Climate
•
•
•
•
Hot dry summers
Moderately cool winters
Annual sunshine: 85%
Diurnal temperature
swings are very large
• Annual Precipitation: 7 in.
• April-June are driest
• August is wettest (1 in.)
http://www.oar.noaa.gov/spotlite/archive/spot_cpas.html
Climate—Design Priorities
• Keep hot temperatures
out during summer
• Protect from summer
sun.
• Use evaporative cooling
in the summer.
• Use thermal mass to
reduce day-to-night
temperature swings
during summer.
ASU College of Nursing,
Phoenix, AZ
Smith Group, 2009
http://www.smithgroup.com/?id=1584/
Design Priorities
• Keep the heat in and
cool temperatures out
during the winter.
• Let the winter sun in.
• Use natural ventilation
to cool in spring and
fall.
Sandra Day O’Connor Courthouse
Phoenix, AZ
Richard Meier with Norman
Foster & Partners, 2000
http://archrecord.construction.com/projects
/portfolio/archives/0103courthouse-1.asp
Passive Systems Selection
Phoenix
Lechner, p. 108
Basic Climate
Parameters
Lechner p.109
Strategies
Burton Barr Public Library
Phoenix, AZ
Wil Bruder, 1995
- Thermal Mass
- Sun Control
- Passive Ventilation
Cesar Chavez Library
Phoenix, AZ
Line and Space LLC, 2007
http://www10.aeccafe.com/blogs/arch-showcase/2011/09/16/cesar-chavez-library-in-phoenix-arizona-by-line-and-space-llc/
Desert Broom Branch Library
Phoenix, AZ
Richard + Bauer, 2011
http://www.architypereview.com/8-libraries/projects/48-city-of-phoenix-desert-broom-branch-library/description
Strategies
Tempe Transportation Center
Tempe, AZ
OTAK and Architekton, 2008
- Cool Roof
- Sun Control
http://www.sonoraninstitute.org/blogs/index.php/scotie-blog/26-tempe-transportation-center
http://www.otak.com/portfolio/architecture/tempe-transportation-center/
Strategies
Desert Living Center
Las Vegas Spring Preserve
Lucchesi Galati Architects, 2007
- Rammed Earth
- Straw Bale
- Cooling Towers
- Protection from sun
http://www.solaripedia.com/13/353/4578/desert_living_center.html
Strategies
High Desert Pavilion
Bend, OR
Pique Collaborative, 2008
- Rammed Earth
- Earth Contact Architecture
- Protection from sun
Underground House in High Desert
Sonoran Desert, AZ
Rick Joy, 2008
http://www.archdaily.com/50218/high-desert-pavilion-pique/
http://weburbanist.com/2011/04/01/desert-designs-amazing-homes-oasisoriented-architecture/
Strategies
Desert Wing House
Scottsdale, AZ
Brent Kindle, 2010
- Thermal Mass
- Protect from sun
- Diurnal Temperature
http://weburbanist.com/2011/04/01/desert-designs-amazing-homes-oasis-oriented-architecture/
http://uuldesign.com/architecture/wooden-desert-wing-house-by-brent-kendle/attachment/desert-wing-house-archicture-living-room/
Strategies
Rimrock Ranch
Pioneertown, CA
Lloyd Russell
- Cool Roof
- Protect from summer sun
- Natural ventilation
http://www.solaripedia.com/13/195/1947/rimrock_ranch_house_collage.html
Think outside the (glass) box!
Tempe City Hall
Tempe, AZ
Michael and Kemper Goodwin, Ltd., 1971
http://www.modernphoenix.net/tempecityhall.htm

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