Polish Border Guards EURO 2012 cooperation

Report
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
Al. Niepodległości 100
02-514 Warsaw
EURO 2012:
Safe and friendly border,
cooperation with Ukraine
BG col. Zbigniew PLATER-ZYBERK
Main tasks of the Border Guard
 protection of the state border,
 organization and performance of border traffic control,
 fighting border crimes and pursuing perpetrators,
 ensuring security in international transport and in border
crossing points as well as public order in the border zone,
 maintaining security on board of passenger aircraft,
 securing main international transport roads against crimes
which are in the scope of BG responsibility,
 performing activities, including intelligence, to recognize and
prevent terrorist threats,
 counteracting and pursuing perpetrators of crimes against
public security, against security in aviation, security at border
crossing points and international transport,
 preventing transportation of harmful chemical substances,
nuclear and radioactive materials, weapons, ammunition and
Polish Border Guard
Nationalexplosives
Headquarters across the borders without a proper permit.
ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
OF THE BORDER GUARD
Ministry of Interior
COOPERATING BODIES
AND SERVICES
Border Guard
Commander-in-chief
Border Guard’s
Headquarters
Duty Officer
Commanders
of the Border Guard’s
Regional Units
Border Post’s Commanders
Border Post’s
Duty Officer
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
COOPERATING
BODIES AND
SERVICES
Border Guard’s
Regional Units
Duty Officer
Coastal Unit’s Commanders
Coastal Unit’s
Duty Officer
COOPERATING
BODIES AND
SERVICES
The role of the state institutions
during EURO 2012
The Final European Football Championships UEFA EURO 2012™, organized in
Poland and in Ukraine, was – for both countries, the sport event of the
unprecedented range.
According to the Tournament’s motto: „Have fun – feel safe”, all – Polish
and Ukrainian law enforcement institutions, responsible for safety and
security of football fans coming to our countries, has performed their duties
at theirs best, making this event secure and really fun for the visitors.
During EURO 2012 Polish Border Guard’s main duty was ensuring the fluent
border traffic and safeguarding the external EU border security. The other
important task was – to protect the Polish (that means – EU) territory
against individuals or groups generating potential threat to the security of
the country and its guest.
These aims were reached in the close co-operation with Polish and
international law enforcement organizations, including the FRONTEX Agency.
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
The major tasks of the Border Guard
during EURO 2012
1. Adjusting the organization of the border control system in the Border Crossing Points to
the increased traffic on the Polish-Ukrainian Border – with the close cooperation with Polish
Customs Office and Ukrainian partners (special „EURO 2012 Lines” for football fans and
tourist with nothing to declare for the customs control; „one-stop-border-control” of Polish
and Ukrainian border and customs services – on polish part of the BCP’s).
2. Temporal re-introducing of the border control on the internal borders of the Schengen
area.
3. Organizing, together with the FRONTEX Agency, Joint Operation „EUROCUP 2012”.
4. To set up the Commanding Centre of Operation „BORDER 2012” in the BG Headquarters
(on the basis of the BG HQ Duty Service). The similar centers were established in the BG
Regional Unit’s HQ.
5. Establishing the BG Point of Contact in the Police Commanding Centre (PCC) in the Police
Academy in Legionowo (near Warsaw) and in the Ministry of Interior/ Ministry of
Administration Operational Commanding Centre.
6. Intensification of cooperation with the Border Guard’s liaison officers (in Kiev, Moscow and
Berlin) and liaison officers of the foreign law enforcement agencies, accredited in Poland.
7. Conducting the current close cooperation with the proper Polish law enforcement
Polish Border
Guard
organizations,
both – during the preparatory stage, and during the Tournament.
National Headquarters
Border Guard in the state security SYSTEM
during EURO 2012
NATIONAL OPERATIONAL
COMMANDING CENTRE
OPERATION „BORDER 2012”
COMMANDING CENTRE
OF THE BORDER GUARD HQ
MoI/MoA COMMANDING CENTRE
(in the Government Centre
for Security)
BG POINT OF CONTACT
IN THE POLICE COMMANDING
CENTRE
OTHER LAW ENFORCEMENT
ORGANIZATIONS
(eg. CAT ABW, KG PSP, KG SOK)
OPERATION EURO 2012
COMMANDING CENTRE
OF THE BG REGIONAL UNIT HQ
VOIVODESHIP/CITY SECURITY
COMMANDING CENTRE
VOIVODESHIP/CITY POLICE HQ
COMMANDING CENTRE
OTHER LAW ENFORCEMENT
ORGANIZATIONS
Border Guard’s role in the international cooperation
during EURO 2012
FRONTEX
OPERATION „BORDER 2012”
COMMANDING CENTRE
OF THE BORDER GUARD HQ
Police
OPERATION EURO 2012
COMMANDING CENTRE
OF THE BG REGIONAL UNIT HQ
CONTACT POINTS
(ON INTERNAL BORDERS)
CONSULTATION POINTS
(ON EXTERNAL BORDERS)
FOREIGN (EU and 3RD countries)
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
PCC
Liaison officers
of the foreign
delegations
Other
service’s POC
BORDER GUARD’S
LIAISON OFFICERS
(Kiev, Moscow, Berlin)
BG Point
of Contact
LIAISON OFFICERS OF THE
FOREIGN LAW ENFORCEMENT
AGENCIES (accredited in Poland)
FOREIGN (EU and 3RD countries)
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
The Polish-Ukrainian working group
on security of EURO 2012
Important role in coordination of the
preparations to the Tournament played, among
others, The Polish-Ukrainian working group on
security of EURO 2012. This body’s activities
was aimed at infrastructural and organizational
adjustment to the expected increase of the
border traffic and other challenges for all law
enforcement and security services and
institutions.
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
The Common Analytical Report
In 2011 the Polish and Ukrainian Border Guard
have elaborated „The Common Analytical Report
on threats and risks before and during the
Championships EURO 2012”. Report presented the
most important threats and risks which could
affect the border traffic and raise the trans-border
crimes on the Polish-Ukrainian Border.
This unprecedented enterprise was aimed at the
proper preparations for ensuring the fluent border
traffic and the security during EURO.
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
Ensuring the fluent border trafic for the
football fans during EURO 2012
In close cooperation with Polish Customs Office and Ukrainian partners of the
border and customs services there were implemented the special means of
adjusting the organization of the traffic in the Border Crossing Points to the
increased traffic on the Polish-Ukrainian Border, among others:
• The special „Green Lines” (similar to the airports), established in the land
BCP’s for the passengers who have „nothing to declare” for the customs
control, have been changed during Tournament into „EURO 2012 Lines” for the
football fans. The time of crossing the border along these lines has shortened
about 4-5 times than on the ordinary lines.
• Rapid reaction of the border
services to the currant situation in
the BCP (re-organization of the
passenger’s traffic and of the
border/customs-control staff).
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
BCPKorczowa
Ensuring the fluent border trafic for the
football fans during EURO 2012
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
• Organizing the „one-stop-bordercontrol”, on the Polish part of the
biggest BCP’s on Polish-Ukrainian
border.
The idea of this solution was to
perform the passport and customs
control on polish side of border
crossing by Polish and Ukrainian
border and customs officers at one
stop of the car or bus. It was
performed permanently in both
directions of the border traffic on each
line of passenger’s control.
Ensuring the fluent border trafic for the
football fans during EURO 2012
• Another solution agreed between Polish and Ukrainian border
authorities (Commander-In-Chiefs) was temporary opening for
passenger’s traffic – only cars and busses – the new BCP
Dołhobyczów-Uhrynow which is still during construction.
Border control was performed by border services of both
countries (with the use of mobile control-terminals) on polish
side of the border.
This BCP was operating between June 5th and July 4th 2012 . It
was dedicated mostly for Small Border Traffic (people living in
both countries within the area of 30 km from the border line).
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
Improving the Polish-Ukrainian border
security
The Agreement on the common patrols of Polish and Ukrainian border
guards (signed in Lvov on December 8th 2010) started the new era of their
cooperation. From the beginning of 2011 the mixed patrols of the both
services improved the security of the Polish-Ukrainian Border. During EURO
2012 those patrols have performed their duties not only on the „green
border”, but also, among others:
• they helped to properly manage the cars/buses traffic approaching the
border control,
• they informed about the rules of border crossing (esp. for the football
fans).
• they ensured the security in the border crossing point’s area.
During EURO 2012 there were 75 common patrols (on Polish and Ukrainian
territory) – mostly on the roads guiding to the BCPs.
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
The border traffic during EURO 2012
In April 2012 the Border Guard HQ has elaborated „The prognosis of the
border traffic during first stage of the Championships EURO 2012”.
According to our assessment the expected border movement will be approx.
530 thousands of people (including transit movement – 7.200 persons).
• On the external borders there was following movement: 2,74 mln persons
(1.360.000 – into Poland, 1.380.000 – out of Poland). Foreigners composed
about 66,7% of the total movement.
• The border with Ukraine was crossed by 1,05 mln persons (into PL –
528.000, from PL 521.000). The biggest traffic increase was in the days of
the matches in Ukraine (esp. Lvov): from PL – ca 5-6 hours before the
match, return to PL – ca 2-3 hours after the match.
• The air border (in the host-cities) has crossed 580.000 passengers (into PL
– 285.000, out of PL – 295.000). The biggest traffic was in WarszawaOkęcie BCP (277.000 passengers).
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
Frontex Joint Operation
„EUROCUP 2012”
• PL Border Guard has organized, together with
the FRONTEX Agency, the Joint Operation
„EUROCUP 2012” (similarly as in 2008 in
Austria/Switzerland).
• In the JO „EUROCUP 2012” took part 139
officers of the border services: 97 from 24 EU
states; 10 from the 3rd countries (Ukraine,
Russia, Croatia) – as observers; 1 Polish BG
was deployed in Kiyv; 3 Polish BG – in Frontex
Situation Centre; 20 EU officers were
deployed in the 11 main airports in the
countries, which were taking part in the
Tournament.
• Most of this officers were deployed on the
external
land broder (green border and BCPs)
Polish
Border Guard
National
andHeadquarters
in the biggest Polish airport – in Warsaw.
Frontex Joint Operation
„EUROCUP 2012” - effects
• Strengthening of BG resources (human end technical
equipment);
• linguistic support in contacts with foreigners;
• preventive role of the presence of foreigner’s officers
against aggressive behavior in BCPs of football fans;
• cooperation of European border guards in border
control (esp. of their countryman) make the
Tournament’s guests feeling like at home.
• With the support of guest-officers there was
apprehended 18 persons (for different reasons) and
refused entry into Polish territory 150 foreigners.
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
Temporal re-introduction of the border
control on the internal borders
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
The temporal re-introduction of the border control was
established from 4th June till 1st July 2012 r. The legal
basis for this was The Ministry of Interior Decree from
May 17th 2012 on temporal re-introduction of the
border control of persons crossing the state border,
which is the internal border. The decree established
254 places for crossing the border on each part of
internal border.
The Border Guard’s officers has performed their duties
with mobile systems of control, in close cooperation
with other Polish services (Police, Road Transportation
Inspection, Fire Brigades, Military Police and others).
Selection of cars to be controlled was built on the
profiling performed by common patrols of the Polish
and neighboring border officers – mostly on the other
side of the border. Such performance of border control
didn't affected the fluent traffic across the border.
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Temporal re-introduction of the border
control on the internal borders –
effects
The first and most important effect is prevention and monitoring of
foreigners entering our country with the aims to take part in EURO 2012.
During the whole period of re-introduction of the border control , BG has
controlled 28.890 individuals, travelling by 7.954 cars/busses, 221
airplanes, 19 trains and 5 ferries. 98,67% of persons submitted to the
control, were foreigners. On each part of the state border, the control
was performed in the temporal border crossings (BCPs):
• Czech Republic – 8 BCPs: 15.655 persons, 3.289 cars,
• Germany – 4 BCPs: 8.625 persons, 3.105 cars,
• Lithuania – 2 BCPs: 1.806 persons, 693 cars,
• air – 6 BCPs: 1.759 persons,
• Slovakia – 2 BCPs: 1.061 persons, 130 cars,
• sea – 2 BCPs: 74 persons.
During this duties there have been apprehended (stopped) 14 foreigners
(including 8 - for attempts of illegal crossing the border and 2 - for the
drugs possession).
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
The 22 foreigners were granted the refusal of entry the Polish territory.
19
Other duties of the Border Guard
Bearing in mind fact that Border Guard is experienced in preventing transportation
(through the border) of nuclear and radioactive materials, it’s officers were taking
part in prevention the CBRN threats – in close cooperation with the municipal
authorities.
Border Guards were responsible for radiometric security on stadiums in Warsaw
and Wroclaw, and in the official fan-zones in Warsaw, Gdansk and Wroclaw.
Polish Border Guard
National Headquarters
The role of Border Guards in this area on the
stadiums was to perform the second line of
radiological control in case of alerts of
personal detectors (PRD’s) of persons
controlling fans entering the stadium through
the gates (verification of this alerts).
In the case of fan-zones, the Border Guard
officers kept the duty services during the
matches, ready to perform the radiometric
recognition in case of any incidents of this kind
of alerts (there was not necessary to do some
20
intervention).
Other duties of the Border Guard
The Border Guard also cooperated with the Government Protection Bureau
(BOR) in the field of pirometric recognition of the VIP-zones on stadiums in
Poznan and Wroclaw, and of the hotels in which lived the persons protected by
BOR.
The other field of cooperation was participation of the Border Guard’s Aviation
in the aerial protection of the flight-restricted area in Gdansk.
Our planes performed 2 flights in the match-days and kept the duty services
(24/7) during EURO of it’s crew in 10-minutes readiness to start.
21
Thank you
for your attention
BG col. Zbigniew PLATER-ZYBERK
Border Guard Command Centre
[email protected]
tel. (+48 22) 500 41 22

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