Prezentācija NATURAL and RENEWABLE Energy Latvia

Report
The “best practice” of the
renewable energy in Latvia
Rīga, 20 August 2010
Ojārs Balcers
CONTENT
Introduction
 Main renewable energy resources (REN) in
Latvia
 Commercial opportunities for REN

Why go for energy saving and green
energy
Climate and energy
 Local employment
 Replace energy import; Improves import-export
balance. Energy prices rise
 Decreases external energy dependency. Energy
efficiency improves
 Decentralised energy generation is believed to be
more progressive in the context of climate change

A YOUNG FLOOD SURVIVOR WALKS IN SEARCH OF CLEAN WATER IN NOWSHERA NEAR
PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN. (AUGUST 2010)
http://www.mlo.noaa.gov/home.html
EXTERNAL TRADE IN CURRENCY AND ENERGY UNITS: WOOD, NATURAL GAS, AND ELECTRICITY
PJ
40
Eksports
miljons EUR
400
300
30
200
20
100
10
EUR Koksne
Imports
0
0
100
10
200
20
EUR Elektroenerģija
EUR Dabas gāze
PJ- Koksne
PJ- Elektroenerģija
PJ- Dabas gāze
300
30
400
40
500
50
600
60
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
ENERGY BORDER VALUE – LATVIA (ELECTRICITY, NATURAL GAS, AND WOOD)
EUR/GJ
12
10
8
Elektroenerģija IMP
Elektroenerģija EXP
6
Dabas gāze IMP
Koksne EXP
4
2
0
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE – LATVIA
Latvian energy bilance in 2006 was 206 PJ.
19 PJ or 9 % were electricity. Wood was 50 PJ, or 24 %.
Rest were fossil resources – oil products 33 %, natural gas 32 % and coal 2 %.
Usage of other energy resources was not significant.
REN amounts increases since 90ies (1994.g.- 27%; 2004.- 36%).
In 2020 REN will reach 40% primary energy resources (internat. commitments)
Energoresursu bilance 2006.g. 206PJ
Elektroenerģija
9%
Naftas produkti
33%
Kurināmā koksne
24%
Ogles
2%
Dabas gāze
32%
Apstiprinātais atjaunojamo energoresursu apjoms
2010.gadā.
AE saražos 3,8TWst, jeb 49,3% no kopējā 7,6TWst
elektroenerģijas patēriņa.
15%
9%
Daugavas HES kaskādē
prognozētā izstrāde (reālā
var būt lielāka)
Mazie HES
2%
Vēja elektrostacijas
74%
Biomasa un biogāze
Electricity loss (commercial and technical) in total increase 10 % of all supplied
electricity. Such loss should be addressed first of all.
1EJ = 1018 J
http://www.nanowerk.com/spotlight/spotid=7424.php
Kocēnu novada Zilākalna pagastā rekonstruēs energoapgādes sistēmu
Reconstruction works to reduce energy demand – the most important direction for
Latvia
Valmiera, 19.aug., LETA. Kocēnu novada Zilākalna pagastā tiks
rekonstruēta energoapgādes sistēma, jo novada dome saņēmusi
Lauku atbalsta dienesta apstiprinājumu par finansējuma
piešķiršanu projektam, aģentūrai LETA pastāstīja novada domes
sabiedrisko attiecību speciāliste Elīna Upīte.
Finansējums
projektam
"Atjaunojamo
energoresursu
energoapgādes sistēmas rekonstrukcija Zilākalna pagastā"
piešķirts no Eiropas Savienības lauksaimniecības fonda lauku
attīstībai (ELFLA).
Projektā paredzēts samazināt kurināmā materiāla - šķeldas mitruma līmeni, izbūvēt angāru šķeldas uzglabāšanai, rekonstruēt
apkures katlu un izbūvēt šķeldas padeves sistēmu.
Projekta rezultātā tiks paaugstināta pašvaldības sniegto
siltumenerģijas pakalpojumu kvalitāte, palielināsies kurināmā
materiāla ekonomija un samazināsies izmešu daudzums.
Projektu plānots realizēt 12 mēnešu laikā, sākot no šā gada
novembra.
Projekta kopējās attiecināmās izmaksas ir 21 74 lati, no kurām
75% ir ELFLA piešķirtais finansējums.
Latvijas atkarība no ārējiem energoapgādātājiem pamazām
un pagaidām samazinās 15 gadus!
100
80
60
40
20
0
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
GROBIŅAS CIV.PARISH, DUBEŅOS, 1 LAPSU
STREET
ANNO 2008
RENOVATION
Initiative is welcome!
To decrease impact on climate
many options are available,
one can renovate building,
decrease electricity bills,
grow own food, store it in
cellar, ride a bicycle, install
a solar collector, sort waste,
introduce composting, use
recycled paper, etc etc
THE MOST TOPICAL LATVIAN REN GOALS
ARE (40%, 2020)







Biomass (woodchip, straw, and reeds) co-generation
Street lightning (Ministry of Environment
Climate Change Financial Instrument)
Energy efficiency activities – buildings, network,
equipment (water boilers, fridges)
Transport: biogas, hybrid cars, electric transmission
CM Regulations (quota system end, REN
competition, offshore wind)?
REN support and private persons (incl, solar energy
in private houses and micro-generation)?
Economic measures – cellars, collectors, and small
investment energy efficiency measures.
LED THERE BE MORE LIGHT!
NATURAL GAS PRICE SETTING
European tendency is to change the way gas
price is set limit natural gas price setting
mechanism, limit natural gas tying to oil product
prices and include in long-term supply contracts
references to Exchange prices.
 Such practise exist in Austria, Belgium,
Denmark, France, Italy, Netherlands, and
Germany.
 LR Regulator is suggesting changes in
mechanism natural gas prices are set in Latvia

Latvian green energy resources
Future energy resources will be diversified
(biomass, gas, wind, and water)
 Energy efficiency role is increasing

BIOGAS AND MUNICIPAL TRANSPORT
SOLAR ENERGY CAN BE USED FOR HEATING WATER.
IN WINTER SYSTEM CAN BE FIT WITH EXTRA WOOD HEATING
PHOTOVOLTAIC, WIND, AND WATER

Perspectives are good, but…

There are many solutions
KĀ DARBOJAS ŪDENS TRIECIS?
VIDES VĒSTIS, NR. 7/8, (101), 2007
I suggest everyone to follow the energy discussion.
Thank you for attention!

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