Squad Tactics

Report
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Squad TacticsAmbush
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
1
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Lesson Objectives
 Compare and contrast the two categories of ambush –
hasty and deliberate
 Compare and contrast the two types of ambush – point
and area
 Compare and contrast the two formations of ambush –
linear and L-shaped
 List key planning considerations for a squad ambush
 List common elements and teams that squad leaders
consider when organizing a squad ambush
 Plan a point or area ambush using a linear or Lshaped formation
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
2
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Ambush
An ambush is a surprise attack from a
concealed position on a moving or
temporarily halted target.
Anti-armor ambushes are established
when the mission is to destroy enemy
armored or mechanized forces.
3
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 3 of 30
3
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Elements of an Ambush
The three basic elements are:
 Security
 Support
 Assault
4
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 4 of 30
4
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Ambush Classifications
 Category
 Hasty
 Deliberate
 Type
 Point
 Area
 Formation
 Linear
 L- shape
5
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 5 of 30
5
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Ambush Stages
 Planning
 Occupying
 Executing
 Withdrawing
6
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 6 of 30
6
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Considerations for Planning an
Ambush








Route
ORP
Leader’s recon of objectives
Indirect fires and obstacles
Occupation of ambush site
Initiate ambush
Actions on Objective
Withdrawal
7
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 7 of 30
7
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Identify OBJ
8
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 8 of 30
8
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Route
 From patrol base to ORP
 From ORP to objective
 From objective to ORP
 From ORP to patrol base
9
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 9 of 30
9
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Objective Rally Point (ORP)
 Select location based on map recon
and OAKOC analysis
 Occupy ORP by force or by deliberate
occupation
 Establish ORP
 Sectors of fire
 Priorities of work
 Local security
10
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 10 of 30
10
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Select ORP
11
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 11 of 30
11
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Leader’s Recon of Objective
 Issue five point contingency plan
 Plan the kill zone







Identify Objective
Identify kill zone / center of the kill zone
Special Teams Locations
LOA
Fires
Collection Points
Release Point
12
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 12 of 30
12
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Leader’s Recon of Objective (2)
13
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 13 of 30
13
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Leader’s Recon of Objective (3)
 Establish special teams location and
sectors of fire




Security
Support
Assault
Surveillance
 Determine limit of advance (LOA)
 Determine release point (RP)
14
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 14 of 30
14
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Leader’s Recon of Objective (4)
 Plan indirect fires
 Determine collections point
 Enemy prisoners of war (EPW)
 Casualty collection point (CCP)
 Demolition (demo)
 Complete plan
 Issue OPORD
15
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 15 of 30
15
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Indirect Fires and Obstacles
 Plan indirect fires to destroy
enemy in kill zone
 Cover dead space
 Isolate objective from escape or
reinforcement (left, right, and far
side)
 Screen movement off objective
16
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 16 of 30
16
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Indirect Fires and Obstacles (2)
 Tie in kill zone with impassable terrain
(OAKOC)
 Place mines to cover dead space or
likely escape and counterattack routes
17
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 17 of 30
17
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Select Location for Key Components
18
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 18 of 30
18
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Occupation of Ambush Site








Travel from ORP to RP
Security halt at RP
Emplace left and right flank security
Emplace support team
Emplace assault team
Emplace mines and obstacles
PL must have visual center of kill zone
PL positions for direct control of most casualty
producing weapon
 If no claymores, PL must co-locate machine
gun with PL in order for PL to give MG order to
19
fire
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 19 of 30
19
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Initiate Ambush
 Left and Right Flank Security Give Early
Warning to PL (SALUTE)





Number of enemy and traveling technique
Movement formation and speed
Location of key leaders
Distance from front to rear of enemy formation
Location of most casualty producing weapons
20
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 20 of 30
20
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Initiate Ambush
 PL can not delegate task of initiating ambush
 PL initiates ambush with the most casualty
producing weapon
 Goal is to initiate when the majority of the
enemy is in the center of the kill zone
 PL Initiates preplanned indirect fires
 Shift and lift fires signal to assault through kill
zone
 Assault team assaults through kill zone to
LOA
21
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 21 of 30
21
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Actions on Objective
 Assault element reports LOA to PL
 Consolidate and reorganize to
establish a hasty 180 degree
defense to prevent counterattacks
 Team leaders request LACE report
and submit LACE report to PL
 PL reports LACE, and SALUTE to
higher command
22
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 22 of 30
22
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Actions on Objective (2)
 PL Calls for Special Teams
 EPW Team
 Aid and Litter Team
 Demo Team
23
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 23 of 30
23
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Withdrawal
 Demo is prepared
 PL signals for assault elements to
withdraw
 PL signals for support team to
withdraw
 PL gives “fire in the hole” signal
 Demo team ignites charges &
departs with PL
24
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 24 of 30
24
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Withdrawal (2)
 The APL is at the RP counting squad members
through the RP. Once to the RP, squad members
form a hasty perimeter with EPWs and casualties in
the center. They await PL’s order to move back to
ORP.
 While en route to ORP, PL calls for preplanned indirect
fires to cover his withdrawal. PL moves patrol to ORP.
 Patrol remains in ORP only long enough to collect and
disseminate CCIR among all patrol members.
 The PL goal should be to depart from the ORP within
three or four minutes. While en route to Patrol Base,
PL sends required reports to higher (SALUTE and
25
LACE and CCIR).
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 25 of 30
25
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Platoon Area Ambush
26
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 26 of 30
26
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Squad Ambush Technique 1
27
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 27 of 30
27
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Squad Ambush Technique 2
28
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 28 of 30
28
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Platoon Linear Point Ambush
29
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 29 of 30
29
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Platoon L-Shaped Area Ambush
30
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 30 of 30
30
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Limitations to Squad Ambush
 9-Soldier squad limits ambush techniques and
options
 Squad size limits ability to deploy 2-Soldier
security teams out on flanks and to rear
(leaves 3 Soldiers to conduct ambush)
 Number of organic squad radios limits ability to
displace support and security elements
 Number of Soldiers and radios limits ability to
conduct effective L-shaped ambush
 Two techniques exist to assist squad leaders
to plan and conduct squad ambush
31
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 31 of 30
31
MSL 301, Lesson 08a: Squad Tactics-Ambush
Closing
 Summary
 Review Objectives
 Questions???
32
Revision Date: 31 July 2011
Slide 32 of 30
32

similar documents