GACPA 2013.Consolidated

Updates on Accounting and
Auditing Rules and Regulations
Lourdes M. Castillo
Assistant Commissioner
Government Accountancy Sector
Commission on Audit
Delivered during the GACPA Seminar at
Prince Plaza Hotel, Baguio City
February 6-8, 2013
1. COA Circular No. 2012-001
dated June 14, 2012
“Prescribing the Revised
Documentary Requirements
for Common Government
2. COA Circular No. 2012-004,
dated November 28, 2012
“Demand for the Immediate
Liquidation and Settlement of
All Cash Advances
Outstanding as of December
31, 2011”
3. COA Circular No. 2013-002,
dated January 30, 2013
“Adoption of the Revised Chart
of Accounts for National
Government Agencies”
4. COA Resolution No. 2013-007,
dated January 29, 2013
“Adoption of the Philippine
Public Sector Standards of
5. Permanent Committee (COA-DBM-DOF)
Joint Circular No. 4-2012,
dated Sept. 11, 2012
“Rules and Regulations Implementing
Executive Order No. 431 dated
August 30, 2005, Directing the
Reversion of All Dormant Accounts,
Unnecessary Special Trust Funds to
the General Fund and For Other
6. National Budget Circular No. 546,
dated January 17, 2013
“Rules and Regulations on the
Grant of Representation and
Transportation Allowances”
COA Circular No. 2012-001,
dated June 14, 2012
Prescribing the Revised
Documentary Requirements
for Common Government
 Fundamental Principles – PD 1445
 General Requirements for all Types of
 Specific Requirements for Each Type of
– Cash Advances
– Fund Transfers to NGOs/Pos
– Fund Transfers to Implementing
Agencies/From Trust Fund to Gen Fund for
Unspent Balance
– Allowances, Honoraria and Other Forms of
Other Expenditures
Extraordinary and Miscellaneous Expenses
Prisoner’s Subsistence Allowance
Cultural and Athletic Activities
Human Resource Development and
Training Program
Financial Expenses
Road Right-of-Way (ROW)/Real Property
Fundamental Principles,
Sec. 4, P.D. 1445
 No money shall be paid except in pursuance of an
appropriation law or other specific statutory authority
Use solely for public purpose
Trust funds only for the specific intended purpose
Fiscal responsibility shared by all those exercising
authority over finance, transactions and operations
Disbursements or dispositions should bear approval of
proper officials
Claims should be supported with complete
Faithful adherence to all pertinent laws and regulations
Observance of GAAP and practices as well as sound
management and fiscal administration, provided they do
not contravene with existing laws and regulations
General Requirements for All
Types of Disbursements
 Certification of Availability of Fund by
Chief Accountant
 Lawful and sufficient allotment duly
obligated as certified, except for GOCCs
and GFIs
 Legality of transaction and conformity
with laws, rules and regulations
 Approval of expenditure by Head of
Office or authorized representative
 Sufficient and relevant documents to
establish validity of claim
1.0 Cash Advances
 General Guidelines –COA Circs. 97-002, 2009-002,
Sec. 89 of PD 1445, pertinent GAA provisions
Specific Guidelines and Documents Required
Types of Cash Advances (Payroll Fund, PCF,
Field/Activity COE, TA (local and foreign)
Granting of Cash Advance
– General Guidelines
– Documents Required Common to All CAs except
for travel
– Additional Documents per type of Cash
Liquidation of Cash Advances
2.0 Fund Transfers to NGOs/POs
 General Guidelines – pertinent provision of
the GAA for the year, Sec. 4.5.6 COA Circular
2007-001 and GPPB Res. 12-2007
 Specific Guidelines and Documentary
– Release of Funds
– Implementation and Liquidation of Funds
– Staggered Release of Funds to NGO/PO
3.0 Fund Transfers
 General Guidelines – COA Cirular 94-013, COA
Memo 2010-014
Specific Guidelines and Documents Required
– Transfer to Implementing Agencies
 Transfer
 Implementation and Liquidation by
Implementing Agency
 Liquidation by Source Agency
– From Trust Fund to General Fund for
Unspent/Excess Amount
4.0 Salary
 General Guidelines- 35 FY2012 GAA or pertinent
provision of the GAA for the year, RA 6758 as amended
(Pres. Veto message, 020810,p. 1236, RA 9970)
Specific Guidelines and Documents Required -Sec.325,
RA 7160 LGU Code, EO 292, CSC MC 14 s. 1999, CSC
Res. 02-1490, COA Cir 2000-006, DBM Local Budget
Circular 2009-91, DBM National Compensation Circular
67, s. 1992, CSC Circular 06, s.2005, etc.
– Individual Claims
 First Salary
 Salary (if deleted from the payroll)
 Salary of Casual/Contractual Personnel
 Salary Differential due to Promotion and/or Step
 Last Salary
 Salary due to heirs of deceased employee
 Maternity Leave
General Claims through the ATM
5.0 Allowances, Honoraria and other
Forms of Compensation
 General Guidelines
 Specific Guidelines and Documents Required
– Personnel Economic Relief Allowance
– Representation and Transportation Allowance (for individual and
general claims)
Clothing/Uniform Allowance (Individual and General claims
Subsistence, Laundry and Quarters Allowances
Productivity Incentive Allowance (individual and general claims)
Special Counsel Allowance
• Personnel Involved in Government Procurement
• Teaching Personnel (DepED, TESDA, SUCs and other
educational institutions)
• Governing Boards of Collegial Bodies
• Lecturer/Coordinator
• Special Projects
• Science and Technological Activities
6. Other Expenditures
 General Guidelines – Sec. 57, 2012 GAA or
pertinent provision of the GAA for the
year, Sec 43, Chapter 5 and 80, Chapter7,
Book V1 EO 292, Sec 58, 2012 GAA, etc.
 Specific Guidelines and Documents
– Utility Expense
– Telephone/Communication Services
7. Extraordinary and
Miscellaneous Expenses
 General Guidelines – Sec. 57, 2012 GAA or
pertinent provision of the GAA for the year,
Sec 43, Chapter 5 and 80, Chapter7, Book
V1 EO 292, Sec 58, 2012 GAA, etc.
 Specific Guidelines and Documents
– Utility Expense
– Telephone/Communication Services
8. Prisoner’s Subsistence
 General Guidelines –Item 1 and 2,
Special Provision for BJMP and Bu Cor,
2012 GAA or pertinent provisions for the
 Specific Guidelines and Documents
– By administration thru cash advance
– By catering contract
9. Procurement
General Guidelines ( RA 9184, Sec 85 2012 GAA or pertinent provisions of GAA
for the year), Sec 85 2012 GAA or pertinent GAA provision for the year, Sec. 7
IRR of RA 9184, Sec 7, RA 9184, Rule XVI Revised IRR RA 1984, Sec. 13.1, RA
Specific Guidelin, es and Documents Required
Procurement thru Public Bidding – GAA for the year, Sec. 2-7, 9-10 and 12 of EO 182 s.
1997 and Sec. 87 of GAA 2012, COA Circular 2009-001, 2005-0087
Consulting Services – Annex E Revised IRR RA 9184, Annex D. COA Memo 2005-027
Goods- RA 9184, Sec 5r Revised IRR, 2012 GAA Provisions, Sec. 20
Supplies, Materials, Equipment and Motor Vehicles
General Support Services (janitorial, security, maintenance, garbage collection and disposal and
similar services)
Rental Contracts
Repair and Maintenance of Aircraft, Equipment and Motor Vehicles
Advertising Expenses
Procurement thru Alternative Modes – COA Cir. 2009-001, RA 9184 pertinent provisions
Requirements Common to all alternative modes
Specific requirements
Advance Payment
Variation Order/Change Order/Extra Work Order
Progress Payment
Final Payment
Release of Retention Money
Limited Source Bidding
Direct Contracting
Repeat Order
Negotiated Procurement
Procurement thru Automatic Debit Arrangement or direct payment
10. Cultural and Athletic
 General Guidelines – Sec 25 of GAA
2012 or pertinent provision of GAA for
the year
 Documents Required
 Budget estimates approved by the Head
of Agency
 Same requirements under procurement
depending on the nature of expense and
the mode of procurement adopted
11. Human Resource Development
and Training Program
 General Guidelines – CSC Guidelines Sec. 27
2012 GAA and pertinent provisions of the
GAA for the year
 Documents Required
 Budget estimates approved by the Head of
 Schedule of the training approved by the Head
of the Agency
 Same requirements under procurement
depending on the nature of expense and the
mode of procurement adopted
12. Financial Expenses
 General Guideline – appropriate provision of
the New Government Accounting System and
other pertinent laws, rules and regulations
 Documents Required
 Loan Agreements/Memoranda of Agreement
together with supporting documents
 Statement of Accounts
 Bank Debit Memos
 Others necessary depending on the nature of the
13. Road Right-of-Way/
Real Property
 General Guidelines – RA 8974 and its IRR
 Documents Required
– Land – Sec.8 RA 8974 on Environment Clearance
 Negotiated Purchase
– If Registered land
– If Unregistered land –EO 1035 on
Claimant’s Surety/Indemnity Bond
– For Payment by Court Decision
– Structure/House
– Improvements (trees, plants, growing fruits,
etc.) – DENR rules and regulations
COA Circular No. 2012-004,
dated November 28, 2012
“Demand for the Immediate
Liquidation and Settlement of
All Cash Advances
Outstanding as of December
31, 2011”
Addressed to the following:
 All Heads of National Government Departments,
Bureaus and Agencies;
 Provincial Governors, City/Municipal Mayors;
 Managing Heads of Government-owned and/or
Controlled Corporations;
 All Treasurers, Finance Officers, Regular and
Special Disbursing Officers, and Other Accountable
Officials of the aforesaid Government Agencies;
 COA Directors, Regional Directors, and Heads
of Auditing Units, and All Others Concerned
• As a general rule, cash advances must be
liquidated within the prescribed periods depending
on the nature and purpose of the cash advance:
Salaries and wages
Petty and field operating expenses
Local travel and foreign travel
Honoraria and similar payments to officials and employees
Expenses for special projects/activities such as
anniversary celebration
– Cultural and athletic activities
• The above cash advances must be liquidated
within twenty (20) days from the accomplishment of
the purpose.
Settlement and Liquidation
of Cash Advance
A cash advance is settled and liquidated either by:
1. Returning the money advanced if unspent,
2. Or by the presentation of regularly
accomplished vouchers, giving satisfactorily
detail of the items thereon paid which must
be in accordance with the purpose for
which the cash advance was granted, and
further supported by proper receipts and
other evidence of payment, subject to the
result of the post-audit thereof by the
auditor concerned.
Primary responsibility of Heads of
Section 2 of Presidential Decree (P.D.)
No. 1445, the Government Accounting
Code of the Philippines, places the
responsibility to faithfully take care that
government funds and property be
safeguarded from wastage directly with
and primarily on the chief or head of the
government agency concerned
Legal presumption against nonliquidation of cash advance
Article 217 of the Revised Penal Code states in
unequivocal terms that:
“The failure of a public officer to have
duly forthcoming any public funds or
property with which he is chargeable, upon
demand by any duly authorized officer,
shall be prima facie evidence that he has
put such missing funds or property to
personal use.”
Final demand to settle unliquidated
cash advance
Final notice and demand is hereby made to all
concerned to settle and liquidate all
outstanding cash advances as of December 31,
2011, on or before January 31, 2013.
Provided, however, that those who have been
issued by the Commission on Audit notice and
demand, prior to the issuance of this Circular,
to settle and liquidate their cash advances
within a specified period, shall do so within
the period specified in the said notice.
An accountable officer refers to:
A public officer or employee who, in the
discharge of his office, receives money
from the government which he is bound
to later account for. Transfer, separation
or retirement from the government does
not operate to discharge the said person
from coverage of the definition and
corresponding duty to account for the
unliquidated advances.
This Circular shall serve as the
demand required under appropriate
law, rules and regulations to settle
the accountable officer’s
unliquidated cash advance as well as
all those who are already separated
from the service or have transferred
to other agency.
Duties of Agency officials:
a. On or before December 15, 2012, all heads of
government agencies shall disseminate in writing
this Circular to all Accountable officials and
employees within their respective agencies and
serve a written notice to and demand settlement
of the outstanding cash advances as of December
31, 2011.
b. The Chief Accountant shall, within the same
period, furnish the head of agency and the head of
the auditing unit thereat a list of accountable
officers with unliquidated and outstanding cash
Duties of the Commission on Audit:
• Ensure that the outstanding cash advances are
liquidated within the specified periods
• Shall Evaluate the cash advances of Accountable
Officers to determine compliance with pertinent COA
Rules and Regulations and to report violations thereof
• Shall report on or before February 28, 2013 to the
agency head and to the Director, FAIO, compliance
with this Circular including the ageing of the cash
advances showing the purpose and other
• Submit to the respective COA Directors the vouchers
and all supporting documents relative to the grant of
the cash advance, copy furnished the COA Chairperson
Consequences of failure to liquidate
• Failure of an accountable officer to liquidate his
outstanding cash advance on or before January 31,
2013 shall constitute cause for the filing of
malversation charge under Article 217, failure to
liquidate cash advance under Article 218, both of the
Revised Penal Code or criminal prosecution under
Section 128 of P.D. 1445.
• The suspension of salaries of the accountable officers
shall be ordered by the auditor concerned to the
propers agency official through the head of the Agency.
• Appropriate administrative proceedings shall
likewise be instituted.
COA Revised Chart of Accounts
for National Agencies
Legal Basis:
COA Circular No. 2013-002
Dated January 30, 2013
January 01, 2014
 To provide new accounts for the adoption of the
Philippine Public Sector Accounting Standards
(harmonized with IPSAS)
 To provide uniform accounts for national
government accounting and budget systems to
facilitate the preparation of harmonized financial
and budgetary accountability reports
 To expand the account code from three (3) digits
in the NGAS Chart of Accounts to eight (8) digits,
to allow expansion or creation of new accounts as
may be necessary to implement new standards or
The COA Revised Chart of Accounts
is integrated in the Unified Account
Code Structure (UACS) under the
Philippine Public Financial
Management (PFM) Reform Program
jointly undertaken by DBM, DOF and
Major Changes
a. Coverage is limited only to all
national government agencies
b. Expanded account code structure from three (3) digits to eight (8)
Account Code Structure
Account Groups:
Codes are assigned to account groups to facilitate
location of accounts in the general and subsidiary
ledgers, to provide systematic arrangement and
classification of accounts and facilitate
preparation of the consolidated financial reports
as follows:
Account Groups
Asset Without Contra Account
Ex. Cash, Collecting Officer
Asset Without Contra Account
Ex. Accounts Receivable
Major Changes
c. New Accounts were provided for
the implementation of the
Philippine Public Sector
Accounting Standards
New Accounts
1 02 01 010
1 02 02 011
Financial Assets Held for Trading
Allowance for Impairment Investments in Treasury Bills Local
in compliance with IPSAS 28-30
in compliance with IPSAS 29 (Financial Instruments Recognition and Measurement)
1 03 02 020
1 03 02 021
Finance Lease Receivable
Allowance for Impairment Finance Lease Receivables
Investment Property, Buildings
Accumulated Depreciation Investment Property, Buildings
Accumulated Impairment Losses Investment Property, Buildings
in compliance with IPSAS 13 (Leases)
in compliance with IPSAS 13 (Leases)
1 05 01 020
1 05 01 021
1 05 01 022
in compliance with IPSAS 16 (Investment Property)
in compliance with IPSAS 16 (Investment Property)
in compliance with IPSAS 26 (Impairment of Cash
Generating Assets)
Major Changes
d. Some accounts were deleted since
these accounts are for use by local
government units or governmentowned and/or controlled corporations
while other accounts are no longer
applicable to national government
Deleted Accounts
Major Changes
e. Some accounts were either
expanded or compressed. For
instance, expense accounts for
repairs and maintenance and
depreciation of property, plant and
equipment which were previously
presented per asset account were
compressed based on the major
account classification.
Compressed Accounts
Repairs and Maintenance
811 Repairs and Maintenance - Office
02 13 040 Repairs and Maintenance - Buildings
and Other Structures
05 01 040 Depreciation - Buildings and Other
812 Repairs and Maintenance - School
813 Repairs and Maintenance - Hospitals
and Health Centers
814 Repairs and Maintenance - Markets and
815 Repairs and Maintenance - Other
911 Depreciation - Office Buildings
912 Depreciation - School Buildings
913 Depreciation - Hospitals and Health
914 Depreciation - Markets and
915 Depreciation - Other Structures
Expanded Account
716 Subsistence, Laundry and Quarters 5 01 02 050 Subsistence Allowances
5 01 02 060 Laundry Allowances
5 01 02 070 Quarters Allowances
6 Digits
1 digit
2 digits
12 digits
3 digits
9 digits
2 digits
3 digits
7 digits
2 digits
2 digits
2 digits
* Chart of Accounts
3 digits
9 digits
10 digits
9 digits
8 digits
Unique for
Uniform across
2 digits
The Unified Account Code Structure (UACS)
 Jointly developed by DBM, DOF and COA
 It is a government-wide coding framework
to provide a harmonized budgetary and
accounting code classification that will
facilitate reporting of actual revenues and
collections and expenditures compared with
programmed revenues and expenditures,
starting fiscal year 2014
 The UACS is to be adopted in identifying,
aggregating, budgeting, accounting, auditing
and reporting the financial transactions of the
 Enhance the quality and timeliness of financial
data for the generation of the required reports
and analysis of the same.
 Strengthen financial controls and
Key Elements of the UACS
 Funding Source Codes: Six (6) digit code to
reflect the Financing Source, Authorization and
Funding Category
 Organization Codes: Twelve (12) digit code to
reflect the Department, Agency and Sub-Agency
or Operating Unit/Revenue Collecting Unit
 Location Codes: Nine (9) digit code to reflect
the Region/Province/Municipality/Barangay
following the Philippine Standard Geographic
Code prescribed by the National Statistical
Coordination Board
 Major Final Output (MFO)/Program, Activity and
Project (PAP) codes: Nine (9) digit code to
reflect the MFO/PAP codes
 Object codes: Assets, Liabilities, Equity,
Revenues, and Expenses following the COA
Chart of Accounts by object and sub-objects
provided by BTr, BIR, DOF, BOC and DBM
Executive Order No. 55
dated September 6, 2011
(Subject of COA Memorandum 2011-020 dated September 6, 2011)
Directing the Integration and
Automation of Government Financial
Management System
It is the policy of the State to adopt and
implement full public disclosure of all its
transactions involving public interest and
recognize the right of the people to
information on matter of public concern as
embodied under Section 28, Article II and
Section 7, Article III of the 1987
“The present administration
subscribes to emerging global thrust
towards open government and
greater budget transparency and
accords the highest priority to public
sector initiatives that promote
transparency, accountability and
good governance as contained in
the President’s Social Contract with
the Filipino people.”
Objectives of Government Integrated
Financial Information System (GIFMIS)
1. To facilitate the generation of vital
information on any and all aspects of
government financial transactions that can
be made accessible to the public through
I.T., subject to existing laws,
2. Greater participation of civil society
organization in fiscal governance,
3. Effective and efficient delivery of public
4. Allow greater financial management and
control at oversight and agency levels,
5. Ensure stricter compliance of the budget
to appropriation laws and corresponding
rules and regulations,
6. Significantly improve Treasury cash
management, and
7. Facilitate keeping of general accounts of
government and management reporting at
various levels of government
The following agencies of the government
signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA):
 Commission on Audit (COA),
 Department of Budget and Management (DBM),
 Bureau of Treasury (BTr)/Department of Finance
(DOF) which created the Steering Committee on
Cooperation to Foster the Development of a
GIFMIs and implement a Public Financial
Management (PFM) Reforms Roadmap and
operationalize a Treasury Single Account (TSA)
Philippine Public Financial
Accounting and Auditing Reforms (AAR) PIU
Philippine Public Financial Management
Status Report
Philippine Public Financial Management
Priority Area #1 - ACCOUNTING
a. Harmonize PGAS with IFRS and IPSAS
 23 Philippine Public Sector Accounting Standards (PPSAS)
which are intended for implementation in 2013 are
being exposed to various COA sectors and concerned
organizations like PICPA, GACPA, AGAP, PAGBA, EUC and
b. On-going evaluation of eight comments received from
 Five of the 23 PPSASs, PPSAS 5, 13, 17, 29 and 31 were
revised as result of the issuance of the 2012 IPSAS
Handbook which contains the newly-issued IPSAS 32,
Service Concession Arrangements: Grantor dated
October 2011
Priority Area #2 - AUDITING
a. Develop Philippine Public Sector Standards on Auditing
(PPSSA) COA resolutions to adopt/implement the following
were signed by the COA Commission Proper (CP):
 24 PPSSAs
 COA’s Framework of Professional Standards
 11 PPSSAs are being finalized and for submission to the
CP for approval
 18 ISAs/ISSAIs are on-going evaluation for adoption as
National Budget Circular No. 546
dated January 17, 2013
“Rules and Regulations on the
Grant of Representation and
Transportation Allowances”
Salient Features
Issued to prescribe rationalized and updated
rules and regulations on the grant of
Representation Allowance (RA) and
Transportation Allowances (TA)
• Generally, those holding regular and
contractual positions entitled to RATA under
the pertinent general provisions of the annual
• Others as authorized and enumerated in the
Authorized Monthly RATA Rates:
• Highest rate is P14, 000.00 for RA and P14,000.00 for TA
• Lowest rate is P5,000.00 for RA and P5,000.00 for TA
• Officials who are assigned or who use government
vehicles are not entitled to TA
• The grant of RATA shall be based on the actual work
performance in a month on a pro-rata basis, exclusive of
leaves of absence with pay as follows:
No. of Workdays
of Actual Work Performance
Actual RATA for a Month
1 to 6 workdays
25% of the monthly RATA
7 to 12 workdays
50% of the monthly RATA
13 to 18 workdays
75% of the monthly RATA
19 workdays or more
100% of the monthly RATA
• For the issued government vehicle, but in some
eventful cases were prevented to use it such as
when the vehicle undergoes repair and no
replacement is provided, the grant of TA maybe
allowed on pro-rata bases.
• RATA for OICs of positions entitled to those
allowances maybe allowed but not to OICs of
positions internally created organizational units
whose staffing are not authorized by DBM
• Monthly RATA while on concurrent capacity
• Monthly RATA while on full-time detail or
• Monthly RATA while on scholarship/study/training
Fund Sources:
• Charged against the agency budgets/appropriations
for the purpose for NGAs
• For GOCCs and GFIs, charged against the corporate
operating budgets
• The reimbursible RATA for those in detail to other
government agencies shall be charged against the
budgets of the parent agencies
January 01, 2013

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