Established in 2002 through an Ordinance.
An autonomous body under the Controlling Authority of the
Prime Minister.
Chairperson of HEC has status of Federal Minister.
Is mandated to design and implement policies for the
promotion, improvement and evaluation of higher education,
research and development.
128 public and private universities (71, 57) offering
more than 150 programs.
Current enrolment is 875,303 (6987 Ph.D students).
4.7% of 17 – 22 years age group enrolled in higher
16752 faculty members in public universities.
(Online access to 23000 full text peer reviewed journals
and 40000 books available to all stakeholders through
the Digital Library at HEC)
(1) Duration: 4 years/8
semesters. Total Credit
Hours 130-136.
(2) Professional
Degrees- (Engineering,
Nursing, Pharm D, Law,
Agriculture defined).
Duration: 2 years (4
semesters; Minimum
24 credit hours
course work and 6
credit hours research
Duration:4-5 years.
Course Work: 18
credit hours course
work and
* At least one Int.
Publication. 2
foreign examiners
Standardized curricula [National Curriculum Review Committees
(NCRC)] for BS, criteria and guidelines of HEC for M.Phil/ Ph. D is
Established at HEC in 2005
Future goal is to provide autonomy to QAA.
National Quality Assurance Committee (NQAC)
serves as advisory body.
Is headed by a MD reporting to the Chairperson
and Executive Director of HEC.
Mission: to integrate the concept of quality assurance in
higher learning with enhanced levels of international
compatibility through capacity building. Secondly to
safeguard public interest, by enforcing good practices in
education and encouraging continuous improvement in the
management of quality in higher education.
Vision: to develop a viable and sustainable mechanism in
higher learning sector to meet the rising challenges of
transforming the country into a knowledge economy.
Goals : A policy making and monitoring body and is a source
of capacity building for quality assurance and enhancement.
Quality Assurance Agency
Internal Quality Assurance
Through Quality Enhancement Cells
External Quality Assurance
Through Accreditation Councils
/Peer Reviews
External Assessment
Through Ph. D Review Committees
QAA involved in sensitizing the stakeholders, introduction of
criteria, standards, processes /guidelines,
monitoring and evaluation.
Integration/ implementation of standards through Quality
Enhancement Cells that are being established in all the
universities in phased manner.
[Helping to achieve uniformity of standards and increased
international compatibility]
One Major task of QEC’s is to facilitate the departments in
carrying out Self Assessment of academic programs.
SAR’s helping to identify the weaknesses and strengths of
programs. Form the baseline information for external
quality assessment and for continuity of the processes of
quality assurance and enhancement
Self Assessment Process
C QEC initiates SA through the dean one
semester prior to the assessment
Department forms the PT that will be responsible
for preparing SAR
QEC reviews the Documentation within one
The Vice Chancellor / Rector forms the AT in
consultation with the concerned dean based on
the recommendation of the QEC
QEC plans and fixes AT visit
The AT conducts assessment and presents its
findings to QEC, Dean, PT and dept. faculty
The QEC submits an executive summary to the
Vice Chancellor / Rector
Department prepares implementation plan
Follow up of the implementation plan by QEC
QEC: Quality Enhancement Cell
PT: Program Team
SA: Self Assessment
SAR: Self Assessment Report
AT: Assessment Team
At program level, the professional degree programs are being
accredited by nine Councils
They are empowered by legislation to have their own
accreditation rules for recognition of degrees, registration
and licensing. Have representation in NCRC.
All degree programs accredited by the Councils are
recognized by HEC. At the same time there is general
acceptance that framing of policies and academic standards
are to be regulated by HEC.
Four new accreditation councils established in Agriculture,
Business, Computing and Teachers Education discipline.
These work under the aegis of QAA. future plan is to grant
them autonomy
Their responsibility is more of peer review rather than
accreditation. Assign rating to programs.
At present, only the M. Phil/ Ph. D programs of all universities
are being reviewed by three Review Committees
Autonomy of QAA
Introduction of a quality culture
Induction of qualified professionals
External review of programs by foreign experts

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