Augustine

Report
TC-382.5
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1
LEADERSHIP
Find quality people…
Convince them of what is needed…
Get out of the way.
Norman R. Augustine
W-778
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2
A Leadership Quiz
1 Would You Invest Your Money in These People?
IP-611
2
Who is the Leader?
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3
1 I Hope So!
IP-612.1
Microsoft Corporation, 1978
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4
2
Bill Gates
IP-612.2
Microsoft Corporation, 1978
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5
Leadership Matters
Source: Financial Times
IA-550.1
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6
W-709
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W-705
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IP-434
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9
“Leadership is wisdom and
courage and carelessness of self”
Inscription on
British Officer's Tombstone
Normandy, France
W-765
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10
Good Leaders Are Always
Thinking of Their Troops
IP-749.6
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IP-749.7
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12
IP-749.8
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“The reward of command is
the opportunity to lead,
not to have a bigger tent.”
General George A. Custer
W-744
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14
Leadership
IP-603
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The Most Important
Quality of a Leader
TC-389.1
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16
W-615
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Leaders See the
Big Picture
TC-389.2
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18
The Dangers of Narrow Thinking
People Who Can
Decide to
Provide Federal
Aid to Colorado
X-EN-24.1
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The Dangers of Narrow Thinking
People Who Can
Decide to
Provide Federal
Aid to Colorado
X-EN-24.2
People
Planning to
Take a
Vacation in
Colorado
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20
(Systems) Engineering (Systems)
Norm’s Definition
“Systems Engineering is the practice of
creating the means of performing useful
functions through the combination of
two or more interacting elements.”
X-EN-23
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A Simple System
Source: Friedrich Wiekhorst
X-EN-19.1
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Source: Unknown
IP-619
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IP-829.9
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A Simple System
Possible States
Source: Friedrich Wiekhorst
X-EN-19.2
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Example of Three Interacting Elements
IP-860.1
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64
TC-389.3
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“The Monster”
I=2
n (n-1)
I = Number of Potential States
n = Number of Elements
X-EN-20
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28
1,073,741,824
X-EN-21
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29
“A billion is a thousand million? Why wasn’t I informed of this?”
HC-199
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30
X-DI-36
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X-DI-37
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HC-214
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The “Near-Sonic” Commercial Transport
or
“The Aerodynamisists vs the Systems Engineers”
Required Drag Coefficient
An Aerodynamicist’s View
4.0
3.0
Drag
Coefficient
(Normalized)
2.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.8 0.85
1.0
Mach Number
T-298.3
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The “Near-Sonic” Commercial Transport
or
“The Aerodynamisists vs the Systems Engineers”
Time from Washington DC to Atlanta
“A Systems Engineer’s View”
Minutes
0
100
200
300
Today
Travel
to
Reagan
National
Check-in
and
Clear
Security
Flight Recover Bags, Travel
Duration
Obtain
to
Ground
City
Transportation Center
“Near
Sonic”
0
100
200
300
400
Elapsed Time =
5 Hours and
50 Minutes
Elapsed Time =
5 Hours and
43 Minutes
400
Minutes
T-298.2
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35
Leaders Think
Strategically
TC-389.4
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36
Source: American Memory Webpage
IP-598
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37
The Rise and Fall of Aerospace Companies
“The Impact of Strategic Decisions” or “Tale of Two Companies”
Then
Year
$B
Lockheed
Martin
Heritage Martin
Aerospace
1980
X-BU-30
1985
Heritage Fairchild
Aerospace
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
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38
W-450.1
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39
LM-5.4
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40
W-208.1
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Leaders Exercise
Sound Judgment
TC-389.5
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42
Source: Smithsonian Webpage
IP-599
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43
X-DI-24
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Leaders Take
Prudent Risks
TC-389.6
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45
Photo Source: UPI/Bettmann Newsphotos
IP-658.1
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46
W-235
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47
IP-632
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48
Teleoperator Retrieval System
IP-575
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49
Intense Solar Activity
Source: NASA/ESA
IP-837
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50
What Is It You Want?
(Favorable)
Options
A
Best Possible Outcome
B
Least Negative Outcome
Outcome
C Compromise Outcome
A
C
B
(Neutral)
(Unfavorable)
Uncontrollable Variable (Linear)
X-EN-25
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51
Prepare for the Unexpected
Source: Jane’s Historical Aircraft
IP-118.3
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52
Risk Taking – 101
I.
Be sure you know what you are trying to accomplish
II. Be sure you understand the risks being taken
III. Be sure the benefits are worth the potential negative
consequences
IV. Have a risk-management plan
V. Be certain the worst case is survivable
W-823
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“I do not recommend failure. Nor am I
attracted to the idea that failure builds
character. But the willingness to accept the
risk of failure is one of the costs of leadership
and, therefore, the price of all success.”
Harold Shapiro
President, Princeton University
W-785
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54
Leaders Listen
TC-389.7
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55
And the users exclaimed
with a laugh and a taunt,
it’s just what we asked for,
but not what we want.
(Anon)
W-798
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56
Source: Report of the Presidential Commission on the
Space Shuttle Challenger Accident
X-MA-12
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IA-282
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58
X-MA-13
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X-MA-14
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Hubble
Source: Hubble Space Telescope
IP-566
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Hubble
Source: NASA
IP-569
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62
IP-359
GS
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63
Optical Hubble Telescope Assembly
IP-567
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64
Source: Photo by Hubble Space Telescope’s Wide Field/Planetary Camera-II
IP-429.1
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65
Leaders Know That the
Devil Is in the Details
TC-389.8
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66
IP-185
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Vortex
IP-838
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68
IP-576.1
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Space Shuttle Computer
Synchronization Simplified
As Planned
First Flight
Begin
Search
Timing Marker for
Initialization
Begin
Search
Initialization
T-296
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70
L1011
Source: Lockheed
IP-571
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Leadership’s
Biggest Problem
TC-389.9
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Humans!
IP-186.1
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TP-5
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Source: off the mark
HC-204
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Getting It All Right
TC-389.10
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76
IP-415
GS
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77
A Final Word…
(or Six)
TC-389.11
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“If at all possible,
be lucky!”
Al Ulteschi
W-797
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