Sabirzhan Zhangozin: Problems of customs

Report
PROBLEMS
of Customs Management in the
CUSTOMS UNION
Common Customs
Tariff
Single Customs Tariff
Regulation has been
introduced since
January 1, 2010
Comparison of arithmetic mean level of import duties:
operated tariff (OT) and CCT
Kazakhstan
Russia
CCT
Average level
6.2%
10.6%
10.6%
By manufactured
goods
4.6%
9.4%
8.5%
By agricultural
products
12.1%
15.1%
16.7%
First stage of Customs Union functioning
After entering of Russia in
WTO
after Russia’s entry into WTO
on an average the level of
tariff shelter will gradually
decrease by
3.5 %
IA “24.kg”: How the
customs tariffs can be changed?
The acting average rate of
customs duty in KR makes
5.1 %.
in 2012 – 9.5 %
in 2013
up to
7.6 %
in 2014
obligations of KR to WTO is
up to
6.9 %
in 2015
The average level of rates on
up to
6 %.
7.5 %
from
July 1, 2011
РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫЙ
ПРОЕКТ ПО ЛИБЕРАЛИЗАЦИИ
ТОРГОВЛИ И ТАМОЖЕННОЙ РЕФОРМЕ (RTLC)
types of state control have
been transferred from the RussianKyrgyz border to the external borders of the Republic of
Kazakhstan and Russian Federation.
Zhana-Zhol MSAP
Kayrak MSAP
Urlyu-Tyube
MSAP
Syrym MSAP
Zhaysan MSAP
Lokot MSAP
Ganyushkino
MSAP
Khorgos MSAP
B. Konysbayeva
MSAP
Korday MSAP
CUSTOMS LEGISLATION OF
THE CUSTOMS UNION
The major document to observe the procedures of customs transit is
the Transit Declaration (further – TD). The procedure of filling of
TD has been approved by the Decision of the Customs Union Commission
as of June 18, 2010 No.289.
Number of documents and structure of documents in case of
import/transit of goods to/through the CU territory.
Obligatory documents:
- invoice for the transported goods;
- Packing list;
- consignment note which is a bill of lading, way-bill or
other documents, confirming availability of the agreement for
transportation of goods and accompanying them during such
transportation (CN, CMR, AIGTR);
For customs purposes it is required to make a separate
break-down for each type of goods


by the codes of goods,
by the number of goods (in units – piece, kg, grams,
liters, meters, etc.) ,

places, weight (gross, net),
same as in invoice, packing lists and other shipping
documents
•
Decision of Customs Union Commission dated 20.09.2010 No. 376
On procedures of declaration, control and correction of customs
cost of goods
Procedure of declaration of
customs cost of goods
Effective from
January 1, 2011
Procedure of correction of
customs cost of goods
Procedure of control of customs
cost of goods
Has been in effect
in a month from
the date of official
publication
Publication date of the CUC decision: 21.09.2010
“Cost Control”
Risk Management Systems (RMS)
Understatement of the customs cost of goods when declaring
and motivating it by the fact that a full package of documents has been
submitted (agreement, invoice, price list, payment documents and
other documents justifying customs cost) by a participant of foreign
economic activity
 Additional inspection on customs cost is assigned in case of
signs of unreliability of the declared customs cost
 Automatic organization of RMS of aggregate price information
based on real declarations without participation of a man taking into
account data bases of FCS and SCC of the Republic of Belarus
is being used
System Problems Influencing Implementation
of Customs Cost Control
Problems of data base correctness of electronic copies of
declarations for goods in TAIS-2 for the analysis of the customs
cost
Unreliable/incomplete filling by the customs applicants
of the goods description in column 31 of DG according to the
requirements of the Instruction on procedure of filling the declaration
for goods
Information Policy Service and PR of NECK
“Atameken”, 23 .01. 2012
In Kazakhstan, the RMS profiles are adjusted in such a
way that about 80% of all cargos falls under additional
inspection, whereas goods made in China are subject to 100%
control.
As the practice shows, additional inspections are assigned
almost for each supply of goods, and the importers have to pay
customs payments for each supply individually in accordance
with the price information organized by customs authorities.
Experts of “Atameken” and Kazakhstan’s entrepreneurs believe that the
process of customs clearance has not been simplified with the introduction
of RMS, but to the contrary has become more complicated and
has increased multiply the red-tape and corruption.
.
Repeated requests of “Atameken” to bring RMS to its initial ideology –
simplification of formalities for bona fide participants of FEA have led
to nothing
Experts of “Atameken” are convinced that making
the criteria of risk assessment as well as
decision of control and risk management
system itself available for foreign economic activity
participants, the entrepreneurs could optimize the
process of goods registration, decrease
the contact with the customs employees,
and consequently corruption developments.
Where it is more profitable to make a customs
clearance in the conditions of Customs Union –
in Russia, Kazakhstan
VAT
Russia
- 18 %
Kazakhstan
- 12 %
«Контроль
стоимости»
services of the customs
representative
Системы
in Russia
Управления
in Kazakhstan
Рисками
in
in
VAT in Kyrgyzstan services of the customs BROKER in Kyrgyzstan -
Is it important for you
TO BE INFORMED ABOUT THE PROBLEMS
faced by FEA participants in Kazakhstan for the last 2 years –
during formation and beginning of operation of the Customs
Union
Will the problems in customs management in the
conditions of the Customs Union influence your business as
the additional real burden???
In other words, how does it all reflect on your
business???
THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION

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