PPT: NMCB 104 Communications

Report
SEABEE COMBAT
WARFARE
NMCB SPECIFIC
104
COMMUNICATIONS/COMMUNICATIONS
SECURITY MATERIAL SYSTEM FUNDAMENTALS
Communications
Fundamentals
References:
[a] NAVEDTRA 14234, Seabee Combat Handbook
Vol.1
[b] TM-11-5820-890-10-8, SINGARS Ground
Combat Net Radio
[c] Construction Battle Skills Guide, P1160, Book 1,
All Hands
[d] Motorola 68P81044C05-A, XTS 5000 Operator’s
Guide
Communications
Fundamentals
[e] NAVEDTRA 14235, Seabee Combat Handbook,
Vol. 2
[f] Harris Guide 10515-0103-4100 (Rev. A),
AN/PRC-150(V)(C), Man pack Radio (Operator’s
Manual)
[g] TM 11-5805-749-12, Switchboard, Telephone,
SB-3614A(V)/TT Operator’s Manual
[h] TM 11-5805-650-12, Telephone Set, T838/PT
Operator’s and Organizational Maintenance
Manual
Communications
Fundamentals
[i] COMFIRSTNCDINST 2000.2 Communications
Information Systems Policy and Procedures
[j] Harris Guide 10515-0109-4100 (Rev. J),
AN/PRC-117(V)(C), Man Pack Radio (Operator’s
Manual)
[k] ref MCWD 3-40.3 Communications and
Information Systems
Overview
• General Characteristics, operator maintenance
and antenna systems for the following radios
– AN/PRC 119
– AN/PRC 104
– AN/VRC-90
Overview
– AN/GRA-39
– AN/VRC-92A
– VHF Handheld SABER 1 fascinator
– VHF Base Station MODP1755
Overview
– SB-22
– TA-312
– TA-1
– AN/PSN-11
Overview
• Communications Security Material System
Equipment
• Tactical employment of communications
equipment
• Loading Fills into the AN/PRC-119
Communications
Fundamentals
PQS Question 103.1 Explain the frequency
spectrum, configurations, operator
maintenance, and antenna systems/ranges
for the following:
a. AN/PRC-119
e. VHF handheld
b. AN/PRC-150
SABER 1 fascinator
c. AN/PRC-117
f. XTS-5000 portable
d. AN/VRC-90A
radio
Radio
Operator Maintenance
• Antennas
– Make sure antennas are clean
– Check antenna elements for damage
– Make sure the (ground strap) is securely
installed to the vehicle and antenna base.
Radio
Operator Maintenance
• Cables and cable connectors
– Check cables for cuts, cracks, and breaks
– Make sure cable connectors are secure
– Make sure cable connectors are securely
attached to cables
Radio
Operator Maintenance
• Controls and switches
– Make sure each control moves smoothly
while you operate your radio
– Make sure all knobs are secure on their
shafts
– If a switch has detents, make sure each
position has a solid feel to it.
Radio
Operator Maintenance
• Mounting and assembly hardware
– Check for loose nuts, bolts, and screws
– Check for corrosion, rust, and
deterioration of all metal parts.
• Cleaning: Keep radio as clean as possible
Radio
Operator Maintenance
• Preparation for Movement
• Manpack Radio: If you won’t be using
your radio, remove and stow the antenna
and handset.
• Vehicular Radio. Make sure the antenna is
properly tied down for movement.
AN/PRC 119A
AN/PRC 119A
General Characteristics
• VHF SINCGARS Radio
• 30 to 87.975 MHz freq.
• 2320 channels/freq.'s
• Sends and receives secure voice and digital
data
AN/PRC 119A
General Characteristics
• 6 Comsec channels/ 6 Frequency hopping
channels
• 8 Single Channels (SC) for plain text
• Transmits 200 meters to 10 Kilometers or
more
• Batteries last 4 (BB690) to 30 (BA5590) hrs
depending on type & use
AN/PRC 119A
Antenna Systems
• Antenna Systems
– 3ft Tape- up to 5 miles
– 10ft whip- up to 10 miles
– OE-254- up to 36 miles
AN/PRC-150
AN/PRC-150
AN/PRC-117
AN/VRC 90A
AN/VRC 90A
• Antenna Systems
– 10ft- as 3900
– OE-254
AN/VRC - 92A
AN/VRC 92A
General Characteristics
• Base Station
• Two RT/1523 radios
• 50 watt output
• Two power amps
AN/VRC 92A
General Characteristics
• Longer VHF ranges of 10 km to 40km
• Requires power supply for stationary operations
• Capable of retrans use
• Antenna Systems
• OE-254
VHF Handheld SABER
Handheld Radio
VHF Handheld SABER
General Characteristics
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•
•
•
•
Handheld secure radio
VHF radio with 2.5 - 6 watts
Need radio interface box to fill
VHF - 138 to 174 MHz
Range - 1 to 3 miles
VHF Handheld SABER
• Operator Maintenance
• Clean and corrosion free
• Ensure all knobs and switches function
correctly
• Check antenna for cracks and splits
• Ensure battery charger contacts are not
broken
VHF Base Station
MODP 1755
• General Characteristics
• Base Station
– increases range,
– requires Saber
– with battery
• Antenna Systems
– 5ft whip with
– magnate bottom
XTS 5000 Portable Radio
XTS 5000 Portable Radio
XTS 5000 Portable Radio
Communications
Fundamentals
• PQS Question 103.2 Discuss the general
characteristics, operator maintenance and
employment of the following:
a. SB-3614A
b. TA-312/PT
c. TA-838/PT
d. AN/GRA-39
e. TA1
f. SB22
TA-1
TA-1
General Characteristics
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•
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•
Hand held Comm device
Uses WD-1 wire
Talks 4-7 miles
Squeeze signal generator
Press to talk button
Light weight and easy to store
Normally configured in gun loop
TA-1
• Operator Maintenance
– Remove dirt and moisture from housing, handset,
cord, or connector. Inspect painted surfaces for
bare spots, rust or corrosion. Inspect surfaces for
cuts or cracks.
– Inspect handset cord for breaks, cuts or
deterioration. Inspect for inoperative binding
posts, broken connector, or hand set connection.
TA-312
TA-312
General Characteristics
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•
•
•
•
•
2 wire tactical phone
Talks up to 14 miles wet, up to 22 miles dry
Operates on 2 “D” cells
Press to talk handset
Hand crank to call distant stations
Talk 4 miles in ear piece with dead batteries
TA-838/PT
TA-838/PT
EQUIPMENT DATA:
TRANSMISSION FREQUENCY RANGE:
l 300 to 3,500 Hz.
DISTANCE RANGES WITH DC SUPERVISION:
l The telephone set is located less than 4 miles from
the switchboard.
DISTANCE RANGES WITH AC SUPERVISION:
The telephone set can be located more than 4 miles
from the switchboard
TA-838/PT
TA-838/PT
AN/GRA-39
Local
Re mote
AN/GRA-39
• Provides capability to remote operator up to
2 miles from the radio set (antenna farm)
• Power source- 12 d-cell batteries.
• Remote unit (locate in COC/CP)
• Local unit (locate in ant farm)
SB-3614A
SB-3614A
SB-3614A is a tactical, ruggedized, 30 terminal
automatic switchboard.
It provides rapid cordless service to various
interfaces.
The basic switchboard may be operated as a 30terminal single switchboard or
may be connected with additional switchboards to
form a 60 or 90 line system.
SB-3614A
The switchboard operator can monitor, answer,
initiate, extend, preempt, and release calls using
the four-by-four key sender and other functional
pushbuttons. Any connection can be broken
down manually, through operator intervention
and action, or automatically, through a
subscriber going to an on-hook condition. Up to
18 terminals may be connected as either 4-wire
DTMF signaling trunks, or DC closure dial
pulse or DTMF trunks, E&M dial pulse or
DTMF lines or trunks.
SB-22
SB-22
General Characteristics
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•
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•
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12 line switchboard
Operator uses headset
Hand ringing generator
Can interconnect calls
29 line packs when stacked (2)
Uses 4 “D” cell batteries when used with
operator pack
• Audio/visual call indicator
SB-22
General Characteristics
• Consist of four basic parts.
– The Operators Pack
– The Line and Trunk Pack
– The Accessory Kits
– The Handset-Headset
Communications
Fundamentals
• PQS Question 103.3 Discuss the general
use of the Tactical Data Network (TDN)
Tactical Data Network
The TDN system consists of a network of
gateways and servers interconnected with
one another and their subscribers via a
combination of common user, long-haul
transmission systems, along with local area
networks (LANs) and switched telephone
systems.
Tactical Data Network
TDN provides its subscribers with basic data
transfer and switching services; access to strategic,
supporting establishment, joint, and other-service
component tactical data networks; network
management capabilities; and, value-added services,
such as message handling, directory services, file
sharing, and terminal emulation support. It will
provide Internet Protocol connectivity for tactical
data systems and the DMS.
Tactical Data Network
Communications
Fundamentals
PQS Question 103.4 Discuss the tactical
employment and purpose of NMCB
communication systems
Communications System
The primary purpose of communications is to
facilitate command and control. In this role,
communications is the instrument by which a
commander makes his will known and provides
the “voice of command.”
A secondary purpose of communications is to
facilitate the transfer of information between
individual elements in order to coordinate their
actions to accomplish assigned missions.
Communications
Fundamentals
PQS Question 103.5 Discuss the procedure for
Loading COMSEC Material into the following:
– RT-1523E
– RT-1694
– RT-1796
RT Prep settings from MENU
Loading Single Channel
Frequencies
Loading Single Channel
Frequencies
LOAD COMSEC/FH DATA/SYNC
TIME INTO RT USING ICOM FILL
Global Positioning System
•
General Characteristics
•
PLGR - “Plugger”
GPS
Receives encrypted
code
Anti-jam capability
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•
•
•
AN/CYZ-10
AN/CYZ-10
• Encryption equipment
• Stores over 1000 crypto fills
• Loaded from EKMS or KOI - 18/KYK-13/KYK-15
or another CYZ-10
• Loads the Frequency Hopping Program
KOI-18
KOI-18
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Tape Reader Fill Device
Connects to common fill device
Fills auxiliary devices and gear
Pull segment through in/out slot
Translates tape to data
Uses one BA - 5372/U battery
Communications
Fundamentals
• PQS Question 103.5 State the use of the
following Communications Security
Material System (CMS) Equipment
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KY 99A MINTERN
KL 43
AN/CYZ-10
KOI-18
KYK-13
Communications
Fundamentals
• Reference: TM-11-5820-890-10-8,
SINGARS Ground Combat Net Radio,
ICOM,
• TM-11-5810-292-13&P, Technical Manual
KYK-13, KOI-18, KYX-15
TM-10247A-13, Limited Maintenance
Manual TSEC K99A
KL-43 (Series), Operational Manual
KY 99A MINTERN
KY 99A MINTERN
• Voice/data encryption
• Tactical terminal
• Primarily for AN/PRC 104 HF
• Requires one BA-5590 lithium or BB-690
rechargeable battery
KL 43
KL 43
• Encrypted keyboard
• Sends/receives secure data
• Has two message buffers
• Holds up to 16 crypto fills
KL 43
• Used to authenticate, capable of printing
messages
• 4 “AA” batteries last 6 to 24 hours, low
battery audio & visual alarm indicates 4
minutes left
KYK-13
Installing CMS
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KYK-13
Common Fill Device (CFD)
Electronic transfer/fill device
Holds up to six Crypto segments
Loads auxiliary COMSEC gear
KYK-13
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Common Fill Device (CFD)
Electronic transfer/fill device
Holds up to six Crypto segments
Loads auxiliary COMSEC gear
Red light indicates fill status
Uses one BA - 5372/U battery
Z all position and Initiate button clears all fill
Communications
Fundamentals
• PQS Question 103.6 Discuss the
following communication and information
systems planning factors
a. Mission
b. Available resources
c. Environmental
Communications Planning
Communications control begins with
planning for an operation/exercise and
continues throughout the deployment,
installation, maintenance, and
redeployment phases.
Planning Phase
The Planning phase consists of both operational
and technical planning. It culminates in the
issue of a command element OPORD and a
supporting communications unit OPORD.
This phase is characterized by extensive
coordination meetings between the supporting
communications unit(s) and supported staff.
Deployment Phase
• During this phase, OPCON of the communications units and/or
detachments is transferred to the supported CE Command
Element.
• The CIS plan is refined through coordination among the
supporting communications unit(s) and the supported G-6/S-6
staffs and key staff officers (e.g., the G-2/S-2 for intelligence
CIS requirements, the fire support coordinator for fires CIS
requirements, etc.).
• Limited execution is performed during this phase, including
tracking message traffic and operating in-transit radio circuits,
as required.
Mission
The mission statement describes, in concise terms,
the location of the operation, the time it will
occur, and the tasks to be accomplished.
The mission includes the commander’s intent—the
purpose of the action.
Careful review of the mission gives the CISO a
general idea of what overall CIS resources will
be required to support the operation.
Available Resources
• The CISO must consider all available resources to
determine the extent of support that can be provided
and to determine shortfalls in the capability to
support the mission. This includes resources both
organic and external to the MAGTF.
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Personnel
Equipment and Services
Software
Supplies
Maintenance
Environmental
The CISO must consider those physical
characteristics such as terrain, weather, and the
electromagnetic environment of the objective
area that may affect the employment of CIS.
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Terrain
Weather
Electromagnetic interference
Facilities

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