Brazil Citrus Industry - Imme Gerke & Jacques Drolet

Report
Replacing the Use
of Carbendazim in
IDRG
Citrus Production in
Brazil
December 2013
International Development
of Regulatory Globalization
Imme Gerke, PhD & Jacques Drolet, PhD
Global Regulatory Strategists
FACT FINDING
1. all carbendazim uses in Brazil
2. all carbendazim citrus in Brazil
3. all citrus uses in Brazil
4. alternatives for carbendazim uses in Brazil
5. citrus uses in other countries for same pests
6. products that are already approved in Brazil = label expansions
(addition of pest, of crop or crop/pest)
7. which of these products have to be approved in Brazil = new
actives/products
8. import countries for Brazilian citrus
9. MRL comparisons for citrus for Brazil and importers
1. All Carbendazim Uses in Brazil
Crop (commodity)
BEANS(PHASEOLUS LUNATUS L.)
CITRUS: OTHER(CITRUS L. SPP.)
CLEMENTINES(CITRUS CLEMENTINA)
CORN/MAIZE(ZEA MAYS L. SPP.)
COTTON(GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM)
GRAPEFRUIT(CITRUS PARADISI)
LEMONS(CITRUS LIMON)
LIMES(CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA)
MANDARINS(CITRUS RETICULATA SENSU STRICTO)
ORANGES(CITRUS SINENSIS)
POMELO(CITRUS MAXIMA)
RICE(ORYZA SATIVA L.)
SOYBEANS(GLYCINE MAX)
TANGERINES(CITRUS TANGERINA)
UNSPECIFIED
WHEAT(TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.)
Pest Latin
ALTERNARIA ALTERNATA
ALTERNARIA SPP
ASPERGILLUS FLAVUS
ASPERGILLUS SPP
BIPOLARIS SOROKINIANA
BIPOLARIS SPP
BOTRYODIPLODIA THEOBROMAE
BOTRYOSPHAERIA RHODINA
CERCOSPORA KIKUCHI
CERCOSPORA SOJINA
COLLETOTRICHUM ACUTATUM
COLLETOTRICHUM DEMATIUM
COLLETOTRICHUM GOSSYPII
COLLETOTRICHUM
LINDEMUTHIANUM
COLLETOTRICHUM TRUNCATUM
COLLETOTRICHUM VICIAE
CORYNESPORA CASSIICOLA
DIAPORTHE PHASEOLORUM
NORTOX
BAYER-CROPSCIENCE
NUFARM
DVA-AGRO-BRASIL
BOHUS-PETER-DR.
DE-SANGOSSE
CROPCHEM
HELM
OURO-FINO
SINON-CORPORATION
ROTAM
DUPONT
POLAND-QUIMICA
RHIZOCTONIA SOLANI
CHEMINOVA
RHYNCHOSPORIUM SECALIS
SCLEROTINIA SCLEROTIORUM
SEPTORIA GLYCINES
SEPTORIA TRITICI
FMC
MILENIA
SYNGENTA
CCAB-AGRO
NOVOZYMESBIOLOGICALS
CONSAGRO
DIAPORTHE PHASEOLORUM-SOJAE STAGONOSPORA NODORUM
ELSINOE FAWCETTI
ELSINOE SPP
ERYSIPHE GRAMINIS TRITICI
ERYSIPHE SPP
FUSARIUM GRAMINEARUM
FUSARIUM MONILIFORME
FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM
VASINFECTUM
FUSARIUM SEMITECTUM
FUSARIUM SOLANI
FUSARIUM SPP
Company
GLOMERELLA CINGULATA
GUIGNARDIA CITRICARPA
HELMINTHOSPORIUM MAYDIS
HELMINTHOSPORIUM TRITICI-R
MICROSPHAERA DIFFUSA
PENICILLIUM SPP
PHAEOISARIOPSIS GRISEOLA
PHAKOPSORA PACHYRHIZI
PHOMA SPP
PUCCINIA GRAMINIS
PUCCINIA TRITICANA
PYRICULARIA GRISEA
RAMULARIA AREOLA
UNSPECIFIED
UNSPECIFIED-DISEASES
UROMYCES APPENDICULATUS
2. All Carbendazim Citrus Uses in Brazil
Crop (commodity)
Pest Latin
Company
CITRUS: OTHER(CITRUS L. SPP.)
GUIGNARDIA CITRICARPA
NUFARM
GRAPEFRUIT(CITRUS PARADISI)
ELSINOE FAWCETTI
DVA-AGRO-BRASIL
LEMONS(CITRUS LIMON)
ELSINOE SPP
NORTOX
LIMES(CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA)
COLLETOTRICHUM ACUTATUM
BOHUS-PETER-DR.
CLEMENTINES(CITRUS CLEMENTINA)
GLOMERELLA CINGULATA
DE-SANGOSSE
MANDARINS(CITRUS RETICULATA SENSU STRICTO)
BAYER-CROPSCIENCE
ORANGES(CITRUS SINENSIS)
CROPCHEM
POMELO(CITRUS MAXIMA)
HELM
TANGERINES(CITRUS TANGERINA)
OURO-FINO
SINON-CORPORATION
ROTAM
DUPONT
3. All Citrus Fungicide Uses in Brazil
A.i.Combination
Pest Latin
Company
ACIBENZOLAR-S-M
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFENOCONAZOLE*
CAPTAN
CARBENDAZIM
CHLOROTHALONIL-(TPN)
CHLOROTHALONIL*/THIOPHANATE-M*
COPPER-HYDROXIDE
COPPER-OXIDE (COPPER-I-OXIDE/CUPROUS-OXIDE)
COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE
COPPER-SULFATE
COPPER-SULFATE-TRIBASIC
CU-OXYCHLORIDE*/MANCOZEB*
DIFENOCONAZOLE
FAMOXADONE*/MANCOZEB*
FOLPET
FOSETYL-AL (AL-TRI-PHOSPHONATE)/FOSETYL
IMAZALIL (ENILCONAZOLE)
MANCOZEB (VONDOZEB)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
QUINTOZENE-(PCNB/PENTACHLORONITROBENZENE)
TEBUCONAZOLE (FENETRAZOLE)(TERBUTRAZOLE)
TEBUCONAZOLE*/TRIFLOXYSTROBIN*
THIABENDAZOLE
THIOPHANATE-M
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
ALTERNARIA CITRI
BOTRYOSPHAERIA RHODINA
BOTRYTIS CINEREA
COLLETOTRICHUM ACUTATUM
COLLETOTRICHUM GLOEOSPOR
CORTICIUM SALMONICOLOR
DIAPHORINA CITRI
DIAPORTHE CITRI
DIAPORTHE SPP
ELSINOE FAWCETTI
ELSINOE SPP
GLOMERELLA CINGULATA
GUIGNARDIA CITRICARPA
PENICILLIUM DIGITATUM
PENICILLIUM ITALICUM
PHOMOPSIS CITRI
PHYLLOCOPTRUTA OLEIVORA
PHYTOPHTHORA CITROPHTHORA
PHYTOPHTHORA NICOTIANAE PARASI
PHYTOPHTHORA SPP
PYTHIUM APHANIDERMATUM
SCLEROTIUM ROLFSII
XYLELLA FASTIDIOSA
AGRIPEC
ALLIER-BRASIL-AGRO
ARYSTA-LIFESCIENCE
ATAR-DO-BRASIL
BASF
BAYER-CROPSCIENCE
BOHUS-PETER-DR.
CONSAGRO
CROPCHEM
DE-SANGOSSE
DOW-AGROSCIENCES
DUPONT
DVA-AGRO-BRASIL
FERSOL
FUNGURAN-GIULINI
GRIFFIN
HELM
IHARABRAS
ISAGRO
MCM-QUIMICA
MILENIA
NORTOX
NUFARM
OURO-FINO
OXIQUIMICA
PFIZER
PILARQUIM-CORP
PROPHYTO
RIZZI
ROTAM
SINON-CORPORATION
SIPCAM
STOLLER
SYNGENTA
TRADECORP-BRASIL-COM.-INS.-AGR
UNITED-PHOSPHORUS
4. All Citrus Carbendazim Alternatives in Brazil
Pests
COLLETOTRICHUM
ACUTATUM
Active
Substances
ELSINOE FAWCETTI
ELSINOE SPP
GLOMERELLA
CINGULATA
GUIGNARDIA
CITRICARPA
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFENOCON AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFEN AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFEN AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFEN
AZOLE*
OCONAZOLE*
OCONAZOLE*
OCONAZOLE*
CAPTAN
CAPTAN
CHLOROTHALONIL-(TPN)
CHLOROTHALONIL*/THIOPHA
NATE-M*
COPPER-HYDROXIDE
COPPER-OXIDE
(COPPER-I-OXIDE/CUPROUSOXIDE)
COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE
COPPER-SULFATE-TRIBASIC
COPPER-HYDROXIDE
COPPER-HYDROXIDE
COPPER-OXIDE
COPPER-OXIDE
(COPPER-I(COPPER-IOXIDE/CUPROUSOXIDE/CUPROUSOXIDE)
OXIDE)
COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE
COPPER-SULFATE
COPPER-SULFATE
DIFENOCONAZOLE
DIFENOCONAZOLE
MANCOZEB
(VONDOZEB)
MANCOZEB
(VONDOZEB)
CUOXYCHLORIDE*/MANCOZEB*
PYRACLOSTROBIN
MANCOZEB
(VONDOZEB)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
TEBUCONAZOLE
(FENETRAZOLE)(TERBUTR
AZOLE)
TEBUCONAZOLE*/
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN*
TEBUCONAZOLE*/TRIFL
OXYSTROBIN*
THIOPHANATE-M
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
THIOPHANATE-M
THIOPHANATE-M
THIOPHANATE-M
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
5. Citrus Uses in other Countries for the same pests (1 of 2)
COLLETOTRICHUM ACUTATUM
ELSINOE FAWCETTI
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFENOCONA
AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFENOCONAZOLE*
ZOLE*
ELSINOE SPP
GLOMERELLA CINGULATA
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFEN
AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFENOCONAZOLE*
OCONAZOLE*
GUIGNARDIA
CITRICARPA
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFE
NOCONAZOLE*
AZOXYSTROBIN*/KRES
OXIM-M*
BACILLUS SUBTILIS
BACILLUS SUBTILIS
BORDEAUX-MIXTURE (COPPER- BORDEAUX-MIXTURE (COPPERCALCIUM-SULPHATE)
CALCIUM-SULPHATE)
BROMOTHALONIL*/CARBENDAZIM*
CARBENDAZIM
BOSCALID*/PYRACLOSTROBIN*
CAPTAN
CARBENDAZIM
CARBENDAZIM
CHLOROTHALONIL-(TPN)
CHLOROTHALONIL*/HEXACONAZOLE*
CHLOROTHALONIL*/THIOPHANATE-M*
COPPER-AMMONIUM-CARBONATE
COPPER-AMMONIUM-COMPLEX
CAPTAN
CARBENDAZIM
CARBENDAZIM*/MANCOZEB*
CHITOSAN*/PROCHLORAZ*
CARBENDAZIM
COPPER-DEHYDROABIETATE
(DEHYDROABIETATE-ACID)
COPPER-HYDROXIDE
COPPER-OCTANATE
COPPER-OXIDE (COPPER-IOXIDE/CUPROUS-OXIDE)
COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE
COPPER-HYDROXIDE
COPPER-OXIDE
(COPPER-IOXIDE/CUPROUSOXIDE)
COPPEROXYCHLORIDE
COPPER-HYDROXIDE
COPPER-OXIDE (COPPER-IOXIDE/CUPROUS-OXIDE)
COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE
COPPEROXYCHLORIDE
COPPER-SULFATE
COPPER-SULFATE
COPPER-SULFATEANHYDRIDE
DIFENOCONAZOLE
DIFENOCONAZOLE
EPOXICONAZOLE
CU-OXYCHLORIDE*/MANCOZEB*
COPPER-SULFATE
COPPER-SULFATE-TRIBASIC
COPPER-SULFATEPENTAHYDRATE(CUPRIC-SULFATE)
COPPER-SULFATE-TRIBASIC
FENBUCONAZOLE
FLUSILAZOLE
GUAZATINE
5. Citrus Uses in other Countries for same pests (2 of 2)
COLLETOTRICHUM
ACUTATUM
ELSINOE FAWCETTI
ELSINOE SPP
GLOMERELLA CINGULATA
GUIGNARDIA CITRICARPA
KRESOXIM-M
MANCOZEB (VONDOZEB)
MANCOZEB (VONDOZEB)
MANCOZEB (VONDOZEB)
MANEB*/ZINC-OXIDE*
MYCLOBUTANIL
POTASSIUM-BICARBONATE
(POTASSIUM-HYDROGENCARBONATE)
POTASSIUM-BICARBONATE
(POTASSIUM-HYDROGENCARBONATE)
PROCHLORAZ
PROCHLORAZ-MN
PROPICONAZOLE
PROPINEB (METIRAM-M)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
PYRACLOSTROBIN
PYRACLOSTROBIN
PYRACLOSTROBIN
REYNOUTRIA SACHALINENSIS
REYNOUTRIA SACHALINENSIS
TEBUCONAZOLE
(FENETRAZOLE)(TERBUTRAZOLE)
TEBUCONAZOLE*/TRIFL
OXYSTROBIN*
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
TEBUCONAZOLE*/TRIFLOXYSTROB TEBUCONAZOLE*/TRIFLOXYSTRO
IN*
BIN*
THIOPHANATE-M
THIOPHANATE-M
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
THIOPHANATE-M
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
TRIADIMEFON
ZINEB
ZINEB
THIOPHANATE-M
ZINEB
6. Products that are already approved in Brazil
label expansions (addition of pest, of crop or crop/pest)
COLLETOTRICHUM ACUTATUM
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFENOCONA
ZOLE*
BACILLUS SUBTILIS
COPPER-SULFATE-TRIBASIC
ELSINOE FAWCETTI
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFENOCONA
ZOLE*
BACILLUS SUBTILIS
BOSCALID*/PYRACLOSTROBIN*
CAPTAN
CHLOROTHALONIL-(TPN)
CHLOROTHALONIL*/HEXACON
AZOLE*
CHLOROTHALONIL*/THIOPHAN
ATE-M*
COPPER-HYDROXIDE
COPPER-OXIDE (COPPER-IOXIDE/CUPROUS-OXIDE)
COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE
CUOXYCHLORIDE*/MANCOZEB*
COPPER-SULFATE
COPPER-SULFATE-TRIBASIC
ELSINOE SPP
GLOMERELLA CINGULATA
GUIGNARDIA CITRICARPA
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFENOCONA AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFENOCONA AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFENOCONA
ZOLE*
ZOLE*
ZOLE*
CAPTAN
CHITOSAN*/PROCHLORAZ*
COPPER-HYDROXIDE
COPPER-OXIDE (COPPER-IOXIDE/CUPROUS-OXIDE)
COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE
COPPER-OXIDE (COPPER-IOXIDE/CUPROUS-OXIDE)
COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE
COPPER-OXYCHLORIDE
COPPER-SULFATE
COPPER-SULFATE
COPPER-SULFATE-ANHYDRIDE
DIFENOCONAZOLE
DIFENOCONAZOLE
EPOXICONAZOLE
MANCOZEB (VONDOZEB)
MANCOZEB (VONDOZEB)
MYCLOBUTANIL
POTASSIUM-BICARBONATE
(POTASSIUM-HYDROGENCARBONATE)
PROCHLORAZ
POTASSIUM-BICARBONATE
(POTASSIUM-HYDROGENCARBONATE)
COPPER-HYDROXIDE
KRESOXIM-M
MANCOZEB (VONDOZEB)
PROPICONAZOLE
PROPINEB (METIRAM-M)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
PYRACLOSTROBIN
PYRACLOSTROBIN
THIOPHANATE-M
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
THIOPHANATE-M
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
ZINEB
ZINEB
TEBUCONAZOLE*/TRIFLOXYSTR
OBIN*
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
PYRACLOSTROBIN
TEBUCONAZOLE
(FENETRAZOLE)(TERBUTRAZOLE)
TEBUCONAZOLE*/TRIFLOXYSTR TEBUCONAZOLE*/TRIFLOXYSTR
OBIN*
OBIN*
THIOPHANATE-M
THIOPHANATE-M
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
TRIADIMEFON
ZINEB
The companies that hold registrations for these products in Brazil
AZOXYSTROBIN
AZOXYSTROBIN*/DIFENOCONAZOLE*
BACILLUS SUBTILIS
BOSCALID*/PYRACLOSTROBIN*
CAPTAN
SYNGENTA
SYNGENTA
BASF
BASF
ARYSTA-LIFESCIENCE, MILENIA, AGRICUR-DEFENSIVOS-AGRICOLAS, FERSOL
SYNGENTA, ARYSTA-LIFESCIENCE, SIPCAM-ISAGRO, SIPCAM, PILARQUIMCHLOROTHALONIL-(TPN)
CORP, IHARABRAS, MILENIA
CHLOROTHALONIL*/HEXACONAZOLE*
SYNGENTA
CHLOROTHALONIL*/THIOPHANATE-M*
SIPCAM-ISAGRO, IHARABRAS, SIPCAM
COPPER-HYDROXIDE
DUPONT, GRIFFIN, OXIQUIMICA, ISAGRO, BASF
COPPER-OXIDE (COPPER-I-OXIDE/CUPROUS-OXIDE)
ATAR-DO-BRASIL, STOLLER
AGRIPEC, BASF, ATAR-DO-BRASIL, ARYSTA-LIFESCIENCE, FUNGURANCOPPER-OXYCHLORIDE
GIULINI, BAYER-CROPSCIENCE, DUPONT, NUFARM, OXIQUIMICA, GRIFFIN,
ISAGRO, SIPCAM, FERSOL, RIZZI, NOVAQUIM
CU-OXYCHLORIDE*/MANCOZEB*
SIPCAM
COPPER-SULFATE
MCM-QUIMICA, RIZZI, MICROSAL-INDUSTRIA
COPPER-SULFATE-TRIBASIC
PFIZER
DIFENOCONAZOLE
SYNGENTA, HELM
EPOXICONAZOLE
MILENIA, BASF, CHEMINOVA
KRESOXIM-M
BASF
UNITED-PHOSPHORUS, DUPONT, SIPCAM, DOW-AGROSCIENCES, OUROMANCOZEB (VONDOZEB)
FINO, ARYSTA-LIFESCIENCE, SABERO, ALLIER-BRASIL-AGRO, PROPHYTO
MYCLOBUTANIL
DOW-AGROSCIENCES
POTASSIUM-BICARBONATE (POTASSIUM-HYDROGEN-CARBONATE) ARYSTA-LIFESCIENCE
PROCHLORAZ
MILENIA, FMC
PROPICONAZOLE
NORTOX, SYNGENTA, MILENIA, DVA-AGRO-BRASIL
PROPINEB (METIRAM-M)
BAYER-CROPSCIENCE
PYRACLOSTROBIN
BASF
BAYER-CROPSCIENCE, CCAB-AGRO,MILENIA, NORTOX, CHEMINOVA,
TEBUCONAZOLE (FENETRAZOLE)(TERBUTRAZOLE)
CONSAGRO, OURO-FINO, NUFARM, VOLCANO-AGROSCIENCE, UPL,
ROTAM, HELM, SHARDA, UNITED-PHOSPHORUS, CROSS-LINK, RED-SURCOS
TEBUCONAZOLE*/TRIFLOXYSTROBIN*
THIOPHANATE-M
TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
TRIADIMEFON
BAYER-CROPSCIENCE
IHARABRAS, PILARQUIM-CORP, DOW-AGROSCIENCES, SIPCAM, HELM,
SIPCAM-ISAGRO
BAYER-CROPSCIENCE, TRADECORP-BRASIL-COM.-INS.-AGR
BAYER-CROPSCIENCE
7. These products would have to be approved in Brazil
(= new actives/products)
COLLETOTRICHUM ACUTATUM
BORDEAUX-MIXTURE
(COPPER-CALCIUMSULPHATE)
ELSINOE FAWCETTI
ELSINOE SPP
GLOMERELLA CINGULATA
GUIGNARDIA CITRICARPA
BORDEAUX-MIXTURE
(COPPER-CALCIUMSULPHATE)
COPPER-AMMONIUMCARBONATE
COPPER-AMMONIUMCOMPLEX
COPPER-DEHYDROABIETATE
(DEHYDROABIETATE-ACID)
COPPER-OCTANATE
COPPER-SULFATEPENTAHYDRATE(CUPRICSULFATE)
FENBUCONAZOLE
FLUSILAZOLE
GUAZATINE
MANEB*/ZINC-OXIDE*
PROCHLORAZ-MN
REYNOUTRIA SACHALINENSIS
REYNOUTRIA SACHALINENSIS
TRIADIMEFON*/TRIFLOXYSTRO
BIN*
ZINEB
ZINEB
ZINEB
8. Import countries for Brazilian citrus
Import Country
ALGERIA
ARGENTINA
AUSTRALIA
BELGIUM
CANADA
CHILE
CHINA
COLOMBIA
CYPRUS
GERMANY
INDONESIA
IRELAND
ISRAEL
ITALY
JAPAN
KOREA-SOUTH
KUWAIT
LEBANON
MALAYSIA
NETHERLANDS
NEW ZEALAND
PANAMA
PHILIPPINES
SAUDI-ARABIA
SINGAPORE
SPAIN
SWITZERLAND
THAILAND
TURKEY
U.ARAB-E.
U.KINGDOM
USA
VIETNAM
Value in 000 euros
1,340.73
3,020.76
25,602.01
745,838.96
1,102.03
10,534.88
67,144.19
1,248.30
1,707.62
4,674.94
2,495.66
7,059.10
13,490.03
2,120.41
112,031.60
5,291.07
1,141.04
1,042.31
2,465.52
416,324.43
2,688.35
923.37
1,630.88
1,162.85
1,871.67
2,831.33
39,401.63
3,108.24
1,683.86
4,322.83
81,636.15
210,979.24
1,896.48
PCT value
0.10%
0.20%
1.40%
41.90%
0.10%
0.60%
3.80%
0.10%
0.10%
0.30%
0.10%
0.40%
0.80%
0.10%
6.30%
0.30%
0.10%
0.10%
0.10%
23.40%
0.20%
0.10%
0.10%
0.10%
0.10%
0.20%
2.20%
0.20%
0.10%
0.20%
4.60%
11.90%
0.10%
9a. MRL comparisons for citrus for Brazil and importers
(example AZOXYSTROBIN)
Crop name
A.I.
BRA
CITRUS-HYBRIDS(CITRUS L. SPP.)
AZOXYSTROBIN
CITRUS: OIL
AZOXYSTROBIN
CITRUS: OTHER(CITRUS L. SPP.)
AZOXYSTROBIN
CITRUS: PULP-DRY(CITRUS L. PULP)
AZOXYSTROBIN
CLEMENTINES(CITRUS CLEMENTINA)
AZOXYSTROBIN
GRAPEFRUIT HYBRIDS: OTHER
AZOXYSTROBIN
GRAPEFRUIT(CITRUS PARADISI)
AZOXYSTROBIN
0.5
LEMONS(CITRUS LIMON)
AZOXYSTROBIN
0.5
ARG
AUS
CAN CMA
CODEX
EU
JAP
10
0.5
10
1
15
0.5
0.5
15
10
ASE
USA
EU reg
15
ANNEX I
40
ANNEX I
15
ANNEX I
20
ANNEX I
15
ANNEX I
15
ANNEX I
10
10
1
15
15
10
15
ANNEX I
10
10
1
15
15
10
15
ANNEX I
2
ANNEX I
15
ANNEX I
15
ANNEX I
LIME-SPANISH/GENIP/HONEY-BERRY(MELICOCCUS BIJUGATUS) AZOXYSTROBIN
LIMES(CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA)
AZOXYSTROBIN
0.5
MANDARINS(CITRUS RETICULATA SENSU STRICTO)
AZOXYSTROBIN
0.5
MANDARINS/OTHER-HYBRIDS(CITRUS RETICULATA)
AZOXYSTROBIN
15
ANNEX I
ORANGE HYBRIDS: OTHER
AZOXYSTROBIN
15
ANNEX I
ORANGE-SOUR/BITTER(CITRUS AURANTIUM VAR. AMARA)
AZOXYSTROBIN
ORANGES(CITRUS SINENSIS)
AZOXYSTROBIN
ORANGES-SWEET(CITRUS SINENSIS)
AZOXYSTROBIN
ORANGES: OIL(CITRUS RETICULATA I C.SINENSIS)
AZOXYSTROBIN
POMELO(CITRUS MAXIMA)
AZOXYSTROBIN
SHADDOCK/POMELO(CITRUS MAXIMA)
AZOXYSTROBIN
SOUR-ORANGE-CHINOTTO(CITRUS AURANTIUM)
SUMMER-ORANGE-NATSUDAIDAI(CITRUS NATSUDAIDAI
HAYATA)
AZOXYSTROBIN
TANGERINES(CITRUS TANGERINA)
AZOXYSTROBIN
0.5
10
10
10
10
1
10
0.5
0.5
10
10
1
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
10
10
15
ANNEX I
15
ANNEX I
15
ANNEX I
3.3
0.5
10
ANNEX I
1
10
15
15
15
15
ANNEX I
15
ANNEX I
AZOXYSTROBIN
10
0.5
10
1
ANNEX I
15
ANNEX I
15
ANNEX I
9b. MRL comparisons for citrus for Brazil and importers
(example PYRACLOSTROBIN)
Crop name
A.I.
BRA
ARG
AUS
CAN
CMA CODEX
EU
JAP
ASE
USA
EU reg
CITRUS-HYBRIDS(CITRUS L. SPP.)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
CITRUS: OIL
PYRACLOSTROBIN
CITRUS: OTHER(CITRUS L. SPP.)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
CITRUS: PULP-DRY(CITRUS L. PULP)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
CLEMENTINES(CITRUS CLEMENTINA)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
GRAPEFRUIT HYBRIDS: OTHER
PYRACLOSTROBIN
GRAPEFRUIT(CITRUS PARADISI)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
0.5
LEMONS(CITRUS LIMON)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
0.5
LIMES(CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
0.5
MANDARINS(CITRUS RETICULATA SENSU STRICTO)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
0.5
MANDARINS/OTHER-HYBRIDS(CITRUS RETICULATA)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
1
ANNEX I
ORANGE HYBRIDS: OTHER
PYRACLOSTROBIN
2
ANNEX I
ORANGE-SOUR/BITTER(CITRUS AURANTIUM)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
ORANGES(CITRUS SINENSIS)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
ORANGES-SWEET(CITRUS SINENSIS)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
2
ANNEX I
ORANGES: OIL(CITRUS RETICULATA I C.SINENSIS)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
10
ANNEX I
POMELO(CITRUS MAXIMA)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
SHADDOCK/POMELO(CITRUS MAXIMA)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
1
ANNEX I
SOUR-ORANGE-CHINOTTO(CITRUS AURANTIUM)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
2
ANNEX I
SUMMER-ORANGE-NATSUDAIDAI
PYRACLOSTROBIN
TANGERINES(CITRUS TANGERINA)
PYRACLOSTROBIN
9
0.5
10
2
0.5
0.5
1
1
1
ANNEX I
9
ANNEX I
2
ANNEX I
12.5
ANNEX I
1
ANNEX I
1
ANNEX I
2
2
1
1
2
ANNEX I
2
2
1
1
2
ANNEX I
2
2
1
1
2
ANNEX I
2
1
2
ANNEX I
0.5
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
ANNEX I
2
ANNEX I
2
1
0.5
2
1
ANNEX I
ANNEX I
2
ANNEX I
Strategy
1.
Several fungicides are registered in Brazil that could fill the gap that the
disappearance of carbendazim will leave for citrus production.
2.
Some of these products are already approved for use on citrus but the five specific
pathogens that are being controlled by carbendazim need to be added to the label.
3.
Other fungicides are approved for the control of these pathogens on crops other
than citrus. In these cases the citrus crops have to added to the label and an MRL has
to be set.
4.
When adding citrus crops to existing labels, product specific MRLs will have to set.
5.
The use patterns of the products on citrus should follow those in countries with low
MRLs so that Brazil can continue to ship their citrus crops to these countries.
6.
The next steps are:
i.
asking the regulator for crop/pest/product specific data requirements for the label additions
of crops, pests or crop/pest combinations
ii.
based on these requirements ask the compan(ies) to add the new uses to their labels;
residue trials might be required if data from other countries are not acceptable; these trials
would not necessarily have to be conducted by the registrants but could be financed by
growers, food traders or food processors
iii.
search Homologa/GPPD for the use patterns in countries with similar MRLs
iv.
based on the level of simplicity of regulatory requirements and the toxicological footprint of
the active substance, a task force has to select the products they wish to be me available to
them

similar documents