E-AGRICULTURE Merve Meryem Ercan Yusuf Baykal WHAT IS AGRICULTURE ? Agriculture, also called farming or husbandry, is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms fob ford, fiber, biofuel,medicinals and other products used to sustain and enhance human life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary, human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. WHAT IS E-AGRICULTURE? E-agriculture (sometimes written eagriculture) is a relatively recent term in the field of agriculture and rural development practices. Consistency in the use of this term began to materialize with the dissemination of results from a global survey carried out by the United Nations (UN). This survey conducted in late 2006 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) found that half of those who replied identified “e agriculture” with information dissemination, access and exchange, communication and participation processes improvements around rural development. In contrast, less than a third highlighted the importance of technical hardware and technological tools. E-agriculture, therefore, describes an emerging field focused on the enhancement of agricultural and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture. WHAT IS THE GOAL OF THE PLATFORM? To enable participant members to exchange opinions, experiences, good practices and resources related to e-Agriculture, and to ensure that the knowledge created is effectively shared and used worldwide. AGRICULTURE INFO SYSTEMS SYSTEM COMPONENTS (SUBPROJECTS) Animal Registration System (ARS) Pasture-Meadow Info System (MIS) Farmer Registration System (FRS) Aquaculture Info System (AQIS) Agricultural Geographic Info Systems Food Security Info System (FSIS) Organic Agriculture Info System (OAIS) E-AGRICULTURE: AGRICULTURE INFO SYSTEM The Integrations With other e-Gov Projects Ministry of Interior National e-Id Project (e-Id) The Integrations to do with other e-Gov projects Land/Real Estate Registration System (LRS) e-Customs System The Integration with other Governments Turkiye is open for this idea. This is already applied. And for some more countries it is still been working to do so. E-AGRICULTURE : BENEFITS/OPPORTUNITIES ON THE SYSTEM This system provides; Cross verified data entrance (declarations by farmers and records which should be fitted as well, among them) . Scientific R&D Decision Support Systems is used to develop strategies and agricultural politics where supports & subsidies are used as a tool to attaract the farmers into the record system (like cheap fuel, cheap seed or cut in taxes etc.) to manipulate the agricultural market by determining amount of production and so prices. Forecasting Agricultural Products Projections on Agriculture Risk Analyses on Agriculture. E-AGRICULTURE : AGRICULTURE INFO SYSTEM (AIS) Sustainability If this system is to be constructed into the anoth er country; To use, to develop and administriate the AIS system, there should be aimed that the sufficient human resource sources to be provided in the country where the system to be constructed. It is essential that the country should be self sufficient to use the AIS on the subject of administering and usage. We are not aiming any trade & income but to get friendship and brothershood with the country collaborated. E-AGRICULTURE : AGRICULTURE INFO SYSTEM (AIS) Sustainability However the other companies and states, promoting their system, could be; Giving no open source codes and giving insufficient training , they are aiming to make the country dependant to them. In this respect there should also be security risks because of binary codes, not being open source codes. Also they may not provide all the system secrets again to make the country dependant to them. If no enough local human resources educated then allways you should call the company. Some time later the company may vanish. In the future time this dependancy not only increases the costs but also risks the sustainability of the project. E-AGRICULTURE : AGRICULTURE INFO SYSTEM (AIS) How to have an independent, self sufficient and sustainable system, By constructing local human sources is very important : It is necessary to determine the qualified personnel of the country from their human resources. Then an education & training should be given to them on e-goverment area by a planned program. By working with e-gov strategists: The system to be constructed, should be determined by egov strategists on the respect of the essentials of independancy and self sufficiency. (Such as platform independent, having open sourced so secure code, providing some international and national standards) . E-AGRICULTURE : ANIMAL RECORDS SYSTEM The Components Animal Identification System. Pedigree system Veterinary Info System Feed Info Sytem Herd Info System Pasture & meadows Info Sytem E-AGRICULTURE : E-AQUACULTURE The Components The records of Aquaculture Sector, it includes Fishing/Catching Activities Transportation of fishes Selling activities The records of Businesses in Aquaculture; Companies' information Companies' flowchart for processing/producing. Companies' products The Microeconomics of Aquaculture Ship Info System E-AGRICULTURE : E-AQUACULTURE Ship Records includes Ships' Information Visas of ships It is also possible to follow the geographical coordinates/locations of the ships from satellites by integrating with another e-gov projects. E-AGRICULTURE : GIS APPLICATIONS IN AGRICULTURE Agricultural Regions Info System : Regions are defined by its soil, climate, geographical structures, Agricultural Land Registration System : The info about the Lands recorded such as ownership, product, geographic coordinates etc. E-AGRICULTURE : GIS APPLICATIONS IN AGRICULTURE These recorded data provide us opportunities and applications to produce necessary strategic plans and politics in agriculture E-AGRICULTURE : FARMER REGISTRATION SYSTEM (FRS) E-AGRICULTURE : FOOD SECURITY INFO SYSTEM System Provides This system enforce the food/feed producers to apply Turkish and International standards. Using this system it is possible that to determine the food risks by analyses on the system. It is possible to find out the harmful remains, pollutions on the food/feed and to takepreventive decisions. E-AGRICULTURE : FOOD SECURITY INFO SYSTEM The components Production index component, Companies, businesses, and their productions component Basic Information (Institution, Organization, owners,responsible people, personnel staff, adress of them, location of them-including foreign countries) component Production coding component Control Planning component Controls and control results records component Laboratuary analysis info component Early warning and Alarm component E-AGRICULTURE : ECONOMICS A good implemented e-gov project returns its investment in a year. Good implementation is possible by e-Gov strategists. After the first year the project returns high profits so does effects GDPI to incease even multiplier effect is not taken into account. The biggest income is citizens' happiness provided by electronic services. This income is the most important and not measurable by money. E-AGRICULTURE : SECURE AND RELIABLE SYSTEM In the e-Agriculture systems, security is provided By servers By users By telecommunications infrustructure By programming language codes By data entered : Verification & cross checks E-AGRICULTURE : FARMERS Lower costs Increased productivity and income Better risk mitigation (e.g., pests, disease, weather) Greater access to expert information,services, and best practices E-AGRICULTURE :GOVERNMENTS Economic growth and job creation in rural areas Greater food security Improved relationships with rural communities E-Gov Projects should be planned by an e-Gov Arthitect. Before an e-Gov project started, Integration (illusrated on the left) should be considered. Common platform (dataBase & system), common Interface (One window web page) should be projected and considered in the architecture. E-AGRICULTURE : Market aggregators : Ability to directly and cost-effectively source produce in bulk Ability to optimize market efficiency by connecting buyers and sellers Suppliers : Direct, inexpensive, and transparent access to larger groups of farmers Better forecasting for greater efficiency and fewer losses Stronger relationships with farmers E-AGRICULTURE : Microfinance Institutions : Access to detailed information on farmers to better assess credit-worthiness and manage risk Ability to serve new customers who previously had no formal access to affordable finance Better understanding of unmet financial needs, enabling creation of innovative financial products such as crop loans and insurance E-AGRICULTURE : Entrepreneurs : New job opportunities with growth potential Opportunities to deliver much-needed services to farmers (soil testing,financing, logistics, farm machinery, etc.) E-AGRICULTURE : IN TURKEY E-AGRICULTURE : IN TURKEY E-AGRICULTURE : IN TURKEY E-AGRICULTURE : IN TURKEY E-AGRICULTURE : IN TURKEY E-AGRICULTURE : IN THE WORLD E-AGRICULTURE : IN THE WORLD E-AGRICULTURE : IN THE WORLD E-AGRICULTURE : Conclusion; The plight of small farmers is an issue that matters to all of us. Only by making their work more efficient, more profitable, and more sustainable can we meet the ever-increasing need for available and affordable food.