E-AGRICULTURE

Report
E-AGRICULTURE
Merve Meryem Ercan
Yusuf Baykal
WHAT IS AGRICULTURE ?
Agriculture, also called farming or husbandry, is
the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and
other life forms
fob ford, fiber, biofuel,medicinals and other
products used to sustain and enhance human life.
 Agriculture was the key development in the rise
of sedentary, human civilization, whereby
farming of domesticated species created
food surpluses that nurtured the development of
civilization.

WHAT IS E-AGRICULTURE?
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E-agriculture (sometimes written eagriculture) is a
relatively recent term in the field of agriculture and
rural development practices.
Consistency in the use of this term began to
materialize with the dissemination of results from a
global survey carried out by the United Nations (UN).
This survey conducted in late 2006 by the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
(FAO) found that half of those who replied identified
“e agriculture” with information dissemination, access
and exchange, communication and participation
processes improvements around rural development.
In contrast, less than a third highlighted the
importance of technical hardware and technological
tools.
E-agriculture, therefore, describes an emerging
field focused on the enhancement of agricultural
and rural development through improved
information and communication processes.
 More specifically, e-agriculture involves the
conceptualization, design, development,
evaluation and application of innovative ways to
use information and communication technologies
(ICTs) in the rural domain, with a primary focus
on agriculture.

WHAT IS THE GOAL OF THE PLATFORM?

To enable participant members to exchange
opinions, experiences, good practices and
resources related to e-Agriculture, and to ensure
that the knowledge created is effectively shared
and used worldwide.
AGRICULTURE INFO SYSTEMS
SYSTEM COMPONENTS (SUBPROJECTS)
Animal Registration System (ARS)
 Pasture-Meadow Info System (MIS)
 Farmer Registration System (FRS)
 Aquaculture Info System (AQIS)
 Agricultural Geographic Info Systems
 Food Security Info System (FSIS)
 Organic Agriculture Info System (OAIS)

E-AGRICULTURE: AGRICULTURE INFO
SYSTEM
The Integrations
With other e-Gov Projects
 Ministry of Interior National e-Id Project (e-Id)
The Integrations to do with other e-Gov
projects
 Land/Real Estate Registration System (LRS)
 e-Customs System
The Integration with other Governments
Turkiye is open for this idea. This is already
applied. And for some more countries it is still been
working to do so.
E-AGRICULTURE : BENEFITS/OPPORTUNITIES
ON THE SYSTEM
This system provides;
 Cross verified data entrance (declarations by farmers
and records which should be fitted as well, among
them) .
 Scientific R&D
 Decision Support Systems is used to develop
strategies and agricultural politics where supports &
subsidies are used as a tool
to attaract the farmers into the record system (like cheap
fuel, cheap seed or cut in taxes etc.)
 to manipulate the agricultural market by determining
amount of production and so prices.
 Forecasting Agricultural Products
 Projections on Agriculture


Risk Analyses on Agriculture.
E-AGRICULTURE : AGRICULTURE INFO
SYSTEM (AIS)
Sustainability
 If this system is to be constructed into the anoth
er country;
To use, to develop and administriate the AIS system,
there should be aimed that the sufficient human
resource sources to be provided in the country where
the system to be constructed.
 It is essential that the country should be self
sufficient to use the AIS on the subject of
administering and usage.
 We are not aiming any trade & income but to get
friendship and brothershood with the country
collaborated.

E-AGRICULTURE : AGRICULTURE INFO
SYSTEM (AIS)
Sustainability
 However the other companies and states, promoting their
system, could be;
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Giving no open source codes and giving insufficient training ,
they are aiming to make the country dependant to them.
In this respect there should also be security risks because of
binary codes, not being open source codes.
Also they may not provide all the system secrets again to make
the country dependant to them.
If no enough local human resources educated then allways you
should call the company. Some time later the company may
vanish.
In the future time this dependancy not only increases the costs
but also risks the sustainability of the project.
E-AGRICULTURE : AGRICULTURE INFO
SYSTEM (AIS)
How to have an independent, self sufficient and
sustainable system,
 By constructing local human sources is very
important :
It is necessary to determine the qualified personnel of the
country from their human resources.
 Then an education & training should be given to them on
e-goverment area by a planned program.

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By working with e-gov strategists:

The system to be constructed, should be determined by egov strategists on the respect of the essentials of
independancy and self sufficiency. (Such as platform
independent, having open sourced so secure code, providing
some international and national standards) .
E-AGRICULTURE : ANIMAL RECORDS
SYSTEM
The Components
 Animal Identification System.
 Pedigree system
 Veterinary Info System
 Feed Info Sytem
 Herd Info System
 Pasture & meadows Info Sytem
E-AGRICULTURE : E-AQUACULTURE
The Components
 The records of Aquaculture Sector, it includes
Fishing/Catching Activities
 Transportation of fishes
 Selling activities

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The records of Businesses in Aquaculture;
Companies' information
 Companies' flowchart for processing/producing.
 Companies' products
 The Microeconomics of Aquaculture

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Ship Info System
E-AGRICULTURE : E-AQUACULTURE

Ship Records includes
Ships' Information
 Visas of ships

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It is also possible to follow the geographical
coordinates/locations of the ships from satellites
by integrating with another e-gov projects.
E-AGRICULTURE :
GIS APPLICATIONS IN
AGRICULTURE
Agricultural Regions Info
System : Regions are defined
by its soil, climate,
geographical structures,
 Agricultural Land Registration
System : The info about the
Lands recorded such as
ownership, product, geographic
coordinates etc.

E-AGRICULTURE : GIS APPLICATIONS IN
AGRICULTURE
These recorded data
provide us
opportunities and
applications to
produce necessary
strategic plans and
politics in agriculture
E-AGRICULTURE :
FARMER REGISTRATION SYSTEM (FRS)
E-AGRICULTURE : FOOD SECURITY INFO
SYSTEM
System Provides
 This system enforce the food/feed producers to
apply Turkish and International standards.
 Using this system it is possible that to determine
the food risks by analyses on the system.
 It is possible to find out the harmful remains,
pollutions on the food/feed and to takepreventive
decisions.
E-AGRICULTURE : FOOD SECURITY INFO
SYSTEM
The components
 Production index component,
 Companies, businesses, and their productions
component
 Basic Information (Institution, Organization,
owners,responsible people, personnel staff, adress of
them, location of them-including foreign countries)
component
 Production coding component
 Control Planning component
 Controls and control results records component
 Laboratuary analysis info component
 Early warning and Alarm component
E-AGRICULTURE : ECONOMICS
A good implemented e-gov project returns
its investment in a year. Good
implementation is possible by e-Gov
strategists. After the first year the project
returns high profits so does effects GDPI to
incease even multiplier effect is not taken
into account.
The biggest income is citizens' happiness
provided by electronic services. This
income is the most important and not
measurable by money.
E-AGRICULTURE : SECURE AND RELIABLE
SYSTEM
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In the e-Agriculture systems, security is provided
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By servers
By users
By telecommunications infrustructure
By programming language codes
By data entered : Verification & cross checks
E-AGRICULTURE : FARMERS
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Lower costs
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Increased productivity and income
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Better risk mitigation (e.g., pests, disease,
weather)
Greater access to expert information,services,
and best practices
E-AGRICULTURE :GOVERNMENTS
Economic growth and job creation in rural areas
 Greater food security
 Improved relationships with rural communities
 E-Gov Projects should be planned by an e-Gov
Arthitect.
 Before an e-Gov project started, Integration
(illusrated on the left) should be considered.
Common platform (dataBase & system),
common Interface (One window web page)
should be projected and considered in the
architecture.

E-AGRICULTURE :
Market aggregators :
 Ability to directly and cost-effectively source
produce in bulk
 Ability to optimize market efficiency by
connecting buyers and sellers
Suppliers :
 Direct, inexpensive, and transparent access to
larger groups of farmers
 Better forecasting for greater efficiency and fewer
losses
 Stronger relationships with farmers
E-AGRICULTURE :
Microfinance Institutions :
 Access to detailed information on farmers to
better assess credit-worthiness and manage risk
 Ability to serve new customers who previously
had no formal access to affordable finance
 Better understanding of unmet financial needs,
enabling creation of innovative financial products
such as crop loans and insurance
E-AGRICULTURE :
Entrepreneurs :
 New job opportunities with growth potential
 Opportunities to deliver much-needed services to
farmers (soil testing,financing, logistics, farm
machinery, etc.)
E-AGRICULTURE : IN TURKEY
E-AGRICULTURE : IN TURKEY
E-AGRICULTURE : IN TURKEY
E-AGRICULTURE : IN TURKEY
E-AGRICULTURE : IN TURKEY
E-AGRICULTURE : IN THE WORLD
E-AGRICULTURE : IN THE WORLD
E-AGRICULTURE : IN THE WORLD
E-AGRICULTURE :
Conclusion;
 The plight of small farmers is an issue that
matters to all of us. Only by making their work
more efficient, more profitable, and more
sustainable can we meet the ever-increasing need
for available and affordable food.

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