navigation information

e-navigation, and IHO’s role
IHO, Monaco, October 2014
John Erik Hagen, Regional Director NCA
Coordinator of the completed IMO Correspondence Group on e-navigation
Technology Development
• The last decades have seen huge developments in
technology within navigation and communication
• Although ships now carry Global Satellite Navigation
Systems (GNSS) and will soon all have reliable
Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems
(ECDIS), their use on board is not fully integrated and
harmonised with other existing systems and those of
other ships and ashore.
Human Element
• The human element, including training, competency,
language skills, workload and motivation are
essential in today’s world.
• Administrative burden, information overload and
ergonomics are prominent concerns.
• A clear need has been identified for the application of
good ergonomic principles in a well-structured human
machine interface as part of the
e-navigation strategy.
The purpose of e-navigation
• Improve electronic
information exchange to:
– Enhance berth-to-berth
– Provide simplification to
improve safety, security and
environment and;
– Facilitate and increase
efficiency of maritime trade
and transport.
e-navigation aims to…
• Minimize navigational errors,
incidents and accidents
through the transmission
and display of positional
and navigational information
in electronic formats.
e-navigation aims to…
• Use up-to-date electronic
charts to facilitate route,
position and other related
information making full use of
electronic charts and position
fixing systems.
IMO’s vision of e-navigation
• Navigation systems on board
– Integration
– Standard user interface
– Preventing distraction and overburdening
• Management of vessel traffic information
– Coordination
– Exchange of comprehensive harmonized data
• Communications infrastructure
– Seamless harmonized information transfer
The vision of e-navigation was defined in MSC 85/26 annex 20 paragraph 4
Key Components of e-Navigation
Five agreed solutions
1. Improved, harmonized and user-friendly bridge design;
2. Means for standardized and automated reporting;
3. Improved reliability, resilience and integrity of bridge
equipment and navigation information;
4. Integration and presentation of available information in
graphical displays received via communication equipment;
5. Improved Communication of VTS Service Portfolio.
Relevant items for future involvement by IHO
The solutions and the e-navigation
• The five agreed solutions provide a holistic approach to
the e-navigation strategy, connecting the ship with the
shore and vice-versa
• The solutions focus on improved, and more user friendly
bridge systems and equipment and efficient information
exchange ship-shore and vice versa
• Important to this is improved and harmonized
Communications which is the backbone of e-navigation
using a common data structure
IHO S-100 data structure
IMO MSC 90 approved:
• The use of the IHO's S-100 standard as the baseline for
creating a framework for data access and services
under the scope of SOLAS.
• A way forward for developing a Common Maritime Data
Structure (CMDS); and consequently
• The overarching e-navigation architecture;
IHO S-100 data structure
MSC 90 also authorised, in consultation with other
• the establishment of an IMO/IHO Harmonization Group
on Data Modeling to consider matters related to the
framework for data access and information services
under the scope of SOLAS and, in particular, with a view
– harmonize and standardize formats for the collection,
exchange and distribution of data, processes and
procedures for the collection of data; and
– the development of open standard interfaces.
Test bed on IHO S-100
• NCA, in co-operation with MPA, held a workshop in
Singapore to demonstrate the use of the S-100
framework data standard and to consider potential
synergies between e-navigation and the Marine
Electronic Highway (MEH) project in the Straits of
Malacca and Singapore.
• The results showed the suitability of the IHO S-100 data
structure for e-navigation information
The role of IHO
• Provide adequate up to date chart information in IHO S100 format (S3)
• Support the industry in adopting IHO S-100 based
equipment (S4)
• Support and coordinate the activities of other
organizations adopting IHO S-100 for other data
structures via the IMO/IHO harmonization group as an
example (S4)
• Encourage IHO member states to further develop
relevant MSPs (S5)
Maritime Service Portfolios
• There are many different types of shore based services
in most given situations or locations such as ports,
coastal and high seas.
• There is a need to identify these shore based functions
and services in a globally standardised way.
• Harmonising and standardising these services results in
the Maritime Service Portfolios (MSPs).
Maritime Service Portfolios
VTS Information Service (IS)
Telemedical Maritime Assistance Service
Navigational Assistance Service (NAS)
Maritime Assistance Service (MAS)
Traffic Organization Service (TOS)
Nautical Chart Service
Local Port Service (LPS)
Nautical Publications Service
Maritime Safety Information (MSI)
Ice Navigation Service
Meteorological Information Service
Real-Time Hydrographic and
Environmental Information Services
Search and Rescue (SAR) Service
Pilotage Service
Tugs Service
Vessel Shore Reporting
Relevant items for future involvement by IHO
Key enablers for Global
Being developed:
• The guidelines on HCD, SQA and Usability (S1)
• Global standard for data exchange (IHO S-100) (S2)
• Maritime service portfolios (S5)
To be further developed:
• Harmonised equipment standards on-board (S1)
• Resilient navigation on board (PNT) (S3)
• On-board interconnectivity and integration (S4)
• VTS and Coastal state infrastructure (S5)
Tasks for implementation
• A number of tasks have been identified to
complete the implementation of e-navigation by
• IMO Member states are encouraged to lead this
• Involvement by industry and other organisations
is also essential to complete the tasks
• Contribution and co-operation with IHO, IEC,
IALA, CIRM, ICS, BIMCO and others is important
e-navigation is a Strategy
developed by the IMO
It could:
1. bring about increased safety and security of
2. bring increased transport efficiency and better
protection of the environment;
3. promote better data exchange and communication
between ships and the ship and shore; and
4. bring well-designed more user centred and
integrated equipment on ships.
What's next
• IMO MSC 94 is invited:
- To approve the draft e-navigation
Strategy Implementation Plan (SIP)
- that the tasks identified in the SIP to be
accepted outputs in IMOs High-level
Action Plan for 2016-2017 and 20182019.
Thank you for your attention!

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