Reconstruction

Report
Years: (1865-1871)
• GA occupied by military
• Republican control
• Rufus Bullock Governor
• U.S. agency that helped former slaves during
Reconstruction
Helped former slaves:
• Set up schools, churches
• Issued food, clothing
• Drew up labor contracts
sharecropping: Landowner allows a tenant to
use the land in return for a share of the crop
produced , had nothing but their labor
both: Kept many black in the fields working
after the end of slavery
tenant farming: Step up from Sharecropping,
tenant uses land and pays rent, whether in cash
or crop, owned some tools.
Keyword: Healing
Southern states had to:
1. Restore southern state as quickly an easily as
possible
2. With a few exceptions all southerners were
pardoned after taking an oath of allegiance to
the US
3. After 10% take the oath the state could form
a legal gov’t and rejoin the union
Keyword: Lenient
Followed Lincoln’s lenient policies except…
1. expanded the group not given a pardon
2. Declare secession null & void
3. Abolish slavery by passing the 13th
amendment
4. Cancel all war debts
Keyword: Punish
South occupied by Military, three times
1. forced southern states to ratify the 14th
Granting citizenship and equal protection to
blacks
2. Georgia Act – returned Georgia to military
control until the 15th amendment was passed
giving all males the right to vote
Keyword: Freedom
• ratified in 1865
• officially abolished slavery
• 1st of Reconstruction amendments
Keyword: Citizenship
• ratified in 1868
• gave citizenship to the newly freed men and
women
• forbade the state to deny equal protection
under of the law.
Keyword: Voting Rights
• ratified in 1870
• extended the right to vote to all males
• Black men participated in GA politics for the
1st time
• Whites outraged, used KKK to intimidate
• Wanted to return control of the state to the
Democrats
• One quarter of southern blacks were killed,
threatened, beaten, or jailed for attempting to
vote.
• one of the 1st blacks elected to the Georgia
General Assembly
• expelled from General Assembly by whites
• Later became AME bishop
• helped organize the Republican party in
Georgia
• Secret organization that attempted to keep
freedmen from exercising their civil rights.
• Used beating, lynching, intimidation, and
scare tactics to terrorize blacks
• Watched ballots as they were cast at the polls
• Klan violence forced Congress to pass the
Georgia Act returning the state to military
control.

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