Right to Education Act 2009 in U. P. Ground Realities

Right to Education Act 2009 in U. P.
Ground Realities, Preparedness &
State Collective for Right to Education
190 Million Population (almost equals the
population of world’s 5th most populous
country- Brazil)
14.90% Population 0-6 years
30.28% Illiterate (almost 40% women are
Census 2011
In April 2010 State government expressed inability to bear
the financial burden and demanded 100% Central assistance
(Rs. 18000 Crores) towards implementation of RTE
June 2010 appointment of para teachers stopped in the wake
of RTE
June 2011 -Constitution of SMCs
July 2011- Govt. notified Rules
•The year long delay has been mainly due to state-centre deadlock on cost
•Project Approval Board declined to approve fund for new primary & upper
primary schools & uniform for 1.7 crore children
For FY 2011-12 State Govt allocates Rs. 19086 Crore for Basic
Central Government sanctioned 10,366 new primary schools and over
1000 new upper primary schools for Uttar Pradesh in September 2011
after the state notified RTE Rules.
The new primary schools will be provided two teachers each, and in
the upper primary schools, three subject teachers for Language,
Mathematics, Science and Social Science.
The central government has also sanctioned 121 composite schools
for urban deprived children
In addition, sanctions have been accorded for providing two sets of
school uniforms to 1.75 crore children belonging to disadvantaged
groups and weaker sections studying in primary and upper primary
Area of neighbourhood inserts a population norm
along with distance. ( For Class I-V, 1 Km or Population atleast 300 for
Primary & for Class 6th -8th 3 Km. or at least 800 Population )
Makes it essential for Local Authority to get
approval of zila Shiksha Adhikari to make transport
 The local authority shall be responsible to ensure
that no discrimination happens.
 UID for child allotted by Zila Shiksha Adhikari
Individual record info to be updated on district website. Positive
Local Authority maintaining list of names of all children under 25%
quota admitted in their area.
Making admissions under 25% transparent, available in public
domain, schools need to inform government if admission denied.
Follow process of admission as laid down by
Zila Shiksha Adhikari and not SCPCR/REPA will be the authority
for appeal for de-recognition. Involvement of District Magistrate
in the process
The actual membership has been spelled out for SMCs instead of
% ages. Lekhpal, ANM to be part of the committee for some
Guardian members to choose members from weaker
 Selection of guardian members through general consensus
in open meeting
 DM to review sanctioned strength of teachers every year
before July and redeployment of teachers
 Ignores Model Rule clause-Equal pay for bridge course
teachers, accountability to SMC as part of the service rules.
 SMs and Local Authority bodies for grievance redressal for
 Complaints to be made to the VEC/Ward Committee,
complaints to go to BSA. Second appeal to Zila Panahcyat.
Basic Shiksha Parishad to monitor complaints
 SCPCR/REPA to set up help line & complaint forwarding
entity ??
Gross Enrollment Ratio (Primary)- 91-16
Drop out rate- 10.61
Transition rate (V-VI)- 62.27
Retention rate (I-V)- 73.21
Out of school Children- 194146
OoS Children covered in 2010-106529
OoS Children to be covered in 2011-87617
PAB- 2011-12
Primary schools having Student Class Room
Ratio over 30- 60%
28% schools lacked separate toilet for girls
41% schools don’t have ramp
38% schools lack play ground
51% schools without kitchen shed
Pupil Teacher Ratio- 45 (standard 30)
22880 Primary Teachers are in position
against 125377 sanctioned posts
143183 SMCs constituted
Multi stakeholder rapid survey covering 36
schools across four districts (Lucknow,
Allahabad, Raebareli,Barabanki)
Rapid sample survey in Lakhimpur Kheri,
Lalitpur & Kushi Nagar
Public Hearings held across Lakhimpur
Kheri,Mirzapur, Allahabad, Ghazipur,Lalitpur,
Kushi nagar, Sonbhadra, Ballia & Mau
82% parents from Barabanki, 17% in Lucknow & 21% parents
in Raebareli reported to have paid some fee towards
admission in Lucknow
 45.5% schools in Lucknow, 20% In Allahabad, 27% in
Raebareli,40% in Barabanki had boundary wall with gate
 60% schools in Mirzapur lacked toilet facility
 18% primary schools in Lucknow & 40% in Raebareli had
functional toilets while the percentage for the same for
Barabanki & Allahabad was 80%
 Percentage of schools having separate space for Library
ranged between 9%-20%
 Over 50% schools surveyed lacked ramp
Poor Infrastructure- Lack of functional toilets, secured
boundary walls, kitchen shed , library, ramp etc.
Low PTR-
Huge gap in sanctioned position dependency
on non qualified, poorly trained Para teachers..
 Teaching
Learning Environment- drop out,
absenteeism, discrimination & exclusion
 People’s Participation- Process of SMC formation &
capacity building
 Grievance Redressal Mechanism- SCPCR/REPA not in
place , local authority (VEC)
State-Centre relations
Minority concerns
Private Schools
Population Enumeration

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