Presentation here

Report
Global crises and the main
challenges and changes in Africa:
Climate Change issues
Alioune Badara KAERE,
UNDP
[email protected]
Outline
Setting the scene – Africa’s
Vulnerability: The Context
Development in a time of
climate change
Climate Changes policies in
a time of crisis
Africa’s Vulnerability: The Context
SETTING THE SCENE – WHAT DO WE KNOW ON CC IN AFRICA?
Africa and Climate Change
Economic Changes
• Impacts of climate change in
2030 could cost up to 2.7% of
the GDP in Africa.
• E.g. Flood in Senegal : 104M$
in 2009, about 0,07% GDP
•
Source: initial results from a global integrated
assessment model (FUND); UNEP AdaptCost and EC
ClimateCost projects
Development in a time of climate
change
Addressing Africa’s economic growth
without compromising the climate?
ADAPTATION
• Adaptation is a prerequisite for development
• Integrate climate risks into development
planning
• Research community to develop a research
agenda that reflect the needs of African
governments, and provide tools to predict and
understand current climate variability and
extremes
MITIGATION- Development in a time
of climate change
• Policy to reduce emissions through :
– Technology policy, and
– removal of barriers to behavioural change.
Focus technologies that improve energy efficiency ; shift to new
renewable energy technologies is a long process
e.g. Senegal : Over a 20 years period, cumulated savings on the
import of fossil fuels of almost 70 million USD
Climate Changes policies in a time of crisis
• Postpone a binding legal framework
following the KP (2015-2020)
• Most of International support to DC (GCF),
expected from the market mechanisms.
• Africa to set the pace of the debate
– Intellectual leadership on CC. Priority Areas for
Research:
– Financial Instruments
– Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV)
– Technology Transfer and Diffusion
– Institutional challenge

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