PHL DRR IOM APRIL 7 to 9, 2014

Report
The Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction
and Management Act of 2010
The Republic Act 10121
27 May 2010
Repealed PD 1566 in 1978
Why do we need to have a new law?
PD 1566
RA 10121
• Assumes that disasters cannot
be avoided
• Most plans were on the
provision of relief goods &
infra like dike & flood control
systems (reactive)
• Government response was
focused on disaster response
• Transforms & reforms the
way we deal with disasters
 that impact of disasters can be
reduced by addressing the root
cause of disaster risks
 from disaster response to risk
reduction
 emphasis on strengthening
peoples’ capacity to absorb
stress
 Proactive and developmental
approach in managing disaster
Ability to anticipate, respond to and
recover from..,
An Act
1. Strengthening the Philippine Disaster
Management System
2. Providing for the National Disaster Risk
Reduction and Management Framework
and
3. Institutionalizing the National Disaster
Risk Reduction and Management Plan,
Appropriating funds therefore and for
Other Purposes
The NDRRM Framework
Safer, adaptive and resilient Filipino communities toward sustainable
development
RISK FACTORS
Hazards
Exposures
Vulnerabilities
Capacities
Prevention & Mitigation
Preparedness
Mainstreaming
DRR and CCA in
Planning and
Implementation
Rehabilitation & Recovery
Response
Philippine DRRM Milestones
2010
2009
Disaster Risk Reduction
and Management Act
Climate Change Act
2007
Adoption of the Cluster
Approach
1991
Local Government
Autonomy
1978
Presidential
Decree 1566
6
The National Disaster
Risk Reduction and
Management Council
The NDRRM
Council
Department of
Social Welfare
and
Development
Office of Civil
Defense
(Secretariat)
V-chair for
disaster
preparedness
Department of the
Interior and Local
Government
Department
of National
Defense
(Chairperson)
V-chair for disaster response
National Economic
and Development
Authority
V-chair for disaster
rehabilitation and recovery
Department
of Science and
Technology
V-chair for
disaster
prevention and
mitigation
How has the DRRM Structure changed?
RA 10121
PD 1566
Overseeing
Implemen
ting
NDRRMC
OCD
RDRRMC
OCD Regional
Office
PDRRMC
PDRRMO
C/MDCC
C/MDRRMC
C/MDRRMCO
BDCC
BDC
BDRRC
NDCC
OCD
(secretariat)
Regional DCC
Provincial DCC
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
THE PRESENT DRRM LAW
Republic Act 10121 s 2010
Salient Features
THE NEW DRM LAW
1. NDCC became National Disaster Risk Reduction and
Mgt. Council or NDRRMC
2. Formulation of a National Disaster Risk Reduction
and Management Framework and the National
Disaster Risk Reduction Plan
3. Framework for Climate Change Adaptation &
Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
THE NEW DRM LAW
4. RDCC,PDCC,C/MDCC into Local Disaster Risk
Reduction & Management Councils
5.OCD directors as Chair of the Regional
Disaster Risk Reduction & Management
Council with Regional DSWD,DILG,DOST &
NEDA as V-Chairs except Mindanao where
the Regional Gov acts as Chair and OCD as
secretariat of the RDRRMC
6.BDCC integrated with the Barangay
Development Council
THE NEW DRM LAW
7. Creation of the Local Disaster Risk Reduction
& Management Office
8. Accreditation, mobilization and protection of
Disaster Volunteers & National Service
Reserve Corp, CSO’s and the Private Sector
9. Integration of Disaster Risk Reduction
Education into school curricula & SK
Programs as well as Mandatory Training for
Public Sector Employees
Sec 21 of RA 10121
• Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund (LDRRMF).
Not less than five percent (5%) of IRA and estimated revenue from
regular sources shall be set aside as the LDRRMF
 70% will be used to support disaster risk management activities
such as, but not limited to, pre-disaster preparedness programs
including training, purchasing life-saving rescue equipment, supplies
and medicines, for post-disaster activities, and for the payment of
premiums on calamity insurance
 30% shall be allocated as Quick Response Fund (QRF) or stand-by
fund for relief and recovery programs
70% of the LDRRMF
Activities
1. Trainings, conferences and emergency meetings
1. Purchase of life-saving equipment, emergency/disaster preparedness, special
vehicles, rubber boats and other equipment.
1. Supplies and medicines
1. Insurance premiums
1. Warning equipment and services
1. Communication equipment and facilities
1. Rehabilitation (agri, engineering, livestock, fisheries, fowl, forest and minor
forest, coconut, etc)
1. Emergency field investigation
1. Risk mapping
1. Other MOOE
SUB-TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
COA Circular 2012-02, Accounting and reporting guidelines of LDRRMF
DILG Circular 2012-73, Utilization of LDRRMF
Joint NDRRMC & DILG Memorandum Circular 2013-01, Allocation and Utilization of LDRRMF
AMENDING DILG-DBM JOINT MEMORANDUMCIRCULAR NO. 1, (2005) ENTITLED,
"GUIDELINES ON THE APPROPRIATION AND UTILIZATION OF THE 20% OF THE IRA
FOR DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS"
• Joint DILG-DBM Memorandum Circular 2011- enumerated the
projects covered by the 20% development fund which now
include projects to address and respond to natural and manmade disasters and calamities.
• Under the guidelines, the 20% IRA can now be used for the
construction or rehabilitation of evacuation centers; purchase
or repair of area-wide calamity related alarm or warning
system; purchase or repair of appropriate calamity-related
rescue operations equipment such as inflatable boats,
breathing apparatus, extraction tools, fire extinguishers,
chainsaws, 2-way handheld radios and the like.
Public Disclosure of fund utilization, Rule 18 of IRR
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
AUTONOMY
Local Disaster Risk Reduction and
Management Office
NDRRMC
PDRRMC
MDRRMC
BDRRMC
Coordination During Emergencies
The LDRRMCs shall take the lead in
preparing for, responding to, and
recovering from the effects of any disaster
based on the following criteria:
Family and Community-Based Disaster Preparedness Training
Module II PowerPoint Presentation 1
Source: Presentation of Mr. Cedric Daep , Department Head of Albay Public Safety and Emergency Management Office (APSEMO)
Coordination During Emergencies
• The BDC, if a
barangay is
affected
City or Municipal
DRRMC
Barangay Disaster
Council
• If two (2) or
more barangays
are affected
• if two (2) or
more cities/
municipalities
are affected
Provincial
DRRMC
Regional
• if two (2) or
more
provinces
are affected
• if two (2) or
more regions
are affected
NDRRMC
Declaration of State of Calamity
1. The National Council shall recommend to the President of
the Philippines the declaration of a cluster of barangays,
municipalities, cities, provinces, and regions under a state of
calamity, and the lifting thereof, based on the criteria set by
the National Council.
2. The President's declaration may warrant international
humanitarian assistance as deemed necessary.
3. The declaration and lifting of the state of calamity may also
be issued by the local sanggunian, upon the
recommendation of the LDRRMC, based on the results of the
damage assessment and needs analysis.
Family and Community-Based Disaster Preparedness Training
Module II PowerPoint Presentation 1
Source: Presentation of Mr. Cedric Daep , Department Head of Albay Public Safety and Emergency Management Office (APSEMO)
Thank You!

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