The Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010 The Republic Act 10121 27 May 2010 Repealed PD 1566 in 1978 Why do we need to have a new law? PD 1566 RA 10121 • Assumes that disasters cannot be avoided • Most plans were on the provision of relief goods & infra like dike & flood control systems (reactive) • Government response was focused on disaster response • Transforms & reforms the way we deal with disasters that impact of disasters can be reduced by addressing the root cause of disaster risks from disaster response to risk reduction emphasis on strengthening peoples’ capacity to absorb stress Proactive and developmental approach in managing disaster Ability to anticipate, respond to and recover from.., An Act 1. Strengthening the Philippine Disaster Management System 2. Providing for the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Framework and 3. Institutionalizing the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan, Appropriating funds therefore and for Other Purposes The NDRRM Framework Safer, adaptive and resilient Filipino communities toward sustainable development RISK FACTORS Hazards Exposures Vulnerabilities Capacities Prevention & Mitigation Preparedness Mainstreaming DRR and CCA in Planning and Implementation Rehabilitation & Recovery Response Philippine DRRM Milestones 2010 2009 Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act Climate Change Act 2007 Adoption of the Cluster Approach 1991 Local Government Autonomy 1978 Presidential Decree 1566 6 The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council The NDRRM Council Department of Social Welfare and Development Office of Civil Defense (Secretariat) V-chair for disaster preparedness Department of the Interior and Local Government Department of National Defense (Chairperson) V-chair for disaster response National Economic and Development Authority V-chair for disaster rehabilitation and recovery Department of Science and Technology V-chair for disaster prevention and mitigation How has the DRRM Structure changed? RA 10121 PD 1566 Overseeing Implemen ting NDRRMC OCD RDRRMC OCD Regional Office PDRRMC PDRRMO C/MDCC C/MDRRMC C/MDRRMCO BDCC BDC BDRRC NDCC OCD (secretariat) Regional DCC Provincial DCC LEGAL FRAMEWORK THE PRESENT DRRM LAW Republic Act 10121 s 2010 Salient Features THE NEW DRM LAW 1. NDCC became National Disaster Risk Reduction and Mgt. Council or NDRRMC 2. Formulation of a National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Framework and the National Disaster Risk Reduction Plan 3. Framework for Climate Change Adaptation & Disaster Risk Reduction and Management THE NEW DRM LAW 4. RDCC,PDCC,C/MDCC into Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Councils 5.OCD directors as Chair of the Regional Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Council with Regional DSWD,DILG,DOST & NEDA as V-Chairs except Mindanao where the Regional Gov acts as Chair and OCD as secretariat of the RDRRMC 6.BDCC integrated with the Barangay Development Council THE NEW DRM LAW 7. Creation of the Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Office 8. Accreditation, mobilization and protection of Disaster Volunteers & National Service Reserve Corp, CSO’s and the Private Sector 9. Integration of Disaster Risk Reduction Education into school curricula & SK Programs as well as Mandatory Training for Public Sector Employees Sec 21 of RA 10121 • Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund (LDRRMF). Not less than five percent (5%) of IRA and estimated revenue from regular sources shall be set aside as the LDRRMF 70% will be used to support disaster risk management activities such as, but not limited to, pre-disaster preparedness programs including training, purchasing life-saving rescue equipment, supplies and medicines, for post-disaster activities, and for the payment of premiums on calamity insurance 30% shall be allocated as Quick Response Fund (QRF) or stand-by fund for relief and recovery programs 70% of the LDRRMF Activities 1. Trainings, conferences and emergency meetings 1. Purchase of life-saving equipment, emergency/disaster preparedness, special vehicles, rubber boats and other equipment. 1. Supplies and medicines 1. Insurance premiums 1. Warning equipment and services 1. Communication equipment and facilities 1. Rehabilitation (agri, engineering, livestock, fisheries, fowl, forest and minor forest, coconut, etc) 1. Emergency field investigation 1. Risk mapping 1. Other MOOE SUB-TOTAL GRAND TOTAL COA Circular 2012-02, Accounting and reporting guidelines of LDRRMF DILG Circular 2012-73, Utilization of LDRRMF Joint NDRRMC & DILG Memorandum Circular 2013-01, Allocation and Utilization of LDRRMF AMENDING DILG-DBM JOINT MEMORANDUMCIRCULAR NO. 1, (2005) ENTITLED, "GUIDELINES ON THE APPROPRIATION AND UTILIZATION OF THE 20% OF THE IRA FOR DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS" • Joint DILG-DBM Memorandum Circular 2011- enumerated the projects covered by the 20% development fund which now include projects to address and respond to natural and manmade disasters and calamities. • Under the guidelines, the 20% IRA can now be used for the construction or rehabilitation of evacuation centers; purchase or repair of area-wide calamity related alarm or warning system; purchase or repair of appropriate calamity-related rescue operations equipment such as inflatable boats, breathing apparatus, extraction tools, fire extinguishers, chainsaws, 2-way handheld radios and the like. Public Disclosure of fund utilization, Rule 18 of IRR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTONOMY Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office NDRRMC PDRRMC MDRRMC BDRRMC Coordination During Emergencies The LDRRMCs shall take the lead in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from the effects of any disaster based on the following criteria: Family and Community-Based Disaster Preparedness Training Module II PowerPoint Presentation 1 Source: Presentation of Mr. Cedric Daep , Department Head of Albay Public Safety and Emergency Management Office (APSEMO) Coordination During Emergencies • The BDC, if a barangay is affected City or Municipal DRRMC Barangay Disaster Council • If two (2) or more barangays are affected • if two (2) or more cities/ municipalities are affected Provincial DRRMC Regional • if two (2) or more provinces are affected • if two (2) or more regions are affected NDRRMC Declaration of State of Calamity 1. The National Council shall recommend to the President of the Philippines the declaration of a cluster of barangays, municipalities, cities, provinces, and regions under a state of calamity, and the lifting thereof, based on the criteria set by the National Council. 2. The President's declaration may warrant international humanitarian assistance as deemed necessary. 3. The declaration and lifting of the state of calamity may also be issued by the local sanggunian, upon the recommendation of the LDRRMC, based on the results of the damage assessment and needs analysis. Family and Community-Based Disaster Preparedness Training Module II PowerPoint Presentation 1 Source: Presentation of Mr. Cedric Daep , Department Head of Albay Public Safety and Emergency Management Office (APSEMO) Thank You!