narrates that Rasul-ullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

1. When a person is deemed to be a
Musaafir (traveller according to Islamic
Shariah) it is Waajib (obligatory) to shorten
the Prayer.
[4:101]When you travel on the earth, there is
no sin on you in shortening your Salah, if
you fear that the disbelievers would put you
in trouble. Surely, the disbelievers are an
open enemy for you.
2. The verse seems to suggest that 'fear' is a necessary
condition, along with travel, in order to shorten the
prayer. However, even though the verse mentions
'fear' as a condition, it is no longer a requirement.
Rasul-ullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and Sahaba
(RA) shortened prayers with or without fear during
Yahya b. Umayya (RA) said: I told 'Umar b. al-Khattab (RA) that
Allah had said:" When you travel on the earth, there is no sin on
you in shortening your Salah, if you fear that the disbelievers
would put you in trouble "[4:101], whereas the people are now
safe. He (RA) replied: I wondered about it in the same way as
you wonder about it, so I asked the Messenger of Allah
(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) about it and he said: It is an act of
charity which Allah has done to you, so accept His charity.
3. During Travel Salatul Zohar, Asar and Esha are shortened
from 4 Rakaat to 2 Rakaat but the rest remain the same.
Narrated Asiha (RA): Two Rakaat were obligated in Makkah,
however when Allah's Apostle (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)
migrated to Madinah two (additional) Rakaat were added to it
except for Maghrib as it is Wit’r of the day and Morning prayer
because it has a long recitation (in it), but whenever Allah's
Apostle (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) travelled he prayed the
earlier prayers (i.e. Two Rakaat as the obligation was during
Makkah). [Ahmed]
Narrated Ibn 'Umar (RA): I accompanied Allah's Apostle
(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and he never offered more than
two Rakat during the journey. Abu Bakr (RA), 'Umar (RA)and
'Uthman (RA) used to do the same. [Bukhari]
4. There is a consensus of opinion that there is
no shortening of Salah for Faj’r and Maghrib.
5. The majority of scholars in Hanafi, Shaf’ae,
Maliki and Hanbali Madhab agree that the
minimum required distance for a person to be
considered a Musaafir (traveller according to Islamic
Shariah) is 4 Burud which is equivalent to 16
Farsakh or 48 Miles
Four barīds = 16 farsakhs x 3 mīl/farsakh = 48 mīl = 48
miles = 77.25 km
Ibn Umar (RA) and Ibn Abbas (RA) used to shorten
their prayers and not fast at a distance of 4 Burud,
which is 16 Farsakh [Bukhari]
Note: There is some disagreement in the matter which
arises from the Ulama calculating the distance which
can be travelled in 3 days (or 1 day) rather then the
distance (itself) which is stipulated in the Hadeeth.
6. Intention must be made to travel the minimum
distance as stipulated above, without intention
the person shall not be deemed a Musaafir
(traveller according to Islamic Shariah).
Rasul-ullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said,
“Every action is based on Intention, and everyone
shall havewhat he intended” [Bukhari]
7. Shortening of prayer cannot begin until the
person has left the city-limits as this was the
practise of Rasul-ullah (Sallallahu Alaihi
Narrated Anas bin Malik (RA): I offered four Rakat
of Zuhr prayer with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi
Wasallam) at Madinah and two Rakat at DhulHulaifa. (i.e. shortened the 'Asr prayer). [Bukhari]
Note: Dhul-Hulaifa is outside of Madinah.
8. In addition to shortening of prayers Musaafir (traveller
according to Islamic Shariah) is also entitled to delay his/her
obligatory fasts (to be made up later) and perform Masa’h on
the socks for up to 3 days (a resident can only perform Masah
for upto 1 day) .
[2:183]O you who believe, the fasts have been enjoined upon you as they
were enjoined upon those before you, so that you may be Godfearing,[2:184]for days few in number. However, should any one of you be
sick or on a journey, then (he should fast) a number of other days (equal to
the missed ones); and those who have the strength, (still, they do not opt
for fasting,) on them there is a fidyah (compensation), that is, the feeding
of a poor person. Then whoever does good voluntarily, that is better for
him. However, that you fast is better for you, if you only knew.
Sayyidina Safwan Ibn Assal (RA) narrates that Rasul-ullah (Sallallahu
Alaihi Wasallam) ordered us to perform Masah on our socks for 3 days and
3 nights during travel and for one day and one night when at home when
we had put our socks after Taharah and not to take them off for any reason
except for Janabah (sexual cohabitation). [Ahmed]
9. When a person intends to stay at a place for
longer then 15 days he/she will cease to be a
Musaafir (traveller according to Islamic Shariah)
and prayers must be offered in full.
Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas (RA): The Apostle of
Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) stayed fifteen days
in Mecca in the year of Conquest, shortening the
prayer. [Abi Dawud]
Note: There is some disagreement in the matter and
other periods (19 days, 17 days, 10 days etc.) are also
mentioned , therefore the Hanafi Ulama have
adopted the middle period as mentioned in the
Hadeeth above.
10 . There was consensus amongst the Sahaba (RA)
that if a person got stranded at a location (without
intending it to be so) then he can continue to be a
Musaafir (traveller according to Islamic Shariah)
and this is the opinion of Hanafi, Maliki and
Hanbali Ulama.
Eg: Prisoner
Some people are troubled by apprehensions of sin
when making their Salah short (Qasr) in place of
the regular full Salah. This is not correct because
Qasr is also a rule of the Shari'ah following which
brings no sin. On the contrary, it brings reward

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