Five Minute Quick Write • Thomas Jefferson said after a brutal campaign race at his inaugural address, March 4, 1801. “Let us then fellow-citizens, unite with one heart and one mind…Every difference of opinion is not a difference of principle… We are all Republicans; we are all Federalists.” • What is Thomas Jefferson saying? In your own words rewrite each sentence. Is what he said still valid today? Ch 6.3 Jefferson Alters the Nation’s Course MAIN IDEA The United States expands its borders during Thomas Jefferson’s administration. WHY IT MATTERS NOW 13 states were eventually organized on the land acquired by the Louisiana Purchase. Election of 1800 • Adams (federalist) v. Jefferson (republican); wild charges hurled. • Jefferson wins, ties running mate Aaron Burr. • House of Representatives cast 35 ballots without breaking tie. Breaking the Deadlock • Hamilton intervenes with Federalists and gives Thomas Jefferson the win. • Reveals flaw in electoral process. -12th Amendment passed, 1804. -Separate ballots for PotUS, VP. Jefferson’s Inauguration Address • “…unite with one heart and one mind…Every difference of opinion is not a difference of principle (value, norm)… We are all republicans; we are all federalists.” -We are Americans. Simplifying the Presidency • T.J. replaces Federalists with Demo- Rep. • Reduces -Army and spending. -expenses of Gov. -influence of National Bank. • Eliminates internal taxes, except tariffs. • Favors free trade over Gov.-controlled trade, laissez faire. • Frees Sedition Act prisoners. Southern Politics • T.J. first to take office in D.C. • South dominates politics; Northern, Federalist influence decline. Midnight Judges • Adams adds judges to the Supreme Court. -To keep Federalist power. • T.J. argues invalid. • Ask James Madison stop appointments. Marbury v. Madison, 1801 • William Marbury sues to have papers delivered. • Judiciary Act of 1789 declared unconstitutional. • Supreme Court’s authority comes from the constitution, not congress. • Judicial reviewauthority of Supreme Court to strike down unconstitutional laws. Westward Migration • From 1800-1810, pop. growth in OH, KY, TN. • Daniel Boone helped clear Wilderness road. -Cumberland Gap. The Louisiana Purchase • Jefferson buys Louisiana Territory from Napoleon. -Fear French presence. -Doubts on constitutional authority. -Double size of the U.S. Lewis and Clark • Lead Corps of Discovery. -explore new territory, find a route to Pacific. -contact with Native Americans. -gather information about geography, plants, animals. • Sacajawea, Native American women serves as interpreter and guide. 1.What was the importance of the message said in 1801 Jefferson’s Inaugural Address? 2.What was the importance about the Supreme Court case, Marbury v. Madison? 3.Besides doubling the size of the United States, why did Jefferson make the Louisiana Purchase?