Chapter 6 - FEG - AzarGrammar.com

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CONTENTS
6-1 Pronunciation of final -s/-es
6-2 Plural forms of nouns
6-3 Subjects, verbs, and objects
6-4 Objects of prepositions
6-5 Prepositions of time
6-6 Word order: place and time
6-7 Subject – verb agreement
6-8 Using adjectives to describe nouns
6-9 Using nouns as adjectives
6-10 Personal pronouns: subjects and objects
6-11 Possessive nouns
6-12 Possessive pronouns and adjectives
6-13 Reflexive pronouns
6-14 Singular forms of other: another vs. the other
6-15 Plural forms of other: other(s) vs. the other(s)
6-16 Summary of forms of other
1
6-1 PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S/-ES
cats = cat/z/
2
6-1 PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S/-ES
(a)
eats = eat/s/
taps = tap/s/
bikes = bike/s/
/s/ as in “bus”
voiceless sounds
3
6-1 PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S/-ES
(a)
eats = eat/s/
taps = tap/s/
bikes = bike/s/
/s/ as in “bus”
voiceless sounds
examples: /t/, /p/, /k/
4
6-1 PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S/-ES
(b)
reads
jars
tolls
paws
=
=
=
=
read/z/
jar/z/
toll/z/
paw/z/
/z/ as in “buzz”
voiced sounds
5
6-1 PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S/-ES
(b)
reads
jars
tolls
paws
=
=
=
=
read/z/
jar/z/
toll/z/
paw/z/
/z/ as in “buzz”
voiced sounds
examples: /d/, /r/, /l/, /m/, /b/, all vowel sounds
6
6-1 PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S/-ES
(c) wishes
catches
glasses
sizes
wages
judges
=
=
=
=
=
=
wish/әz/
catch/әz/
glass/әz/
size/әz/
wage/әz/
judge/әz/
/ә z/ adds a syllable
–s/–es pronounced /ә z/
7
6-1 PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S/-ES
(c) wishes = wish/әz/
catches = catches/ә z/
glasses = glass/әz/
sizes
= size/әz/
wages
= wage/әz/
judges
= judge/ә z/
/әz/ adds a syllable
-s/-es pronounced / z/ after
–sh, –ch, –s, –z, –ge / –dge sounds
8
6-1 LET’S PRACTICE
e
/s/
cupcakes = cupcake__
a. /s/
b. /z/
c. / z/
9
6-1 LET’S PRACTICE
e
/ z/
watches = watch___
a. /s/
b. /z/
c. / z/
10
e
6-1 LET’S PRACTICE
e
/z/
cars = car__
a. /s/
b. /z/
c. / z/
11
6-2 PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
one
potato
six
potatoes
12
6-2 PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
(a)
SINGULAR
PLURAL
one dream
one boat
one shoe
two dreams
two boats
two shoes
most plural nouns
add –s
13
6-2 PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
(b)
SINGULAR
PLURAL
one wish
one latch
one glass
one mix
two wishes
two latches
two glasses
two mixes
endings: –sh, –ch, –ss, –x
add –es
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6-2 PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
(c)
SINGULAR
PLURAL
one story
one party
two stories
two parties
endings: consonant + –y
–y
–i and add –es
15
6-2 PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
SINGULAR
(d)
one boy
one ray
PLURAL
two boys
two rays
endings: vowel + –y
add –s
16
6-2 PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
(e)
SINGULAR
PLURAL
one life
one elf
two lives
two elves
endings: –fe Exceptions:
or –f
beliefs, chiefs,
–fe or –f
–ves
roofs, cuffs, cliffs
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6-2 PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
(f)
SINGULAR
PLURAL
one potato
one piano
one zero
two potatoes
two pianos
two zeroes/zeros
endings: –o
sometimes –oes
sometimes –os
18
6-2 PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
(g)
SINGULAR
PLURAL
one child
one goose
one tooth
two children
two geese
two teeth
irregular plural forms
19
6-2 PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
(h)
SINGULAR
PLURAL
one deer
one sheep
one species
two deer
two sheep
two species
plural form = singular form
20
6-2 PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
SINGULAR
(i)
one bacterium
one cactus
one crisis
one phenomenon
PLURAL
two bacteria
two cacti
two crises
two phenomena
foreign plurals
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6-2 LET’S PRACTICE
one goat
goats
two ______
22
6-2 LET’S PRACTICE
one ape
many apes
____
23
6-2 LET’S PRACTICE
one stitch
many stitches
______
24
6-3 SUBJECTS, VERBS, AND OBJECTS
The boys are happy.
25
6-3 SUBJECTS, VERBS, AND OBJECTS
SUBJECT
(a) Birds fly.
noun
verb
A SUBJECT is a noun.
(b) Fish swim.
noun
verb
26
6-3 SUBJECTS, VERBS, AND OBJECTS
VERB
(a) Birds fly.
noun
verb
A sentence has
SUBJECT and VERB.
(b) Fish swim.
noun
verb
27
6-3 SUBJECTS, VERBS, AND OBJECTS
OBJECT
(c) Birds have wings.
noun
verb
noun
The OBJECT of a verb
is a noun.
(d) Fish have gills.
noun
verb
noun
28
6-3 LET’S PRACTICE
Jenna studies Italian.
?
SUBJECT
?
VERB
?
OBJECT
29
6-3 LET’S PRACTICE
Zebras
have stripes.
?
?
?
SUBJECT
VERB
OBJECT
30
6-3 LET’S PRACTICE
Horses
love apples.
?
?
?
SUBJECT
VERB
OBJECT
31
6-4 OBJECTS OF PREPOSITIONS
He skied down the mountain.
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6-4 OBJECTS OF PREPOSITIONS
(a) Lenny
subject
(b) The snow
subject
wrote
verb
a book about dolphins.
object
fell
verb
prep.
on
object
prep.
object
of prep.
the trees.
object
of prep.
Prepositional Phrase =
PREPOSITION + OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION
33
6-4 LET’S PRACTICE
They are wearing hats.
subject
verb
object
prep.
object
of prep.
34
6-4 LET’S PRACTICE
They are wearing hats on their heads.
subject
verb
object
prep.
object
of prep.
35
6-4 LET’S PRACTICE
The game went into overtime.
subject
verb
object
prep.
object
of prep.
36
6-5 PREPOSITIONS OF TIME
She has a piano lesson at 4:30
on Tuesdays.
37
6-5 PREPOSITIONS OF TIME
IN
(a) I hope to see you in the future.
(b) I like a cup of tea in the morning.
in + the past, the present, the future
in + the morning, the afternoon, the evening
38
6-5 PREPOSITIONS OF TIME
IN
(c) We start school in September.
(d) My son was born in 1975.
(e) We are in the twenty-first century.
(f) The leaves are beautiful in the fall.
in +
a month
a year
a century
a season
39
6-5 PREPOSITIONS OF TIME
ON
(g) They got married on February 14.
(h) Her violin lesson is on Monday.
(i) We eat out on Sunday afternoons.
on + a date
on + a weekday
on + a weekday morning(s),
afternoon(s), evening(s)
40
6-5 PREPOSITIONS OF TIME
AT
(j) We usually have lunch at noon.
(k) She has an appointment at 3:15.
(l) I’m using the computer at the moment.
at + noon, night, midnight
at + “clock time”
at + present, the moment,
the present time
41
6-5 LET’S PRACTICE
I like to read __
in the evening.
A friend gave me a book for
my birthday on
__ “May 3”.
in
on
at
42
6-5 LET’S PRACTICE
I will graduate __
in 2012.
in
on
at
I hope to get a good job __
in the future.
I have an interview on
__ June 8 __
at 3:00.
43
6-6 WORD ORDER: PLACE AND TIME
Laurette moved to Seattle in 2008.
44
6-6 WORD ORDER: PLACE AND TIME
S
(a) Alba
V
went
place
PLACE
TIME
to Rome in October.
time
Alba went in October to Rome.
45
6-6 WORD ORDER: PLACE AND TIME
S
V
O
P
T
(b) We visited a friend in Caracas in 2006.
S-V-O-P-T = Subject – Verb – Object – Place – Time
S-V-O-P-T = a basic English sentence structure.
46
6-6 WORD ORDER: PLACE AND TIME
TIME
S
V
PLACE
(c) In October, Alba went to Rome.
(d) Last week, she went
to the park.
time expression , sentence
47
6-6 LET’S PRACTICE
Create a sentence.
to went 2006.
She
Alaska on July 7,
She went to Alaska on July 7, 2006.
48
6-6 LET’S PRACTICE
Create a sentence.
Moscow to we moved
Last spring
Last spring we moved to Moscow.
49
6-6 LET’S PRACTICE
Create another sentence.
to dance lessons they go
Fridays on
They go to dance lessons on Fridays.
OR
On Fridays, they go to dance lessons.
50
6-7 SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
The history of the pyramids
is very interesting.
51
6-7 SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
SINGULAR
(a)
The earth
PLURAL
(b)
Dogs
SINGULAR
spins.
verb + -s
PLURAL
bark.
singular subject
plural subject
noun + -s
singular verb
plural verb
52
6-7 SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
SINGULAR
SINGULAR
(c) Our teacher comes
PLURAL
from Madrid.
PLURAL
(d) Our teacher and her son come from Madrid.
subject + and + subject
plural verb
53
6-7 SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
(e) The giant pandas in the zoo eat bamboo.
(f) That money in my back pocket is for the rent.
phrases between subject & verb don’t
change subject / verb agreement
54
6-7 SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
v
s
(g) There is a star in the sky.
v
s
(h) There are many stars in the sky.
There + be + subject
something in a
place
verb agrees with noun that follows be
55
6-7 SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
(i) Every star is shining.
Every stars
(j) Everybody/Everyone loves ice cream.
Every
a singular word
Subjects with every
a singular verb
56
6-7 SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
(k) People in Honduras speak Spanish.
People
a plural noun
takes a plural
verb
57
6-7 LET’S PRACTICE
subject ?
verb
The morning air feels refreshing.
correct ?
yes
____
yes
no
58
6-7 LET’S PRACTICE
subject ?
verb
Everybody like dancing.
correct ?
yes
____
no
no
59
6-7 LET’S PRACTICE
subject ?
verb
The students in this class work hard.
correct ?
yes
____
yes
no
60
6-8 USING ADJECTIVES TO DESCRIBE NOUNS
The young man is a
talented musician.
61
6-8 USING ADJECTIVES TO DESCRIBE NOUNS
ADJ NOUN
(a) Marcela has a blue car.
words that describe nouns
adjectives
62
6-8 USING ADJECTIVES TO DESCRIBE NOUNS
(b) The small child is sitting in a large chair.
(c) The colorful sunset makes a lovely picture.
(d) The baby elephants stay near the adult
elephants.
adjectives “modify” nouns
63
6-8 USING ADJECTIVES TO DESCRIBE NOUNS
(e) Elephants are interesting animals.
adjectives
no plural form
Elephants are
interestings animals.
64
6-8 USING ADJECTIVES TO DESCRIBE NOUNS
(f) Marcela has a blue car.
Marcela has a car blue.
(g) Orchids are expensive.
(h) Her hair is red.
adjectives + nouns
main verb + adjectives
be
65
6-8 LET’S PRACTICE
Find the Adjective(s)
The playful lions are enjoying the cool weather.
66
6-8 LET’S PRACTICE
Find the Adjective(s)
The long movie bored my impatient friend.
67
6-8 LET’S PRACTICE
Find the Adjective(s)
Cows are farm animals, but lions are wild animals.
68
6-9 USING NOUNS AS ADJECTIVES
I use a computer mouse.
69
6-9 USING NOUNS AS ADJECTIVES
(a) Kids love water slides.
70
6-9 USING NOUNS AS ADJECTIVES
(a) Kids love water slides.
(b) The night market has fruits and vegetables.
71
6-9 USING NOUNS AS ADJECTIVES
(a) Kids love water slides.
(b) The night market has fruits and vegetables.
(c) waters slides
(d) a nights market
noun used as adjective
singular
72
6-9 LET’S PRACTICE
Nouns ? He is writing a report about his research.
73
6-9 LET’S PRACTICE
Nouns
He is writing a report about his research.
research report.
It is a ________
74
6-9 LET’S PRACTICE
Nouns ? We use computers in the lab.
75
6-9 LET’S PRACTICE
Nouns
We use computers in the lab.
It is a _________
computer lab.
76
6-9 LET’S PRACTICE
Nouns ?
He is a clown in the circus.
77
6-9 LET’S PRACTICE
Nouns
He is a clown in the circus.
circus clown.
He is a ______
78
6-10 PERSONAL PRONOUNS: SUBJECTS AND
OBJECTS
Gina is running fast.
She is late for work.
79
6-10 PERSONAL PRONOUNS: SUBJECTS AND
OBJECTS
PERSONAL PRONOUNS
SUBJECT PRONOUNS:
OBJECT PRONOUNS:
I
we
you
he, she, it
they
me us
you
him, her, it
them
(a) Emma is a professor. She has a PhD.
(b) Bill is a kind person. I like him very much.
Emma
Bill
him
she
80
6-10 PERSONAL PRONOUNS: SUBJECTS AND
OBJECTS
PERSONAL PRONOUNS
SUBJECT PRONOUNS:
OBJECT PRONOUNS:
I
we
you
he, she, it
they
me us
you
him, her, it
them
(c) Marcela has a new blue car. It is nice.
new blue car
it
81
6-10 PERSONAL PRONOUNS: SUBJECTS AND
OBJECTS
PERSONAL PRONOUNS
SUBJECT PRONOUNS:
OBJECT PRONOUNS:
I
we
you
he, she, it
they
me us
you
him, her, it
them
S
(d) Ahmid and I are teachers.
O
(e) Mary met Ahmid and me at our school.
O of PREP
(f) Mary often has lunch with Ahmid and me.
pronoun part of subject
pronoun part of object
subject pronoun
object pronoun
82
6-10 PERSONAL PRONOUNS: SUBJECTS AND
OBJECTS
(d) Ahmid and I are teachers.
(e) Mary also works with Ahmid and me.
(f) Mary often
has lunch
withare
Ahmid
and me.
Ahmid
and me
teachers.
with Ahmid
and I. pronoun
pronounMary
part works
of subject
subject
pronoun part of object
object pronoun
83
6-10 PERSONAL PRONOUNS: SUBJECTS AND
OBJECTS
SINGULAR PRONOUNS:
PLURAL PRONOUNS:
I
me
we us
you he, she, it
him, her
you they
them
(g) Emma works hard. She is a good teacher.
(h) The exams are long. They can be difficult.
(i) My husband and I like to travel. We often fly.
plural pronoun
singular
pronouns
plural nouns
singular
nouns
84
6-10 LET’S PRACTICE
I
me
me ?
Do you want to go for a walk with Spot and ___
85
6-10 LET’S PRACTICE
I
me
Waldo and ___
I usually walk him at night.
86
6-10 LET’S PRACTICE
they
them
I bought some peaches at the store.
I will serve them
____ for dessert tonight.
87
6-11 POSSESSIVE NOUNS
I try to remember my
classmates’ names.
88
6-11 POSSESSIVE NOUNS
‘
‘
‘
SINGULAR: (a) Do you know the teacher s name?
PLURAL:
PLURAL:
(b) Do you know the teachers names?
(c) Do you know the children s names?
SINGULAR
(d) the teacher
her cat
a woman
the teacher’s name
her cat’s name
that woman’s name
(e) Miles
Miles’/Miles’s name
89
6-11 POSSESSIVE NOUNS
SINGULAR POSSESSIVE NOUN:
SINGULAR
noun
+
apostrophe
+
-s
(d) the teacher
the teacher’s name
her cat
her cat’s name
a woman
that woman’s name
two possibilities
(e) Miles
Miles’/Miles’ name
90
6-11 POSSESSIVE NOUNS
‘
‘
‘
SINGULAR: (a) Do you know the teacher s name?
PLURAL:
PLURAL:
(b) Do you know the teachers names?
(c) Do you know the children s names?
PLURAL
(f) the workers
my friends
the workers’ names
my friends’ names
(g) men
children
men’s names
the children’s names
91
6-11 POSSESSIVE NOUNS
PLURAL POSSESSIVE NOUN:
PLURAL
noun + -s + apostrophe
(f) the workers
the workers’ names
my friends
my friends’ names
IRREGULAR PLURAL POSSESSIVE NOUN:
noun + apostrophe + -s
(g) men
men’s names
children
the children’s names
92
6-11 POSSESSIVE NOUNS
COMPARE
(h) Camilla’s here.
Camilla’s = Camilla + is
(i) Camilla’s son is here.
Camilla’s = a possessive
93
6-11 LET’S PRACTICE
The __________
engineer’s drawing is almost complete.
1. engineer’s
2. engineers’
94
6-11 LET’S PRACTICE
1. engineer’s
2. engineers’
Sometimes people work
in teams.
The __________
engineers’ drawing
is for a new symphony hall.
95
6-11 LET’S PRACTICE
1. engineer’s
2. engineers’
A project may require
multiple drawings.
engineers’ drawings
The __________
are almost complete.
96
6-12 POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS AND ADJECTIVES
That suitcase is mine.
It is my suitcase.
97
6-12 POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS AND ADJECTIVES
The suitcase belongs to me.
(a) It’s mine.
(b) It is my suitcase.
same meaning
possessive pronoun
possessive adjective
98
6-12 POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS AND ADJECTIVES
POSSESSIVE
PRONOUNS
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)
(j)
I have mine.
You have yours.
She has hers.
He has his.
We have ours.
You have yours.
They have theirs.
--------
used alone
POSSESSIVE
ADJECTIVES
I have my suitcase.
You have your suitcase.
She has her suitcase.
He has his suitcase.
We have our suitcases.
You have your suitcase.
They have their suitcases.
I have a suitcase. Its
handle is broken.
used only with a noun
99
6-12 POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS AND ADJECTIVES
COMPARE its vs. it’s:
(k) I read a great book. Its title is Moby Dick.
its = a possessive adjective
(l) It’s wonderful to read a good book.
it’s = contraction of it + is
100
6-12 POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS AND ADJECTIVES
COMPARE their vs. there vs. they’re
(m) The travelers have their suitcases.
possessive adjective
(n) The suitcases are over there.
sound
the
same
an expression of place
(o) They’re very heavy.
they + are
101
6-12 LET’S PRACTICE
The elephant is spraying sand on ___
its back
with ___
its trunk. ___
It’s fun to watch!
it’s
its
102
6-12 LET’S PRACTICE
her
there their
their
People should cover _____
mouths when they sneeze.
103
6-12 LET’S PRACTICE
This team is working on a report. _____
Their boss
wants it by tomorrow. They’re
______ working as fast
as possible. They can finish on time if _____
there
aren’t any new problems.
1. their
2. there
3. they’re
104
6-13 REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
They can see themselves
in the water.
105
6-13 REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
myself
yourself
herself
himself
itself
ourselves
yourselves
themselves
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
I can see myself in the water.
You saw yourself.
She saw herself.
He saw himself.
It saw itself.
We saw ourselves.
You saw yourselves.
They saw themselves.
subject & object are same person
106
6-13 REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
(i) Angela is lonely when she eats out by herself.
(j) Sometimes I enjoy eating by myself.
by + reflexive pronoun = alone
107
6-13 REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
(k) Angela usually enjoys herself.
enjoy (and other verbs)
pinch yourself
kill yourself
blame yourself
reflexive pronoun
be proud of yourself
teach yourself
help yourself
108
6-13 LET’S PRACTICE
We all enjoy seeing old
ourselves
pictures of _________.
myself
yourself
herself
itself
ourselves
109
6-13 LET’S PRACTICE
When people talk on cell
phones, it can look as if
they are talking
themselves
to __________.
myself
yourself
herself
ourselves
themselves
110
6-13 LET’S PRACTICE
If cities had eyes, this one
itself in the water.
could see ______
myself
yourself
herself
itself
ourselves
111
6-14 SINGULAR FORMS OF OTHER: ANOTHER VS.
THE OTHER
May I have another piece
of pizza?
112
6-14 SINGULAR FORMS OF OTHER: ANOTHER VS.
THE OTHER
ANOTHER
(a) I already ate one cookie,
but I want another one.
another – “one more of a group”
another = an + other
113
6-14 SINGULAR FORMS OF OTHER: ANOTHER VS.
THE OTHER
THE OTHER
(b) I’ll eat one cookie.
I’ll give you the other one.
the other – “last one in a
specific group”
114
6-14 SINGULAR FORMS OF OTHER: ANOTHER VS.
THE OTHER
(c) He ate one cookie. Then he ate
another cookie.
another one.
another.
115
ation for
we need
imation
rt (d)
6-14 SINGULAR FORMS OF OTHER: ANOTHER VS.
THE OTHER
(c) He ate one cookie. Then he ate
another cookie.
another one.
another.
(d) He ate one cookie. Then he ate
the other cookie.
the other one.
the other.
116
6-14 SINGULAR FORMS OF OTHER: ANOTHER VS.
THE OTHER
THE OTHER
(c) He ate one cookie. Then he ate
another cookie.
another one.
another.
(d) He ate one cookie. Then he ate
the other cookie.
the other one.
the other.
another, the other can be
adjectives
noun
or alone as pronouns
117
6-14 LET’S PRACTICE
another
the other
My TV broke, so I bought _______
another one.
118
6-14 LET’S PRACTICE
another
the other
Here are two animals.
One is a guinea pig; the
_______
other is a mouse.
119
6-14 LET’S PRACTICE
Here are three animals.
One is a guinea pig.
________
Another is an elephant.
another
the other
________
The other is a dog.
120
6-15 PLURAL FORMS OF OTHER: OTHER(S) VS.
THE OTHER(S)
There are other paintings
in Mary’s studio.
121
6-15 PLURAL FORMS OF OTHER: OTHER(S) VS.
THE OTHER(S)
OTHER(S)
There are many paintings in Mary’s studio. Mary is
working on one of them.
(a) There are other
paintings on the wall.
(adjective) + (noun)
(b) There are
other
ones on the chair.
(adjective) + (ones)
several more out of a group
other + plural noun or ones
122
6-15 PLURAL FORMS OF OTHER: OTHER(S) VS.
THE OTHER(S)
OTHER(S)
(c) There are others on the wall.
(pronoun)
others = other paintings
123
6-15 PLURAL FORMS OF OTHER: OTHER(S) VS.
THE OTHER(S)
THE OTHER(S)
There are five paintings on the floor. Ann is going to
buy one of them.
(d) Lin is going to buy the other paintings.
(adjective) + (noun)
(e) Lin is going to buy the other
ones.
(adjective) + (ones)
last ones in a group
the other + (noun or ones)
124
6-15 PLURAL FORMS OF OTHER: OTHER(S) VS.
THE OTHER(S)
THE OTHER(S)
There are five paintings on the floor. Ann is going to
buy one of them.
(f) Lin is going to buy the others.
(pronoun)
the others = other paintings
125
6-15 LET’S PRACTICE
other
others
the other
the others
One of these fruits is a lemon,
other is a pear.
and the
_______
126
6-15 LET’S PRACTICE
other
others
the other
the others
One of these fruits is an orange;
________
the others are both apples.
127
6-15 LET’S PRACTICE
another
other
others
the other
the others
I ate one kebab, but I’m still hungry.
another one.
I want to eat ________
128
6-16 SUMMARY OF FORMS OF OTHER
Another cookie, please.
129
6-16 SUMMARY OF FORMS OF OTHER
I think I’ll have
another cookie.
SINGULAR
ADJECTIVE
I’ll have
another
too, please.
SINGULAR
PRONOUN
130
6-16 SUMMARY OF FORMS OF OTHER
The chocolate ones are
good, but I like the other
cookies better.
PLURAL
ADJECTIVE
Some of the cookies
are chocolate; others
are vanilla creme.
SINGULAR
PRONOUN
131
6-16 SUMMARY OF FORMS OF OTHER
Ben will eat one cookie
and leave the other cookie
for Rachel.
SINGULAR
ADJECTIVE
Ben will eat one and
leave the other for
Rachel.
SINGULAR
PRONOUN
132
6-16 SUMMARY OF FORMS OF OTHER
Jill will eat one cookie
and leave the other
cookies for Ahmed.
PLURAL
ADJECTIVE
other + -s
Jill will eat one and
leave the others for
Ahmed.
PLURAL
PRONOUN
only as a plural pronoun
133
6-16 LET’S PRACTICE
other
the other
others the others
another
One of our friends wants to go to the movies.
_________
Another wants to go dancing.
_________
The others want to stay home and play video games.
134
6-16 LET’S PRACTICE
other
the other
others the others
another
Two of the triplets are girls.
The other is a boy.
_________
135
6-16 LET’S PRACTICE
One thing to do for good
health is to eat healthy food.
other
the other
others the others
another
_______
Another one is to have hobbies.
_______
Other things include exercising
and sleeping well. A very important
one is not to smoke.
136
PHOTO CREDITS
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education and
its licensors. All rights reserved.
Images used under license from:
• Shutterstock, Inc.
• Clipart, Inc.
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