- Energy Rating

Report
Home Entertainment and ICT
Future Directions
Australian Government’s role
Shane Holt, Department of Industry
On behalf of the E3 Committee
A joint initiative of Australian, State and Territory and New Zealand Governments.
ICT and Home Entertainment Policy
Forum
• Opportunity to find out plans for ICT and HE
Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards
(GEMS) activities over 2014/15 and beyond
• Equipment Energy Efficiency Committee (E3)
–
–
–
–
States
Territories
Australian Government
NZ Government
• E3 ultimately reports to the COAG Energy
Council (Energy Ministers)
Australian Government’s Red Tape
Agenda
• The Australian Government’s agenda is to cut
$1 billion in red tape every year. This has
implications for GEMS activities.
• Other jurisdictions are also wary of
regulatory action
• EECA (NZ) here to share
perspectives
Priorities
• From government’s perspective, the highest proposed
priority is performance standards for flat screen
technologies
• Two already-regulated products could be examined for
future interventions:
– Free-to-Air Set Top Boxes
– External Power Supplies
• Other possible voluntary programs (to assist suppliers
sell efficient equipment) could be:
– Battery chargers (new)
– Video recorders (new)
– Complex Set Top Boxes (used in subscription Television existing)
Other activities
• Data collection to inform policy to continue
• Some discussion today about related projects,
standby, labelling and data centres
• Some preliminary work on subjects like
convergence of functionality
• No work to proceed on computers and
games consoles
• Is this mix reasonable? Without industry
pledged support, the new work items will not
proceed.
Thank you
• The Department wants to thank all participants
for their contribution and especially
acknowledge the:
– Australian Industry Group
– Australian Information Industries Association
– Consumer Electronics Suppliers’ Association
for their assistance with this event
• The outcomes of today’s discussions
will be reported to the E3 committee
allocating resources for this and future years
Note : Existing Regulations
• Existing regulated HE & ICT products
– Free-to-Air (FTA) Set Top Boxes (STB)
(MEPS)
– External Power Supplies (MEPS)
– Computers (MEPS)
– Computer Monitors (MEPS & labelling)
– Televisions (MEPS & labelling)
Home Entertainment and ICT Forum
TVs Monitors and Displays RIS:
Keith Jones for Dept of Industry
On behalf of the E3 Committee
A joint initiative of Australian, State and Territory and New Zealand Governments.
Numbers of TVs (Australia)
• Penetration 2.4 TVs per household or
around a total stock of 22 Million TVs.
This is the same as the 2008 RIS
• Sales based on 2 Million per annum which
is the number of TVs sold in 2013 and
projected for 2014 based on the first 6
months of 2014.
Computer Monitors (Australia)
• Annual Sales Office and residential
combined 3 Million
• Total Stock for office and residential 22
Million based on Computer and Monitor
RIS.
Displays (Australia)
• Annual Sales 100k based on Display
Search data
• Total Stock still being modelled but
probably around 1 Million.
TV Modelling Assumptions
• BAU based on 2013/2014 Energy Consumption
• Tier 3 2018 MEPS based on ES V6. Tier 4 2023 projects
a further 25% reduction on 2017 BAU energy
consumption.
• Actual Market based on GFK 2010-2014
• Modelling transfers large screen HD LCD sales to Ultra
HD
• OLED sales forecast to be modest
Comparison between TV Energy
Performance
2500.0
W
a
t
t
Comparison of Australian, California Energy Commission and
European TV MEPS
2000.0
Australia Tier 1 1st October 2009
EU Tier 1 20th August 2010
H
r
s
1500.0
EU Tier 2 1st April 2012
California Tier 1 1st January 2011
p
e
r
Australia Tier 2 1st April 2013
1000.0
California Tier 2 1st January 2013
A
n
n
u
m
Energy Star V4 1st May 2010
500.0
Energy Star V5 1st May 2012
Energy Star V6 1st June 2013
Discussion for Australian
MEPS
0.0
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
Screen Area cm2
10000
12000
BAU vs Tier 3 and Tier 4 MEPS Energy
Savings
Cumilitive Energy Savings
150000
140000
130000
TWhrs
120000
110000
TV BAU
100000
TV Tier 3(2018) and Tier 4 (2023)
90000
80000
70000
60000
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
Year
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
Monitors
• Computer monitor power consumption based on
Registered data
• Under 48 cm screen size reducing
• 48 cm and larger increasing
• MEPS based on MEPS for TVs
• Labelling based on Labelling for TVs
Displays
• BAU Energy Consumption 30% higher than the
equivalent TV
• Sales growth to yet be determined but higher
than 5% per annum based on Display Search
data
Next Steps
• RIS target
– 2018
• Energy Star V6
– 2023
• Energy Star V7 adoption most likely
• Reference Group – call for nominees
Existing Regulated Products:
Free to Air Set Top Boxes
External Power Supplies
haj
Shane Holt, Department of Industry
On behalf of the E3 Committee
A joint initiative of Australian, State and Territory and New Zealand Governments.
FTA STB and EPS
• Plan for existing regulated products
– Free to Air Set Top Boxes (FTA STB)
– External Power Supplies (EPS)
• Mandatory and/or Voluntary Policies
• Project Reference Groups to explore best
paths for energy efficiency
Free-to-Air (FTA) STB
• Existing regulations cover STBs that decode
MPEG 2 Standard Definition and High
Definition
– Excludes receivers integrated with other
equipment, that connect to internet, and STBs
with a hard disk drive
• Mandatory and/or Voluntary Policies
External Power Supplies (EPS)
• Existing regulations cover EPSs*:
That convert mains AC to one low AC or DC output
Whose output is 250W (or 250WA) or less
Have one extra low voltage output
Designed to power/re-charge a separate product
That charge batteries but do not connect directly to
battery/battery pack
– That do not have a battery chemistry/type selector
switch and an indicator light/state-of-charge meter
–
–
–
–
–
• Mandatory and/or Voluntary Policies
* Refer to AS/NZS 4665 for more information
New/Existing Projects:
Non-regulated products, Battery Chargers
FTA VRs, Subscription STB
h
Ross Hamilton, Department of Industry
On behalf of the E3 Committee
A joint initiative of Australian, State and Territory and New Zealand Governments.
Promotion of High Efficiency Models
• Proposal for voluntary codes as per EU.
Promotion of high efficiency models
– Battery Chargers (new project)
– Video Recorders (new project)
– Complex / Subscription STB (existing project)
• Voluntary activity commencing with
reference group formation
Battery Chargers
• New project but to date
– Product Profile (PP) published April 2013
– Preliminary estimates indicate 10 year savings
of 5,300 GWh in Australia and 1,000 GWh in
New Zealand.
• Reference group for Voluntary CoC
• What can be achieved in 2014/15
Battery Chargers
• The range of products which include or
use battery chargers is extensive and quite
diverse, but can be grouped into the
following categories:
• Consumer electronics and ICT products
• Commercial and industrial equipment and
instruments
• Electric vehicles
• Uninterruptable power supplies
• Emergency lighting and security systems.
Battery charger emission reduction
estimates
800
700
GHG Emission Reductions (kt CO2-e pa)
600
500
400
NZ
Australia
300
200
100
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
Year
6
7
8
9
10
DVR/PVR Brands
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
LG
Samsung
Panasonic
Sony
Strong
Humax
TopField
Thompson
Free to Air (FTA) Video Recorders Energy
Savings
GWattHour
BAU vs MEPS Energy Use Mid Growth
Model
500.0
450.0
400.0
350.0
300.0
250.0
200.0
150.0
100.0
MEPS
BAU
Why investigate a FTA CoC
• Avoids Regulation
• The number of Brands has reduced to a
manageable level for a CoC
• Provides suppliers with better control of
CoC requirements
• Potential for endorsement label to
promote product
Video Recorders
• New project but to date
– Product Profile
– Findings of PP
• Reference group for Voluntary CoC
• What can be achieved in 2014/15
Subscription STB
• Existing project - CoC
• Aim to include all suppliers within CoC
• Update and Progress – separate
presentation
Home Entertainment and ICT Forum
Subscription STB Voluntary Code:
Keith Jones
On behalf of the E3 Committee
A joint initiative of Australian, State and Territory and New Zealand Governments.
CSTB Voluntary Code
Projected Energy Consumption for the BAU and VC cases
900.00
800.00
700.00
Energy Consumption GWhrs
600.00
500.00
BAU Energy Consumption
2010 VC
2011 VC
400.00
2012 VC
2013 VC
300.00
200.00
100.00
0.00
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
Year
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
VC CSTB
• Next Steps
– Tier 3 Levels
– Use of IEC 62087.5 for power
measurement
– Encouraging more members
• Telstra
• Optus
– Investigation of a Free to Air STB and VR
CoC
Steering Committee
• Consists of nominees from code
members.
• Two Steering Committee meetings are
held each year
• One meeting is internal
• A second meeting is attended by
Steering committee members and DoI
• The second meeting is held in
July/August each year.
Technical Meetings
• 6 monthly meetings are conducted to
discuss technical aspects of the code
such as future Tier targets.
• This year a decision to engage more with
EU VA.
• Liaison with PACE to achieve better
engagement with the EU VC.
The Internet of Everything and
The Connected Home
Ross Hamilton, DoI
on behalf of E3 Committee
A joint initiative of Australian, State and Territory and New Zealand Governments.
Since last years forum
• Commissioned report by The Expert Gp
“The Implications for Residential Energy Use in
Australia of Home Automation Systems”
– It’s likely to be enormous
– Need a reference group
Recent International Progress
• IEA Report – More Data, Less Energy
• The Internet of Things
• Establishment of Electronic Devices and
Network Annex (EDNA) under 4E
• EU amendments to Eco-design Directive
regulations [EU intention to regulate 2015]
• Korea and US Energy Star included networkenabled devices in MEPS programmes
Cisco Systems says it will be 50
billion by 2020, Morgan Stanley
says 75 billion – possibly just a
little bit of hype in this market
We are here
Everything is becoming network-enabled
Globally,
• in 2012 there were 2 network-enabled
devices per capita. Projected to increase
fivefold by 2020
• 1.8 million home automation systems in
2011 rising to 12 million by 2016
• Reaching towards 500 billion devices in
coming decades (OECD, 2012)
What has changed for home automation
• Increased availability of small and
inexpensive network-aware sensors and
devices
• Growing availability of networking
technologies which allows these devices to
communicate
• Availability of small computing devices in
homes which can act as controllers and
interfaces for other appliances
Connected Home
Relative power use of products in the home
90
External Power Supplies
Other
80
Office and Communication
Equipment
Standby Power Consumption (Watts)
70
Monitoring and Continuous
Appliances
60
Major Appliances
50
Computer and Peripherals
40
30
20
Home Entertainment
10
0
2010 Intrusive Survey Result
Thus the ‘wifi extender’ and ‘the Bridge’
Shelf Space for advanced networking
products is growing in Australia
Where to from here?
• Establish advisory group/communications links with
Australian industry participants; Interested?
–
–
–
–
Importers/Wholesalers/Installers
Commentators/Analysts/Industry media
Industry associations
Consumer groups
• Engage with international efforts to address network
energy consumption
• Establish range of policy options available. No
regulation before 2018
• Engagement internationally on test procedures
Standby Power Progress Report
Shane Holt DoI
A joint initiative of Australian, State and Territory and New Zealand Governments.
History
• European Union regulated standby from
January 2013 (0.5 watt with 0.5 watt for meaningful
display)
• The Australian & New Zealand proposal is
to follow suit:
– Consultation RIS, 9 August 2013
– Public consultation, closed 18 October 2013
– 23 submissions
Actions in 2014
• Multiple requests to AIIA and AiG about
business compliance costs (new Red Tape
Reduction obligation)
• Advisory Group meeting 14 August to
settle input to decision RIS
Possible content of GEMS Determination
Submissions want:
• To follow exactly the EU (not include
security equipment);
• To exempt already regulated equipment;
• To provide sufficient notice for local
companies to manufacture or import
complying product.
Alternative compliance costs by Ai
Group and AIIA
• Red Tape agenda policy defines business
compliance costs which must be offset
• RIS Data endorsed by group as
reasonable:
– (700-800 affected business)
– Hourly rate data shared
– Template used to finalise costs to be critiqued
by Advisory Committee
Part 2 Standard project proposal
• Standards Australia to be asked to refer
standby to a constituted committee
(possibly EL 15 or TE 21) for maintenance
• That committee to be a forum to deal with
explanatory information, education
guidelines and related issues
• The regulatory standard to be created
within a reasonable time period (12
months)
Products excluded from GEMS
• Submissions want all security products
like garage door openers excluded from
regulation as per EU
• A voluntary opt-in scheme has been
offered to security industry to measure
equipment on a confidential basis
gathering data
• Maia Consulting experts measuring stock
• Ross Hamilton & Jason Lee - gatekeepers
Network Standby
• The IEA publication, More Data Less
Energy
• Recommends data collection, improved
communication and interaction with
stakeholders and a global approach
• EU is using regulation from 2015
• Au/NZ to examine all options especially
voluntary policies with regulation not
anticipated as an option before 2018
Computer MEPS:
Richard Collins: Punchline Energy
On behalf of the E3 Committee
A joint initiative of Australian, State and Territory and New Zealand Governments.
Computer Regulations
• Regulations commenced 1st October 2013
• Computer MEPS are based upon ENERGY
STAR (ES) 5.2 allowances with some
category definition amendments due to
the inclusion of discrete graphics card
(dGfx) allowances
• Via stakeholder engagement dGfx
allowances used European Union
definitions and draft MEPS allowances
Monitor Regulations
• Monitor regulations commenced 1st
October 2013
• Monitor regulations require that they meet
MEPS requirements and have an energy
rating label
• Monitors now part of the Flat Screen RIS
activity
Registrations
• There are now over 1,600 registrations.
• At July 2014, there were 840 computers
registered using the TEC MEPS as follows;
– 269 desktop computers
– 152 integrated computers
– 419 notebook computers
Registrations
• Of note at July 2014, there were only 2
servers and 8 deemed-to-comply
computers registered
• Further work in 14/15 is to review
registrations and target server and
bespoke suppliers to inform them of the
mandatory registration requirements
Performance below MEPS TEC
35%
30%
25%
20%
Notebook
Integrated
15%
Desktop
10%
5%
0%
0 - 10
10 - 20
20 - 30
30 - 40
40 - 50
50 - 60
60 - 70
70 - 80
80 -90
Performance analysis
• It is clear that industry has responded
well, with the majority of computers
performing well above (better) than
MEPS.
• Where applicable, almost 100% would
meet MEPS even without discrete graphics
card allowances.
• There is potential to further reduce energy
consumption.
ENERGY STAR 6.0 compliance
• Favourable allowances – full dGfx and 2.3 MP
Computer
type
A
B
C
D
Notebook
76%
82%
74%
n/a
Integrated
100%
93%
97%
98%
Desktop
14%
56%
35%
72%
ENERGY STAR 6.0 analysis
• Using assumptions similar to the ES data
set, the data applied to the ES 6.0 TEC
metric
• With favourable allowances for screen
resolution and discrete graphics 72% of
the data base comply
ENERGY STAR 6.0 compliance
• 2.3 MP and switchable allowances
Computer
type
B
C
D
Integrated full
dGfx
87%
95%
97%
Integrated switchable
83%
79%
90%
15%
45%
32%
69%
10.0%
30%
32%
37%
Desktop - full
dGfx
Desktop switchable
A
ENERGY STAR 6.0 analysis
• For integrated and desktop computers
only with dGfx
• Using the less favourable switchable
graphics TEC allowance
• Compliance for these computers with dGfx
reduces from 62% t0 46%, which is still a
significant percentage of the more
stringent ES 6.0 than MEPS TEC
Future options
• Next year explore the Adoption of
ENERGY STAR 6.0 more refined
categories and performance metrics
• No planned regulatory or other activity
within the current financial year
Data Centre Policy
h
Ross Hamilton, Department of Industry
On behalf of the E3 Committee
A joint initiative of Australian, State and Territory and New Zealand Governments.
Growth
• Predictions of enormous growth in Data
Centre Energy Consumption
– 60% compound growth in data storage
requirements
– NBN
– Cloud – use more cause you can
• Mitigating factors too – virtualisation,
technology
We’ve been doing stuff for a while
• Australian Government Study for Computer
Centres 2007/8
• Contract with NSW OEH for Development of
NABERS tool 2009. Launch 2013
• Product Profile 2009
– More specific Australian Data Req
• Data Centre policies by Finance for Govt (and
other jurisdictions
• Policy Options for Data Centre Energy Efficiency
AU+NZ (2013-present)
Report EE Policy Options
• Available from energyrating.gov.au
• Outcomes
– Complex system not individual pieces of kit
– Technology moves fast with ICT equipment
– Opposing views on some matters such as
labelling of equipment
Possible directions
• Evaluation of Industry feedback
– Steering committee meets next week
– What can we recommend now?
• Promotion of voluntary activity including
NABERS tool. NSW OEH short present.
• Guidance material
• Your views?
Labelling
Shane Holt, Department of Industry
On behalf of the E3 Committee
A joint initiative of Australian, State and Territory and New Zealand Governments.
• Energy Rating Label
• Endorsement Labels
• Digital Label – Vicki Hawthorne (Apple)
• Compliance Survey Results (Monitors and
TVs)
Energy Rating Label
• The ERL allows consumers to
directly compare similar products to
make informed purchasing decisions
• A review completed in March 2014
found that:
– 97% of consumers in Australia recognise the ERL
– 62% use the ERL to research the energy
efficiency of appliances
– the ERL affects the final purchase decision of
54% of consumers
Endorsement labelling – ENERGY STAR
• Endorsement labelling reassures
consumers that a product has met
a set level of performance
• New Zealand endorse 20 products across
whitegoods, home entertainment, heating,
lighting, imaging equipment and
computers – E* and other labels
• Australia does not actively endorse E* your views?
Digital labelling
• In 2014, Apple commenced a trial of a digital
ERL on computer monitors in Australia
• The label conveys the same data as the
physical labels and is displayed when the
monitor was connected to power, switched on
and displayed for sale
– The trial allows for the digital label to not be
displayed when the computer is being used /
demonstrated.
Compliance survey results
• In June, the GEMS Regulator conducted
labelling surveys covering:
– 797 televisions and 99 computer monitors
• Physical energy labelling compliance rates were:
– televisions – 86%
– computer monitors – 30%
• This was the first survey of computer monitors
• The previous survey of televisions conducted
found 93.2% compliance (101 stores, 5140
products )

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