Swat - ASER Pakistan

Report
ANNUAL STATUS OF EDUCATION REPORT (ASER)
2012
ASER PAKISTAN 2010-2015
 Citizen led large scale national household survey
(3-16).
 Measure quality of education in rural and some
urban areas (5-16 years).
 Seeks to provide evidence on learning and access
gaps.
Objectives are:
 To get reliable estimates of the status of children’s
schooling and basic learning (reading and
arithmetic level) at the district level.
 To measure the change in these basic learning
and school statistics from last year.
ASER Outreach over the last 3 years
 2010 – 32 districts
 2011 – 85 districts
 2012 – 142 districts
Scale
Coverage:
Across Pakistan
ASER 2012:
136
KP :
districts across Pakistan
(136 Rural + 6 Urban /5 overlap with rural
districts)
23 district in 2012 compared to 14 districts in 2011
Sample: 600 households per district. Two-stage stratified
sample;
 30 Villages
 20 Households per village
60 Schools per district
 2 Schools per village (1 Govt. & 1 Private school)
Scope
Access:
Enrollment, Type of School etc.
Quality of Learning:
Tested Subjects: Urdu, English and Math
School Facilities:
 Attendance teachers and children
 Availability of drinking water
 Availability of functional toilets, play ground and
boundary walls
ASER Pakistan Assessment Tools Grade II
ASER Assessment tools are prepared in following Categories
•Reading
Urdu
Sindhi
Pashto
•Arithmetic abilities
•English
23 Districts Surveyed in KP
ASER Swat
Access
What
are our
children
doing?
Enrollment in Swat
% Children in different types of schools
Non-state providers
% Out-of-school
Dropout
Total
Others
Never
enrolled
0.0
0.0
5.5
0.5
100
37.7
0.0
0.0
4.0
4.2
100
49.9
31.6
0.8
0.0
8.8
8.8
100
51.4
38.9
0.2
0.0
5.9
3.5
100
Age
Govt.
group
Pvt.
Madrasah
6-10
50.8
43.2
11-13
54.1
14-16
6-16
90.5
Total
By type 56.8
43.0
0.2
9.4
100
0.0
Every 11th child is out of school in Swat district
Enrollment in Swat
Enrollment (Ranking)
DISTRICT
% OF OUT OF SCHOOL
CHILDREN
RANK
Haripur
6.8
5
Swat
9.4
6
Swabi
9.6
7
Charsadaha
10.3
10
Mardan
13.3
13
Every 11th child in Swat is not in school!
Quality Education?
What are
children
learning in
schools?
LEARNING LEVEL - URDU
50% Children in class 5 cannot read story (text of class 2) . In other
words, 50% children are behind 3 classes with respect to their
competency level.
LEARNING LEVEL – URDU/Pashto (Ranking)
Swat is at 7th position in district
ranking (Urdu/Pashto)!
DISTRICT
% Children who can
read URDU Stories in
Class 5
RANK
Charsadaha
77.3
1
Mardan
73.1
2
Haripur
71.4
3
Swabi
58.2
4
Swat
50.4
7
ENGLISH
50% Children in class 5 cannot read sentences (text of class 2) . In
other words, 50% children are behind 3 classes with respect to their
competency level.
ENGLISH (Ranking)
Swat is at 9th position in district
ranking (English)!
DISTRICT
% Children who can
read English sentences
In Class 5
RANK
Mardan
80.5
1
Haripur
74.1
2
Charsadaha
71.2
3
Swabi
60.3
6
Swat
49.6
9
MATH
59% Children in class 5 cannot do division (3 digits by 1 digit) . In other
words, 59% children are behind 2 classes with respect to their competency
level in math
MATH (Ranking)
Swat is at 14th position in district
ranking (MATH)!
DISTRICT
% Children who can do
3 Digits Division
in Class 5
RANK
Mardan
83.7
1
Charsadaha
68.8
3
Haripur
65.5
4
Swabi
49.0
8
Swat
41.4
14
RANKING OF DISTT. Swat
(Summary)
Sr.
No.
Indicator
%
Rank
9.4
6
1
Out of School Children
2
Urdu Readings
50.4
7
3
English Readings
49.6
9
4
Arithmetic learning
41.4
14
LEARNING LEVELS - PUBLIC vs. PVT
SCHOOLS
Comparing Learning Levels of
Private and Public Schools
 38% of class 5 students
in Public Schools and 75%
in Pvt. Schools can read
story in Urdu.
 35% of Class 5 students
in Public Schools while 81%
in Pvt. Schools can read
sentences in English.
 Totally 32% of Class 5
students in Public while 61%
in Pvt. Schools can do 3
digits division
What are children learning in
Swat schools?
Swat when compared to all the districts
of KP the learning levels are not good in
Math.

Swat dose not come in the Top 13
districts in learning levels in the subject.

Private Supplementary Tuition?
• 19% Children from Pvt. And 2% Children from Public
Schools are attending Paid Tuition.
Parental Education
An important factor that influences learning levels
Only 13% Mothers have completed primary education
in Swat.
Attendance in Government Schools
Basic Facilities in Govt. Primary Schools
How can ASER 2012 inform the planning, drafting, resourcing and
implementation of 25-A?
 ASER can help assess education with respect to :
 Quality
 Availability/Access
 Equity
 Planning according to district based assessment – generating
District Report Cards (DRCs) linked to the Roadmap to Reforms and/or
Sector Plans of the Provincial Governments.
 Holding ASER Baithaks in ASER survey villages, parents, communities
with parliamentarians and political holding ALL to account for ACTION!
Continued Dialogues with Parliamentarians and Politicians in 2013 for
elections, manifestoes and actionable steps that can be tracked
Linking the ASER information to national data and GMR /UN Human
Development Reports /others in the run up to 2015 & post 2015
debates
Milestone achievement:“The
Education Act 2012”
Right
to
Free
and
Compulsory
Discussion
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ASER-Pakistan
ASERPAKISTAN

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