aka. Non- representational

Studio In Art
Pretest REVIEW
pretest given 10/2/13
Use this presentation to accompany your
written pretest to study for your FINAL
• What questions did you get wrong?
• Be sure you know the correct answer
and, of course, why!
• *- more than half students answered
Question #1- What is the basic difference
between the Elements of Design - Shape
and Form?
Form is 3-dimensional
Shapes are 2-dimensional
The Three Main Types of Visual Art
Whether the work is three dimensional sculpture or two dimensional, it will still
fall under one these three main types
• Representational
• Abstract
• Non-objective (non- representational)
Types of Art
(*Question #2) Representational art is…
ans: Type of Art Which Depicts Recognizable Objects/Figures
the term "representational art" usually refers to images that are clearly recognizable for
what they purport to be, such as a human figure, a banana, a tree, and so on. Such images
need not be true to life. So a tree does not have to be green, or even upright, but it must
clearly represent or be recognizable as a tree.
A prehistoric painting of a bison from a cave in Spain is still
recognizable to modern people.
Albert Bierstadt's painting of the Rocky
Mountains presents the viewer with a
convincing illusion of great depth
How to distinguish Representational Art from Nonobjective Art
Abstract Art is…
The often misunderstood type of art known as abstract art aims to take subjects from
reality but present them in way that is different from the way they are viewed in our
reality (abstraction). Not concrete. Apart from reality.
Salvador Dali. Persistence of Memory
Georges Braque.
Woman with Guitar
More on Braque
More on Dali
Non-Objective Art
(also known as Non-Representational Art )
Describes any type of is wholly devoid of any reference to the natural world. Relies on the
basic elements of design – line, shape, form, value, color, space. (no recognizable subject)
Piet Mondrian, Composition No. 10
(Minimalism) More on Piet Mondrian
Most of Jackson Pollock's paintings bear names like
"Number 3" and "Black and White,” Typical for
Nonrepresentational Art.
(Abstract Expressionism) More on Pollock
Wasilly Kandinsky – Yellow, Red, Blue
(Abstract Expressionism) More about Kandinsky
Mark Rothko – No. 13 White,
Red on Yellow
(Color Field) More on Rothko
 ALL art was Representational throughout most of human history.
 ONLY In the early 20th century, did Abstract Art and Non-Objective (aka.
Non- representational) come into prominence.
For more information about artists, styles, movements, history and techniques…or
just about anything art, visit www.artlex.com
Question #3-
The term SUBJECT refers to the….
- The main object(s) pictured in an artwork, or
- what the painting is about, or
- what it represents.
- aka. Subject Matter
Question #4 –
The linear perspective system we use today was developed during the…
Renaissance (yr. 1300-1500)
- By careful observation of nature, including studies of anatomical dissections, linear perspective was the answer for
Renaissance Artists who wished to recreate the 3-dimensional physical reality of the human form on 2dimensional (flat)surfaces.
- The first to carry out a series of optical experiments that led to a mathematical theory of perspective was the
Florentine architect and engineer Filippo Brunelleschi in the 15th century.
Brunelleschi’s dome is the largest masonry dome ever built and it is
the coverage of the Cathedral of Florence.
More about Da Vinci and the Renaissance
The 4 Main Classifications of Sculpture
*Question #5Sculpture mainly viewed from one side is
referred to as…
Ans: Relief
Relief Sculpture
Any work in which the figures project from a supporting background
Bas-Relief – Low Relief - close to the background
Alto-Relievo – High Relief – closest to being almost completely 3D
William Morris Hunt, The Flight of the Night
More about American Relief Sculpture
Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyph
More on Ancient Egyptian Art
In-the-Round Sculpture
refers to being able to see or view something
in three dimensions and from all sides.
Henry Moore, Reclining Figure
More about Henry Moore
Ancient Roman Sculpture – focus on realism and life-like
Diskobolos (Discus Thrower)
Ancient Greek Sculpture - focus on aesthetics,
beauty and athleticism
More on Ancient Greek Art
How to distinguish between Greek and Roman Sculpture
Kinetic Sculpture
art that moves: art, especially sculpture, with parts that move, e.g. when blown by
the wind or activated by electricity
David C. Roy, Order Swoop
Swweeeet Vids of David C. Roy's Wooden Sculptures
Alexander Calder
Calder room at National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C
More on Kinetic Art
Art that is or has been installed — arranged in a place — either by the artist or as
specified by the artist. Installations may be temporary or permanent, but most will be
viewed through photographic documentation
More on Installation Sculpture
Question #6
Colors found next to each other on the
color wheel are…
ans: Analogous
Question #7
The Color Relationship that has high
contrast is…
complementary colors,
aka. contrasting colors,
are directly
opposite each other on the color wheel.
Selecting contrasting colors is useful when you
want to make the colors stand out more
Question #8
If an artist uses only one hue, but many values of that hue, she is
painting using what color scheme?
Ans. Monochromatic
Prefix MONO – means ONE
Pablo Picasso, from his blue period
CHROMA – comes from the Latin word COLOR
*Question 9
Pop Art is a style that is characterized by
Ans: the use of images and icons from
POPular culture
* Question #10
Surrealist artists painting using
imagery from
ans. Imagery from dream worlds….aka subconscious
All about Surrealism
*Question #11
The definition of Non-objective art is…
Found on slide #7
*Question #12
The critique process has four elements:
1- Describe
2- Analyze
3- Interpret
4- Judge
A description is a statement that creates a mental image of
something. State only facts!
In a critique, describe the work of art to someone as if
they had never seen it before.
Make sure you refer to the Elements of Design - Value*
Shape * Form * Color * Space *Texture * Line *
Things like….
•The Credit line
•Subject of the artwork
•Objects in the painting.
•First impression. Note the characteristics of the artwork that first jump out at you.
•Colors used.
•Shapes, lines and texture.
•Value – where you see light/darks
•Space - what is in the fore/middle and background
•Sensory qualities. Identify the predominant mood and visual effect.
It answers the question, "How did the artist do it?"
Analyzing a work of art tells about the how the artist
has used the Elements of Design. State only facts!
Make sure you refer to the Principles of Design- Balance *Contrast *
Emphasis * Movement* Pattern *
And how it applies to …
Light and shadow. (value.)
Based on what you have learned so far about
the artwork….
• What do you think the artist was trying to
• Why did the artist create this artwork?
• What do you think it means?
• What feelings do you have when looking at
this artwork?
• Do you think there are things in the artwork
that represent other things - symbols?
Do you like this artwork?
Do you think it is a good artwork?
Do think it is an important artwork?
Would display this artwork in your home?
Is this artwork good enough to put in a
Justify your opinion. Explain why you feel the
way you do about this artwork based on
what you have learned about it.
The critic presents his opinion about the
meaning behind the artwork.
Question #14
• See slides 12-17
• The correct answer is c

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