INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION aka INDUSTRIAL AGE aka INDUSTRIALIZATION Industrialization led to: Factory jobs Mining jobs Transportation jobs Increased need for workers led to: - People moving from the country to cities to work - Hiring women to work - Hiring children to work - Factory owners hired women and children because there were not enough men to fill all the jobs. Industrialization caused changes for women - Women’s work went from life on the farm to life in the factories and the city - Women no longer raised their food or made the things her family needed, now they bought them - Women worked 12 to 14 hours a day in factories Why hire a woman? • Cheaper than a man • Easier to train than a man • Easier to control than a man Women in factories Women in factories Why hire a kid? Kids work cheap Kids have little bodies and little hands and can work in tight places Selling baskets Why might they be selling these at night? Selling radishes Boy shining shoes Making cigars Kids in mines Kids in mines Kids in the mines Kids in mines Kids in mines Kids in mines Lunchtime at the cannery Girls working weaving machines Working in a box factory Stringing beans Kids in factories Kids in factories Kids in factories Kids in factories Kids in factories Kids in factories Kids in factories Kids in factories Factory Aid Act In 1833 British Parliament (England’s legislature) passed the Factory Aid Act which limited the number of hours kids could work. Do you think these laws were followed? How did child labor help increase industrialization? How did child labor help business owners? How did child labor help families? As years passed Industrialization increases Did this mean more jobs? NO. Why not?! Better technology Better machines Needed fewer workers Fewer jobs Europeans left Europe to find jobs Many Europeans emigrated (moved) to the U.S. for land of their own or factory jobs EUROPE How did industrialization affect: • Women? • Children? • Emigration?