Coordination mechanisms for international research collaboration

Report
International coordination mechanisms
- with coordination to success
Arja Kallio
22.5.2014
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International cooperation objectives
• Working together tackles common challenges more effectively
• Internationality rejuvenates research and upgrades its quality
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Coordination mechanisms
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Research collaborations, consortia
Joint seminars
Joint workshops
Researchers mobility programmes
Bilateral research calls
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Research infrastructures
ERA-NETs
Joint Programming
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Global organisations
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International cooperation objectives: tasks for funding agencies
Statutory tasks
• Scientific cooperation: funding schemes, joint international programmes
• Expert tasks in international science policy : expertise
European Union – European Research Area
• High-level expert groups: strategy
• Steering groups and other working groups of Joint Programmes and networks:
strategy, administration, best practices
• Researchers in the EU Framework Programmes and in the Horizon 2020:
encouragement, advice, funding
Nordic cooperation
• Nordic Council of Ministers and NordForsk
Research infrastructures
Bilateral partnerships with research funding agencies of non-EU countries
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International cooperation objectives:
European Research Area
•
The ‘internal market’ of research: free movement of knowledge and researchers,
efficient coordination of actions
Actions under the EU’s competence: Framework programmes for research (FP7
2007–2013, Horizon 2020 2014–2020)
Joint actions by Member States and the EU
• ERA-NETs, INCO-Nets and JPIs
• ESFRI
• Science Europe, ESF and COST
• European research institutes: e.g. CERN, EMBL/EMBC, ESA, ESO, EUI,
ESFR, FAIR, IIASA
Member States’ own actions to promote the European Research Area
Development and cooperation of national research systems
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Partnerships in ESFRI research infrastructures (25)
Social sc.
& hum.
(5)
Life sciences
(13)
Environmental sciences
(9)
Energy
(7)
Material
and
analytical
facilities
(6)
Physics and astronomy
(10)
SHARE
BBMRI
ELIXIR
ICOS
EUROARGO
ECCSEL
EUROFEL
ELI
TIARA
European
Social
Survey
ECRIN
INFRA
FRONTIER
LIFEWATCH
IAGOS
Windscanner
EMFL
SPIRAL2
CTA
CESSDA
INSTRUCT
EATRIS
EMSO
EPOS
EU-SOLARIS
European
XFEL
E-ELT
SKA
CLARIN
EUOPENSCREEN
EMBRC
SIOS
EISCAT_3D
JHR
ESRF
Upgrade
KM3NeT
FAIR
DARIAH
Euro
BioImaging
ERINHA
BSL4 Lab
COPAL
IFMIF
NEUTRON
ESS
SLHC-PP
ILCHIGRADE
ISBE
MIRRI
HiPER
ILL20/20
Upgrade
ANAEE
MYRRHA
E-infrastructures
(1)
PRACE
Distributed research
infrastructure
Single-sited research
infrastructure
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Memberships in international research infrastructures (19)
Environmental sciences
EISCAT European Incoherent
Scatter Association
GBIF Global Biodiversity
Information Facility
ICDP International Continental
Scientific Drilling Program
IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling
Program
Energy research
EFDA-JET Joint European Torus
ITER International Thermonuclea
Experimental Reactor
JHR MTR Jules Horowitz Material
Testing Reactor
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Biological and medical sciences
EMBL European Molecular Biology
Laboratory
EMBC European Molecular Biology
Conference
INCF International Neuroinformatics
Coordination Facility
Material sciences and
analytics
ESRF European Synchrotron
Radiation Facility
E-infrastructures and mathematics
IML Mittag-Leffler Institute
NeIC Nordic e-Infrastructure
Collaboration
Natural sciences and engineering
CERN European Organization for
Nuclear Research
ESA European Space Agency
ESO European Southern Observatory
FAIR Facility for Antiproton and Ion
Research
NOT Nordic Optical Telescope
Other
IIASA International Institute for
Applied Systems Analysis
ERA-NET instrument to create co-ordination
mechanisms for international research collaboration
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ERA-NET instrument was launched in the 6th FP to in order to strengthen the ERA,
European Research Area
ERA-NET is an instrument for Research Funders
To intensify cooperation between research funding organisations by establishing
common operating methods and practices for the funding of research programmes
To plan and open mutual national and regional programmes and to plan and open joint
international calls
To promote the joint use of research infrastructures
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ERA-NET plus involves also Commission’s funding to the research
Art. 185 cooperation is based on the decision of the the European Parliament and of
the Council
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ERA-NET / ERA-NET plus / Art. 185 and ERA-NET Cofund
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Altogether ca. 150 ERA-NET and ERA-NET plus projects, 5 Art.185 projects have been
launched during the FP6 and FP7, including ca. 1000 organisations from ca. 70
countries
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AKA has been coordinating two ERA-NETs, BONUS and NORFACE and participated as a
partner in ca. 40 separate ERA-NETs
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In HORIZON 2020 ERA-NET Cofund instrument is to support public-public partnerships
in their preparation, establishment of networking structures, design, implementation
and coordination of joint activities as well as topping up of individual joint calls and of
actions of a transnational nature
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Development of BONUS
(2011-2013)
(2007-2011)
(before 2004)
Germany:
marine research
programme
Finland: BIREME
Sweden:
MARE, Aqualiens
(2004-2008)
BONUS
ERA-NET
Developing
conditions for
a Joint Baltic
Sea Research
Programme
ERANET
BONUS+
Implementing a
Joint Call to test
the mechanisms
of collaboration
among the
national funding
institutions
ERANET Plus
BONUS
Strategic
Phase
Strategic
development
and preparation for the
Implementation Phase.
(2013-2017)
BONUS
Implementation Phase
Durable
collaborative
research
programme of the
Baltic Sea states.
Article 185
Participating states
• Eight EU member states surrounding
the Baltic Sea: Denmark, Estonia,
Germany, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania,
Poland, Sweden
• Russia participates through bilateral
agreements
• 10 funding agencies participate as
BONUS members and funding the calls
• 12 funding agencies participate as nonmembers funding the calls only
• Funding agencies include both basic
research and innovation funders
• Total funding EUR 100 million
Boosters of coordination
Sector policy drivers:
• Research and innovation: European Research Area, Horizon 2020
• Maritime: EU Maritime Policy, Common Fisheries Policy
• Environment: Marine Strategy Framework Directive – implemented
through HELCOM’s Baltic Sea Action Plan
• Agriculture, Energy, Traffic and others...
Co-operation platform:
• Macro-region: EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region
iBSG, 17 June 2013
ERA-LEARN - project 2009 - >
Funded by the Commission, coordinator FFG / Austria, AKA and RCN involved a.o.
Objectives:
• to address the needs of the transnational coordination community
• to help reduce wasteful use of resources
• to support the implementation of streamlined mechanisms and increased mutual
learning
• to provide tools for analysis of network performance
• to highlight the synergies between ERA-NETs and other forms of national and regional
research programme coordination
• to facilitate high-level analysis of policy related issues in the context of programme
coordination and cooperation
• to support future developments of transnational programme coordination.
http://netwatch.jrc.ec.europa.eu/web/lp/learning-platform
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European Research Area
Building blocks
Single labour market for
researchers
World-class research
infrastructures
Excellent research
institutions and
universities
ERA
Opening of the ERA
to the world
Joint Programming
Effective knowledge
sharing
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Joint Programming
in Research
Joint Programming is a concept which:
• Recognises the importance of existing activities and initiatives;
• Recognises the increasing need for a new and more strategic approach;
• Calls for the implementation of a Member States-led process to step up
their R&D cooperation;
• Fully recognises the competence of member States and regions over the
choice of R&D policies and the related allocation of resources
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Global cooperation – China as an example
• Bilateral collaboration with key non-European countries
• to open opportunities for cooperation with established and emerging
science countries
• to secure reciprocal funding for research collaboration
• focus on thematic grand societal challenges
• Non-EU countries and regions prioritised by the Academy of Finland
• Brazil, Russia, India, China, the United States, Japan, Chile, Republic of
Korea, and South Africa
• The first Finnish-Chinese joint call for proposals in 2002 (AF & NSFC)
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Coordination of China cooperation in the administration
• China Working Group, including members from all the relevant units of
the Academy of Finland administration office (Chair + 9 members).
• Planning, preparation and execution of joint calls and other joint
activities with Chinese partners.
• Allocated annual budget of ca. EUR 15 000.
• Regular visits to and from Chinese partner organisations.
• Since 2012 the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture has had a
dedicated Counsellor for Science and Education in the Finnish
Embassy of Beijing. Important contact point and facilitator for the
Academy of Finland and other organisations.
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Bilateral agreements between the Academy of Finland and
Chinese public research funding organisations
In 2004 the Academy of Finland renewed co-operation agreements with:
• National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)
• Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)
• Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)
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Forms of Co-operation: CAS, CASS, NSFC
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NSFC
CAS
CASS
Joint Research Projects
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Joint Thematic Research Programmes
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Exchange of Researchers
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Exchange of Information on Peers for Scientific
Evaluation
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Joint Seminars
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Collaboration between Centres of Excellence
and other High-level Research Groups
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Most recent fields of joint calls (NSFC / AF)
• Telecommunication: 5G Networks (2014)
• Human mind: Brain plasticity and learning (2013)
• Forest research: Forest biodiversity and ecosystem services in a
changing environment (2012)
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Academy in other EU – China Networks
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Co-Reach (2005-2010)
• EU-China network of European funding bodies
• Phase II will start in 2010
• CAS and CASS as Chinese partners
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Asia Noria-Net (2008-2010)
• Nordic collaboration with India and China
• Funded by NordForsk
• Co-ordinated by AF
• All Nordic countries represented
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Nordic Energy Research Network
• Aims at Nordic collaboration with China in the field of energy research
• Funded by NordForsk
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Proposals to enhance cooperation between Nordic and Baltic
countries:
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In order to get a better picture on what is going on, joint meetings would be
useful to start with
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Joint activities in infrastructure: Monitoring the Baltic Sea, climate monitoring
Joint local infrastructures in e.g. physics and biosciences
Building joint infrastructure for regional services
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Joint master and doctoral programmes – can be started with joint courses
Joint winter and summer schools
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Joint funding opportunities, joint calls to support collaborations
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Thank you !
More information:
• Academy of Finland: www.aka.fi/eng
• Finnish science policy: www.research.fi/en
• For mobile researchers: www.euraxess.fi
• Facebook, Twitter, Linkedln, YouTube, SlideShare
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