Iliofemoral Joint aka Hip Joint

Report
Iliofemoral Joint
aka Hip Joint
By Suzannah and Michelle
Ligaments
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Iliofemoral ligament
Ischiofemoral ligament
Pubofemoral ligament
Zona orbicularis
Sacrotuberous ligament
Ligament of the head
Transverse ligament of the acetabulum
Inguinal ligament
----------------Sacrotuberous ligament
Ligaments of the Head
Transverse ligament of the
acetabulum------------>
Bursae
• Trochanteric Bursa- separates the deep aspect of the gluteus maximus from
the greater trochanter of the femur
• Gluteofemoral Bursa- separates the iliotibial tract from the superior part of
the proximal attachment of the vastus lateralis (in textbook)
• Ischial Bursa- separates the inferior border of the gluteus maximus from the
ischial tuberosity
Cartilage
Articular Capsules
Bones:
Femur(R)-post.
Bones:
Os Coax(R)- lateral
Bones:
Os Coax (R)- Medial
15
Bones:
Iliac Spines
Bones:
Tibia
Piriformis Syndrome
An uncommon neuromuscular disorder that is caused when the piriformis
muscle compresses the sciatic nerve. The piriformis muscle is a flat, band-like
muscle located in the buttocks near the top of the hip joint. This muscle is
important in lower body movement because it stabilizes the hip joint and lifts
and rotates the thigh away from the body
Starts with pain, tingling, or numbness in
the buttocks. Pain can be severe and
extend down the length of the sciatic
nerve (called sciatica). The pain is due to
the piriformis muscle compressing the
sciatic nerve, such as while sitting on a
car seat or running. Pain may also be
triggered while climbing stairs, applying
firm pressure directly over the piriformis
muscle, or sitting for long periods of
time.
Surface Anatomy
Inguinal Line------>
<---------- Gluteal cleft
Nerves
Arteries
Veins
Muscles:
Psoas Major
Origin:
Anterior and
lateral
surfaces of
T12-L5
Insertion: Less
trochanter
Action: Flexes
hip
Innervation:
L2 and L3
Muscles: Iliacus
Origin: Iliac Fossa
Insertion: Less trochanter
Action: Flexes hip
Innervation: Femoral Nerve
Muscles:
Semimembranosus
Origin: Ischial tuberosity
Insertion: Posterior surface of medial condyle of tibia
Action: Extends hip, flexes knee
Innervation: Sciatic nerve
Vascular Supply: Inferior gluteal artery
Muscles:
Rectus Femoris
Origin: Anterior inferior iliac spine
Insertion: Tibial tuberosity
Action: Hip flexion, knee extension
Innervation: Femoral nerve
Vascular Supply: Lateral circumflex femoral artery
Muscles:
Adductor Brevis
Origin: Pubis
Insertion: Pectineal line
and proximal linea aspera
Action: Hip adduction
Innervation: Obturator
Nerve
Vascular Supply:
Obturator artery, deep
femoral artery (profunda)
Origin: Ischium and
pubis
Insertion: Entire linea
aspera and adductor
tubercle
Action: Hip adduction
Innervation: Obturator
nerve
Vascular Supply:
Obturator artery
Muscles:
Adductor Magnus
Origin: Pubis
Insertion: Middle 1/3
of linea aspera
Action: Hip adduction
Innervation: Obturator
nerve
Vascular Supply:
Obturator artery and
deep femoral artery
(profundus)
Muscles:
Adductor longus
Origin: Ischial
tuberosity
Insertion:
Anteromedial
surface of
proximal tibia
Action:
Extends hip
and flexes
knee
Innervation:
Sciatic nerve
Vascular
Supply: Deep
femoral artery
(profundus)
Muscles:
Semitendinosus
Muscles:
Sartorius
Origin: Anterior superior iliac spine
Insertion: Proximal medial aspect of tibia
Action: Hip flexion, abduction, lateral rotation
Innervation: Femoral nerve
Vascular Supply: Lateral circumflex femoral artery
Muscles:
Gracilis
Origin: Pubis
Insertion: Anterior medial
surface of proximal end of
tibia
Action: Hip adductor
Innervation: Obturator nerve
Vascular Supply: Obturator
artery
Muscles:
Biceps femoris
long head
Origin: Ischial tuberosity
Insertion: Fibular head
Action: Extends hip, flexes knee
Innervation: Sciatic nerve
Vascular Supply: Inferior gluteal artery
Muscles:
Biceps femoris short head
Origin: Lateral lip of linea
aspera
Insertion: Fibular head
Action: Flexes knee
Innervation: Common peroneal nerve
Vascular Supply: Inferior gluteal artery
Muscles:
Pectineus
Origin:Superior ramus of the pubis
Insertion: Pectineal line of femur
Action: Hip flexion and adduction
Innervation: Femoral nerve
Vascular Supply: Medial circumflex femoral artery
Muscles:
Gluteus Maximus
Origin: Posterior
sacrum and ilium
Insertion: Posterior
femur, distal to the
greater trochanter
Action: Hip extension,
hyperextension, lateral
rotation
Innervation: Inferior
gluteal nerve
Vascular Supply:
Superior gluteal artery
Muscles:
Gluteus Medius
Origin: Lateral ilium
Insertion: Greater trochanter
Action: Hip abduction
Innervation: Superior gluteal nerve
Vascular Supply: Superior gluteal artery
Muscles:
Gluteus Minimus
Origin: Lateral ilium
Insertion: Anterior
surface of greater
trochanter
Action: Hip abduction
and medial rotation
Innervation: Superior
gluteal nerve
Muscles:
Piriformis
Origin: Internal surface of sacrum and sacrotuberous ligament
Insertion: Superior border of greater trochanter
Action: Lateral rotation, abduction, helps hold femur in acetabulum
Innervation: L5, S1-S2
Vascular Supply: Superior and inferior gluteal artery
Muscles:
Tensor Fascia Latae
Origin: Anterior superior iliac spine
Insertion: Lateral condyle of tibia
Action: Combined hip flexion and
abduction
Innervation: Superior gluteal nerve
Vascular Supply: Superior gluteal
artery
THE END!

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