Chapter 1_1 Intro

Report
Sponge: Set up Cornell Notes
on pg. 3
Topic: Ch. 1 Medical and
Applied Science Vocabulary
Essential Question:
What areas of medical
science are you familiar
with? (Think type of
doctors/medical terms or
diseases/areas of medical
study)
1 Medical
2.1Ch.
Atoms,
Ions, and Applied Science
and Molecules Vocab
What areas of medical science are you
familiar with? (Think type of
doctors/medical terms or diseases
/areas of medical study)
• Please turn in your
• 1) Signed Syllabus
• 2) Signed Safety Contract
• If you forgot it, you MUST bring it to me on Monday
Chapter 1
Introduction to Human Anatomy
and Physiology
• Please get your cell phones out…
Polleverywhere.com
3
Some Medical and Applied Science Vocabulary
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Cardiology
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Dermatology
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Endocrinology (endo-krin-ology) •
Gastroenterology(gastro-enter-ology)
Geriatrics
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Gerontology
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Gynecology
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Hematology
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Histology
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Immunology
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Neonatology
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Nephrology
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Neurology
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Obstetrics
Oncology
Ophthalmology (off-thal-mology)
Orthopedics
Otolaryngology (Otto-lar-en-gol-ogy)
Pathology
Pediatrics
Pharmacology (farm-a-cology)
Podiatry
Psychiatry
Radiology
Toxicology
Urology
Write the medical vocabulary words in two columns on pg. 3. Leave space for a
short description/picture next to each word. DO NOT use up whole page.
As we review what parts of science these
medical areas are associated with, please
write the key words and/or a small picture to
help you remember them in the future.
Ex:
Cardiology- Heart
Cardi-ology- Branch of medical science dealing with the
heart and heart diseases (cardiologist)
Derma-tology- Study of skin and its diseases
(dermatologist)
Endo-crin-ology- Study of hormones, hormone-secreting
glands, and associated diseases (endocrinologist)
Gastro-enter-ology- Study of the stomach and intestines,
as well as their diseases (gastroenterologist)
Geri-atrics- Branch of medicine dealing with older
individuals and their medical problems (gerontologist)
Ger-on-tology- Study of the process of aging and the
various problems of older individuals (gerontologist)
Gy(guy)-ne-cology- Study of the female
reproductive system and its diseases (gynecologist)
Hema-tology- Study of blood and blood diseases
(hematologist)
Hist-ology- Study of the structure and function of
tissues (histologist)
Immun-ology- Study of the body’s resistance to
disease (immunologist)
Neo-na-tology- Study of newborns and the treatment
of their diseases (neonatologist)
Neph-rology-Study of the structure, function, and
diseases of the kidneys (nephrologist)
Neu-rology-Study of the nervous system in health
and disease (neurologist)
Ob-stet-rics- Branch of medicine dealing with
pregnancy and childbirth (obstetrician)
On-col-ogy- Study of cancers (oncologist)
Oph(off)-thal-mology- Study of the eye and eye diseases
(Ophthalmologist aka “eye doctor”)
Ortho-pedics- Branch of medicine dealing with the muscular
and skeletal systems and their problems (orthopedist)
Oto-laryn-gol-ogy- Study of the ear, throat, larynx, and their
diseases (otolaryngologist aka “ear, nose, and throat doctor”)
Path-ology- Study of the structural and functional changes
within the body associated with disease (pathologist)
Pedi-atrics- Branch of medicine dealing with children and
their diseases (pediatrician)
Pharm-acology- Study of drugs and their uses in the
treatment of diseases (pharmacist)
Pod-i-atry- Study of the care and treatment of the feet
(podiatrist)
Psych-i-atry- Branch of medicine dealing with the
mind and its disorders (psychiatrist)
Radi-ology- Study of X rays and radioactive
substances, as well as their uses in diagnosing and
treating diseases (radiologist)
Toxicology- Study of poisonous substances and their
effects of physiology (toxicologist)
Urology- Branch of medicine dealing with the
urinary and male reproductive systems and their
diseases (urologist)
“Anatomy of a Car Crash” Discussion Questions
“Anatomy of a Car Accident”
Reading (Taped to pg.4)
• Read story
• Underline or highlight key
points/phrases/main
ideas/important info
• Circle vocabulary or
unknown words
1. What are vital signs? Name at least 3.
2. What are hematomas? Explain what
they look like.
3. What might a hematoma indicate?
4. Why is it important to know a patients
previous medical history when treating
them?
5.How can listening to our internal organs
help us identify if something is wrong?
1) Answer group discussion questions on pg. 4 of your interactive
notebook
1. What are vital signs? Name at least 3.
2. What are hematomas? Explain what they
look like.
3. What might a hematoma indicate?
4. Why is it important to know a patients
previous medical history when treating them?
5.How can listening to our internal organs help
us identify if something is wrong?
This will be taped on pg. 4 of your INB
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Classwork/Homework
• Read the “History of Anatomy”
• Underline or highlight main
ideas/important information
• Circle vocabulary or unknown
words
• Answer the 3 questions on the
bottom on the bottom of Pg. 4 in
your interactive notebook
History of Anatomy Questions
1.What factors probably stimulated early
interest in the human body?
2.How did human health change as lifestyle
changed?
3.What kinds of activities helped promote
the development of modern medical
science?
Sponge: Set up Cornell Notes
on pg. 5
Topic: 1.1 Anatomy and
Physiology
Essential Question:
What is the difference
between anatomy and
physiology?
1.1 Anatomy
and Physiology
2.1 Atoms,
Ions,
and Molecules
What is the difference between
anatomy and physiology?
The 2 major areas of medical science are:
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy – study of the structures of body parts:
their forms and organization (Greek – “cutting up”)
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Physiology – study of the functions or jobs of the
body parts-what they do and how they do it
(Greek – “relationship to nature”)
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In Anatomy there is a statement, “Structure
is always related to function”. Please
hypothesize what you think this statement
means.
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Structure is always related to function!
The structures are
developed or
evolved to perform
a specific job or
function
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Think of different parts of your body, or of another animal’s body:
How do their structures relate to their functions?
Please come up with at least 5 examples.
Exs:
Hand/fingers= to grasp, grab, or hold objects
Teeth= to grind up food so we can swallow them
Pelican’s bill= to scoop up fish from the sea for eating
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On the bottom ½ of pg. 5
Innovations in Physiology -100 Greatest Discoveries (9 mins)
1. When was the science of human anatomy “born”?
2. Where did Andreas Vesalius get the bodies that he
dissected?
3. Why was Vesalius’ “The Structure of the Human Body” so
important to science?
4. How many gallons of blood does our body pump a
minute?
5. What was William Harvey’s great discovery?
6. Why did some blood transfusions work and others didn’t?
7. What was the impact of Karl Landsteiner’s discovery about
blood?
Innovations in Physiology -100 Greatest Discoveries (9 mins)
1. When was the science of human anatomy “born”?
• The Renaissance
2. Where did Andreas Vesalius get the bodies that he dissected?
• Graves- Grave Robbing- Executions
3. Why was Vesalius’ “The Structure of the Human Body” so
important to science?
• 1st accurate description of the interior of the human body
4. How many gallons of blood does our body pump a minute?
• 5
5. What was William Harvey’s great discovery?
• Blood pumps in a circular motion or cycle
6. Why did some blood transfusions work and others didn’t?
• Not all blood is the same! Some combos will clot, leading to death
7. What was the impact of Karl Landsteiner’s discovery about blood?
• Blood transfusions were much safer- organ transplants possiblesaves lives

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