TOEFL iBT Listening Overview Section Listening Content Time Score 4─6 lectures (5 minutes) 6 questions each 60─90 minutes (in total) /30 2─3 conversations (3 minutes) 5 questions each 35 seconds to answer each question 2. Language Level • More informal language than in Reading section based on speech samples from North American colleges and universities • Easier than Reading section lectures: 8th grade difficulty level conversations: 4th or 5th grade difficulty level • Lectures more difficult than conversations because of academic content 3. Types of Listening Passages • Lectures professor speaks all or most of the time • Classroom discussions professor and students discuss an academic topic • Conversations office hours with a student visit to a professor service encounters with support staff • Taking notes is allowed and encouraged. 4. Lecture Visuals • Screen with course name • Context visual: professor in class with students • Types of graphic screens content image: explains content with photograph or illustration blackboard image with key terminology 5. Conversation Visuals • Context visual sets the scene. • Visual appears when narrator introduces the conversation. 6. Question Sets • Each set two lectures and one conversation each set of passages has 17 questions • Time 10 minutes to answer 17 questions • Lecture questions are more difficult than conversation questions. four minutes for questions on each lecture and two minutes for the conversation questions • Question order usually follows order of information in passage. 7. Listening Toolbar • NEXT to see the next question. • OK to confirm the answer. After clicking OK, you cannot change your answer. • VOLUME to increase or decrease volume. 8. Multiple Choice Questions • • • • Most have four choices and one correct answer Gist: purpose for a conversation Inference: draw conclusion from stated facts Detail: main supporting details may have two or three correct answers if two correct answers, then four answer choices; if three correct answers, then five answer choices. • Organization: underlying organization of lecture or relationships between two parts 9. Connecting Content Questions • Drag and drop answer choices to the correct category. • Place checkmarks in the correct boxes. 10. Replay Questions • Attitude ask about speaker’s feelings, opinion, or certainty • Function ask about meaning behind speaker’s words • Include headphone icon Listen again to portion of lecture or conversation. 11. Common Distractors • Common distractors (incorrect answers) in the Listening section: repeat words and phrases from passage, but incorrectly answer the question contain similar sounding words do not answer the question are not mentioned in the passage contradict passage • Gist Questions Incorrect answers may be too broad or too narrow. 12. Helpful Tips • Correct answers are usually restatements of information from the listening passage. • Guess if you’re unsure of an answer Eliminate the definitely wrong answers. Choose the answer that is most consistent with the main idea. 13. More Helpful Tips • Work quickly. You only have 35 seconds to answer each question. Maintain a balance between speed and accuracy. • If time is running out, guess the answers to the remaining questions. • You do not lose points for incorrect answers.