Following up on the Programm of Action

Report
APRM
APRMMOZAMBIQUE
MOZAMBIQUE
MOZAMBIQUE
African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM)
Following up on the Programm of Action
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
OUTLINE
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General information and social indicators
Findings
Lessons learnt
Next steps
Conclusion
MAP OF MOZAMBIQUE
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
GENERAL INFORMATION AND SOCIAL INDICATORS 1
• Location: Southern Africa, the country borders the Indian
Ocean, with 2800 km of coastline, and has country borders
with Swaziland, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi
and Tanzania.
• Surface – 799.380 km2
• Climate: Inter-tropical (rainy/warm and dry/cool)
• Date of independence: 25 June 1975 C\
• Official Language: Portuguese
• Currency: Metical
• Exchange Rate MT/USD, annual average, 2006: 25.4 MT)
• Main Mother Tongues: 16
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
GENERAL INFORMATION AND SOCIAL INDICATORS 2
• Population: 20, 854 million inhabitants, the urban
population represents about one third (1/3)
• Demographic Density: 26 hab./km2
• Life Expectancy at birth (years): men 46,1, women 49.9
• Gross Mortality Rate: 15,7 %
• Gross Birth Rate: 39,4 %
• Natural Growth Rate of the of the population: 2, 4%
• HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate (15-49 years): 16.2%
• Literacy Rate (2005): 51,9 %
• Proportion of seats occupied by women at the
Parliament: 35 %
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
GENERAL INFORMATION AND SOCIAL INDICATORS 3
• Unemployment Rate (population of 15 years and
above): 18.7 %
• GDP per capita (2006): USD 349
• GDP (Real Growth Rate 2006): 8 %
• Liquid International Reserves, 2006: 1.231,1 million USD
• Current Revenue, 2006, (% GDP): 13.7%
• External Debt Stock, 2006: 3.329,6 million USD)
• Annual Inflation, 2006: 8.1 %
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
•
The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is an objective
self-assessment exercise which comprehend all stakholders
• Its singularity is due to the fact that the object of assessment is
the country’s dynamics of governance as a whole, not only the
performance of the Government.
• This purpose garantees, the established principles of:
comprehensing , inclusion, scientificity, ideological neutrality.
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
FINDINGS
• The assignment generated good results thanks to the
mobilization and contributions received from civil society
organizations, public and private sector
•
The raising of public awareness for greater participation in the
process, made through the media
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
FINDINGS
• The assessment clearly indicates that there were many
progresses in Mozambique and efforts are being made in order
to:
 guarantee fudamental freedom
 Improve life conditions
 Improve infrastructure
 Improve food security
• Guarnatee citizenship rights nomely in the area of:
 Health
 Sducation
 Support in emergency situations (calamities)
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
FINDINGS
• Guarantee the protection of vulnerable segments of the society
• Development of efforts towards consolidating dialogue with
different stakeholders and economic growth
• Above all the maintenance of a good management of the
national reconciliation process, guarantee of peace
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
FINDINGS
• The evaluation also shows some weaknesses :
― That make the process delays things from happening even what is
considered positive that can grow, be consolidated
– There is a perception that the gap of social differences between rich
and poor has grown and became narrow in such a way that
Mozambique can be rated as unfair country
– The awareness of social exclusion and the bad distribution of
income can become a space of conflicts
– Corruption has lost its pudor due to the impunity that makes the
adoption of measures difficult not allowing the control and ending
of corruption
– That national entrepreneurs is incipient
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
FINDINGS
– That the lack of public political strategies in some areas that are
fundamental for the life of the population can cancel all the efforts
being made towards making the country progress
– Enphasizing the protection of vulnerable population, security,
HIV/Aids
– The prevention of labour conflicts, unemployment, land, informal
activities
• The National Programm of Action was designed on the basis of
the findings of the self-assessement report and
recommendations from the Review Mission.
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
Lessons learnt
• Greater awareness of the people for them to take part in
governing the country
• Dialogue and interaction among all stakeholders (government,
civil society, private sector
•
APRM has increased national awareness on citizens’ rights
• Public discussions always make reference to APRM’s Selfassessment Report
• The Self-assessment Report use to be the basis for sustaining
some political speeches
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
NEXT STEPS 1
• Disseminate the Country Review Report throughout the country, in
the region and at international level
• Capacity of APRM National Forum and its Technical Unit (the
Secretariat) Strengthened as an independent and autonomous
national bodies to implement and monitor the APRM operation in the
country including the monitoring of the National Programme of
Action
• Strengthening of the Focal Point capacity as a key to the long-term
viability of the process. The APRM Focal Point secretariat is
established within the Ministry for Planning and Development (MPD)
to ensure harmonization of the NPoA with the national plans as well
as of respective implementation and submission of reports to the
APRM Forum
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
NEXT STEPS 2
• Continuous education of APRM stakeholders on the APRM
process and on the importance and need for the citizens to
participate in the same, ensuring Country Review Report and
NPoA are disseminated, implemented and monitored
• Mobilization of Civil society at national, provincial and district
level to ensure participation in the APRM, and in the monitoring
and evaluation of NPoA including an integrated information
system established through sectors and mini surveys. Best
practices documented, up scaled, replicated & mainstreamed
• Write progress reports every six months for APRM’s Continental
Secretariat
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
CONCLUSION
• NPoA monitoring & evaluation stage is crucial to the civil society,
given the fact that activities are spread throughout the country
and must be well followed up
• APRM is a new process in our country . For it to be a success
funding must be guaranteed for at least the one cycle (from one
assessment to another)
FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION
REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE
www.marp.org.mz
Thank you

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