Learning Objectives
To understand the different types of feedback.
To know which type of feedback to use.
What is feedback?
 Task: Discuss what you think feedback is? When have
you experienced feedback? What type? How would
you define feedback?
 Feedback is any information received by the learner
as a result of a movement. It occurs during or after
the movement.
Types of Feedback
Intrinsic – Extrinsic
Concurrent – Terminal
Positive – Negative
Delayed Feedback
Knowledge of Results (KR)
Knowledge of Performance (KP)
Intrinsic (internal) &
Extrinsic (external) Feedback
 INTRINSIC feedback is information that comes from
proprioceptors within the body. It is also known as
kinaesthetic feedback.
 Think of examples from the following sports: football,
basketball, trampolining and your sport.
 EXTRINSIC feedback is information that comes from
outside of the yourself.
 Who might provide extrinsic feedback?
Terminal, Concurrent & Delayed
 TERMINAL feedback is information given after the
movement has been completed.
 DELAYED feedback is information given some time
after the performance.
 CONCURRENT feedback is information given during
the performance.
 It can be either intrinsic or extrinsic.
Positive & Negative Feedback
 POSITIVE feedback is praise for a successful
performance. Aimed at motivating performer.
 NEGATIVE feedback is external information about
how a performance was incorrect.
 Task: If you were coaching someone trying to learn to
serve in tennis which type of feedback would you
use? What factors would influence your decision?
Knowledge of Results (KR)
 KR is knowing how well you did in terms of the
outcome of your actions. How successful was it?
 This could come from the performer or someone else.
 Essential for motivation and future improvement.
 Think about how difficult it would be to learn to shoot
in netball without any KR.
Knowledge of Performance (KP)
 KP is information about how well the movement was
 Often used straight after KR.
 Again, essential for future improvement.
 Usually comes from external sources, although can be
internal for expert performers.
 Task: What type of feedback do you think yr7 pupils
taking part in a shot putt lesson would prefer and
why? Does this raise any problems?
Which feedback is the best?
 Clearly, all types are relevant in certain situations.
 List the factors that might affect the choice of
Feedback and the performer’s stage
of learning.
 Autonomous learners (experts) use more intrinsic
feedback. Greater experience and kinaesthetic
awareness and less reliant on coach reassurance.
 Autonomous learners more able to access concurrent
feedback. Can use less attention on the actual
 Cognitive learners (beginners) need more positive
feedback, autonomous learners can take constructive
negative feedback without demotivation.
 Beginners love KR, experts often prefer KP.
Other factors affecting choice of
 Highly complex or very fast skills are often unable to
access concurrent feedback and require terminal
 If the purpose of participation is to build motivation
and have fun then positive feedback is essential.
 If the outcome of an event is euphoria or huge
disappointment then delayed feedback is generally
Exam Question
You are asked to run coaching sessions for an under 8’s
football group and a University basketball 1st team.
Describe how your use of feedback would be different in
both situations and explain why. (10 marks)

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