Feedback

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Feedback
Learning Objectives
To understand the different types of feedback.
To know which type of feedback to use.
What is feedback?
 Task: Discuss what you think feedback is? When have
you experienced feedback? What type? How would
you define feedback?
 Feedback is any information received by the learner
as a result of a movement. It occurs during or after
the movement.
Types of Feedback
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Intrinsic – Extrinsic
Concurrent – Terminal
Positive – Negative
Delayed Feedback
Knowledge of Results (KR)
Knowledge of Performance (KP)
Intrinsic (internal) &
Extrinsic (external) Feedback
 INTRINSIC feedback is information that comes from
proprioceptors within the body. It is also known as
kinaesthetic feedback.
 Think of examples from the following sports: football,
basketball, trampolining and your sport.
 EXTRINSIC feedback is information that comes from
outside of the yourself.
 Who might provide extrinsic feedback?
Terminal, Concurrent & Delayed
Feedback
 TERMINAL feedback is information given after the
movement has been completed.
 DELAYED feedback is information given some time
after the performance.
 CONCURRENT feedback is information given during
the performance.
 It can be either intrinsic or extrinsic.
Positive & Negative Feedback
 POSITIVE feedback is praise for a successful
performance. Aimed at motivating performer.
 NEGATIVE feedback is external information about
how a performance was incorrect.
 Task: If you were coaching someone trying to learn to
serve in tennis which type of feedback would you
use? What factors would influence your decision?
Knowledge of Results (KR)
 KR is knowing how well you did in terms of the
outcome of your actions. How successful was it?
 This could come from the performer or someone else.
 Essential for motivation and future improvement.
 Think about how difficult it would be to learn to shoot
in netball without any KR.
Knowledge of Performance (KP)
 KP is information about how well the movement was
executed.
 Often used straight after KR.
 Again, essential for future improvement.
 Usually comes from external sources, although can be
internal for expert performers.
 Task: What type of feedback do you think yr7 pupils
taking part in a shot putt lesson would prefer and
why? Does this raise any problems?
Which feedback is the best?
 Clearly, all types are relevant in certain situations.
 List the factors that might affect the choice of
feedback.
Feedback and the performer’s stage
of learning.
 Autonomous learners (experts) use more intrinsic
feedback. Greater experience and kinaesthetic
awareness and less reliant on coach reassurance.
 Autonomous learners more able to access concurrent
feedback. Can use less attention on the actual
performance.
 Cognitive learners (beginners) need more positive
feedback, autonomous learners can take constructive
negative feedback without demotivation.
 Beginners love KR, experts often prefer KP.
Other factors affecting choice of
feedback
 Highly complex or very fast skills are often unable to
access concurrent feedback and require terminal
feedback.
 If the purpose of participation is to build motivation
and have fun then positive feedback is essential.
 If the outcome of an event is euphoria or huge
disappointment then delayed feedback is generally
preferred.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eErHVv3X6TE&fea
ture=related
Exam Question
You are asked to run coaching sessions for an under 8’s
football group and a University basketball 1st team.
Describe how your use of feedback would be different in
both situations and explain why. (10 marks)

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