TRAFFIC POLICE DIRECTORATE Traffic & Security Section ’’TRAFFIC METODOLOGY’’ Work done for a secured traffic in Albania (INTEGRATED STRATEGY) THE STRUCTURE LAYOUT STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES COMMON READINESS (INTEGRATED INTERFERENCE) COMBINED/INTEGRATED STRATEGY CITISENS DEMANDS ROLE OF COMMUNES & MUNICIPALITIES DUTIES OF POLICE LEADERS SUMMARY THE LAYOUT The complex system of „road traffic“, which in its complexity is always under development, could be under control only by means of scientific studies. This is true, especialy for guaranting the road security and the emergency of an efficient work in order to make it safer. West experience, referring to traffic metodology, calls it as „integrated strategy“. STRATEGIC GOALS Increase of security in road traffic Reduction of road accidents Minimisation of consequences derived from accidents Protection of enabled persons & specific ages, who use the traffic Increase of legal traffic rules compliance Improvement of security feeling Intensification of control against criminality (integrated interference) 3.1. Common interference Common interference referres to police cooperation with other players (local government/partners),who deal with security of the traffic. Not only Police is found resposable for traffic security, other actors are found responsable as well, so that coopeartion among actors is neccessary to reach the goal. This is shown in three tables reffering to interference. 3.2.Integrated interference) Integrated interference within police force, comes true when road security control is an additional part of the fight againt criminality. 4. COMBINED STRATEGY Combined startegy is called when ENGINEERING , EDUCATION & ENFORCEMENT cooperate with public work in a combined manner. This is known as 3XE+PP formula. The abovementioned interference manners constitute a single form in police actions. When this forms influence to each –other, they bring out the succeesful recipe. 4.1. ENGINEERING Traffic organisation Engineering is planning and realising of technical measures regarding construction and additional imprevement of infrastructure & vehicles security, paying a special attention to the increase of quality of the road network and human needs for a clean environment. RESPONSABLE Ministry of Public Work, Transport &Telecomunication Laws and other sub-law acts. Road ownership entities Road maintanance enterprises, dealing with traffic tables, traffic lights, etc. Police aa.Accidents record and data delivery to other institutions. bb. Immediate measures. cc. Common action in road planning dd.cooperation in accidents commisions OTHER SOCIAL FORCES POLITICAL PARTIES INFLUENCE BY PARLAMENTARY ACTIONS OR MEETINGS ORGANIZATIONS (Economic ones, social ones ) Lobbing & interests protection COMPANIES Citizens, NGO-s, & public initiatives INTEGRATED INTERFERENCE Combination of work in road security in traffic with that of crime prevention Theses of German criminologyst Dr. Jäger: Measures taken on construction of sub-ways or ground parkings, have had its own effects in producing criminal activities. Photo combination of the situation Avoidance of risky areas in planning and constructing new public roads. Multy cases structure effects. Road lightenning, paths for pedestrians, parkings. Intergration of traffic office with that of crime prevention. Further development and up-dating with new technology. 4.2. Education INFORMATION ON TRAFFIC THIS IS PREVENTING WORK ORGANISED IN GROUPS ORIENTED IN SOLVING OF PROBLEMS LINKED WITH THE IMPROVEMENT OF ROAD SECURITY, COOPERATING WITH OTHER RESPONSABLE TRAFFIC STAKEHOLDERS METHODES: GENERAL EDUCATION ON TRAFFIC INFORMATION ON TRAFFIC PUBLIC WORK LEGAL ASPECTS CONSTITUTION PROTECTION AGAINST RISKS AS A POLICE DUTY ROAD CODE, ORDERS AND DIFFERENT DECISIONS DESPITE THE ABOVEMENTIONED, EVEN ACCIDDENTS REPORTS, NATIONALE PROGRAMMES FOR ROAD SECURITY, ETC. METHODES KNOWLEDGE TO RESPECT THE LAW IN TRAFFIC WELL-UNDERSTANDING AND READINIESS TO CONCIOUSLY PARTICIPATE IN TRAFFIC TRANPARENCY OF POLICE WORK REGARDING TRAFFIC SAFETY CLOSE COOPERATION WITH OTHER ACTORS IN ORDER TO INCREASE THE ROAD SECURITY Police Role Common actions on traffic education Advicary bodies Public work Current traffic problems Special developments regarding accidnets in traffic RESPONSABLE MINISTRIES Ministry of Transport Ministry of Interior Ministry of Education & Science Ministry of Public Work & Social Affairs Kindergardens, Schools Proffesional Schools State Offices Police OTHER SOCIAL FORCES INTER-MINISTERIAL COMEETIES OF SECURITY ROAD ALBANIAN CONTROLL OF TRAFFIC ORGANISATIONS/COMMETTES CLUB OF DRIVERS HEALTH INSURANCES SINDICATE INSURANCES FOUNDATIONS FRRE TIME INFLUENCES, PRIVATE WORK AND OTHERS FAMILY NEIGHBOURHOOD SCHOOL CARS ASYLIUMS SPORTMEN ASSOSIATIONS VEHICLES INDUSTRY ENTERTAINMENT ORGANISERS INTERNAL MEASURES ALL CCOLABORATORS SENSIBILISATION AND INCREASE OF WELL-UNDERSTANDING TOWARD EDUCATION AND PUBLIC WORK. DISPONIBILITY OF PERSONAL AND MATERIAL REOURCES CREATION OF A PANORAMA OF THE SITUATION: SECURITY FEELING, TECHNIC CONTROLL DEVELOPMENT OF CURRENT TAKEN MEASURES FOREIGN MEASURES PUBLIC WORK ( MEDIA CAMPAIGNE, ORGANISATION OF EVENTS) GORUP MEETING ORGANISATIONS FOR A SPECIFIC AIM LECTURES ON TRAFFIC WORKSHOPS INTEGRATED INTERFERENCE CHANGE ON PEOPLE‘S BEHAVIOUR GROUP SEMINARS ON - „ LAW BREAKER – AND VICTIM“ INVITATIONS ON DIFFERENT MEETINGS AND EVENTS, MEDIA PRESENCE, BOOKLETS, ETC. 4.3. IMPLEMENTATION TRAFFIC CONTROLL/SURVEILLANCE THESE ARE THE MEASURES BY MEANES OF WHICH THE POLICE KEEPS UNDER CONTROLL PUBLIC TRAFFIC. CONTROLL OF TRAFFIC PARTICIPANTS TRAFFIC VEHICLES CONTROLL TRAFFIC SURVEILLANCE IMPLEMENTATION IS CLOUSLY LINKED WITH THE EDUCATION AND MODERNISATION OF THE TRAFFIC. LEGAL ASPECTS CONSTITUTION CRIMINAL PROCEDINGS CRIMINAL CODE ADMINISTRATIV/TRAFFIC CODE INTEGRATED INTERFERENCES CONTINOUS CONTROL COMMON CONTROL CHANGE OF DATA AND INFORMATION, COMPARISONS, COMMON CASES PERSONS INVESTIGATIONS CONTROLL ON DRIVING LICENSES FINES, AFTER COMMITING A CRIMINAL OFFENCE 4.4. PUBLIC WORK ITS A CONTIONOUS PROCESS IN THREE FIELDS, AIMING AT: INCREASE OF TRAFFIC SECURITY POLICE WORK TRANSPARENCY WHEN INTERVENING INFORMATION REPORT SECURITY FEELING INFLUENCE WITHIN THE INTERVENTED AREA, EVEN OVER IT OR INDIPENDENT DIRECTED INSIDE, AS WELL AS OUTSIDE 5.ROLE OF COMMUNES/MUNICIPALITIES FIRST HAND COMPETENCES IN TRAFFIC SECURITY MANAGEMENT SURVEILLANCE OF PASSING TRAFFIC SPEED MONITORING NOT LEGAL POWERS TO HANDLE THE TRAFFIC OFFENDER COOPERATION WITH POLICE IS NECESSARY COPPERATION AND COMMON TRUST WITH POLICE 6. CITIZENS DEMANDS POLICE AS PROTECTOR, ALWAYS AT SERVICE. POLICE AS A COMPETENT INTERLOCUTOR, ESPECIALY REGARDING ROAD SECURITY POLICE AS GUARANTEE OF ROAD SECURITY ( IMMEDIATE MEASURES) POLICE AS HOLDER OF PREVENTING WORK () INFORMATION, ANSWER) CITISENS DEMANDS ?????? SURVEILLANCE ALWAYS AND EVERYWHERE, BUT NOT WHERE I AM TRAVELLING FOR THE MOMENT! 7. Police work importance - CLEARANCE OF TRAFFIC SITUATION AND DECISIONS OF TRAFFIC INSTITUTIONS BASED ON THE LAW - INCREASE OF TOLERANCE AND UNDERSTANDING , ESPECIALLY TOWARDS INVOUNERABLE PARTICIPANTS ( NEW DRIVERS). -REDUCE OF RISKY TRAFFIC BEHAVIOURS IN THE TRAFFIC. - CONCEPT CHANGE. INCREASE OF TRAFFIC CRIME IDENTIFICATION 8. LEADING STRUCTURES RESPONSABILITIES -FAMMILIAR WITH PROFFESIONAL KNOWLEDGES AND UP-DATE WITH NEW ONES - PUBLIC WORKS INSIDE/OUTSIDE -ASSISTANCE TO DECISION MAKING POLICTICAL STRUCTURES - ESTABLISHMENT AND CONSOLIDATION OF CONTACTS WITH OTHER POWERS LINKED WITH ROAD SECURITY. - DEVELOPMENT OF GENERAL CONCEPTS AGREEMENTS REGARDING COMMON AIM AND MEASURS TO CONTROLL. 9. SUMMARY THE ABOVEMENTIONED FORMS REGARDING INTEGRATED INTERVINIENCE, MODERNISATION, EDUCATION, IMPLEMENTATION AND PUBLIC WORK, ESTABLISH A SINGLE FORCE TO THE POLICE, CALLED ” COMBINED STRATEGY” ONLY BY MEANES OF INTERVINIANCE AREAS WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF COMBINED STRATEGY, AS A PLANNING AND LEADING INSTRUMENT, COULD BE REACHED A SUSTAINABLE ROAD SAFETY IN AN EFFECTIVE MANNER.