How Many Years are in a Year? 1 2011 NJASFAA FALL CONFERENCE DANIELLE MASON, SR. NATIONAL DIR OF F/A LINCOLN EDUCATIONAL SERVICES EVELYNNE BLATT, DIRECTOR OF FINANCIAL AID UNION COUNTY COLLEGE Academic Years - Why Define Them?* 2 How you define your program(s), make the difference in how you fund them. Every eligible program, including graduate programs, must have a defined academic year. The academic year is used to determine the student’s eligibility for a Pell Grant, Stafford loan awards, etc. A school may have different academic years for different academic programs. * FSA HANDBOOK, 2011/12 VOLUME 3, CHP 1 Academic Years – Different Programs 3 Although a school may have different academic years for different programs, it must use the same academic year definition for all FSA awards for students enrolled in a particular program. Academic Years - Minimums 4 The FSA academic year that a school defines for a program has to meet the regulatory minimums for both clock or credit-hours AND weeks of instructional time. Awards are affected when a program does not meet one of the academic year standards Academic Years – Minimum Hours 5 The law and regulations set the following minimum standards for coursework earned by a full-time student in an academic year in an undergraduate educational program 24 semester or trimester credit-hours (or 36 quarter credit-hours) for a program measured in credit-hours; or 900 clock-hours for a program measured in clock-hours An academic calendar that uses semesters traditionally has two terms, in the fall and spring. A trimester academic calendar traditionally has three terms, in the fall, spring, and summer. Academic Years – Minimum Weeks 6 An academic year for a credit-hour program must be defined as at least 30 weeks of instructional time and for a clock-hour program, at least 26 weeks of instructional time. Academic progress is measured in semester credit-hours, and full-time is at least 12 semester credits. The Academic Calendar is not necessarily a 12 month period of time. SAY versus BBAY* 7 The definition of the academic year determines when a student is eligible for a new annual loan limit. A school must used either a SAY or BBAY: (SAY) Scheduled Academic Year Used more commonly by Traditional Calendar Programs Generally begins / ends the same time each year (BBAY) Borrower Based Academic Year “Floats” with the student’s enrollment IE: Starts that happen on a monthly basis on rotation. Must use if the school doesn’t have a SAY calendar, regardless of clock hour, SE9W or Not SE9W terms, etc. SE9W: Substantially equal terms of 9 weeks or more *FSA Handbook 2010/11, Vol 3, Chp 6 Payment Periods 8 For FSA purposes, you will use either “term-based” payment periods (the payment period is the term), or payment periods based on the completion of credit or clock-hours and weeks of instructional time. The payment period you use depends on the kind of academic calendar your school uses, as described below, and the FSA program for which you are disbursing funds. The payment periods make up your academic year and calendar. Definition of payment periods: 34 CFR 668.4 Academic Years 9 Schools offer programs with many kinds of academic calendars that differ from the traditional Fall-Spring school year. For purposes of the FSA programs, there are three basic types of academic calendars: standard term, nonstandard term, and non term (also Clock Hour). Generally, a term is a period in which all classes are scheduled to begin and end within a set time frame, and academic progress is measured in credit hours. However, if these periods overlap within a program, they may not be treated as a term-based program for FSA purposes. Term-based programs can have either standard terms or nonstandard terms. Program Delivery, Traditional Example 10 Traditional – Concurrent courses, that each extend the entire payment period. Ex: 4 courses, different total hours each, all take 15 weeks to complete. 2 Semesters: Fall / Winter … OR Winter / Spring, etc Program Delivery, Concurrent Example 11 Concurrent – Taught at the same time. Multiple courses, / modular format (could be taught same day/split day) (A 6 hr day,… 2 courses @ 3 hrs, each) Program Delivery, Sequential Example 12 Sequential – One after the other Non-Traditional Calendar / Modular format Could be online, single course at a time…. (mod 1, mod 2, mod 3, mod 4) Standard Terms 13 Standard Terms are made up of semesters, trimesters, and quarters. Semesters & Trimesters: Terms that are generally 14 to 17 wks long. Academic progress is measured in semester credit hours, full time and is at least 12 semester credits Quarters: Terms are approximately 10-12 weeks in length. Academic progress is measured in quarter credit hours, full time, and is at least 12 quarter credit hours. Standard Term: Payment period terms are “substantially equal”. 34 CFR 668.4(h)(1),(2) “Substantially equal” that means that no term in the program is more than 2 weeks of instructional time longer than any other term in that program. “Not substantially equal in length” means nonstandard terms that have at least 1 term more than 2 weeks of instructional time longer than another in the same program Standard Term Examples 14 Example #1: ( traditional) While the student may by taking a different course load for each semester, the weeks are equal. Example #2: (modular) While the semesters are “uneven” 16wk/16 wk/ 15 wk, they are defined as “substantially equal” … within 2 weeks Standard Term 15 Generally: Title IV aid is paid on attempted credits. Students who fail courses can still be paid for attempting the failed course(s) – as long as the student is making Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP). Student’s funding is based on equal payment periods and equal payments. Permits grade level progression when reaches annual loan limit. (Usually) Pell, formula 1, dividing the scheduled award by the # of payment periods in the academic year. (Can be) Pell, formula 3, General Formula for any Term Based program. Non – Standard Terms 16 Non standard terms are terms (all course work is expected to begin and end within a set period of time) that are not semester, trimester or quarter terms. Unlike Standard terms, the length of the term is not necessarily associated with the type of credit hours awarded. The terms are unequal in length. Non Standard Term: Payment period terms are “substantially UNequal”. 34 CFR 668.4(h)(1),(2) “Not substantially equal in length” means nonstandard terms that have at least 1 term that is more than 2 weeks of instructional time longer than another in the same program “Substantially equal” that means that no term in the program is more than 2 weeks of instructional time longer than any other term in that program. Non Standard Term example 17 Example #1: Student is enrolled in a 15 wk / 15 wk / 4 wk program. The terms are substantially “unequal” in length… greater than 2 weeks. Defined as Non Standard, even if the credit value is the same. Non – Standard Terms 18 Generally, Title IV aid is paid on successfully COMPLETED credits. Students who fail courses can NOT be paid for the failed course(s) – even if the student is making Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP). A Term is extended until successful completion Student’s Pell and Stafford loan funding is based on enrollment status. Schools use a formula to determine enrollment status and eligibility for Title IV aid: Enrollment status equals # of credits in AY X # wks in payment period / the # weeks in AY. Title IV awards are based on this enrollment status Standard Term & Non Standard Term 19 Schools “CAN” combine shorter terms with longer terms and treat them as part of the semester. The terms can NOT overlap (they don’t in this example) And, the program would be defined as having 2 semesters. Otherwise,… the program would be defined as non- standard, and all the terms in the program would be treated as non standard. Clock Hour 20 • In a Clock Hour program, the minimum Definition of an Academic Year must be defined for each clock hour program in your school • It can be the same for all programs or different for all programs… • However, an Academic Year must contain at least 900 clock hours and 26 weeks of instructional time. • The program is paid on hours. Clock Hour 21 Determining your Payment Periods in a Clock Hour Program The payment period is defined by both hours and weeks of instructional time A student must successfully complete the clock hours AND weeks of instructional time in a payment period to progress to the next payment period. “Successfully Completes” 34 CFR 668.4(h)(1),(2) A student “successfully completes” credit or clock-hours if your school considers the student to have passed the coursework associated with those hours. Clock Hour Programs are treated like non-term programs. The important factor is the payment period. Calculating the scheduled award…remember,… The scheduled award is always taken from the Full Time PELL Payment Schedule. Non term 22 If a program measures progress in clock hours, it is always treated as a non - term program. A school may choose to consider a program that consists of consecutive modules as a non term program, (& measured as nonstandard term) as well. A program that measures progress in credit hours is considered to be using a non - term calendar if it has: courses that do not begin and end within a set period of time; courses that overlap terms; Sequential courses that do not begin and end within a term. A student must successfully complete the clock hours (or credit hours) AND weeks of instructional time in a payment period to progress to the next payment period. Pell Formulas 23 After you have defined the Academic Year and program type(s) that your school offers,… you would use one of the Pell Formulas to calculate the Pell Award Amount for the Term or Non Term calendar in the academic program. Pell Formulas are determined directly by how you define your program Pell – Formula 1 24 Formula 1: Standard Term programs with Academic Calendars of 30+ weeks. For a program with a traditional academic calendar, the program Must have an academic calendar that consists, in the fall through spring, of two semesters or trimesters, or three quarters (note that summer may not be a standard term); Must have at least 30 weeks of instructional time in fall through spring terms; Must not have overlapping terms; and Must define full-time enrollment for each term in the award year as at least 12 credit hours and must measure progress in credit hours. For formula 1, the term is the payment period, and you divide the student’s award by the number of terms in the program’s FSA academic year. Pell - Formula 2 25 Formula 2: Standard term programs with less than 30 wks, Fall through Spring. May be used for programs that would qualify for Formula 1 except that the program’s academic calendar provides less than 30 weeks of instructional time in the fall through spring terms. Simplifies the calculation payments by providing the same calculation for all payment periods in the award year. Only a small number of schools use Formula 2. Pell - Formula 3 26 Formula 3: General Formula for any Term Based program. May be used for programs that would qualify for Formula 1 except that the program’s academic calendar provides less than 30 weeks of instructional time in the fall through spring terms. Any term-based program may use this formula for Pell calculations, but you must use this formula for a term-based program that does not qualify for Formulas 1 or 2, for instance, a program that uses only nonstandard terms. Standard Term: For Standard Terms, use the minimum enrollment standards Less than half time = 0-5.999; Half time = 6-8.999; Three Quarter time = 9-11.999; Full time =12 + Pell – Formula 4 27 Formula 4: Clock Hour and Non Term Credit Hour programs All Clock-Hour Programs must use Formula 4 no exceptions…… Calculating Pell Payments The annual award for a student in a clock-hour or nonterm credit-hour program is taken from the full-time payment schedule, even if the student is attending less than fulltime. Pell Grants must be paid in installments over the course of the academic year or program of study to help meet the student’s cost in each payment period. The payment period determines when Pell funds are disbursed and the exact amount to be disbursed. Pell – Formula 5 28 Formula 5: Correspondence Study Offers 2 Formulas, … 5A & 5B They must be used for correspondence students. How Many Years are in a Year? 29 Any Questions?