Trade Finance Innovative solutions for SMEs Transaction Banking 26Sep2012 What is Trade Finance Facilitates cross border and domestic trade flows between buyers and sellers Objectives Mitigate Risk Financing Settlement Balance Sheet Mgmt International Trade Buyers and sellers exchange goods for payment across national borders Includes services Also forms of counter trade where trade is reciprocal and payment is not made across borders Problems SMEs face in International Trade Buyer and seller unknown to each other Language, laws, customs, regulations Transportation systems Buyers want time to pay while sellers want immediate payment Transfer of funds Foreign exchange Tariff barriers Politics Country stability Importance of Contract in Trade All trade transactions are subject to contractual agreement (sales contract) between the buyer and the seller Sales contract should include Method of dispatch Documents required Specification of party bearing the related costs Methods of payment Risks in International Trade Buyer credit risk Supplier performance risk Sovereign & Country risk Foreign exchange risk Market risk Working Capital Cycle Operating Cycle Buy Sell Inventory Holding Period Raw Materials Stock Period Credit Granted By Suppliers WIP Progress Period Collect Collection Finished Goods Debtor Conversion Inventory Period Period Working Capital Requirement What ties up cash? • Increasing assets (inventory holding periods & debtors) • Decreasing liabilities. The longer the stock & cash conversion periods the more cash is used. A reduction in credit can lead to crisis and pressure on bank facilities. Page 7 Working Capital Cycle for SMEs Cash / Capital Receivables Finished Goods Raw Material Work in Progress Working Capital Cycle for SMEs Sales Bills under Export LC Outward Collection Bill/ Invoice Discounting Cheque Purchase/ BOE Discount Factoring Order L/Cs (Sight/Usance) Raw Material Cash/ Capital Receivables Stock Holding Import Loans/ Loans Against Trust Receipts Preshipment Finance Usance L/Cs Purchase Invoice Financing Loan Against Imports Warehouse Financing Finance against Commodity Receipts Work in Progress Preshipment Finance Invoice Financing Financial Gtees./ SBLCs Advance payment against Proforma Invoice Finished Goods Production Import Loans/ Loans Against Trust Receipts (LATR) Preshipment Finance Usance L/Cs Purchase Invoice Financing Loan Against Imports Structured Trade Products for the whole cycle end-to-end Financing Receivables (3) Pay on due date Buyer Seller (1) Delivers /Ships goods (2a) Submits (4)invoice Repays (2b) Finances Discounting Bank Border How is Financing Receivables different? Value Added Propositions Compared with other traditional lending facilities such as overdraft or short term loans which offer limited funding against receivables, Financing Receivables can advance funds up to 90% of the invoice value Large number of buyers covered under the facility Higher limits are assigned on the basis of : Quality of receivables Underlying goods and services Management of the company Our new credit methodology is a move away from sole balance sheet assessment to focus on your quality of receivables as well as strength of your relationship with buyers 11 Right Product Do you deal with credit worthy buyers ? Are you facing a working capital shortage? Are you selling to many buyers on open account credit terms? Is tied up capital in accounts receivables limiting your growth? If the answer to any of these questions is a YES… Financing Receivables could be your solution Case Study 1 Platinum Traders import Mobile Phones from Korea and re-export to GCC countries. The following is the information on their working capital Total annual imports are AED 100 M. Goods are purchased four times a year, on the first day of each quarter commencing 1st January. Order for each quarter is AED 25M Suppliers are paid on 30 days D/A basis from the date of AWB/bill of lading Normally it takes 5 days for the documents to reach Monthly sales are AED 10M Half the sales are on Cash basis and the balance on one-month credit to various buyers Assuming the company wants to finance the working capital What facilities will the Bank propose to the company? How will the Bank structure them? Case Study 2 Lucky Star Ltd. manufactures ceramic tiles for exports and domestic sales. The annual sale of Lucky Star is AED 60m. About 70% of sales are exported. On an average it takes 90 days for the company to receive export sales receipt, from the date that shipping documents are available The company requires to finance their export sales What facilities can the Bank provide to finance their export receivables? Q&A Thank you Disclaimer This document has been prepared by Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank PJSC (“ADCB”) for information purposes only. The information, statements and opinions contained in this presentation do not constitute a public offer under any applicable legislation or an offer to sell or solicitation of an offer to buy any securities or financial instruments or any advice or recommendation with respect to such securities or other financial instruments. This document shall not be reproduced, distributed or transmitted without the consent of ADCB and is not intended for distribution in any jurisdiction in which such distribution would be contrary to local law or reputation. 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