Architecture By

By: Christina Hampton, Christina Czuczuk, and Victoria
PD#:8 11-23 &24-09
Picture Storage
sacredplaces/abusimbel.html sacredplaces/abusimbel
sullivanm/egypt/abusimbel sullivnm/egypt/abusimbel/ sacredplaces/abusimbel
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Temples at Abu Simbel
• In 1257 BCE, the temple built by Ramses, was dedicated to the sun gods
Amon-Re and Re-Horakhte
• Ramses' temple was cut into the face of a cliff
• The temple is approached across a terrace and enclosed on either side by a
balustrade behind which stood a row of hawks and statues of Ramses in various
Inside The Temples at Abu Simbel
• The temple’s interior consisted of halls and rooms that
went back 185ft. from the entrance
• The first hall is 54 ft. wide and 58 ft. deep
• “The most remarkable feature of the site is that the temple
is precisely oriented so that twice every year, on 22 February
and 22 October, the first rays of the morning sun shine down
the entire length of the temple- cave to illuminate the back
wall of the innermost shrine and the statues of the four gods
seated there.” -Christopher L. C. E. Witcombe
Temples at Karnak
• This vast complex was built and enlarged over a thirteen
hundred year period
• It is the largest temple complex ever built by man, and
represents the combined achievement of many generations of
ancient builders
• The Temple of Karnak is actually three main temples, smaller
enclosed temples, and several outer temples
Inside The Temples At Karnak
• Ramses' the Great's decorations can be
distinguished because they lack the artistic
• “The first pylon is a construction platform built
of brick caissons enclosing packed earth
between retaining walls perpendicular to the
pylon, which is evidence that the first pylon was
still under construction when the work was
abandoned” - Jim Fox
Let’s Contrast Them!!!!!
Abu Simbel
• Built by Pharaoh
Ramses ll
• About 20 years to build
• Only two temples
• Built by many
different Pharaohs
• Took about 1,300 years
to build
• Many temples
Contrasting Them Again
Abu Simbel
• Was built for Gods Amon Re
and Re Horakhte
• Built South of Aswan, along the
Nile river
• This temple was carved into the face
of a cliff
• Was built for the Power God
• Built north of Luxor, along
the Nile river
• These temples are made of
different building materials.
Web Sites
11-14-09 2:00PM
6:00PM 11-13-09 3:30PM
We got most the pictures from the websites we got the information
from but we did use two other picture source 11-18-09
12:00PM 11-16-09 5:00 PM
Things we typed in to get to the websites
Abu Simbel
Pictures from the Karnak temple

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