Document

Report
Admission Rate of
Medical Students
in Nigeria
StatiSense ® - Wale Micaiah ©
Help! Nigeria
has 600
Pediatricians
for 40million
children
(The Punch Newspaper, April 17, 2013 )
11% of the children that die in the
world yearly are from Nigeria
Healthy citizens translates into healthy Nation.
Healthy citizens correlates positively with healthy
workforce.
The place of Medical Professionals to the growth
of Nations and their economic power cannot be
over emphasized. The more the medical
professionals, the more likely the quality of life of
any Nation.
We will be looking at the admission rate of
Medical Students in their applications to Nigerian
Universities over the past few years and its
implication on the growing population of the
country.
Nigeria has 128 Universities (as at July, 2013);
No.
1
2
3
Funding
Federal
State
Private
Total
40
38
50
Not all these institutions have courses in the Medical
discipline for Applicants.
According to the National Universities Commission
(NUC), there are a total of 13 Disciplines of which 4 are
medically inclined, they are:
Basic Medical and Health Science
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Medicine and Dentistry;
Veterinary Medicine
These are the courses:
Dentistry &
Dental
Surgery
Human
Anatomy
Anatomy
Biochemistry
Biomedical
Technology
Human
Nutrition
& Dietetics
Medical
Biochemistry
Medical
Laboratory
Medical
Radiography &
Radiological
Science
Medical
Rehabilitation
Medicine
& Surgery
Nursing
Science
Optometry
Pharmacology
Pharmacology
& Therapeutics
Physiology
Physiotherapy
Prosthesis &
Orthopedic
Technology
Public &
Community
Health
Radiography
Veterinary
Medicine/
Science
Pharmacy
Public
Health
Technology
23 Medical
Courses
Course and Institution
Course
Total Institution
Anatomy
19
Biochemistry
8
Biomedical Technology
1
Dentistry And Dental Surgery
9
Human Anatomy
2
Human Nutrition And Dietetics
2
Medical Biochemistry
3
Medical Laboratory
16
Medical Radiography And
Radiological Science
Medical Rehabilitation
Medicine And Surgery
Funding
ABUAD, ABU, ANSU, BABCOCK, BAYERO, BOWEN, DELSU, Federal (8),
EBSU, IGBINEDION, LAUTECH, MADONA, UNIZIK, OOU, State (6),
OSUN, UNIBEN, UNILORIN, UNIJOS, UNIMAID, UNIPORT Private (5)
Federal (5),
DELSU, IGBINEDION, LAUTECH, UNIBEN, UNICAL, UI,
State (2),
UNIJOS, UNIUYO
Private (1)
FUTO
Federal (1)
BAYERO, LASU, OAU, UNIBEN, UI, UNILAG, UNIMAID, Federal (8),
UNN, UNIPORT
State (1)
UNICAL, UNIUYO
Federal (2)
Federal (1),
ABUAD, UI
Private (1)
Federal (1),
DELSU, LAUTECH, UNIBEN
State (1)
ABUAD,
EKPOMA,
BABCOCK,
BAYERO,
EBSU, Federal (9),
IGBINEDION, IMSU, LAUTECH, UNIZIK, UNIBEN, UNICAL, State (3),
UNIJOS, UNILAG, UNIMAID, UNN, UDUS
Private (4)
1
BAYERO
3
UNIZIK, OAU, UNN
Federal (3)
ABSU, ABUAD, ABU, EKPOMA, ANSU, BABCOCK, BAYERO,
BSU, BINGHAM, BOWEN, DELSU, EBSU, EKSU, ESUTECH,
Federal (16),
IGBINEDION, IMSU, KADSU, KOGSU, LAUTECH, LASU,
State (16),
MADONA, WILBERFORCE, UNIZIK, OAU, OOU, OSUN,
Private (6)
UNIABUJA, UNIBEN, UNICAL, UI, UNILORIN, UNIJOS,
UNILAG, UNIMAID, UNN, UNIPORT, UNIUYO, UDUS
38
Federal (1)
Course and Institution
Course
Total Institution
Nursing Science
25
Optometry
4
Pharmacology
2
Pharmacology and
Therapeutics
1
Funding
ABU, ABSU, ABUAD, EKPOMA, BABCOCK, BAYERO, DELSU,
Federal (14),
EBSU, IGBINEDION, IMSU, LAUTECH, MADONA, NOUN,
State (7),
WILBERFORCE, UNIZIK, OAU, UNIBEN, UNICAL, UI,
Private (4)
UNILORIN, UNIJOS, UNILAG, UNIMAID, UNN, UNIPORT
Federal (1),
ABSU, FUTO, IMSU, MADONA
State (2),
Private (1)
Federal (1),
OOU, UNILAG
State (1)
DELSU
State (1)
Pharmacy
18
Physiology
20
Physiotherapy
Prosthesis and
Orthopaedic Technology
Public and Community
Health
4
ABU, DELSU, KADSU, MADONA, WILBERFORCE, UNIZIK, Federal (13),
OAU, OOU, UNIBEN, UI, UNILORIN, UNIJOS, UNILAG, State (4),
UNIMAID, UNN, UNIPORT, UNIUYO, UDUS
Private (1)
ABUAD, ABU, EKPOMA, BABCOCK, BAYERO, BOWEN, Federal (9),
CRUTECH, DELSU, LAUTECH, LASU, MADONA, UNIZIK, OOU, State (7),
OSUN, UNICAL, UI, UNILORIN, UNILAG, UNIPORT, UNIUYO
Private (4)
BAYERO, UI, UNILAG, UNIMAID
Federal (4)
1
FUTO
Federal (1)
1
NOVENA
Private (1)
Public Health Technology
4
BABCOCK, FUTO, MADONA, UNICAL
Radiography
6
Veterinary Medicine
11
BAYERO, UNIZIK, UNICAL, UNILAG, UNIMAID, UNN
ABU, FUAMAK, MOUA, UNIABUJA, UNAAB, UI, UNILORIN,
Federal (11)
UNIMAID, UNN, UDUS
Federal (2),
Private (2)
Federal (6)
Top Medical Courses by Application
Course
2011
Medicine & Surgery
114,939
Nursing Science
34,186
Pharmacy
30,586
Medical Laboratory
17,355
Physiology
2,647
Radiography
2,450
Dentistry/ Dental Surgery 2,028
Physiotherapy
1,679
Anatomy
1,481
Veterinary Medicine
1,444
2012
116,474
41,999
32,814
22,987
2,599
2,930
1,831
1,409
1,860
1,599
2013
134,184
55,892
35,217
25,000
2,342
3,580
2,216
1,688
1,893
1,781
232,945
276,263
%2011
53.42
15.88
14.21
8.06
1.23
1.14
0.94
0.78
0.69
0.66
%2012
50.00
18.03
14.09
9.87
1.12
1.26
0.79
0.60
0.80
0.69
%2013
48.57
20.23
12.75
9.05
0.85
1.30
0.80
0.61
0.69
0.64
…
Total Application
215,170
The top 3 favourite courses are Medicine & Surgery, Nursing
and Pharmacy. Medicine & Surgery contributes about 50%
of total application. Marginally, there is a declining interest
in Medicine & Surgery, Pharmacy, and Physiology. Why?
Application by Top 10 Institutions
Institution
UNN
ABU
OAU
UNIBEN
UNIZIK
UNIPORT
UI
UNILAG
UNICAL
LAUTECH
UNILORIN
2011
22,913
19,490
17,103
14,427
14,356
13,439
12,972
11,831
10,641
8,921
7,291
2012
24,808
11,830
17,547
16,269
18,664
9,076
12,984
13,508
10,729
8,409
12,626
2013
25,606
12,149
18,309
23,452
21,036
8,581
15,789
13,950
13,812
11,549
16,939
Application by Course & Institution
Medicine & Surgery
Nursing
Pharmacy
Medical Laboratory
Application by Course & Institution
Physiology
Physiotherapy
Dentistry
Radiography
Ranking of Institutions by Applications
Course
First
Second
Third
Medicine and Surgery
UNN
UNIBEN
OAU
Nursing Science
UNN
OAU
LAUTECH
Pharmacy
ABU
UNN
UNIZIK
UNIZIK
UNN
UDUS
UNILORIN
UNIZIK
UNIUYO
Dentistry
UNIBEN
OAU
UNILAG
Physiotherapy
BAYERO
UNILAG
UI
Radiography
UNN
UNIZIK
UNICAL
FUAMAK
UNAAB
ABU
Medical Laboratory
Physiology
Veterinary Medicine
st
1
UNN
nd
2
UNIZIK
rd
3
OAU
Admission Rate – UI
(University of Ibadan – UI)
Course
Application
Admission Admission Rate
Medicine and Surgery
7,648
135
1.77%
Nursing Science
2,588
41
1.58%
Pharmacy
1,739
85
4.89%
Biochemistry
611
85
13.91%
Physiotherapy
301
27
8.97%
Dentistry
205
37
18.05%
Human Nutrition
185
42
22.70%
Physiology
164
79
48.17%
Veterinary Medicine
154
75
48.70%
Medical Laboratory
142
25
17.61%
13,737
631
4.59%
2012/2013 UTME
Admission Rate – UNN
(University of Nigeria, Nsukka)
Course
Application
Medicine and Surgery
10,147
Nursing Science
5,070
Pharmacy
4,405
Medical Laboratory
2,935
Radiography
1,166
Medical Rehabilitation
623
Dental Surgery
338
Veterinary Medicine
124
24,808
Admission Admission Rate
220
2.17%
116
2.29%
195
4.43%
133
4.53%
53
4.55%
112
17.98%
70
20.71%
79
63.71%
3.94%
978
2012/2013 UTME
Admission Rate – UNILAG
(University of Lagos)
Course
Medicine and Surgery
Pharmacy
Nursing Science
Medical Laboratory
Physiotherapy
Dentistry
Pharmacology
Radiography
Physiology
Application
7,890
2,040
1,375
662
392
375
266
263
245
13,508
Admission Admission Rate
98
1.24%
97
4.75%
31
2.25%
31
4.68%
39
9.95%
21
5.60%
34
12.78%
31
11.79%
33
13.47%
415
3.07%
2012/2013 UTME
Admission Rate – UNIUYO
(University of Uyo)
Course
Application
Admission Admission Rate
Medicine and Surgery
3,861
46
1.19%
Pharmacy
1,799
87
4.84%
Biochemistry
925
77
8.32%
Physiology
292
26
8.90%
Human Anatomy
177
26
14.69%
7,097
262
3.69%
2012/2013 UTME
Admission Rate – UNIPORT
(University of Portharcourt)
Course
Application
Admission
Admission Rate
Medicine and Surgery
3,628
0.00%
Nursing Science
2,943
35
1.19%
Pharmacy
1,717
54
3.15%
Dentistry/Dental Surgery
267
14
5.24%
Anatomy
296
56
18.92%
Physiology
225
53
23.56%
9,076
212
2.34%
2012/2013 UTME
Admission Rate Summary
(UNN, UI, UNILAG, UNIUYO, UNIPORT)
Course
Medicine &
Surgery
Course
Pharmacy
Course
Nursing
Science
Application
7,648
10,147
7,890
3,861
Admission
135
220
98
46
Admission Rate
1.77%
2.17%
1.24%
1.19%
Application
1,739
4,405
2,040
1,799
1,717
Admission
85
195
97
87
54
Admission Rate
4.89%
4.43%
4.75%
4.84%
3.15%
Application
2,588
5,070
2,943
Admission
41
116
35
Admission Rate
1.58%
2.29%
1.19%
Admission Rate Summary
(UNN, UI, UNILAG, UNIUYO, UNIPORT)
Course
Physiotherapy
Course
Dentistry
Course
Physiology
Application
301
392
Admission
27
39
Admission Rate
8.97%
9.95%
Application
205
338
267
Admission
37
70
14
Admission Rate
18.05%
20.71%
5.24%
Application
164
245
292
225
Admission
79
33
26
53
Admission Rate
48.17%
13.47%
8.90%
23.56%
Admission Rate Summary
(UNN, UI, UNILAG, UNIUYO, UNIPORT)
Course
Veterinary
Medicine
Application
154
124
Admission
75
79
Admission Rate
48.70%
63.71%
Course
Application
142
2,935
662
Admission
25
133
31
Admission Rate
17.61%
4.53%
4.68%
Application
177
296
Admission
26
56
Admission Rate
14.69%
18.92%
Medical
Laboratory
Course
Anatomy
 Admission rate for Medicine & Surgery and
Nursing is less than 2% on the average
 Pharmacy has about 4.5% admission rate
 Medical laboratory is about 9%
 Veterinary Medicine has the highest admission
rate of over 50% - on the average
 Combined admission rate for Medicine &
Surgery, Nursing and Pharmacy is less than 3%
on the average
 Overall, the number of medical professionals
produced is far less than can handle the Nigeria
growing population.
Admission Rate (2000 – 2007)
FACULTY
Administration
Agriculture
Arts
Education
Engineering/Env.
Law
2000
6.75
46.96
26.9
84.95
10.99
5.61
2002
2.83
28.64
11.62
46.59
5.12
2.54
Medical
5.26 2.55 4.23 3.13 4.15 4.31
Science
Social Sciences
35.45
9.84
15.71
4.05
2003
5.57
20.22
17.24
85.94
8.66
3.11
24.5
8.01
2005
4.65
61.25
14.82
58.59
7.07
4.3
20.59
5.17
2006
6.87
57.32
19.31
53.91
9.31
6.19
21.8
8.01
2007
7.32
65.81
17.78
41.85
9.98
6.08
25.91
8.68
Overall, less than 5 of 100 applicants are
admitted yearly for Medical disciplines, the
remaining 95 seek admission elsewhere
According to The Punch Newspaper, April 17, 2013;
 6.9 million children under five years of age died in 2011 globally – WHO
 It also estimated that 19, 000 children die each day and; almost 800
every hour
 For example, after India, Nigeria is second on the list of countries with
the highest infant deaths in the world
 Nigeria, with a population of 70million children under the age of 18 ,
has only 600 trained consultant paediatricians. Out of this 70 million
children, over 40 million are under the age of five
 The United Kingdom has 3,084 trained consultant paediatricians and
1,184 associate paediatric specialists for its 20 million children and it does
not include the 3,174 paediatricians in training
 Child care is inadequate in Nigeria and there are gaps. It reflects in our
health indices of 145 per 1,000 births
 Dearth of trained health personnel at all the primary health care centres,
poor child care workforce and lack of emergency paediatric response
facilities in our hospitals were reasons for high infant mortality rate in the
country
Data source:
- www.jamb.org.ng
Analysis by: Wale Micaiah
e: [email protected]
m: 08078001800
b: walemicaiah.blog.com
w. www.statisense.info
Freely share, freely use and freely recognize the source – © Wale Micaiah
StatiSense ® - Wale Micaiah ©

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