SHAUNA SWEENEY Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on the 18th of July 1918 His parents were Noqaphi Nosekeni, Gadla Henry Mandela His father was chief of the Thembu tribe His brothers and sisters were Lieby Piliso, Baliwe Mandela, Nothusile Bhulehluth, Mabel Notancu Ntimakhwe, Mhlalwa Mandela, Constance Mbekeni Mandela, Nomabandla Mandela, Makhutswana Mandela and Daligqili Mandela At seven years of age, Rolihlahla Mandela became the first member of his family to attend a school, where he was given the name "Nelson", after the British admiral Nelson’s father died when nelson was nine from lung mildew The new chief of the Thembu tribe David Motsamayi adopted Mandela his mother was sad but happy he was going to get a proper education This is the name of the clan of which Nelson Mandela is a member. A clan name is much more important than a surname as it refers to the ancestor from which a person is descended. Madiba was the name of a Thembu chief who ruled in the Transkei in the 18th century. It is considered very polite to use someone’s clan name. Mandela studied first for a Bachelor of Arts at the Fort Hare University but was forced to leave before graduating. Then, later in life while in prison, Mandela studied for a Bachelor of Laws from the University of London's External Programme In his spare time Nelson Mandela studied law so he could help black people and become a lawyer After university he joined the African National Congress (ANC) At first they protested calmly against apartheid, apartheid was where the white were allowed everything and the black were only allowed to be places the white weren’t but after a while they protested violently when they were ignored by the government Nelson was arrested and put into prison where he was sentenced to life imprisonment on Robben Island His prison number was 46664 He spent 18 years on Robben Island and was transferred to Pollsmoor Prison in March 1982 and was freed in 1990 and ANC (African National Congress) was unbanned In 1994 he was elected president of South Africa and resigned for a peaceful life with his family in 1999 I. II. III. IV. V. VI. What went through you when you were expelled from university? Did you make any new friends in prison? Which was the best prison Pollsmoor or Robben Island? Were you calm around white people after you came out of prison? Was it lonely in prison? Were you happy when Black people were able to vote and they elected you?