Document

Report
NATIONAL NAGPRA
What is The National NAGPRA program?
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
NAGPRA is The Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act
http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Approved on November 16, 1990
•
Address the rights of Native Americans and Native
Hawaiians to cultural items, including human
remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and
objects of cultural patrimony
http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Native American Human Remains
•
Physical remains of a human body of a person of
Native American ancestry
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Funerary Objects
•
Any object that may be a part of a burial or
ceremony, which is reasonably believed to have
been placed with or near individual human
remains at the time of death or later
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Funerary Objects
•
Associated Funerary Objects: Objects that were
made exclusively for burial purposes and are
linked with an identified set of human remains in
possession or control of a museum or federal
agency or rejoined with an identified set of
human remains
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Funerary Objects
•
Unassociated Funerary Objects: Objects in the
possession or control of a museum or federal
agency that are separated from the human
remains that were buried with or cannot be
connected to a specific individual
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Sacred Objects- Objects of Cultural Patrimony
•
Objects that have historical, traditional, or
cultural importance
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Part of The National Park Service
•
•
Division of the U.S. Department of the Interior
NAGPRA Regulations are outlined in 43 CFR Part 10
• http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/mandates/43_CFR_10_12-495.pdf
http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Has more than a legal meaning
•
Cultural
•
Social
•
Economic
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Cultural: these items are significant to Native
Americans. Their thoughts, feeling, desires, and
wishes should be respected
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Social: Burial rites are a social tradition in Native
American culture. Relationships are formed between
museums and Native American communities that
usually do not occur, at least in a respectful manner
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Economic: Repatriations and documentation may not
occur at some museums without Federal funds. It is
an expensive effort.
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
5 Major Provisions
• 1. Resolve Rights, ReturnGuidelines to return human remains and cultural items
•
2. Review Committee•
•
3. Grants•
•
Federal monies to organizations to help with
documentation and repatriation
4. Civil Penalties•
•
Monitors the NAGPRA program, helps organizations with
related questions
Enforce civil penalties for non-compliance
5. Establish Crime of Trafficking
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Jurisdiction of NAGPRA- Who must comply
•
Federal Agencies
•
Museums- Any institution, state, or local
government which receives Federal money,
and has possession or, or control over, Native
American cultural items
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Who may claim items
•
Lineal descendant
•
Indian tribe (includes Alaska native villages and
corporations)
•
Native Hawaiian organizations
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
NAGPRA Grants
•
Awarded to Indian tribes, Alaska native villages
and corporations, native Hawaiian organizations,
and museums for consultation, documentation,
and repatriation of Native American cultural
items on a project-by-project basis
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
NAGPRA Grants
•
Consultation Grants
•
Repatriation Grants
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
NAGPRA Grants
•
Consultation Grants, used to determine:
•
1. Cultural Affiliation of items
•
2. Custody
•
3. Control
•
4. Treatment
•
5. Repatriation or Disposition
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
NAGPRA Grants
•
Repatriation Grants, used to :
•
Transfer control to Native Americans
•
They may rebury the remains and/or
artifacts, present them in museums, or do
with them whatever the group deems
acceptable
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
•
Resources:
•
http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/INDEX.HTM
•
http://www.cr.nps.gov/local-law/FHPL_NAGPRA.pdf
•
http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/MANDATES/INDEX.HTM
•
http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/ONLINEDB/INDEX.HTM
•
http://www.repatriationfoundation.org/
•
http://www.in.gov/dnr/historic/3796.htm

similar documents