Medicaid APR-DRG Conversion

Report
OHA
2014 Forecast
March 14, 2014
Charles Cataline
Vice President, Health Economics and Policy
Ohio Hospital Association
[email protected]
Agenda
• Federal Update
o 10 Hot Topics for 2014
o Medicare CY 2014 OPPS Enhanced Bundling and Packaging
o Medicare RAC Contract Re-bid
• State Update
o Medicaid Expansion Kicks in in 2014
o … as does “Medicaid Modernization II”
o Medicaid APR-DRG Conversion – What’s Left?
o Medicaid Family Planning Benefit Answers Provided
o What’s Up With the Ohio Health Care Marketplace
o BWC 2014 Hospital Payment Targets
• Other Finance / PFS Issues
o FFY 2011 Medicaid DSH Uninsured Care Audit
o How’s it going?!
o Is this the Last of the Big Changes to Policies & Procedures?
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Federal Update: 2014
Ten Hot Topics
(& Two You Can
Ignore )
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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#10 Federal Sequester
• 2% Cut in Medicare Payments to Providers
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Net of deductible and coinsurance
Not cumulative, year-to-year
CMS says it has no discretion to exempt Items
Began on 4/1/13
• New “Bipartisan Budget Act” Signed 12/26/13
– Extends Medicare cuts Through March of 2024
– Medicaid still exempt
• Government Stays Open
– Through 9/30/15
– …but there is still the “debt limit” issue this February
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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#9 “Rural Floor” Wage Index
• Worth $169M to Massachusetts Hospitals in 2014
• No Change to Current Policy in 2014 IPPS Final Rule
• Adjustment Still Applied Nationwide (per ACA)
• Bills Pending in Congress to Repeal ACA Provision
– Senate bill got 68 votes in a test vote, but will those votes be
there when it matters?
– So far, nothing in either the new law or SGR repeal bills
• Is Fundamental Wage Index Reform Coming?
– Immediate relief not likely
– CMS continues to ignore efforts to reform
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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#8 ICD-10
• CMA Says Oct. 1, 2014 is Hard Deadline
– Ohio Medicaid & BWC on board, too!
– Commercial payers and trading partners ?????
– Congress would have to intervene to change date
• No Provider Bill-to-Payment Testing Scheduled!!
– MACs converting LCDs & opening web-based test site
• Instructions on split bills out (DOS 10/1/14); See CR 7492
• Medicaid, Medicare, BWC testing underway
– No formal word from commercials
• What Effect on 2015 DRGs, IPPS Update &
Budget Neutrality? – Stay Tuned!
– Initial Medicaid results are troubling!!
– Clinical documentation more important than ever!
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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#7 Hospital Tax-Exempt Status
• IRS issued NPRM on 4/3/13
– Implements ACA mandate & imposes CHNA standards
– Still no final rule
– IRS says hospitals can rely on the provisions in the proposed
rule for now
• Other ACA mandates
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Written financial assistance policy
Written emergency care policy
Limit amounts charged to “qualified” provision
Make “reasonable” efforts to determine FA eligibility
Possible $50K penalty for not meeting CHNA mandate
• Expect Increased Media & Government Scrutiny
of Rate Setting & Billing/Collection Practices !!!
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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#6 Outpatient Observation
• “Two Midnights” Rule
– Effective with admissions Oct. 1, 2013
– CMS states rule clarifies existing policy & will increase inpatient
payments, but it remains highly controversial’
– CMS conducting a series of calls & seminars
– RAC reviews still under moratorium
• Meanwhile…
– Beneficiary lawsuit against CMS still pending
– DOJ still suing hospitals for “short stays”
– RACs upset with review limits and delays
– Several group appeals on .2% IPPS budget neutrality cut forming
• Congress did not Invalidate Rule but AHA and Others Still
Advocating Hard; This Could Still be Addressed Later This Year
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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#4 DSH Formulas
• New Medicare Formula in FFY 2014 IPPS Final Rule
– ACA mandate
– Final rule not as administratively onerous as proposed, but still
redistributes 75% of the Medicare DSH pot
– Still uses old proxies, because S-10 data is highly suspect
• Medicaid DSH Allocation / Reductions
– Another ACA mandate, but new budget law delays reductions for
two years (to FFY 2015), doubles reduction in FFY 2016 &
extends overall policy to FFY 2023
– (Contrary to popular rumors) HCAP does not go away!!
• Federal audit policy adds to concerns about big pay-backs
• OHA Finance Committee recommended revised, transitional
distribution formula to OHA Board
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Medicaid Cost Report Data & DSH Audits
• FFY 2011 Medicaid DSH Audits Underway – Preliminary
Results Expected in May!
• CMS: 2011 Audits get Serious
– Focus Shifts From Uncompensated to Uninsured
• Audit Guidelines Should Settle Down in 2014
o OHA Working on Medicaid Cost Report Rule, AuPs,
Standard Policies & FAQs
o Finance Committee Monitoring Effects on HCAP $$$
• Standardized Electronic Logs Required
 Required Electronic Logs are on ODM Cost Report Webpage
 For Most, Two Years of Logs Requested
• Requires
– Updated and Full Completed Medicaid Cost
Report Schedules C, F, I and new
J-series
March 14, 2014
SW Ohio HFMA
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#3 WHAT ABOUT LTACS?
N New Law Dramatically Alters Payment System
– Good News: “25% Rule” Delayed Again
– Effective date extended to12/29/16
– Bad News: Moratorium on new LTACs & Bed Increases
– Begins 1/1/15 - Ends 9/30/17: No exceptions
– Really Bad News: Watch for Greatly Increased LTAC Medical
Review & Coverage Standards in FFY 2015 PPS Rules
• Only two Types of patients get full LTAC PPS payment: In acute care
hospital ICU for 3 days, or on vent in the LTAC for 96 Hours with stay
in acute care immediately preceding
• No (principal?) diagnoses of psych or rehab
• All other patients get lesser of PPS-comparable per diem or 100% of
estimated cost
• Two-year transition (FFY’s 2016 & 2017) with 50/50 blend of old/new
• As of FFY 2020 NO LTAC PPS payment if two patient types equal less
than 50% of total admissions
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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#2 Physician SGR Fix
• New Law in Effect to 3/31/14 (The SGR Repeal and
Medicare Beneficiary Access Improvement Act of 2013)
– 0.5% increase (in lieu of 20% cut) & extends the 1.0 GPCI floor
• Senate & House Permanent Fix Bills Merged
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Repeals SGR
0.5% Update to Doc Payments for Five Years
Phased-in Merit-Based Incentive PPS Payment System
Still (for how long) includes several Hospital Payment “Fixes”
• Problem: Bill Costs $139B to $140 B Over 10 Years
– What might be the “pay-fors?”
> Cut bad debt? > Cut GME?
> Reduce CAHs to 100% of cost? > Cut provider-based clinics?
> Cut updates to all Post-Acute Providers? >All of the Above?
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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#1 ACA Goes “Prime Time!”
• Implementation SNAFUs Largely Over, but Insurers
Still Having Trouble with Accurate Data
– 2.3 M enrollees & counting; Still 31M uninsured by 2017 (per CBO)
– Biggest consumer issue now seems to be coverage confirmation
• Intense Political Scrutiny will Continue in 2014
• Expect Employers to Actively Shop & Walk Away if
Details are not Agreeable; Insurers to Play Hardball
• Impact on Providers Still Unclear – Potential for
Unforeseen Consequences High
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Flood of new Patients in ED
Insurer premiums & patient co-pays still in flux
Decreased charity; Increased bad debt
Individual mandate is insignificant in early years
Employer mandate may get junked in federal exchange states
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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…and Two Things to Ignore
• Independent Provider Advisory Board
– No members
– Nothing to do anyway
• Any Fundamental Medicare Restructuring
– Especially not in an election year
– Trustee’s report Says Part A is okay through 2026
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Other Medicare
 CY 2014 Medicare OPPS
• Started Jan. 1, Regardless of Delay - Overall 1.7% increase
• Changed E&M Reimbursement in Clinics
 Just One Reimbursable “G” Code Paid at APC Level
 Does Not Affect Medicaid in CY 2014
 Good News on Medicare ED E&M (for now?)
• Big Movement Toward Additional APC Packaging &
“Comprehensive APCs” Is This the Slow Start of Real
Outpatient Encounter- Based Reimbursement?
• Packaging addl. Diagnostic & Surgical Drugs/Biologicals,
Diagnostic Tests, Add-on Codes & Device Removal
• Comprehensive APCs for “Device-Dependent” APCs
• Additional Quality Standards
• Tighter Supervision Standards at CAH’s
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Medicare RAC
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RAC Contract Rebid on Hold Until June 1 (?)
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CMS will “Pause” Medicare RAC Activity Until New
Contracts are in Place
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New Regions Drawn to Re-Weigh Claims Volume
Existing Region B Subdivided – at the Very Least Some States in
Region B Must Switch Contractors
Feb. 21 – Last Day a RAC can Issue Post-Payment ADR
Feb. 28 – Last Day a MAC can Issue ADR for RAC Pre-Pay Review
Demo
June 1 – Last Day a RAC Can Send Denied Claims to MAC for Recovery
Once New RACs are in Place ADRs will be Released
Retro to Start of Program “Pause”
In the Interim, CMS will Continue to “Refine” Medicare
RAC Program, Starting with…
Medicare RAC Maps – Old Vs. New
•
•
Current
Proposed
CMS: Five Medicare RAC Program
Improvements
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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State Update: Medicaid Expansion
• Started Jan 1. 2014
• Ohio Supreme Court : Controlling Board-Based Expansion is
Constitutional!!
• Electronic and Expedited Application Software went Live
Dec. 9 at “benefits.ohio.gov”
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Linked to Federal Data Hub
No CPJFS Visit Required
Utilize MAGI Standards
No Documentation Required
• Presumptive Eligibility RollOut Continues - Watch for
Quality Standards
• OHA Advocating for Additional Direction on Overall
Process & Preparing “Intake” Tool Kit. Stay Tuned!!
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Potential Medicaid Expansion Population
by County
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Medicaid Online Eligibility System
• benefits.ohio.gov Live as of Dec. 9, 2013
• Designed to Interact with the Federal “Data Hub” to
Provide a “No Touch” Application Experience
• However, Most Cases Currently Still Need to be
Completed by Follow-up with a County JFS Case Worker
• Expansion as of February…
– 23,156 have enrolled
– 9% of estimated 275,000
– About 90,000 Medicaid applications are stuck between federal
and state systems – county JFSs are working to resolve
– State expects to enroll 500,000 in next 18 months – about
231,000 from “woodwork
• Direct people to benefits.ohio.gov even if they tell you
they’ve completed an application through healthcare.gov
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Medicaid Presumptive Eligibility
• “Qualified Entities” can Deem Someone Presumptively
Eligible for Medicaid Coverage
– All Hospitals and FQHCs Eligible
• Coverage Starts Immediately
• Coverage Lasts Until Person Completes Successful Full
Medicaid Application or Until the Last Day of the Month
Following the Month They Became PE
• Online Training Required – Takes About 15 Minutes
• Signed Acknowledgement Sent Back to ODM
• ODM Will Monitor Provider for how Many PE-Enrolled
Individuals Complete a Full Application and how Many of
Those are Found to be Fully Eligible
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Medicaid Presumptive Eligibility
PE Today
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Pregnant women and children only
Entered through MITS
ODM is phasing in batches of up to 12 hospitals
Currently about 20 hospitals are Qualified Entities
Coverage is for outpatient pregnancy related services and all
services for children
PE in the Near Future
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All Medicaid populations
PE portal through the integrated eligibility system
All hospitals can become qualified entities
We are waiting for the state to finish the PE portal
The Hospital is Responsible for Following Through with
Patient to get Full Medicaid Application Completed
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Ohio Health Insurance Marketplace
• healthcare.gov
• 60,122 have purchased plans in Ohio
– Bronze = 21%
– Silver = 58%
– Gold = 18%
– Platinum = 3%
– Catastrophic = 1%
• 82% with financial assistance
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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State Update: Medicaid Budget 2014/2015
• “Medicaid Modernization II”
• Additional $67M Cut Over SFY 2014/2015 Biennium
• 2009 5% Payment Increase Reversed for Non-Childrens Hosp’s.
• Inpatient Now, Outpatient Still Unclear
• Cost-Based Hospitals’ Payments Reduced to 90% (7/1/14?)
• Capital Expenditures Reduced to 85% Cost (No Settlement!)
• Cuts to Outpatient Hospital Payments – Effective 1/1/14
 Unknown (99-Level) CPT Codes Moved to Fee Schedule
o Small Exception for Dental That will not Benefit Many
 “Paragraph L” Services Reduced to 60% of Cost
 Secondary Procedure Payment Reduction to 50%
 Lab Fee Schedule Reworked to Match Medicare
• Add’l Attention to Medicaid Re-Admissions off the Table for Now
• Will ODM Recoup APR-DRG “Excess Payments?”
• Medicaid Interest on Overpayments Reduced (Eff. 1/1/14)
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Medicaid APR-DRG Conversion
Overview
• Year-Long Process to Determine Relative Weights, Base
Rates & Payment Policies
• OHA Goal: Fairness and Equity Across Membership;
• Added Approx. $84 M / Year in Inpatient Payments for
In-state Hospitals
• Addressed rural hospital Inadequacies by Repurposing
dollars From Out-of-state Hospitals ($24 M / Year)
• Has Risk Corridors For Urban Hospitals to Ensure
Stability & Predictability and Minimize Winners & Losers
– SL/SG % for Non-Childrens, Non-Teaching Expands in July
• Preserves Most Reimbursement Policies and Payment
Logic Within the Current System (For Now?!).
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Medicaid APR-DRG Conversion
OHA Peer Group Analysis: Current vs. APR-DRG @ Pay/Cost
120%
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Old Payment w/MC Inflator to Cost
SW Ohio HFMA
New Payment w/MC Inflator to Cost
March 14, 2014
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Medicaid APR-DRG Conversion
SFY 2014 Policy Shifts
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CMS Grouper 15 to 3M APR-DRG
Outliers Policy Changed to Mirror Medicare
New Peer Group Base Rates
Newly Calibrated Relative Weights
Stop Loss/Stop Gain Applications Within Peer Groups
Med-ed Payments Held Harmless
What’s Next?
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New APR-DRG Starts Each Year with Discharges 10/1 and After
Stop Loss Transitions in Out Years of Three-Year Transition?
Accuracy of Payments & Projections – Rebalance to Come?
Additional Discussion Expected About:
– Peer Groups, Next Scheduled DRG Re-base & ReCalibration, Medical Education Payments, HAC, Other?
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Other Medicaid
o State Innovation Models – Episodic Payments
 State Seeking CMS Grant
 Governor’s Advisory Council on Health Care Innovation 5-Year Plan
o Develop Comprehensive Primary Care Initiative
o Create Payment System for Selected Clinical Episodes
 Episodic Payments Involve the Assignment of a “Primary Accountable
Provider” to be Responsible for Managing “Costs” in the Treatment of
Selected Episodes Using a Retrospective Risk/Gain Sharing Program.
o Telehealth Coverage Progressing
 Proposed Rule Out (OAC 5160-1-18)
o Family Planning Benefit Questions Resolved (?)
o Medicaid RAC Roll-out Still Underway
 Automated MITS Recovery System Operational
 Interest Payments Reduced Jan 1.
o Still no Grace Period
o Some Concern About Batch Recoveries that are Partially Appealed
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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State Innovation Models – Episodic Payments
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Ohio Medicaid/Medicare Dually Eligible
Integrated Delivery System Demonstration
(AKA “MyCare Ohio”)
• Target Population
o Full-Benefit Dual Eligible Enrollees Excluding:
• Those Eligible for the Medicare Savings Program
• Dual Eligibles with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Served Through an IDD 1915(c) HCBS Waiver or an ICFIDD.
– Those Not Under Waiver can Opt In
• Dual Eligibles Enrolled in PACE
• Dual Eligibles under 18
o Duals With “Severe or Persistent Mental Illness” will be Included,
Assuming the State Creates Medicaid Behavioral Health Homes
• Individuals with SPMI in the Demonstration do not Have to
Change Providers for Behavioral Health Services.
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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MyCare Ohio Dually Eligible Integrated Delivery Demo
• Model Design
o At Least Two Competing Health Plans in each of Seven
Regions Chosen for the Demonstration (Most Rural Areas
Exempt)
o Enrollees can Choose Between the Two Health Plans in Their
Region
• All Regions Have at Least 3 Medicare Advantage Plans
Currently Serving Medicare Beneficiaries
o The Demonstration will Auto-Enroll the Eligible Population With
an Option to Opt in for Medicare-Covered Benefits
• If They Don’t Opt in for Medicare They Will Still be Enrolled in
Medicaid Managed Care
• Enrollees Will Have the Option of Switching Plans Twice a
Year and can Opt into/ out of Medicare at any Time
o Utilizes a “Payment Structure That Blends Medicare and
Medicaid Funding”
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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MyCare Ohio Dually Eligible Integrated Delivery Demo
• Approx. 196,000 Medicare-Medicaid Enrollees in Ohio Are Currently
Receiving Benefits Primarily Through FFS
o Approx. 115,000 Included in the Demonstration Program
• Medicaid Enrollment Starts May1 and is Phased in Through June &
July
• Individuals have up to Eight Months to Decide Medicare Status
• Starting Jan. 2015, Individual who Have not Chosen a Medicare
Plan will be Enrolled in a MyCare Ohio Plan, but they still have the
Option to Return to Medicare FFS or Medicare Advantage if they
Choose
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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MyCare Ohio Dually Eligible Integrated Delivery Demo
• Draft Payment System
o Medicare and Medicaid will Contribute to the Blended Payments
in a Manner that Expected Aggregate Savings are
Proportionately Shared Between the two Programs
o The Blended Capitation Payment Structure is Expected to
Provide Plans the Flexibility to Utilize the Most Appropriate Cost
Effective Service for the Enrollee, Eliminating Incentives to Shift
Costs Between Medicare and Medicaid
o Reimbursement will Include Pay-for-Performance Incentives
• OHA’s Concerns
o Can MCPs Really Integrate and Manage this Array of Providers,
Agencies and Services?
o How Would This Affect Existing UPL Programs
o Is it Right to Limit Enrollees Freedom of Choice?
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Other Finance/PFS Current Issues
• BWC CY 2014 PPS’
o OPPS Rule in Process
o Effective Date is now May 5
o Biggest Concern with IPPS was With Medicare DSH Formula
o Will PPS’ Stay as Standard for BWC?
o IRS Proposed Rule on Charitable Hospitals
o Public Hearing Held in December 2012
o Hospitals: Proposed Rule Needs to be More Flexible and
Will Force Them to Leave Accounts Open for Months
o Consumer Groups: Leave Proposed Rule as is!
o IRS: Hospitals Within Systems Can Employ the Same
Policy (What is a System?); Hospitals May Pursue Bill
Collection During the Second 120-Day Period
o STILL WAITING ON FINAL RULE
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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Questions / Comments?
SW Ohio HFMA
March 14, 2014
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