Presentation - Small Payload Rideshare Association

Report
Secondary Payload
Adapters and Interfaces
Rideshare Conference
Technical Committee Report
June 10, 2014
At the Small Payloads Rideshare Conference 2013 in Los Angeles, the Secondary Adapters Committee met and agreed to document rideshare
accommodations for small satellites. This set of slides is the current status of this document and also lists other topics of interest for this Committee.
Topics for Secondary Adapters Committee
1.
2.
3.
US Rideshare Options in 2014
Smallsat-to-Launch Vehicle Interfaces
Smallsat Adapters and Dispensers
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CubeSat Interfaces
Smallsat Adapters
Four-Point Mount Interfaces
Topics for Future Consideration
1. Hosted Payloads
2. Rideshare Wiki Page (Under Construction)
http://smallsatrideshare.wikispaces.com/
3. International Boosters/Rideshare Interfaces
Document standard interfaces and available rideshare
adapters with allowable payload masses and volumes
NOTE: Some of the documented hardware does not yet have flight heritage.
The information provided here is a guide; please consult with the vendor.
Rideshare Conference 2014
Topics for Secondary Adapters Committee
National Defense Authorization Act, 2014
“The DoD Executive Agent for Space shall conduct a
study on responsive, low-cost launch efforts. Such
study shall include … an assessment of the viability
of greater utilization of innovative methods,
including the use of secondary payload adapters on
existing launch vehicles. … Not later than one year
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the DoD
Executive Agent for Space shall submit to the
congressional defense committees a report
containing (1) the results of the study … and (2) a
consolidated plan for development within the DoD of
an operationally responsive, low-cost launch
capability.”
Rideshare Conference 2014
US Rideshare Options 2014
•
Rideshare opportunities by third-party
brokers/integrators
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Adaptive Launch Solutions (ALS)
NanoRacks LLC
Spaceflight Inc.
TriSept Corporation
Tyvak Nanosat Systems
Large US vehicles w/ secondary capabilities
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Antares (including Cygnus) [Orbital]
Atlas V [United Launch Alliance (ULA)/Lockheed Martin
Commercial Launch Services]
Delta IV [ULA/Boeing Launch Services]
Falcon 9 (including Dragon and Surfboard) [SpaceX]
Falcon Heavy (2015) [SpaceX]
SLS (11 6U CubeSats slated for EM-1 2017) [NASA]
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•
US Rideshare Options 2014
US small launchers
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ALASA [DARPA/Boeing]
Athena II [Lockheed Martin]
GO Launcher 1, 2 [Generation Orbit]
LauncherOne [Virgin Galactic]
Minotaur I, IV, V, VI, C [Orbital]
Neptune [Interorbital]
Pegasus [Orbital]
SuperStrypi [Sandia National Labs]
US space planes
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DreamChaser [Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC)]
Lynx [XCOR]
Rocketplane [Kistler]
Spaceship Two [Virgin Galactic]
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Rideshares on Various LVs
Payload Mass and Volume Constraints
(source ?)
PL Volume (cm)
PL Volume (cm)
H
W
L
H
W
L
EELV ABC
76
51
51
ABC
76
51
51
EELV ESPA
96
61
71
EELV ESPA
96
71
Falcon
9 FANTM
71
61
61
FalconGalactic
9 FANTM
71
61100 dia61
Virgin
77
Virgin Galactic
77
100 dia
SWORDS
407
234
SWORDS
407
234
Super Strypi
162
101 dia
Super Strypi
162
101 dia
Athena
(LM)
432
198
Athena (LM)
432
198 dia
Minotaur
I
223
119
I
223
119 dia
Minotaur IV
439
133
Minotaur(Orbital)
IV
439
Antares
241
54133 dia
54 (arc)
AntaresASAP-S
(Orbital) 100
241
54 5480
(arc)
Ariane
73
Ariane
ASAP-S
80
•
ABC
only on 100
Atlas V 73
•
•
Mass (kg)
Mass (kg)
400 km
900 km
400 km Eq/Polar
900 km
Eq/Polar
Eq/Polar 80Eq/Polar
80
181
181
225/
225/
250/60
40/
250/60
40/
350/250
220/125
350/250 600/190
220/125
1150/550
1150/550
600/190
530/390 390/260
530/390 1300/880
390/260
1540/1120
1540/1120 4600/3500
1300/880
5400/4100
5400/4100
3004600/3500
300
ESPA on Atlas V, Delta IV, Falcon 9, Antares
Small launcher volumes show single payload mass/vol
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Some Current Standard Interfaces
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Φ62.01” (1575 mm), 120 x ¼” fasteners
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Atlas V, Delta IV, Falcon 9, Antares, Minotaur IV, V, VI
Φ38.81” (986 mm), 60 x ¼” or #10 fasteners
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Minotaur I, Athena, Taurus, Pegasus
Φ24” (610 mm), 36 x ¼” or 5/16” fasteners
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ESPA Grande, CubeStack
Φ15” (381 mm), 24 x ¼” fasteners
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ESPA, Atlas V Aft Bulkhead Carrier, Athena Rideshare Adapter
Φ8” (203 mm), 12 x ¼” fasteners
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Small Launch ESPA, Athena Rideshare Adapter
Most adapters can be flexible with customer interfaces
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ALS Aquila/A-Deck
CubeStack, ESPA, Moog CSA Flat Plates
DesignNet Rideshare Adapter (RSA)
SNC Nanosatellite Dispenser/Adapter
•
S/C mounted w/ resettable HDRM-4K sep nuts, kinematic mount
ESPA Interface, Separation Rings
•
Planetary Systems Corp Lightbands
– MkII MLB24.000-36: Φ24” 36 x ¼” fasteners
– MkII MLB15.000-24: Φ15” 24 x ¼” fasteners
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RUAG Clampband
– PAS 610S: Φ24”
•
Sierra Nevada Clampbands
– Qwksep 24: Φ24” 36 x ¼” or 5/16” fasteners
•
Tapped or 0.332” clearance holes
– Qwksep 15: Φ15” 24 x ¼” or 5/16” fasteners
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0.266” clearance holes
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Lightband Interfaces
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Φ38.810” 60 x ¼” fasteners
Φ31.600” 48 x ¼”
Φ24.000” 36 x ¼”
Φ23.250” 32 x ¼”
Φ19.848” 28 x ¼”
Φ18.250” 28 x ¼”
Φ15.000” 24 x ¼”
Φ13.000” 20 x ¼”
Φ11.732” 18 x ¼”
Φ8.000” 12 x ¼”
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CubeSat Dispensers
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Cal Poly P-POD (Poly Picosat Orbital Deployer) 3U
dispenser
Planetary Systems CSD (Canisterized Satellite
Deployer) 3U, 6U, 12U dispensers
Nanoracks ISS deployers: 3U, 4U, 6U
Tyvak dispensers
NASA Ames NLAS (NanoSat Launch Adapter System)
6U dispenser
TriSept/Moog CSA FANTM-RiDE generic smallsat
dispenser: Multiple 3U/6U (and larger) deployments
International products
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ISIS dispenser ISIpod [Netherlands]
Clyde Space [Scotland]
JAXA ISS ejector, J-SSOD [Japan]
SFS X-POD dispensers [Canada]
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CubeSat Adapters
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Naval Postgraduate School CubeSat Launcher
(NPSCuL): 8 3Us or 4 6Us with Φ15” interface
Small Sat Transporter (NASA Wallops, GSFC):
Similar to NPSCuL but includes propulsion option
Wafer adapters: 8 3Us or 4 6Us with Φ38.81”
interface, can also carry “primary” small sat at
Φ38.81”, 24”, or 15” interface
– NASA Ames NLAS
– LoadPath/Moog CSA CubeStack
•
•
ALS Aquila CubeSat accommodations
SpaceX CubeSat Surfboard
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CubeSat Adapters
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DesignNet Rideshare Adapter: Multiple
CubeSats with Φ38.81” interface, can also carry
“primary” small sat
LM Athena Composite P-POD Carrier (ACPC):
Multiple CubeSats built into the Athena
rideshare adapter
Moog ESPA SUM (6U Mount): 2 3Us or 1 6U with
Φ15” interface; options for inboard and
outboard on ESPA 15” port
PSC Canisterized Satellite Dispenser (CSD) has
bolt patterns for mounting directly to launch
vehicle or satellite interfaces
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Small Sat Adapters
• Moog CSA ESPA
– Standard, Grande, Small Launch versions
• ALS Aquila/A-Deck
– Center Deck capacity: 1000 kg, 56” dia up to 60” tall
• DesignNet Rideshare Adapter
– ORS Mission
• LM Athena Rideshare Adapter
• SNC Nanosatellite Dispenser/Adapter
– 2014 CYGNSS mission
• Moog CSA plate adapter
– 2011 GRAIL mission
• CSA CASPAR
– 74” adapter separation system not yet qualified
Launch vehicle companies (and others) develop custom
adapters based on need, e.g., Orbital STP S-26 adapter
Rideshare Conference 2014
Four-Point Mount Interfaces
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SNC discrete separation joints
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TiNi Aerospace discrete separation joints
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ORBCOMM Generation 2 constellation launch on ESPA with
adapter plates on ports
Applied Physics Lab (APL) Express platform: Satellites
between 6U and ESPA-class, especially 20-50 kg
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QWKnut 3K, 10K
FASSN 30K, 1500
Satellite deployment uses new sep interface with two
separation nuts at opposite corners of 4-point mount
AFRL ESPA Augmented Geostationary Laboratory
Experiment (EAGLE) interface: Developed for propulsive
ESPA ring
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First copy of EAGLE ESPA replaces several of six ESPA ports
with sets of four mounting pads for attaching hosted payloads
4-point-mount interface also for use with separable satellites,
up to 180 kg with 20-inch CG offset, as in standard ESPA
Rideshare Conference 2014

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