ALS Jackie Missey

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Jackie Missey
What is ALS?
ALS also know as Lou
Gehrig’s disease, is a
disease. This disease
affects the nerve cells in
the brain and spinal cord.
Motor Neurons reach
from the brain to the
spinal cord and then to
the muscles throughout
your whole body. This
then leads to death.
Causes of ALS
 ALS is inherited in 5% to 10%
of cases.
 Gene mutation.
 A chemical balance (Having
higher levels of glutamate.
 A persons immune system can
attack their own body cells
which can kill nerve cells.
Symptoms of ALS
The first symptoms of ALS is things like
cramps, weakness, difficulty chewing and
swallowing, and tight muscles.
As the disease gets stronger the
symptoms start to spread out through
your whole body.
To be diagnosed with ALS, you have to have signs with the
upper and lower motor neuron damage that cannot be
seen in other causes.
Eventually the disease will become so bad that people cant
stand or walk.
Over time people will start having problems with breathing
and soon they can’t breath at all on their own.
Prevention of ALS
There is no
prevention that we
know for ALS
because we don’t
know the cause of
the disease.
Treatments and Cures
 There is no cure for
ALS but there are
 A medicine called
Rilutek helps slow
down the disease.
It decreases
glutamate levels.
Lou Gehrig
 Lou Gehrig was a famous New York
Yankees baseball player.
 He was forced to retire in 1939 after
developing the disease.
 The disease was named after him.
ALS Ice Bucket Challenge
 The ALS Ice Bucket Challenge
is a challenge used to raise
awareness for people with
 To participate you record
yourself dumping a bucket of
ice water over your head.
 The reason for dumping ice
cold water over your head is
to know what having ALS
feels like for a split second.
Works Cited Page

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