event_8-5-1-50058659ded32

Report
D.Bhattacharya
Director
Geological Survey of India
68°
76°
72°
m
m
84°
80°
m
m
88°
m
92°
m
96°
m
m
36°
m 36°
COALFIELDS AND LIGNITE
OCCURRENCES OF INDIA
1
%Srin agar
2
3
4
500
0
500
Kilomet
500Km
km
79
32°
m 32°
Sim la
%
Chan digarh
%
28°
LIGNITE
m 28°
New Del hi
%
12 10
8 5
6
13
14
17
15 11 9 16
2
30
32
3
25
%
Jai pur
%
Di spur
24°
51
44
47
22
78
63
61 59
60
76
39
45 41
42
31
37
% Agartala
52
%
36
Cal cu tta
66
%
65
75
67
54
68
Tertiary Coalfields
73
1. Miao-bum
72
Bhu baneswar
m 20°
2. N amc hik - Na mphuk
%
71
3. Ma kum
4. D illi - Jey por e
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
38. Dhedadi
39. P ranpur
#
#
#
3, 4. Firoz pur Sh al ig an ga
5. Khari
#
#
#
36. Jali pa
37. Lakhpat
#
#
#
2. Nagbal
#
#
#
Lignite Occurr ences
1. Nichaho m Baram ul a
#
billion tonnes
Aiz awl
53
74
41.9
%
# 70
20°
Lignite:
Koh im a
%
Im phal
m 24°
30
28
29
35
18 17
%
15 14 12 11
13
16
27
38
40
21
10
Shi llo ng
19
58
64
77
43
32
20
57
62
55
34 33
46
50
56
54
%
%
48
49
52
53
Bho pal
Gan dhin agar
billion tonnes
9
%
Patna VALLEY
DAMODAR-KOEL
COALFIELDS
%
293.5
6 5
8 7
%
36
Coal:
24
%
Itanagar
26
Lucknow
35
37
38 39
41
44
40
46
45
49
42
50
4
3
47 48
51
1
4
Gan gtok
21 19
22
20
24
23
25
28
27 26
29
31
33
34
23
7
18
#
16°
6. Gangashahr
40. Kaiyari
7, 8. Sarup Desar
9. Kol ayat
41. P anandhro
42. Akhrim ota
10. Gura
43. Fu lradam
#
#
#
#
#
5. Tiru
%
11. Chaneri
12. Bithno k
44. Um arsar
45. M udia
13. M an dal Charn an
46. M ata No Madh
14. Raneri
15. Hira Ki Dhani
47. Jul arai
48. Waghapadar
#
#
#
#
#
#
16. Lal amdesar
17. Bar S ing hsar
Mum bai
6. B or ja n
7. Tuen Sa ng
69
70
%
55
68
67
69
#
#
#
#
#
#
%
#
#
#
#
49. Lefri
#
#
#
18. P alana
#
19. Kasnau
12°20. Kuchera
#
#
50. Haml a
51. Nanaratad ia
21. Nim bri
22. M arw ar Chapri
23. Butati
55. Ratnagiri
56. Nil eswaram
#
#
#
#
24. M erta Road
#
#
58. Warkala
59. M an nargudi
27. Lam ba Jatan
60. Jayamkond a Chol ap uram
28. M okal a
29. I ndawar
61. Lal pettai
62. S rim ushnam
30. Nagarda
63. Neyvel i Sou th
#
#
31. Nim la
8° 32. Bharka
33. Botiya
34. Hami r j i ki Dhani
35. Kapurdi
#
#
Bang al ore
Chen nai
%
%
56
#
57
#
#
66
63 65
62 64
61
60
#
#
#
59
LIGNITE
64. Bhuban giri
65. Neyvel i East
58
66. Bahur
Trivandrum
%
67, 68, 69. Elu ru - Raj am un
70. Dom ra
m
72°
#
#
57. M ad ayi
25. Hansiyas
26. Gangard a
#
#
52. Lakhanka Kharsal ia
53. Bhuri
54. S hah V astan
8. J ha nzi-D is ai
Gond wana Coalfields
Hyderabad
22. Singrima ri
52.
23. Abor H ills
53.
24. Daphla H ills
54.
25. Aka H ills
55.
26. Dar je eling
56.
27. Rajma ha l
57.
28. Birbhum
58.
29. Ta ngsuli
59.
30. Kundait Ka riah
60.
31. Saharjuri
61.
32. Jainti
62.
33-3 4. Giridih
63.
35. Raniga nj
64.
36. Bar jor a
65.
37. Jharia
66.
38. East Bok aro
67.
39. We st Boka ro
68.
40. Ram ga rh
69.
41. North Kar anpur a
70.
42. South K ar anpur a
71.
43. Chope
72.
44. Itk hori
73.
45. Aur anga
74.
46. Hutar
75.
47. Daltonga nj
76.
48-4 9-50 . Tatapa ni-Ra mkola 77.
51. Singrauli
78.
Korar
Uma ria
Johilla
Sohagpur
Sonhat-J hilim ili
Bisra mpur
La khanpur
Panchba hini
Dhama munda
Korea garh
Chir im iri
Sendur ga rh
Has do-Ar and
Korba
Mand- Raigarh
Ib River
Ta lc he r
Godava ri
Yelle ndu
Wa rdha
Bander
Umr er
Kam pte e
Pench K anhan
Pathakhe ra
Ta wa
Mohpani
#
#
#
9. K oilajan
10. Diphu
11. Bapung
12. Pynur sia
#
#
13. Cherr apunji
14. La itr ynge w
#
#
#
15. Mawsy nr am
16. Mawlong S he lla
#
#
#
17. La ngrin
18. Balpha kr am - Pendenggru
#
#
#
#
19. We st Da ranggir i
20. Rongr enggri
21. Siju
#
#
79. Kalak ot - Mahoga la
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
m 8°
#
#
#
m
80°
m
84°
m 12°
#
#
m
76°
m 16°
#
m
88°
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
m
92°
92°
96°
m
100
MAJOR COALFIELDS OF INDIA
68°
76°
72°
m
m
84°
80°
m
m
88°
m
92°
m
0
m
100 k m
m28°
23
96°
m
m
36°
m 36°
1
COALFIELDS AND LIGNITE
OCCURRENCES OF INDIA
28°m
Itanagar
Gangtok
1
%Srin agar
2 3
4
500
0
500 km
Kilometers
%
24
79
32°
2
3
4
%
25
6
m 32°
5
7
8
Sim la
Dispur
%
Chan digarh
%
%
9
10
28°
m 28°
New Del hi
22
%
8 5 6
12 10
7
13
18
14
15 11 9 16 17
21 19
22
20
24
23
25
28
27
26 29
30
31
32
33
34
2
1
25
%
%
24
%
Itanagar
8
%
Di spur
22
Patna
%
20
21
24°
10
18 17
%
13
Im phal
16
Koh im a
%
%
Shi llo ng
19
18
9
%
35
17
21
6 5
7
26
Lucknow
Kohim a
Shillong
11
%
12
15 14 Shillong
19
3
4
Gan gtok
Jai pur
36
%
15 14 12 11
13
16
Im phal
%
m 24°
37
38 39
41
44
40
46
45
49
42
50
47 48 43
51
51
62
55
78
63
61 59
60
46
39
42
27
30
37
% Agartala
28
29
38
40
35
Aiz awl
%
# 70
36
58
Cal cu tta
64
76
32
34 33 31
44 43
45 41
47
50
57
56
54
%
%
48
49
52
53
Bho pal
Gan dhin agar
77
66
%
65
75
%
24°
m
53
52
67
54
74
Agartala
Aizawl
%
68
Tertiary Coalfields
20°
73
72
%
71
#
Lignite Occurr ences
%
3. Ma kum
4. D illi - Jey por e
5. Tiru
6. B or ja n
7. Tuen Sa ng
Mum bai
#
2. Nagbal
#
36. Jali pa
37. Lakhpat
#
3, 4. Firozpur
Sh al ig an ga
#
5. Khari
38. Dhedadi
39. P ranpur
69
Gond wana Coalfields
Hyderabad
40. Kaiyari
7, 8. Sarup
Desar
#
9. Kol# ayat
41. P anandhro
42. Akhrim ota
#
10. Gura
43. Fu lradam
#
11. Chaneri
#
12. Bithno
k
#
70
%
#
6. Gangashahr
#
55
68
67
69
#
#
#
#
44. Um arsar
45. M udia
#
#
%
13. M an
#
dal Charn an
46. M ata No Madh
#
14. Raneri
#
15. Hira
Ki Dhani
47. Jul arai
48. Waghapadar
#
49. Lefri
#
#
#
#
#
16. Lal amdesar
#
17. Bar
S ing hsar
#
18. P alana
#
50. Haml a
51. Nanaratad ia
#
19. Kasnau
52. Lakhanka Kharsal ia
#
#
#
12°20. Kuchera
#
21. Nim
bri
#
53. Bhuri
54. S hah V astan
22. M arw
ar Chapri
#
23. Butati
#
55. Ratnagiri
56. Nil eswaram
#
24. M erta
Road
57. M ad ayi
#
Bang al ore
27. Lam
#
ba Jatan
60. Jayamkond a Chol ap uram
61. Lal pettai
62. S rim ushnam
30. Nagarda
63. Neyvel i Sou th
31. Nim la
64. Bhuban giri
65. Neyvel i East
33. Botiya
34. Hami r j i ki Dhani
35. Kapurdi
#
#
#
66
65
63
62 64
61
60
59
58
66. Bahur
Trivandrum
%
67, 68, 69. Elu ru - Raj am un
70. Dom ra
m
72°
#
#
58. Warkala
59. M an nargudi
28. M okal a
29. I ndawar
8° 32. Bharka
Chen nai
%
%
56
57
#
25. Hansiyas
#
26. Gangard
a
#
m 20°
1. Miao-bum
2. N amc hik - Na mphuk
Bhu baneswar
#
1. Nichaho
m Baram ul a
#
16°
20
23
#
#
#
22. Singrima ri
52.
23. Abor H ills
53.
24. Daphla H ills
54.
25. Aka H ills
55.
26. Dar je eling
56.
27. Rajma ha l
57.
28. Birbhum
58.
29. Ta ngsuli
59.
30. Kundait Ka riah
60.
31. Saharjuri
61.
32. Jainti
62.
33-3 4. Giridih
63.
35. Raniga nj
64.
36. Bar jor a
65.
37. Jharia
66.
38. East Bok aro
67.
39. We st Boka ro
68.
40. Ram ga rh
69.
41. North Kar anpur a
70.
42. South K ar anpur a
71.
43. Chope
72.
44. Itk hori
73.
45. Aur anga
74.
46. Hutar
75.
47. Daltonga nj
76.
48-4 9-50 . Tatapa ni-Ra mkola 77.
51. Singrauli
78.
Korar
Uma ria
Johilla
Sohagpur
Sonhat-J hilim ili
Bisra mpur
La khanpur
Panchba hini
Dhama munda
Korea garh
Chir im iri
Sendur ga rh
Has do-Ar and
Korba
Mand- Raigarh
Ib River
Ta lc he r
Godava ri
Yelle ndu
Wa rdha
Bander
Umr er
Kam pte e
Pench K anhan
Pathakhe ra
Ta wa
Mohpani
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
22.
23.
24.
25.
%
11. Bapung
12. Pynur sia
13. Cherr apunji
m 16°
50 0
14. La itr ynge w
15. Mawsy nr am
16. Mawlong S he lla
17. La ngrin
0
50 0 kmK ilo m e te r s
80°
18. Balpha kr am - Pendenggru
19. We st Da ranggir i
m
20. Rongr enggri
21. Siju
79. Kalak ot - Mahoga la
m
m
88°
84°
84°
88°
m
m
m
92°
Tertiary coalfields
26
Luc know
m 12°
%
#
Singrim ari
Abor Hills
Daphla Hills
Aka Hills
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
(57-23 million years)
22
Patna
#
%
#
#
m 8°
#
#
#
#
m
76°
m
80°
m
84°
m
88°
#
m
92°
#
#
27
#
#
Lower Gondwana
coalfields
(290-245 million years)
#
51
#
#
#
#
47
24°
m
#
52
#
#
Bhopa l
#
#
53
%
#
55
54
56
#
62
63
61
60
78
77
49
50
44 43
48 46
45
57
59
#
32
34
41 39
42 40 38
33
37
31
28
30
35 29
m24°
64
Assam
36
58
Meghalaya
Calcutta
%
66
65
76
75
67
74
Jharkhand
Orissa
Chhattisgarh
Madhya Pradesh
West Bengal
Andhra Pradesh
Maharashtra
m 24°
Gondwana Coalfields
Calcutta
8. J ha nzi-D is ai
9. K oilajan
10. Diphu
#
#
Tertiary Coalfields
1. Miao-bum
2. Namchik-Namphuk
3. Makum
4. Dilli-Jeypore
5. Tiju
6. Borjan
7. Tuen Sang
8. Jhanzi-Disai
9. Koilajan
10. Diphu
11. Bapung
12. Pynursla
13. Cher rapunji
14. Laitryngew
15. Maw synr am
16. Maw long Shella
17. Langrin
18. Balphakram-Pendenggru
19. West Darangiri
20. Rongr enggri
21. Siju
68
73
72
Bhuba ne sw ar
%
20°
71
m
69
Hydera ba d
%
70
16 °
m
m
80 °
22 . S i n g ri ma r i
26 . D a rj e e lin g
27 . R a jm a h a l
28 . B i rb h u m
29 . T a n gs u li
30 . K u n d a it K a r ia h
31 . S a h a r ju ri
32 . J a in ti
33 ,3 4 . G i ri d ih
m
84 °
51 .
52 .
53 .
54 .
55 .
56 .
57 .
58 .
59 .
60 .
61 .
62 .
63 .
64 .
65 .
66 .
67 .
68 .
69 .
70 .
71 .
72 .
73 .
74 .
75 .
76 .
77 .
78 .
S i n g ra u li
Korar
U m a ri a
J o hi la
S i h a gp u r
S o n h a t-J h il im il i
B i sr a m pu r
L a kh a n p u r
20°
P a n c hb a h in i
m
D h a m am u n d a
K o r e a ga r h
C h ir im i ri
S e n d u rg a r h
H a sd o - A ra n d
Korba
M a n d -R a ig a r h
Ib R iv e r
T a lch e r
G od a v ar i
Y e l le n d u
W a rd h a
Bander
U m re r
K a m p te e
P e n c h- K a n h a n
P a th a kh e r a
T a wa
M o h p a ni
35 . R a n ig a n j
36 . B a r jo r a
37 . J h ar ia
38 . E a s t B o ka ro
39 . W e st B o k ar o
40 . R a m g ar h
41 . N o rth K a r a n p ur a
42 . S o u th K a r an p u r a
43 . C h o p e
44 . Itk h or i
45 . A u r a n ga
46 . H u ta r
47 . D a lto n g a n j
48 ,4 9 ,5 0 . Ta ta p a n i- Ra m k ol a
m
88 °
m16°
Arunachal Pradesh
Nagaland
Indian Gondwana basins
Deogarh basin
Son valley basin
Satpura basin
Rajmahal basin
Wardha
Valley
Damodar-Koel Valley
Mahanadi Valley
Godavari Valley
Damodar-Koel Valley
W. Bokaro
E. Bokaro
N. Karanpura
Daltonganj
Hutar
Auranga
S. Karanpura
Jharia
Ramgarh
30
West
Raniganj
26.1
East
25
19.4
18.3
20
Coalfield-wise resource
15
(Resource in billion tonne)
10
5
3
5
Total 88 b.t.
8.1
6.3
1.3
0.1 0.2
j
Ra
ni g
an
ari
a
Jh
ra
Ra
mg
ar h
W.
Bo
kar
o
E.B
oka
ro
ar a
np
u
ur a
N.K
np
ga
ara
S.k
Hu
t ar
Au
r an
Da
lto
ng
an
j
0
All the coalfields are well
connected through
Roads/Railways
Raniganj Coalfield
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
Total : 26.1 b.t
Coking: 1.4 b.t
Alluvium
Tertiaries
Supra Panchet
Panchet Formation
Raniganj Formation
Barren Measures
Barakar Formation
Talchir Formation
Crystalline basement
Basement under Tertiary cover
Non Coking coal
3.64
Ungraded
13.6 b.t
4.02
3.99
6.76
Power Gr.
8.4 b.t
4.1b.t
Superior Gr. 6.36
0-300
300-600
600-1200
Proved
Indicated
Inferred
Raniganj Coalfield
Salient features
Formation
Supra-Panchet
Panchet
Raniganj
Barren Measures
Barakar
Talchir
Basement
Thickness
400m
600m
1150m
650m
750m
300m
----
Coal Seam
No.
Thickness
18
(<1m to 17m)
15
(<1m to 62m)
Coal occurs in two horizons, Raniganj & Barakar Fms
Raniganj Formation is widely and better developed than Barakar
Formation
Barakar coals are generally medium coking, upper coal seams
like Chanch, Laikdih are excellent
Lower Raniganj coal seams like Dishergarh, Sanctoria are semicoking while Middle & upper seams yield superior quality non
coking coal
More than 10 billion tonne coal is of Superior qualty
Jharia Coalfield
Geological map of Jharia Coalfield
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
6.1
8
b.t
b.t
Total: 19.2 billion tonne
1.8
0-600
6001200
Non coking
3.3 b.t
b.t
0-600
6001200
Coking
Jharia Coalfield
Formation
Salient features
Thickness
Intrusives
Raniganj
----725m
Barren Measures
Barakar
Talchir
Basement
850m
1130m
225m
----
Coal Seam
No.
Thickness
22 (<1m to 4.7m)
46
(<1m to 33m)
Generally all the coal seams show caking properties
Upper Barakar coal seams (IX – XVIII) --- Prime Coking
Lower Barakar coal seams (I – VIII) --- Medium Coking
Raniganj coal seams: Medium Coking
Geological map of East Bokaro Coalfield
E.Bokaro Coalfield
Coal Resource
3.9
(in billion tonne)
2.4
1.6
Total: 8.06 billion tonne
0.15
0-300
0.01
300600
Non coking
0-300
300600600
1200
Coking
E.Bokaro Coalfield
Salient features
Formation
Thickness
Mahadeva
500m
Coal Seam
No. Thickness
Panchet
Raniganj
600m
600m
7
Barren Measures
Barakar
Talchir
Basement
500m
1000m
80m
----
26
(<1m to 3.0m)
(<1m to 63.9m)
Workable coal seams within Barakar Formation
Coals are high rank, low to high volatile, medium
coking
Kargali, Bermo and Karo group of seams are
important
GEOLOGICAL MAP OF WEST BOKARO COALFIELD
W.Bokaro Coalfield
Coal Resource
Total: 5.0 billion tonne
4.28 b.t
0.27b.t
0-300
0.01 b.t
300-600
Non coking
0.44 b.t
0-300
300-600
Coking
W.Bokaro Coalfield
Formation
Salient features
Thickness
Mahadeva
600m
Panchet
Raniganj
Barren Measures
Barakar
Karharbari
Talchir
450m
550m
300m
610m
60m
160m
Coal Seam
No. Thickness
10 thin (<1m to 2m)
22
(1m to 22m)
Coals are generally of medium to high volatile and
medium coking
Important seams are Seam-V and Seam-X
Geological map of North Karanpura Coalfield
N.Karanpura Coalfield
Coal Resource
Total: 18.26 billion tonne
11.57b.t
2.95 b.t
1.65 b.t
0.02 b.t
0-300
300600
6001200
Non coking
0-300
300600
Coking
2.07b.t
N.Karanpura Coalfield
Salient features
Formation
Thickness
Coal Seam
No.
Thickness
Mahadeva
165m
Panchet
225m
Raniganj
400m
Barren Measures
385m
Barakar
500m
5
(<1m to 35.2m)
Karharbari
200m
1
(<1m to 10.5m)
Talchir
180m
Basement
----
thin bands
Seam-I & II are thick and persistent
Coals in the eastern part are of high rank and medium
coking
Karharbari coal is of superior quality
S.Karanpura Coalfield
Geological map of South Karanpura Coalfield
3.44
Coal Resource
1.64
(in billion tonne)
Total: 6.27 billion tonne
0.38
0-300
300600
Non coking
6001200
0.28
300600
0.53
6001200
Coking
S.Karanpura Coalfield
Formation
Thickness
Coal Seam
No.
Salient features
Raniganj
360m
Barren Measures
385m
Barakar
1050m
Talchir
180m
Basement
----
7
42
Thickness
(<1m to 3.3m)
(<1m to 54.2m)
Workable seams are from Barakar Formation
Coals are dominantly non- coking
Lower coal seams in the central part developed
caking propensity at depth
Rajmahal - Birbhum Basin
Hura
Chupervita
Pachwara
Mahuagarhi
Brahmani
Five detached coalfields, viz., Hura, Chuperbhita, Pachwara, Mahuagarhi
and Brahmani arranged from north to south, constitute the Rajmahal Group
and southward extension of Brahmani coalfield into West Bengal is the
Birbhum Coalfield
Coalfields are well connected through Roads/Railways
Rajmahal Group
Formation
Salient features
Thickness
Rajmahal
> 600m
Dubrajpur
> 200m
Barakar
> 500m
Talchir
~ 60m
Hura
Chupervita
Pachwara
Sizeable resource at shallow level in
Pachwara Coalfield
Mahuagarhi
Seams I and II are thick (>1m to 23m)
and persistent
Brahmani
11.04
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
5.04
Total: 16.11 billion tonne
0.03
0-300
300-600
600-1200
Birbhum Coalfield
Formation
Thickness
Coal Seam zone
No.
Rajmahal
350m
Dubrajpur
130m
Barakar
650m
Talchir
310m
Basement
----
Thickness
Pachami
20
(<1m to 156m)
Dewanganj
Sursal
Deocha
Coal occurrence in Birbhum district
in the Trans-Ajoy part of Raniganj Coalfield
was already known.
Birbhum Coalfield as a separate
entity has emerged in the coal map of West
Bengal through systematic exploration by
GSI during mid 80’s.
Barakars, containing multitude of
thick coal seams, concealed below thick
hard trap rocks, making mining a difficult
proposition
Coal Resource
4.2
(in billion tonne)
6.33 b.t.
1.2
0.9
0-300
300-600
600-1200
Mahanadi Valley
Mahanadi Valley
Mahanadi Valley basin chain includes
Talcher, Ib-River, Mand-Raigarh, Korba
and Hasdo-Arand coalfields
48.4
Coal Resource
25.1
23
(in billion tonne)
11.7
A
ra
nd
do
-
H
as
an
d
M
K
or
ba
rh
ig
a
-R
aj
-R
iv
er
Ib
Ta
lc
h
er
5.4
Total : 113.6 b.t
Talcher Coalfield
Geological map of Talcher Coalfield
Hill
Hill
>300m
Hill
Hill
Hill
Hill
Quarternary deposits
Laterite
Kamthi Formation
Barren Measures
Barakar Formation
Karharbari Formation
Talchir Formation
Metamorphics
Fault
32.3
Eastern part of Coalfield is
connected through Railways
Coal Resource
14.4
(in billion tonne)
1.7
Total : 48.41 b.t
0-300
300-600
600-1200
Talcher Coalfield
Formation
Thickness
Coal Seam
No. Thickness
Salient features
Kamthi
250m
Barakar
350m
10 (<1m to 86m)
Karharbari 650m
6 (<1m to 14m)
Talchir
Basement
170m
----
Holds maximum coal resource amongst other Indian coalfields
10 coal seams in Barakar; Individual seam thickness reaches up to 86m
Cumulative seam thickness up to 150m
More than 65% lies within 300m depth with considerable quarriable
potentiality
Mostly power grade coal
Superior quality coal amounts to 1.7 billion tonne
Coals from Seam-I (Karharbari) is of Superior quality
IB-River Coalfield
Coalfield is connected
through Roads/Railways
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
14.4
8.6
0.03
0-300
300-600
600-1200
Total : 23.03 b.t
IB-River Coalfield
Formation
Thickness
Coal Seam
No. Thickness
Salient features
Kamthi
100m
Raniganj
200m
4 (<1m to 7.4m)
Barren Measures 260m
Barakar
450m
Talchir
130m
Basement
----
More than 60% resource within 300m depth level
Mostly power grade coal
Lowermost IB seam is of better quality
5 (<1m to 60m)
83° 00"
83° 15"
83° 30"
GEOLOGICAL MAP OF
MAND – RAIGARH COALFIELD
Mand-Raigarh Coalfield
SYANG
SCALE
Connected through roads
0
BORO
22
°
Coal Resource
5
10 km
22
°
LABED
DHARAMJAIGARH
30
"
30
"
BARPALI
(in billion tonne)
SITHRA
18
KUDMURA
Total : 25.1 b.t
PHUTAMURA
KURUMKELA
CHIMTAPANI
HATI
22
°
TILAIPALI
PELMA
15
"
KUREKELA
GHARGHODA
6.5
TAMNAR
0-300
300-600
600-1200
JHARPALAM
INDEX
22
°
22
°
BASIC INTRUSIVES
KHARSIA
KAMTHI FORMATION
RANIGANJ FORMATION
00
"
00
"
BARREN MEASURES
BARAKAR FORMATION
TALCHIR FORMATION
RAIGARH
PRECAMBRIANS
3°
F
F
BEDDING ATTITUDES
FAULTS
PART OF TOPOSHEET NOS. 64 J/14,15,16, N/2,3,4,7,8,11,12, O/5 & 9
83° 00"
83° 15"
83° 30"
12 coal seams of which Seam-V thickest
Seam-V -- 34m to 63m thick in southern limb, 2m-33m in northern limb
Mostly Power grade coal (‘D’ to ‘G’ grade)
15
"
GARE
CHHAL
0.6
22
°
GEOLOGICAL MAP OF KORBA COALFIELD
Scale
Korba Coalfield
15Km
F
PALI
Rajgamar
F
F
C
Coal Resource
F
(in billion tonne)
KORBA
8.8
DhengurdihKachandi Block
Kamthi Formation
Raniganj Formation
Barren Measure Form.
Barakar Formation
Talchir Formation
Basement
Total : 11.7 b.t
F
Connected mainly
through roads
2.9
0-300
300-600
Coal seams restricted in Lower & Upper members of Barakar Fm.
8 coal seams in Lower member, rarely exceeds 5m in thickness
but yield superior quality coal
Max. 28 coal seams (max.60m thick) in upper member, but yield
power grade coal
75% resource in shallow level
Hasdo-Arand Coalfield
Connected through roads
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
5.35
Total : 5.4 b.t
0.05
0-300
300-600
6 coal seams in Barakar Fm
Morga (max. 8m thick) and Dhajag (max. 16m thick) important
Almost 100% resource within shallow level
Son Valley
Singrauli and Sohagpur
Connected through Rail/roads;
Son Valley
Ramkola-Tatapani poorly
connected
Son Valley basin chain includes
Singrauli, Sohagpur, and TatapaniRamkola coalfields
14.6
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
6.9
2.6
Sin
li
u
a
gr
So
gp
ha
T
ur
an
p
a
at
i-
ola
k
m
Ra
Total : 24.2 b.t
Singrauli Coalfield
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
9.5
4.9
0.2
0-300
300-600
Total : 14.6 b.t
600-1200
Coal occurs in Main basin in west and Moher sub-basin in east
Main basin:
Barakar: 7 – 8 coal seams (<1m to 18m thick)
Raniganj: 4 coal seams (<1m to 4m thick)
Moher sub-basin:
Super thick seam >100m
Major resource in M.P while only 1.06 m.t in U.P
Sohagpur Coalfield
Max. seven coal seams
(<1m to 3.5m thick)
Cum. Coal thickness --- max. 15m
Both coking (north of Bamni-chilpa fault from east to west central part) &
non-coking coal
3.8
4.2 b.t. within 300m and
>2.1 b.t Superior grade
Coal Resource
1.5
1
(in billion tonne)
0.4
Total : 6.9 b.t
0.1
0.03
0-300
300-600
600-1200
Non coking (5.4 b.t)
0-300
300-600
600-1200
Coking (1.5 b.t)
Tatapani-Ramkola Coalfield
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
1.16
1.17
Total : 2.64 b.t
0.3
0-300
300-600
600-1200
13 coal seams developed in Barakar Formation
Seam thickness <1m to 15m with cum. thickness 67m (max.)
Seam – III and V persistent & well developed
Number of coal seams reduces towards west
About 600 million tonne superior grade coal
Wardha Valley
Connected through roads
and railways
Wardha Valley
Wardha Valley basin chain includes
Wardha, Bander, Umrer and Kamptee
coalfields from south to north. Bander
and Umrer are small coalfields
6.4
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
3
0.5
Wardha
Kamptee
Umrer
0.9
Bander
Total : 10.8 b.t
Wardha Coalfield
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
Total : 6.4 b.t
6
8
7
5
2
4.6
1.8
0.01
0-300
300-600
600-1200
One persistent and thick (17 – 25m) seam, often with three
splits, developed in Barakar Formation along with
Seven impersistent coal seams (max. 1.31m) mostly power
grade.
GEOLOGICAL MAP OF KAMPTEE COALFIELD
Kamptee Coalfield
3
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
Total : 3 b.t
1.8
1
0.15
0-300
300-600
600-1200
Five coal seams (Seam-I to V) developed in middle part of
Barakar Formation
Seam thickness - <1m to 11.7m
Seam-II is persistent in respect to thickness and quality
Pench-Kanhan-Tawa
valley Coalfield
E. Part connected through rail
Three coal seams are
reported of which the
topmost seam is most
consistent.
Thickness
varies from <1m to 6.7m.
Both coking and non coking
coal available in this coalfield.
1.43
0.78
Coal Resource
0.35 0.32
(in billion tonne)
Total : 3.3 b.t
0.001
0-300 300-600
Non coking
6001200
0-300 300-600
Coking
Godavari Coalfield
Connected through Rail/Roads
Coal Resource
(in billion tonne)
Total : 22.1 b.t
Coal development varies from north to
south. Coal occurs in two horizon.
9.6
8.7
3.7
Kamthi coal is interbanded. 7 coal seam
zones with maxm. thickness of 30m.
Barakar having 2 to 4 workable seams
with maxm. thickness of 25m
0-300
300-600
600-1200
1.9 b.t. superior grade coal within 300m
COAL DEPOSITS
OF
NORTH-EASTERN INDIA
Abor Hills
Arunachal Pradesh
Miao bum
Daphla Hills
Namchik-Namphuk
4
Aka Hills
Langrin
Cherrapunji
Assam
Nagaland
Singirimari
Meghalaya
West Daranggiri
Makum
Dilli-Jeypore
Tiru
Borjan
Tuen Sang
Jhanzi-Disai
Koilajan
Mawlong-Shella
Manipur
BalphakramPendenguru
Tripura
Mizoram
Total resource
1.49 billion tonnes
Assam
Total Resource
(513.31 million tonne)
Singrimari
( 2.79 m.t.)
Coal seam
Thickness
Moisture%
Ash%
V.M.%
C.I.
Coke type
Makum
452.8 m.t
2 Nos
<1.0 – 4.1m
1.2 – 1.6
18.0 – 23.9
18.5 – 22.9
19 to 26
E – G3
Dibrugarh
Tinsukia
Coal seam
Thickness
Moisture%
Ash%
V.M.%
S%
C.I.
Dilli-Jeypore
Sibsagar
Jorhat
Tezpur
Rangia
Goalpara
Nambor
Charpakra
Nowgong
Dispur
Dhubri
Doigrung
Golaghat
Silonijan
Kotha-Ardha
Singrimari
Koilajan
Jamuna
Lumding
Diphu
Dithor
Garampani
Khonongma
Baga-dahangi
Haflong
Longlai
Diklem-Daupher
Mikir Hills
( 3.71 m.t.)
0-300: 311.31 m.t.
Thickness 1.3 – 2.2m
Moisture% 5.6 – 8.1
Ash%
19.8 – 37.4
V.M.%
57.8 – 65.0
S%
2.5 – 3.8
Generally non-caking
Coal seam 6 – 7 Nos
Thickness 1.2 – 4.0m
Moisture% 4.6 – 7.5
Ash%
1.3 – 18.9
V.M.%
39.0 – 45.0
S%
1.5 – 5.8
Generally non-caking
300-600: 202.00 m.t.
5 Nos
1.2 – 33m
1.8 – 2.8
1.9 – 20.0
39.0 – 45.0
1.5 – 5.8
17 to 24
Dilli-Jeypur
( 54.02 m.t.)
Arunachal
Pradesh
Total Resource 0-300: 90.23 m.t.
Gondwana coal
(Minor Resource)
Moisture: Low
Anini
Ash: Low
V.M.: High
Abor
Tonwa
Mukki
Miri
Daphala
Tawang
Pasighat
Abor Hills
Miao-Bum
Miri Hills
Tertiary coal
90.23 m.t.
Moisture: Low
Bomdila
Aka
Ash: Low to Moderate
Daphala Hills
Khonsa
Aka Hills
Itanagar
Namchik-Namphuk
V.M.: High
Sulphur: High
Coking: Weak to Moderate
MEGHALAYA
Total Resource:
576.48 million.tonne
Gondwana coal
Tertiary coal
West Daranggiri
59.60
Singrimari
Garo Hills Coal
seams generally
<1m – 3m thick
with low ash,
high volatile and
non caking.
Rongrenggiri
Siju
Shillong
Holwang - Nabru
Cherrapunji
Nongstoin
Tura
Khasi Hills
Mawsyhram
Laltryngew
Jaintia Hills
Jarain
Kylas
107.03
Ioksi
Khasi-Jaintia
Hills Coal seams
generally
thin
with low ash,
high volatile and
moderate
to
strongly caking.
Sutnga
Doigring
Balphakram- Pendengru
Bapung
Mawbeh-Iarker
Garo Hills
Baljong
125.00
Nongpoh
Um Rileng
Karaibari
Isamati
Langrin-Barsora
133.16
Pynursia
Lumshong
Lakadong
Mawlong-Shella
Emerged as an important coal producer in recent years
Coal being mined in unorganised sectors (private noncaptive) {source: DMR, Meghalaya}
NAGALAND
Total Resource
(315.41 million tonne)
Tichak
Coal seam
Thickness
Moisture
Ash
V.M.
Sulphur
Tiru
2 nos.
<1.0m - 1.7m
8.7% - 9.5%
2.5% - 6.2%
40.7% - 41.6%
2.2% - 4.6%
Simalug
Borjan
Molwachung
Jhanzi-Disai
Coal seam 5 nos.
Thickness <1.0m - 2.6m
Moisture 2.0% - 15.4%
Ash
1.2% - 26.0%
V.M.
32.0% - 49.0%
Sulphur
1.6% - 6.0%
Resource : 2.08 million tonne
Resource : 6.60 million tonne
Dimapur
Kohima
Tuensang
Coal seam 5 nos.
Thickness <1.0m - 2.2m
Moisture 2.3% - 16.9%
Ash
6.9% - 37.6%
V.M.
23.0% - 32.6%
Sulphur
0.6% - 3.9%
Resource : 3.26 million tonne
Coal seam 7 nos.
Thickness <1.0m - 5.8m
Moisture 2.0% - 5.0%
Ash
10.0% - 48%
V.M.
33.0% - 42.0%
Sulphur
3.0% - 6.0%
Resource : 10.0 million tonne
RESOURCE CLASSIFIED AS
CATEGORY :
(Based on degree of confidence)
• PROVED (>80%)
THROUGH DETAILED EXPLORATION
• INDICATED (>50 to 80%)
THROUGH REGIONAL EXPLORATION
• INFERRED (<50 %)
DEPTH :
0-300 m, 300-600 m and 600-1200 m
GRADE :
Medium Coking : SG-I, SG-II, W-I, W-II, W-III, W-IV
Semi Coking : Grade-I and grade-II
Non Coking : Superior (Gr. A – C ash+mois upto 29%) and
Power grade (Gr. D – G ash+mois upto 55%)
Depth-wise & Category-wise Indian coal resource
92.25
(As on 01.04.2012)
100
70.83
90
TOTAL RESOURCE : 293.49 billion tonne
57.24
80
70
Proved
Indicated
Inferred
60
50
0
10
0
0-300
0-600
300-600
600-1200
6.16
13.59
16.25
1.76
0.5
20
10.42
10.01
30
13.71
40
Categorised State-wise resource of Indian coal
(As on 01.04.2012)
33.61
25.54
36.46
13.98
33.45
12.42
13.36
9.31
12.29
9.56
9.55 3.03
6.58
9.43
3.41
Proved
Indicated
Inferred
4.83
2.77
5.66 3.1
2.11
A
M
ad
nd
W
M
hy
tta
h
ra
e s Ch
Jh
a
r P ah
at
t
a
P
P
ar
r
B
ti s
ra
ra
Si
O
ra
A
a
kh
B
e
sh
de
ss
de
k
de
ga ris
ng
am kim iha
tr
sh
sa an d
sh
s
r
a
h
a
h
r
l
40.16
0
U
Jharkhand
West Bengal
Chattisgarh
Orissa
60
RESOURCE OF COAL IN MAJOR INDIAN COALFIELD
(As on 01-04-2012)
50
30
20
10
0
(in billion tonne)
40
COALFIELD-WISE DISTRIBUTION OF COKING COAL
(As on 01-04-2012)
JHARIA
EAST BOKARO
WEST BOKARO
NORTH KARANPURA
SOHAGPUR
RANIGANJ
RAMGARH
SOUTH KARANPURA
PENCH-KANHAN
SONHAT
(in million tonne)
0
2000
4000
6000
8000 10000 12000 14000
COALFIELD-WISE DISTRIBUTION OF NON-COKING COAL
(As on 01-04-2012)
TALCHER
MAND-RAIGARH
RANIGANJ
IB-RIVER
GODAVARI
RAJMAHAL
SINGRAULI
N. KARANPURA
KORBA
JHARIA
WARDHA
BIRBHUM
SOHAGPUR
S. KARANPURA
HASDO-ARAND
AURANGA
KAMPTEE
TATAPANI-RAMKOLA
SONHAT
PENCH-KANHAN
BISRAMPUR
OTHERS
0
10000
20000
(in million tonne)
30000
40000
50000
60000
Proved resource
Talcher
1.9
11.42
N.Karanpura
3.63
8.87
IB-River
6.09
Singrauli
5.85
2.74
5.1
3.6
Korba
Mand-Raigarh
11.77
Wardha
3.57
0.74
W.Bokaro
3.32
1.21
2.7
Rajmahal
2.63
Sohagpur
1.33
7.85
2.52 0.88
1.75
2.51
Hasd-Arand 1.37
3.59
Kamptee
3.4
4.27
E.Bokaro
1.20.58
0.47
Pench 1.15
1.25
Auranga 0.54
1.09
Tatapani0.05
(Resource in billion tonne)
5.53
8.31
Godavari
S.Karanpura
13.23
16.23
Raniganj
Indicated resource
Coalfield-wise ‘Proved’ & ‘Indicated’
resource at 0-300m depth level
STATE-WISE PROVED COAL RESOURCES 0 – 300 m Depth level
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
STATE-WISE INDICATED COAL RESOURCES 0 – 300 m Depth level
25000
million tonne
million tonne
25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
STATE-WISE PROVED COKING COAL RESOURCES 0 – 300 m Depth level
6895
million tonne
7000.00
6000.00
4039
5000.00
4000.00
3000.00
2000.00
223
1000.00
252
70
194
0.00
Jharkhand
C.garh
MP
WB
46
COAL FIELD-WISE PROVED SUPERIOR GRADE NON-COKING COAL
RESOURCES 0 – 300 m Depth level
6000
million tonne
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
COAL FIELD-WISE INDICATED SUPERIOR GRADE NONCOKING COAL RESOURCES 0 – 300 m Depth level
1400
1294
1194
1200
1000
846
750
Million tonne
800
600
400
200
0
644
COAL FIELD-WISE PROVED POWER GRADE NON-COKING
COAL RESOURCES 0 – 300 m Depth level
15777
16000
14000
Million tonne
12000
10000
8258 8140
8000
5774
6000
4000
2000
0
4605 4595 4595 4595
COAL FIELD-WISE INDICATED POWER GRADE NON-COKING
COAL RESOURCES 0 – 300 m Depth level
14000
12000
Million tonne
10000
12586
11389
7506
8000
6000
4000
2000
0
5404
3458
2967 2744
76°
80°
m
m

Lignite Occurrences
55
HYDERABAD
68
m
76°
m
69
16°

72°
67
16°
m
PANAJI
80°
m
m
BANGALORE
500 km
Gandhinagar
%
Coalfields
79 . K a l a ko t-M e tka
53
52
m
76°
54
m
80°
Total Resource
38.3 b.t.
b.t
Total
Resource:41.9
25
20
15
10
5
0
W
B
46 43
48 49 50
51
42
47
30
AL
A
45
Lignite
12°
m
Occurrences
55. Ratnagiri
56. Nileswaram
57. Madayi
58. Warkala
59. Mannargudi
60. Jayamkonda Cholapuram
61. Lalpettai
62. Srimushnam
63. Neyveli South
64. Bhubangiri
65. Neyveli East
66. Bahur
67, 68, 69. Eluru-Rajamundrim8°
35
ER
39 37
38
41
44
40

80°m
K
m
24°
33
76°m
J&
K
35
34
36
%
m
er
ry
32
Jaipur
8°
ic
h
30
31
21 20 19
22
23
24
26
27
29 28
TIRUVANTAPURAM

T
11
58
A
10
98 5 6
12
13
7
14
17
15 16
Workable deposits
Po
nd
m
28°
59
JA
R
m
32°
G
U
4
AN
2
79
PONDICHERY
66 
65
64
63
62
61
60
ST
H
Srinagar
%
m
ad
u
3
CHENNAI
12°
AJ
A
1
Lignite Occurrences
1.N ic h a h om B a r a m ul a
2.N a g b a l
3,4 .F ir o zp u r S h a li g a ng a
5.K h a r i
6.G a ng a s ha h r
7.S a r u p De s a r
8.M u d h
9.9 K o l a ya t
10 .G ur a
12 .B i th n ok
18 .P a l a na
11 .C h a n er i
17 .B a r S in g h sa r
16 .L a la m d e sa r
13 .M a n d a l C h ar n a n
14 .R a n e ri
m32° 15 .H ir a K i D h a n i
19 .K a s n au
20 .K u c h er a
21 .N im b r i
22 .M a r wa r Ch a p ri
23 .B u ta ti
24 .M e r ta R o a d
25 .H a n si ya s
26 .G an g a r d a
27 .L a m b a Ja ta n
28 .M o ka l a
29 .In d a wa r
30 .N a g a rd a
31 .N im l a
32 .B h a r ka
33 .B o ti ya
35 .k a pu r d i
m28° 34 .H a m ir ji ki D h a n i
36 .J a lip a
37 .L a kh p a t
39 .P r a n p ur
38 .D h e d ad i
41 .P a n a n d h ro
44 .U m a rs a r
43 .F u lr a da m
40 .K a i ya ri
42 .A k h ri m ota
45 .M u d ia
46 .M a ta No M a d h
47 .J u la ra i
49 .L e fr i
48 .W a g h ap a d a r
50 .H a m la
51 .N a n a ra ta d ia
m24° 53 .B h u r i
52 .L a kh a n ka K h a r sa li a
54 .S h a h V a sta n

56
57
R
m36°
(in billion tonne)
0
m
il
N
500
Ta
m
36°
Po
nn
aiy
a
r R
.
C U DD A L O RE
GEOLOGICAL MAP
OF PART OF TAMILNADU
%
NEY VE L I
%
6
0
6
12 k m
.
ar R
Vell
KEY M AP
68°
m
76°
m
m
84°
m
m
92°
m
m
m
3 6°
m
m
36°
L IGN ITE
OCCU RRE NCE S
OF
TA M I L N A D U
Sr in agar
%
m
m
35 0
%
Ch andi gar h
0
35 0 km
S%
i m la
% D ehr adun
New %
Del hi
28°
m
LIGNITE
OCCURENCES
OF
TAMIL NADU
It anaga
% r
Gan gt ok
%
Jai%
p ur
Luck%now
P at na
%
m
Dis%pur
S hi l ong
%
Ko hi
%ma
m
Ag art al a %
%
A izaw l
Gan dhi naga r
%
Bho pal
%
%
R anchi
8°
7
K ol kat a
%
R ai%pur
2 0°
m
M
IDA
LL
KO
Im phal
%
0°
8
CHE NNA I
%
20°
m
B huba nesw ar
%
12°
U
12°
RY
CAU VE
AD
m
Bang al or e
%
Chen nai %
1 2°
m
m
12°
P ondi che r y
%
10°
TA
A M
I L
N
%Pan aji
M ANN ARG UDI
%
R
LI
G
NI
TE
Hy der abad
%
Resource: 34294 m.t.
Resource: 8666 m.t.
%M um bai
m
D
EL
FI
FI
EL
D
2 8°
m
I
EL
YV
E
N
R.
TE
NI
LI G
Geological map of East
Coast lignite field,
Tamil Nadu
TH A N J A V U R
%
AN
NA
RG
UD
I
10°
Raman a
t hapur am
%
Ti ru vanan ta pur am
%
Ram eswara m
%
m
8°
m°
80
m
m
88°
m
8°
8°
8°
7
%
M AN N A R GU D I
Mannargudi
M
80°
Resource: 24202 m.t.
Proved areas
Target
Areas
Y
BA
VA
I GA
I
AL
NG
BE
F
O
Ind. Seam thickness: <1m – 28m
Siv aga nga
%
L E G E N D
I
R
VE
R
Cum. lignite thickness: 15m – 40m
Allu v iu m
T ertiary s edi m ent s
E
A
Upp er G on dw a nas &
Und if fere nti ate d C reta ce ou s
A
R
Met am orph ic
bas em en t
E
T
Area s : L ig nite oc c uren c es pro ve d
G
m
R
72°
A
m
T
8° m
Misa l
%
T AR GE T
Ram an ath apu ram
%
Ramnad
%
Ram es w a ra m
Resource: 1426 m.t.
AR EA
RAJASTHAN
Total Resource:
4907 m.t.
Lignite seams
are generally
thin and
development
is mostly
lenticular and
discontinuous
Lignite occurs
mainly in 3 basins.
Barmer : 3502 m.t.
Bikaner : 1095 m.t
Nagaur : 234 m.t.
GUJARAT
TOTAL LIGNITE
RESOURCE :
2722.05 million tonne
Lignite in Gujarat
occurs in three
areas.
1. Kachh : 425.10 m.t.
3. Bharuch : 1334.58 m.t.
2. Bhavnagar : 299.17 m.t.
4. Surat : 663.20 m.t.
RESOURCE AUGMENTATION Vs PRODUCTION
350
300
Total Resource
293.5 b.t.
250
Billion tonne
257.4 b.t.
200
150
Proved Resource
100
118 b.t.
99 b.t.
50
Production
431 m.t.
540 m.t.
0
2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF RESOURCE BASE
NO SCOPE FOR COMPLACENCY IN LONG TERM
All geological resources - not mineable
All mineable resources – not recoverable
CONSIDERABLE PART IS BEYOND THE LIMIT
OF COST EFFECTIVE MINING AT PRESENT

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