Understanding Units of Competency Basics

Report
To get started, click F5 on
Training
your keyboard.
Packages
Then use your mouse to click
on the links
Delivery
andon each page.
Assessment
Qualifications
Units of
Competency
Basics for
Teachers
Clustering &
Sequencing Units
for Teaching
Units of
Competency
Unpacking Units
for Teaching
Training
Packages
Training Packages are made
up of:
• Competency standards
• Assessment guidelines
• National qualifications
The details of all Training
Packages are available on
the National Training
Information Website:
www.ntis.gov.au.
Click
The national system of
qualifications enables
students and qualified
workers to move
interstate without having
to “re-qualify”.
to see more information
A Training Package TP is a
set of nationally endorsed
standards and nationally
recognised qualifications
used to develop and assess
skills and knowledge
people need to perform
effectively in the
workplace.
Training Packages are
developed by
Industry via Industry
Skills Councils (ISCs).
Training
Packages
Training Packages are made
up of:
• Competency standards
• Assessment guidelines
• National qualifications
A Training Package TP is a
set of nationally endorsed
standards
and nationally
There are 11 Industry
Skills Councils
recognised
established by government
to: qualifications
to develop and assess
• Provide accurate used
industry
skills
and knowledge
information to the
Vocational
people(VET)
needsector
to perform
Education and Training
in the
• Develop Training effectively
Packages that
workplace.
reflect industry needs
for industry
and the VET sector.
The Industry Skills Councils have a
The
details
of all Training
rolling
program
of updating and
Packages
are Training
availablePackages
on
improving
on a
the
National basis.
Training
continuing
Information Website:
You can find a list of the status of
www.ntis.gov.au.
Training Packages at the
Training Packages @ Work website.
The national system of
qualifications enables
students and qualified
workers to move
interstate without having
to “re-qualify”.
Training Packages are
developed by
Industry via Industry
Skills Councils (ISCs).
Training
Packages
Training Packages are made
up of:
• The
Competency
standards
National Training
Information
• Service
Assessment
guidelines website that
is a government
of the details of current
• contains
Nationalall
qualifications
and obsolete Training Packages (TPs).
Click the link below to go to the NTIS
website.
The details of all Training
Packages are available on
the National Training
Information Website:
www.ntis.gov.au.
A Training Package TP is a
set of nationally endorsed
standards and nationally
recognised qualifications
used to develop and assess
skills and knowledge
people need to perform
effectively in the
workplace.
From the NTIS website
you can
search for and view or download:
• The qualifications within the TP
The rules
prescribing
the
The•national
system
of
combination
qualifications
enablesof units for each
qualification
(called theTraining Packages are
students
and qualified
workers
to move rules).
packaging
developed by
interstate without having
• Details of every Unit of Industry via Industry
to “re-qualify”.
Skills Councils (ISCs).
Competency in the TP
• Assessment guidelines for VET
assessors.
The logo used by RTOs to
indicate that a qualification
is part of the AQF.
Qualifications
The requirements for issuing
a Training Package (TP)
qualification are specified in
the TP “Packaging Rules”.
Click for
more info:
National VET qualifications
can only be issued by
Registered Training
Organisations (RTOs). RTOs
must have each qualification
on their “scope of
registration” . TAFE Institutes
tend to have a wide range of
qualifications on their scope.
The Australian Qualifications
Framework (AQF) provides a
comprehensive, nationally
consistent framework for all
post-compulsory education
and training.
For the VET sector the qualifications are:
• Certificate I
- AQF1
• Certificate II
- AQF2
• Certificate III
- AQF3
• Certificate IV
- AQF4
• Diploma
- AQF5
• Advanced Diploma
- AQF6
For people with a degree or equivalent:
• Vocational Graduate Certificate
• Vocational Graduate Diploma
A Statement of Attainment can be issued for completed
units that don’t add up to a full qualification.
Click to see how the TP &
unit codes work.
Qualifications
Each AQF level of
qualification has
distinguishing features.
These are set out in table in
the AQF Handbook.
Trade courses (such as
plumber and hairdresser) are
set at Certificate III.
Para-professional courses are
at Diploma and Adv Diploma.
AQF Level
AQF 1
Certificate I
AQF 2
Certificate II
AQF 3
Certificate III
AQF 4
Certificate IV
This table might help you
to interpret the skills and
knowledge students
might need at different
AQF levels.
AQF 5 & 6
Diploma and
Advanced
Dilpoma
“Doing words” that begin units
of competency at this AQF level





















Follow ....
Apply .....
Operate basic .....
Prepare .....
Implement .....
Produce .....
Operate .....
Deliver .....
Monitor .....
Supervise .....
Write simple .....
Exercise initiative
Develop .....
Coordinate .....
Write complex .....
Supervise .......
Analyse .....
Design .....
Manage .....
Plan and coordinate .....
Evaluate .....
Units of
Competency
A Unit of Competency (UoC)
describes the skills and
knowledge required to
competently perform a work
task.
It is the smallest entity that
can be awarded and
recognised in a qualification.
Units of competency follow a
standard format to enable you
to find the information you are
after. This format is described
in this table.
Unit Code
Unit Title
Click on the
to see
an example of each
Combination of letters and numbers
that conform to a standard
The title should give a description
of the work function
Unit descriptor
This expands on the unit title, describing
the work function.
Application of
the Unit
This fleshes out the scope, purpose and
operation of the UoC in different contexts.
Elements
These describe the skill outcomes that
contribute to a UoC
Performance
Criteria
These specify the required level of
performance and are expressed as
a standard.
The skills and knowledge required to
perform effectively in the workplace
Required
skills and
knowledge
Range
Statement
Evidence
Guide
Provides details of the work context and
conditions in which the skills apply.
The skills and knowledge that must be
demonstrated to prove competence
An extract from the
Financial Services Training
Package – code FNS10
Units of
Competency
FNSACC405A
Unit Code
Maintain inventory records
Unit Title
This unit describes the
performance outcomes, skills
and knowledge required to
comply with organisational
inventory procedures,
reconcile inventory records to
general ledgers, record
inventory flows, prepare
schedules and produce ad hoc
reports.
Back
Click here to learn about the
TP & unit coding system.
Combination of letters and numbers
that conform to a standard
The title should give a description
of the work function
Unit descriptor
This expands on the unit title, describing
the work function.
Application of
the Unit
This fleshes out the scope, purpose and
operation of the UoC in different contexts.
Elements
These describe the skill outcomes that
contribute to a UoC
Performance
Criteria
These specify the required level of
performance and are expressed as
a standard.
The skills and knowledge required to
perform effectively in the workplace
Required
skills and
knowledge
Range
Statement
Evidence
Guide
Provides details of the work context and
conditions in which the skills apply.
The skills and knowledge that must be
demonstrated to prove competence
An extract from the
Financial Services Training
Package – code FNS10
FNSACC405A
Maintain inventory records
This Unit can be applied across
all sectors within the financial
services sector.
Unit sector: Accounting
Back
Units of
Competency
Unit Code
Unit Title
Click on the
to see
an example of each
Combination of letters and numbers
that conform to a standard
The title should give a description
of the work function
Unit descriptor
This expands on the unit title, describing
the work function.
Application of
the Unit
This fleshes out the scope, purpose and
operation of the UoC in different contexts.
Elements
These describe the skill outcomes that
contribute to a UoC
Performance
Criteria
These specify the required level of
performance and are expressed as
a standard.
The skills and knowledge required to
perform effectively in the workplace
Required
skills and
knowledge
Range
Statement
Evidence
Guide
Provides details of the work context and
conditions in which the skills apply.
The skills and knowledge that must be
demonstrated to prove competence
An extract from the
Financial Services Training
Package – code FNS10
FNSACC405A
Maintain inventory records
1. Process inventory purchase
2. Record inventory flows
3. Reconcile inventory records
to general ledgers
4. Prepare inventory
schedules and ad hoc
reports
Back
Units of
Competency
Unit Code
Unit Title
Click on the
to see
an example of each
Combination of letters and numbers
that conform to a standard
The title should give a description
of the work function
Unit descriptor
This expands on the unit title, describing
the work function.
Application of
the Unit
This fleshes out the scope, purpose and
operation of the UoC in different contexts.
Elements
These describe the skill outcomes that
contribute to a UoC
Performance
Criteria
These specify the required level of
performance and are expressed as
a standard.
The skills and knowledge required to
perform effectively in the workplace
Required
skills and
knowledge
Range
Statement
Evidence
Guide
Provides details of the work context and
conditions in which the skills apply.
The skills and knowledge that must be
demonstrated to prove competence
An extract from the
Financial Services Training
Package – code FNS10
FNSACC405A
Maintain inventory records
1. Process inventory purchase
1. Purchase of inventory is
recorded from appropriate
documentation ......
2. Periodic and perpetual
records of inventory are
applied as appropriate.
2. Record inventory flows
1. Inventory flow assumptions
are applied as appropriate.
2. Inventory is valued using
appropriate validation rules
And so on for elements 3 & 4.
Back
Units of
Competency
Unit Code
Unit Title
Unit descriptor
Click on the
to see
an example of each
Combination of letters and numbers
that conform to a standard
The title should give a description
Element
of the work function
This expands on the unit title, describing
the work function.
Performance
criteria
This fleshes out the scope, purpose and
Application of
the Unit
operation of the UoC in different contexts.
Elements
These describe the skill outcomes that
contribute to a UoC
Performance
Criteria
For each element, these specify the
required level of performance and are
expressed as a standard.
The skills and knowledge required to
perform effectively in the workplace
Required
skills and
knowledge
Range
Statement
Evidence
Guide
Provides details of the work context and
conditions in which the skills apply.
The skills and knowledge that must be
demonstrated to prove competence
An extract from the
Financial Services Training
Package – code FNS10
FNSACC405A
Maintain inventory records
Required skills
1. Communications skills to :
• Determine and confirm work
requirements, using questioning ....
• Liaise with others, share info, listen
and understand
• Use language and concepts ......
2. Research skills such as accessing
& managing info; interpreting
documentation.
3. Numeracy and IT skills such as:
• Calculating financial ratios & related
information
• Accessing and using software such as
spreadsheets and databases.
And so on
Back
Units of
Competency
Unit Code
Combination of letters and numbers
that conform to a standard
Unit Title
Required
The titleknowledge
should give a description
the work
function
1. ofBanking
processes
Unit descriptor2. This
expands
the unitdata
title, describing
Process
foron
entering
the
work
function.
into
general
ledgers
Inventory
valuation
rules
Application of 3. This
fleshes out
the scope,
purpose and
the Unit
of the UoC
in different contexts.
4. operation
Reconciliation
processes
Spreadsheet
functions
describe the
skill outcomes that
Elements 5. These
contribute to a UoC
Performance
Criteria
Required
skills and
knowledge
Range
Statement
Evidence
Guide
For each element, these specify the
required level of performance and are
expressed as a standard.
The skills and knowledge required to
perform effectively in the workplace
Provides details of the work context and
conditions in which the skills apply.
The skills and knowledge that must be
demonstrated to prove competence
An extract from the
Financial Services Training
Package – code FNS10
FNSACC405A
Maintain inventory records
Units of
Competency
Unit Code
Unit Title
1. Documentation may include:
•
•
•
Delivery reports
Invoices from suppliers
Purchase orders
2. Inventory flow assumptions
may include:
•
•
•
Calculations based on gross
margins
Cost
Net realisable value
3. Inventory valuation rules may
include:
•
•
First in , firs out
Specific identification
Back
Click on the
to see
an example of each
Combination of letters and numbers
that conform to a standard
The title should give a description
of the work function
Unit descriptor
This expands on the unit title, describing
the work function.
Application of
the Unit
This fleshes out the scope, purpose and
operation of the UoC in different contexts.
Elements
These describe the skill outcomes that
contribute to a UoC
Performance
Criteria
These specify the required level of
performance and are expressed as
a standard.
The skills and knowledge required to
perform effectively in the workplace
Required
skills and
knowledge
Range
Statement
Evidence
Guide
Provides details of the work context and
conditions in which the skills apply.
The skills and knowledge that must be
demonstrated to prove competence
An extract from the
Financial Services Training
Package – code FNS10
FNSACC405A
Maintain inventory records
Units of
Competency
Unit Code
Unit Title
Critical aspects for assessment and
evidence required to demonstrate
competency in this unit:
Evidence of the ability to:
• Interpret and apply organisational
policies and procedures and inventory
validation rules
• Make inventory flow assumptions and
record inventory flows
• Context of and specific resources for
assessment
• Method of assessment
Back
Combination of letters and numbers
that conform to a standard
The title should give a description
of the work function
Unit descriptor
This expands on the unit title, describing
the work function.
Application of
the Unit
This fleshes out the scope, purpose and
operation of the UoC in different contexts.
Elements
These describe the skill outcomes that
contribute to a UoC
Performance
Criteria
These specify the required level of
performance and are expressed as
a standard.
The skills and knowledge required to
perform effectively in the workplace
• Prepare schedules and ad hoc reports
Also contains detailed info about:
Click on the
to see
an example of each
Required
skills and
knowledge
Range
Statement
Evidence
Guide
Provides details of the work context and
conditions in which the skills apply.
The skills and knowledge that must be
demonstrated to prove competence
Units of
Competency
Training Package Code
3 letters and 2 numbers
Industry
Year of endorsement
Examples:
• FNS10 – Financial Services, endorsed in 2010
• TAA04 – Training & Assessment, endorsed 2004
• CHC08 – Community Services, endorsed 2008
Qualification Code
3 letters and 5 numbers
Industry
AQF level of qual (1) + number of the
qual (2) + year of endorsement of TP (2)
Examples:
• TAA40104 – Cert IV in Training & Assessment, TP of 2004
• BSB51207 – Diploma of Marketing, TP of 2007
• MEM30205 – Cert III in Engineering – Mechanical Trade,
TP of 2005
Unit of Competency Code
3 letters, letters, numbers, 1 letter
Industry
Sector
Unit number
– may indicate
AQF level
Back to
Qualifications
Version – A,
B, C ...
Examples:
• FNSACC405A – Financial Services – Accounting – in AQF4
courses – unit 05 – Version A
• ICAD3218B – Info Technology – Documentation – in Cert III
courses – unit 218 – Version B
Note: Some UoCs do not follow this pattern, although they all
start with the industry code and end with Version letter.
Unpacking Units
for Teaching
Thoroughly read through the
units that make up the
qualification you are
teaching. Relate to your
experience of this type of
work. Visualise what it
means to be competent to
perform this work.
Review the level of the AQF
qualification. See the section
on Qualifications in this
presentation.
Make sure that your
interpretation of the unit is
appropriate to the level.
Look at the Evidence Guide
and work out what the
critical aspects of the unit
content are . This will help
you to interpret the other
information in the unit.
Analyse the descriptor, the
elements, the range
statement, the required
skills and knowledge and
the evidence guide to build
up a holistic picture of the
unit.
Unpack each unit of
competency to identify
any opportunities for
integrated delivery or
clustering.
Include analysis of
“Dimensions of
Competency”.
What is this?
Unpacking Units
for Teaching
“Dimensions of Competency” describe
Thoroughly
read through
the
broader aspects
of competent
work
units
that make up
theneed to be considered
performance
that
qualification
are
as part of you
unpacking
units.
teaching. Relate to your
experience of this type of
work. Visualise what it
means to be competent to
Task Skills – these are the
perform this work.
practical tasks that need
to be completed as part
the level of the AQF
of a Review
work role.
Look at the Evidence Guide
and work out what the
critical aspects
of the
unit
Job/Role Environment
Skills
– the
are expectations
. This will help
ability to dealcontent
with the
you toincluding
interpret the
other
of the workplace,
working
information in the unit.
effectively with others.
qualification. See the section
on Qualifications in this
presentation. Task Management Skills – the
Unpack
Make sure that your
ability to organise
workeach unit of
interpretation ofactivities
the unit isso thatcompetency
a range ofto identify
any opportunities for
appropriate to the
level. tasks are
different
done in a
integrated delivery or
timely way during
the work day.
clustering.
Back
Analyse the descriptor, the
elements, the range
Contingency
Management
Skills –
statement,
the required
the abilityskills
to respond
appropriately
and knowledge
and
thego
evidence
when things
wrong.guide
Thisto build
up a holistic picture
of the
includes problem-solving
skills
at an
unit.
appropriate
level.
Include analysis of
“Dimensions of
Competency”.
What is this?
Clustering of units is where
you choose to deliver and
assess multiple related
units together.
Clustering &
Sequencing Units
for Teaching
Clustering of units can
mean that learning and
assessment activities
better reflect real work
activities the student
might undertake.
How a teacher integrates the
learning and assessment of
multiple units needs to be
documented in the delivery
schedule.
Sequencing of units is
the order in which
different skills and
knowledge from a unit or
units are presented and
assessed.
The sequencing of units
may change for different
student cohorts and for
different learning
contexts. This is reflected
in the delivery schedule.
Assessment must be
reported against
individual units.
Delivery and
Assessment
Training Packages often
have implementation
guides prepared to assist
teachers in delivery and
assessment.
TAFE NSW has prepared Unit
Guides for some units to assist
teachers. These include
suggested training and
assessment strategies. They are
a guide only – they are not
mandatory. You will find them
via CIDO or LIRO (links are on
the wikispace page)
Delivery and assessment
strategies will need to be
tailored for different
learning contexts and to
respond to the needs of
different student groups,
eg workplace students,
part-time students,
students from a
particular community.
Detailed information and
resources about delivery
and assessment are
available on other pages
within the wikispace.
Qualification
“Packaging Rules”
Training Packages usually describe
multiple qualifications at a range of
AQF levels.
The Business Services TP – BSB07 –
has 73 different qualifications,
including 1 at Cert I, 2 at Cert II, 13
at Cert III and 22 at Cert IV.
The qualification Packaging Rules
describe the requirements that must be
met for a qualification to be issued:
• The number of “core” units
• The number of “elective” units
• The number of “imported” units
from other sectors or TPs
Packaging Rules for Cert III
in Microbusiness
Operations (BSB30307)
Total number of units = 10
5 core units plus
5 elective units
The 5 elective units may be selected from the elective
units listed below and/or a Certificate III qualification
from any currently endorsed Training Package or
accredited course at the same qualification level. If not
listed below 1 elective unit may be selected from a
Certificate II or Certificate IV qualification.
Core Units:
• BSBSMB301A Investigate micro business
opportunities
 BSBSMB302A Develop a micro business proposal
 BSBSMB303A Organise finances for the micro
business
 BSBSMB304A Determine resource requirements for
the micro business
 BSBSMB305A Comply with regulatory, taxation and
insurance requirements for the micro business
Elective units are then listed.......

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