H-Sun-1-3- Law - New Zealand Institute of Medical Radiation

Sun 1st Sep 2013
Session 1 / Talk 3
09:55 –10:15
HEAPHY 1 & 2
Maria LAW
Maria LAW Vice-President for Asia Australasia, ISRRT. Consultant (MI & RT), Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital, Professor
(Hon.), Tung Wah College, Hong Kong.
Among all activities of the ISRRT, education and training are highly regarded by the Board. With it’s limited resources, What
can be done? In recent years the ISRRT focussed more on providing workshops for developing countries. However at the
same time, some countries are calling for accreditation of education programme by ISRRT. With such background, the ISRRT
is charged with the mission of looking into the matter. While a lot of researching has been dome on the way that
standardization of training is done among different professions, a preliminary survey was also conducted among the AsianAustralasian (A/A) countries in January 2013 to seek opinions and needs from this part of the world. In the survey, most A/A
countries expressed such as a need and the results of the survey would be discussed.
As countries vary much in the practice of radiological technology, the setting of one standard is not without difficulties. While
standardization of training would remain voluntary, it was felt that a mechanism must be provided for programs to be
benchmarked against or invalidated at an internationally recognized standard. At the same time it should be cross referenced
against the scope of practice in individual countries as well as the country-specific competency profiles of the profession.
Further discussion resulted in three ways to approach this issue: 1. the provision of a universal guideline, 2. documentation
approval of training programme, and 3. accreditation of the training programme. The role and the possible method of each
approach would be discussed.
Role of ISRRT
in the Global Accreditation of
Radiography Education
Maria Law (Ph.D.)
Vice President (A/A), ISRRT
Consultant, Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital
President, Hong Kong College of Radiographers and Radiation Therapists
NZIMRT Conference 2013 29 Aug – 1 Sep, 2013, Hamilton, New Zealand
Greetings from Board of ISRRT
2010 - 2014
1. Introduction to ISRRT and its activities
2. Accreditation of radiography education
3. Results of survey in early 2013
4. Preliminary recommendations
5. Discussion
6. Conclusion
1. Introduction to ISRRT and its
Our Mission:
• To improve the delivery of
healthcare…to people around the
– quality patient care,
– education and
– research...
in medical imaging and radiation therapy
1. Newsletter
– News and Views from
around the World
2. Professional activities
– World Congress
– Radiography Day
– Collaboration with e.g.
– Radiation Protection
– Code of ethics
3. Education & research
ISRRT World Congress 2012,
Toronto, Canada
2. Accreditation of radiography
education globally?
A global standard for
Radiography education?
A global standard for
Radiography education?
Within a country
e.g. USA
What is everybody
having for entry
• On-the-job training
• Certificate entry
• Dipoma entry
• Bacalaureate degree
A global standard for
Radiography education?
What are the
different grades of
• Technologists
• Technicians
• X-ray assistants
What do we require
from each grade?
A global standard for
Radiography education?
Diversity of culture in the
Which culture to base on?
Accreditation of radiography
education globally
Does ISRRT play a role?
What role?
3. Results of survey in early 2013
• Director of Education
looked into different
radiography programs
• Also cross-referenced with
similar professions e.g.
World Federation of
Occupational Therapists
• Questionnaire set to seek
the views of countries
• Sought opinions from different countries
through the respective Education Coordinators of the different regions
• One questionnaire done at the AACRT in
Chiangmai, Thailand in January 2013.
21st Asian Australasian Conference of
Radiological Technologists
16-18 January 2013
Chiangmai, Thailand
Taiwan PhilippinesJapan
The Questionnaire
1. Should this be a single global profile or reflective of
each country’s needs?
R: Global 3
Country Specific 15
2. If the latter, does your country have such a document?
R: No 7
Yes 8
Not understood 2
3. The document should be developed by the professional
body. If you do not have such a document would you be
willing to create one?
R: Yes 14
No 1
N/A 2
The Questionnaire (cont’d)
4. Accreditation or Approval can be Compulsory or
Voluntary, which would you prefer?
R: Voluntary Accred. 6
Compulsory Accred. 10
5. Site visits are expensive and could not be financially
managed by the ISRRT. If we had a system in place
would your institution or your government be willing
to finance the site visit component?
R: No 7
yes 11
The Questionnaire (cont’d)
6. We are currently looking at models of radiography
accreditation used in UK, USA, Canada, Australia,
proposed model for Europe (EFRS), the current
ISRRT Guidelines and the World Federation of
Occupational Therapists which has an existing
international model, do you have any others you
could recommend?
R: Yes 1 No 11 Not sure 2
4. Preliminary recommendations
A Committee meeting was held
on 9 April 2013 to draft
recommendations to the ISRRT
Board for discussion
The Radiography Education
Standards Project
Hong Kong
The document
The Document developed can be used …
• As a Benchmarking Tool
• As an Approval Document
• As an Accreditation document when used
with Site visit tool and Visit itself (funded by
Preliminary Recommendations (1)
1. The Accreditation or approval mechanism –
2. A method to determine quality or relevance but
NOT to confirm reciprocity between countries.
Preliminary Recommendations (2)
3. Responsibility of the program to produce the
appropriate materials
4. Contain a comprehensive glossary of terms
5. The document should be out-come based.
Preliminary Recommendations (3)
6. Focuses only on baccalaureate degree programs
7. Should be cross referenced against the ISRRT Role
or Scope of Practice document and also country
specific competency profiles
Preliminary Recommendations (4)
8. Expert advice to improve credibility to the
9. A draft document should be sent out to all ISRRT
members for their feedback
Preliminary Recommendations (5)
10. Implementation procedures and budgetting
11. Any accreditation system or approval system
through ISRRT can only include a site visit if the
institution pays
Main requirements in document
1. The Profession
2. The Education
3. The Student
4. The Resources
5. Work Integrated Learning (Clinical)
6. Management
7. Quality Assurance
5. Discussion
• Scope of current project:
– Baccalaureate degree, what if countries do not
offer degree programmes?
– Diagnostic radiography only, how can we
benchmark those programmes that graduate
radiographers in all disciplines (prevalent in Asia)
• Scope of practice:
– Do we want a global standard or a standard based
on the scope of practice of an individual country?
5. Conclusion
• Is global accreditation of education
programme the role of ISRRT?
• Many countries have been craving for such a
standard document, both developed and
developing countries
• If ISRRT does not take up this role, who else
would do it?
12-15 June 2014
Congratulations to the Korea
for being selected to host
the ISRRT World Congress
in 2016!!
Thank you
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